List of African countries by population

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This is a list of African countries and dependent territories sorted by population, which is sorted by the 2015 the mid-year normalized demographic projections.

Table[edit]

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
July 1, 2015
projection[1]
% of
pop.
Average
relative
annual
growth
(%)[2]
Average
absolute
annual
growth
[3]
Estimated
doubling
time
(Years)[4]
Official
figure
(where
available)
Date of
last figure
Source
1  Nigeria 184,264,000 16.05 2.91 5,205,000 24 174,000,000 2013 Official estimate
2  Ethiopia 90,076,000 7.85 2.41 2,123,000 29 90,076,012 2015 Official estimate
3  Egypt 88,523,000 7.71 2.29 1,981,000 31 89,218,000 July 29, 2015 Official population clock
4  Democratic Republic of the Congo 71,246,000 6.21 2.86 1,984,000 25
5  South Africa 54,844,000 4.78 1.56 842,000 45 54,002,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
6  Tanzania 48,829,000 4.25 2.97 1,407,000 24 47,421,786 2014 Official estimate
7  Kenya 44,234,000 3.85 2.87 1,234,000 24 43,000,000 2014 Official estimate
8  Algeria 39,903,000 3.48 2.07 808,000 34 39,500,000 January 1, 2015 Official estimate
9  Sudan 38,435,000 3.35 3.07 1,146,000 23 38,435,252 2015 Official estimate
10  Uganda 35,760,000 3.11 3.09 1,071,000 23 34,856,813 August 28, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
11  Morocco[5] 33,680,000 2.93 1.24 412,000 56 33,337,529 September 1, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
12  Ghana 27,714,000 2.41 2.48 671,000 28 27,043,093 2014 Official estimate
13  Mozambique 25,728,000 2.24 2.74 686,000 26 25,727,911 2015 Official estimate
14  Angola 25,326,000 2.21 3.43 839,000 21 24,383,301 May 16, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
15  Ivory Coast 23,326,000 2.03 2.55 581,000 27 22,671,331 May 15, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
16  Madagascar 23,043,000 2.01 2.71 609,000 26 22,434,363 2014 Official estimate
17  Cameroon 21,918,000 1.91 2.65 565,000 27 21,917,602 2015 Official estimate
18  Niger 18,880,000 1.64 3.86 701,000 18 17,138,707 December 10, 2012 Final 2012 census result
19  Burkina Faso 18,450,000 1.61 3.26 582,000 22 18,450,494 2015 Official estimate
20  Mali 17,796,000 1.55 3.30 568,000 21 14,528,662 April 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
21  Malawi 16,307,000 1.42 3.18 502,000 22 15,805,200 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
22  Zambia 15,474,000 1.35 3.00 451,000 23 15,473,905 2015 Official estimate
23  Senegal 14,150,000 1.23 2.92 401,000 24 13,508,715 November 19, 2013 Final 2013 census result
24  Chad 13,675,000 1.19 3.57 471,000 20 11,039,873 May 20, 2009 Final 2009 census result
25  Zimbabwe 13,503,000 1.18 1.17 156,000 60 13,061,239 August 17, 2012 Final 2012 census result
26  South Sudan 12,519,000 1.09 5.95 703,000 12 8,260,490 April 22, 2008 2008 census result
27  Rwanda 11,324,000 0.99 2.61 288,000 27 10,515,973 August 15, 2012 Final 2012 census result
28  Tunisia 11,118,000 0.97 1.04 114,000 67 10,982,754 April 23, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
29  Somalia 10,972,000 0.96 1.54 166,000 45 10,806,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
30  Guinea 10,935,000 0.95 2.30 246,000 30 10,628,972 April 2, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
31  Benin 10,750,000 0.94 3.51 365,000 20 9,983,884 May 11, 2013 Preliminary 2013 census result
32  Burundi 9,824,000 0.86 2.93 280,000 24 9,823,828 2015 Official estimate
33  Togo 7,065,000 0.62 2.87 197,000 25 6,191,155 November 6, 2010 Final 2010 census result
34  Eritrea 6,895,000 0.60 5.49 359,000 13 6,536,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
35  Libya 6,521,000 0.57 1.56 100,000 45
36  Sierra Leone 6,513,000 0.57 2.57 163,000 27 6,190,280 2013 Official estimate
37  Central African Republic 5,545,000 0.48 3.11 167,000 23 3,859,139 December 8, 2003 2003 census result
38  Republic of the Congo 4,706,000 0.41 2.98 136,000 24 3,697,490 April 28, 2007 2007 census result
39  Liberia 4,046,000 0.35 2.09 83,000 33 3,476,608 March 21, 2008 Final 2008 census result
40  Mauritania 3,632,000 0.32 2.43 86,000 29 3,631,775 2015 Official estimate
41  Namibia 2,281,000 0.20 2.01 45,000 35 2,280,700 July 1, 2015 Official estimate
42  Botswana 2,176,000 0.19 1.92 41,000 36 2,024,904 August 22, 2011 Final 2011 census result
43  Gambia 2,022,000 0.18 3.27 64,000 22 1,882,450 April 15, 2013 Preliminary 2013 census result
44  Equatorial Guinea 1,996,000 0.17 4.23 81,000 17 1,622,000 2010 Official estimate
45  Lesotho 1,908,000 0.17 0.21 4,000 330 1,894,194 2011 Official estimate
46  Gabon 1,873,000 0.16 1.85 34,000 38 1,802,278 May 22, 2013 Preliminary 2013 census result
47  Guinea-Bissau 1,788,000 0.16 2.58 45,000 27 1,520,830 March 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
48  Mauritius 1,263,000 0.11 0.16 2,000 437 1,261,208 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
49  Swaziland 1,119,000 0.10 1.18 13,000 59 1,119,375 2015 Official estimate
50  Djibouti 961,000 0.08 2.67 25,000 26 864,618 July 1, 2011 Official estimate
51  Réunion (France) 853,000 0.07 0.71 6,000 98 840,974 January 1, 2013 Official estimate
52  Comoros 783,000 0.07 2.62 20,000 27 724,300 July 1, 2012 Official estimate
53  Cape Verde 525,000 0.05 1.35 7,000 52 491,875 June 16, 2010 Final 2010 census result
54  Western Sahara[6] 509,000 0.04 1.80 9,000 39 510,713 September 2, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
55  Mayotte (France) 229,000 0.02 2.69 6,000 26 212,600 August 21, 2012 2012 census result
56  São Tomé and Príncipe 194,000 0.02 2.65 5,000 27 179,200 May 13, 2012 Final 2012 census result
57  Seychelles 97,000 0.01 1.04 1,000 67 90,945 August 26, 2010 Final 2010 census result
58  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000 0.00 0.00 0 - 4,255 February 10, 2008 2008 census result
Total 1,148,030,000 100.00 2.67 29,857,000 26

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Calculated, when available, from the latest national censuses or most recent official estimates (many of which are cited in their respective column), using the exponential formula shown on the List of countries by past and future population article. This is done to normalize the different populations to a unique date, so that they are really comparable.
  2. ^ It corresponds to the following formula: projection2015/projection2014x100-100.
  3. ^ It corresponds to the calculation: projection2015*annual_growth/100.
  4. ^ It corresponds to the formula: LN(2)/LN(growth/100+1), which produces exactly the same result as LOG10(2)/LOG10(growth/100+1).
  5. ^ It excludes the population of the disputed territory of the Western Sahara (the so-called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. If it was included, the Moroccan September 2014 census would result in 33,848,242 inhabitants and its mid-2015 demographic projection would give some 34,198,000 inhab.
  6. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.

See also[edit]