List of African countries by area

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Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. Algeria has been the largest country in Africa and the Arab world since the division of Sudan in 2011. Seychelles is the smallest country in Africa overall, with The Gambia being the smallest country on continental Africa.[1]

Africa
Rank Country[2][3][4] Area[a][b][5] Notes
1  Algeria 2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi) Largest country in the Arab world and the tenth-largest country in the world.
2  DR Congo 2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
3  Sudan 1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi) With an area of 2,505,813 km2 (967,500 sq mi), Sudan was formerly the largest country in Africa until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011.
4  Libya 1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
5  Chad 1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi) Largest landlocked country in Africa.
6  Niger 1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
7  Angola 1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi) Including the exclave of Cabinda. Angola is the largest country in Africa and the fourth-largest country in the world which is completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
8  Mali 1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi)
9  South Africa 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi) Including the Prince Edward Islands. South Africa is the second-largest country in Africa and the fifth-largest country in the world which is completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
10  Ethiopia 1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi) Largest landlocked country by population in Africa and the world.
11  Mauritania 1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
12  Egypt[a] 1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi) 1,010,408 km2 (390,121 sq mi) when including the Sinai Region, which is geographically a part of Western Asia.
13  Tanzania 945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi) Including the Zanzibar Archipelago. Largest Swahili-speaking country in Africa and the world; largest bodies of water including lakes and rivers in Africa, largest number of lions in the world.
14  Nigeria 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi) Biggest country in Africa in terms of population.
15  Namibia 825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
16  Mozambique 801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
17  Zambia 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
18  Morocco 710,850 km2 (274,461 sq mi) 446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi) when the disputed territory of Western Sahara is excluded.
19  South Sudan 644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
20  Somalia 637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi) Including Somaliland.
21  Central African Republic 622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi)
22  Madagascar 587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) Excluding the disputed islands of Bassas da India, Europa Island, the Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island, currently administered by France. Madagascar is the largest island country in Africa.
23  Botswana 581,726 km2 (224,606 sq mi)
24  Kenya 580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
25  Cameroon 475,442 km2 (183,569 sq mi)
26  Zimbabwe 390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)
27  Congo 342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
28  Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
29  Burkina Faso 274,000 km2 (105,792 sq mi)
30  Gabon 267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 266,000 km2 (102,703 sq mi) De facto state established on a disputed territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic's administrative control is limited to approximately 20% of the territory, with the remaining 80% of the territory occupied by Morocco.
31  Guinea 245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
32  Ghana 238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
33  Uganda 241,037 km2 (93,065 sq mi) Second-biggest African landlocked country by population (over 46 million people) after Ethiopia.
34  Senegal 196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
 Somaliland 177,000 km2 (68,340 sq mi) De facto state, de jure part of Somalia
35  Tunisia 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
36  Malawi 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
37  Eritrea 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
38  Benin 112,622 km2 (43,484 sq mi)
39  Liberia 111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
40  Sierra Leone 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)
41  Togo 56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
42  Guinea-Bissau 36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
43  Lesotho 30,355 km2 (11,720 sq mi)
44  Equatorial Guinea 28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi) Including the offshore islands of Annobón, Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico.
45  Burundi 27,830 km2 (10,745 sq mi)
46  Rwanda 26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
47  Djibouti 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
48  Eswatini (Swaziland) 17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi) Smallest landlocked country in Africa by area and population.
49  Gambia 10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi) Smallest country on the African mainland.
50  Cape Verde 4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
51  Comoros 2,235 km2 (863 sq mi) 1,862 km2 (719 sq mi) excluding the disputed islands of the Glorioso Islands and Mayotte, currently administered by France.
52  Mauritius 2,040 km2 (788 sq mi) Including Agaléga, Rodrigues, and Saint Brandon. Excluding the disputed islands of the Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin Island, currently administered by the United Kingdom and France respectively.
53  São Tomé and Príncipe 964 km2 (372 sq mi)
54  Seychelles 451 km2 (174 sq mi)
Total 30,365,000 km2 (11,723,992 sq mi)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Excluding the Asian part.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 10 Smallest Countries in Africa". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  2. ^ "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  3. ^ "UNGEGN List of Country Names" (PDF). United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  4. ^ "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  5. ^ "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2011.