List of Agaricales families

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The Agaricales are an order of fungi in the class Agaricomycetes (division Basidiomycota). It is the largest group of mushroom-forming fungi, and includes more than 400 genera and over 13,000 species.[1] Molecular phylogenetics analyses of ribosomal DNA sequences has led to advances in our understanding of the Agaricales, and substantially revised previous assessments of families and genera.[2] The following families are in the Agaricales, according to the 10th edition of the Dictionary of the Fungi (2008)[1] with some additions.

Families[edit]

Family Authority Year Type genus # genera # species Example
Agaricaceae Chevall.[3] 1826 Agaricus
L.
85 1340[4] Agaricus campestris.jpg
Agaricus campestris
Amanitaceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Amanita
Pers.
3 521[6] Amanita muscaria Marriott Falls 1.jpg
Amanita muscaria
Bolbitiaceae Singer[7] 1948 Bolbitius
Fr.
15[N 1] 287[8] Goldmistpilze2.jpg
Bolbitius vitellinus
Broomeiaceae Zeller[9] 1948 Broomeia
Berk.
1 2[10]
Chromocyphellaceae Knudsen[11] 2010 Chromocyphella
De Toni & Levi (1888)
2[11] 13[12][13]
Clavariaceae Chevall.[14] 1826 Clavaria
Vaill. ex L.
7 120[15] Clavaria zollingeri 90973.jpg
Clavaria zollingeri
Cortinariaceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Cortinarius
Gray
13[N 2] 2104[16] Cortinarius violaceus 02.jpg
Cortinarius violaceus
Cyphellaceae Lotsy[17] 1907 Cyphella
Fr.
16 31[18] Cyphella species 87616.jpg
Cyphella spp.
Entolomataceae Kotl. & Pouzar[19] 1972 Entoloma
(Fr.) P.Kumm.
3[N 3] 1071[20] Entoloma sinuatum group.JPG
Entoloma sinuatum
Fistulinaceae Lotsy[21] 1907 Fistulina
Bull.
3 8[22] Fistulina hepatica.jpg
Fistulina hepatica
Hemigasteraceae Gäum. & C.W.Dodge[23] 1928 Hemigaster
Juel
1 1[24]
Hydnangiaceae Gäum. & C.W.Dodge[23] 1928 Hydnangium
Wallr.
2 76[25] Hydnangium carneum.png
Hydnangium carneum
Hygrophoraceae Lotsy[26] 1907 Hygrophorus
Fr.
11[N 4] 325[27] Hygrophorus eburneus-pastorino.JPG
Hygrophorus eburneus
Inocybaceae Jülich[28] 1982 Inocybe
(Fr.) Fr.
13 821[29] Inocybe obscura 20061015w.jpg
Inocybe obscura
Limnoperdaceae G.A.Escobar[30] 1976 Limnoperdon
G.A.Escobar
1 1[31]
Lyophyllaceae Jülich[32] 1982 Lyophyllum
P.Karst.
9[N 5] 157[33] Lyophyllum decastes.jpg
Lyophyllum decastes
Marasmiaceae Roze ex Kühner[34] 1980 Marasmius
Fr.
54 1590[35] Marasmius rotula - Lindsey.jpg
Marasmius rotula
Mycenaceae Overeem[36] 1926 Mycena
(Pers.) Roussel
11[N 6] 705[37] Mycena galericulata 041022.jpg
Mycena galericulata
Niaceae Jülich[38] 1981 Nia
R.T.Moore & Meyers
6 56[39] Merismodes fasciculata 82199.jpg
Merismodes fasciculata
Phelloriniaceae Ulbr.[40] 1951 Phellorinia
Berk.
2 2[41] Phellorinia herculeana1.jpg
Phellorinia herculeana
Physalacriaceae Corner[42] 1970 Physalacria
Peck
11 169[43] Rhodotus palmatus2.jpg
Rhodotus palmatus
Pleurotaceae Kühner[44] 1980 Pleurotus
(Fr.) P.Kumm.
6 94[45] Oyster mushoom fells.jpg
Pleurotus ostreatus
Pluteaceae
Kotl. & Pouzar[19] 1972 Pluteus
Fr.
4 364[46] Pluteus cervinus 20080420wa.jpg
Pluteus cervinus
Porotheleaceae
Murrill 1916 Porotheleum
Fr.
9
Psathyrellaceae
Vilgalys & al.[47] 2001 Psathyrella
(Fr.) Quél.
12[N 7] 746[48] Psathyrella spec. - Lindsey 1a.jpg
Psathyrella gracilis
Pterulaceae
Corner[42] 1970 Pterula
Fr.
12 99[49] Pterula.subulata.-.lindsey.jpg
Pterula subulata
Schizophyllaceae Quél.[50] 1888 Schizophyllum
Fr.
2 7[51] Spaltblättlinge.jpg
Schizophyllum commune
Stephanosporaceae Oberw. & E.Horak 1979 Stephanospora
Pat. (1914)
8 35[52]
Strophariaceae Singer & A.H.Sm.[53] 1946 Stropharia
(Fr.) Quél.
18 316[54] Stropharia.aeruginosa.-.lindsey.jpg
Stropharia aeruginosa
Tricholomataceae R.Heim ex Pouzar[5] 1983 Tricholoma
(Fr.) Staude
78 1020[55] Tricholoma flavovirens.jpg
Tricholoma flavovirens
Typhulaceae Jülich[56] 1982 Typhula
(Pers.) Fr.
6 229[57] Macrotyphula fistulosa 13954 crop.jpg
Macrotyphula fistulosa

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk & al. give the number as 17, but only 15 actual genera are unequivocally listed as members in their entries.
  2. ^ The entry for the family in Kirk et al. (2008) gives (without listing them) 12 genera, but thirteen are listed as members in their separate entries.
  3. ^ Although the entry for the family in Kirk & al. (2008:237) gives the number as 4, the only genera placed there appears to be Entoloma and Clitopilus; this list follows Co-David et al. (Persoonia 23:147–176, 2009) in recognizing three genera.
  4. ^ Kirk et al. gives nine genera, but ten are placed in the family in their individual entries, this is amended to are add three more, while two are removed following Matheny et al. (2006), and Seitzman et al. (2011, Mycologia, 103(2):280-290).
  5. ^ Kirk et al. (2008:395) give the number as eight, but nine genera are actually listed.
  6. ^ Kirk et al. (2008:446) do not count Protomycena as a member of the family.
  7. ^ The genera of the family require redefinition (Kirk et al., 2008:565). Although Kirk et al. give their number as 12, only 10 appear to be formally placed there, 11 if the anamorphic Hormographiella is counted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kirk et al. (2008), p. 12.
  2. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. 
  3. ^ Chevallier (1826), p. 121.
  4. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 11.
  5. ^ a b c Pouzar Z. (1983). "Taxonomické a nomenklatorické poznámky k nĕkterým čeledím velkých hub" [Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on some families of larger fungi] (PDF abstract). Česká Mykologie (in Czech). 37 (3): 172–76. 
  6. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 23.
  7. ^ Singer R. (1942). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–50. 
  8. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 96.
  9. ^ Zeller SM. (1948). "Notes on certain Gasteromycetes, including two new orders". Mycologia. 40 (6): 639–68. doi:10.2307/3755316. PMID 18102856. 
  10. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 103.
  11. ^ a b Petersen G, Knudsen H, Seberg O (2010). "Alignment, clade robustness and fungal phylogenetics — Crepidotaceae and sister families revisited". Cladistics. 26 (1): 62–71. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00279.x. 
  12. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 139.
  13. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 518.
  14. ^ Chevallier (1826), p. 102.
  15. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 149.
  16. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 173.
  17. ^ Lotsy (1907), p. 695.
  18. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 187.
  19. ^ a b Kotlába F, Pouzar Z (1972). "Taxonomické a nomenklatorické k nĕkterým čeledím makromycetům" [Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on some Macromycetes] (PDF abstract). Česká Mykologie (in Czech). 26 (4): 217–22. 
  20. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 237.
  21. ^ Lotsy (1907), pp. 695, 704.
  22. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 257.
  23. ^ a b Gäumann EA, Dodge CW (1928). Comparative Morphology of Fungi. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 466. 
  24. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 311.
  25. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 324.
  26. ^ Lotsy, 1907, Truffe, ed. 2706.
  27. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 326.
  28. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 374.
  29. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 340.
  30. ^ Escobar GA, McCabe DE, Harpel CW (1976). "Limnoperdon, a floating gasteromycete isolated from marshes". Mycologia. 68 (4): 874–80. doi:10.2307/3758803. 
  31. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 383.
  32. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 378.
  33. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 395.
  34. ^ Kühner (1980), p. 76.
  35. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 401.
  36. ^ Overeem, C van (1926). Icones fungorum Malayensium. 14-15. Weesp: Mykologische Museum. p. 4. 
  37. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 446.
  38. ^ Jülich (1981), p. 381.
  39. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 468.
  40. ^ Ulbrich E. (1951). Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft (in German). 64: 264.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 521.
  42. ^ a b Corner (1970), p. 10.
  43. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 533.
  44. ^ Kühner (1980), p. 184.
  45. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 549.
  46. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 550.
  47. ^ Redhead SA, Vilgalys R, Moncalvo J-M, Johnson J, Hopple JS Jr (2001). "Coprinus Persoon and the disposition of Coprinus species sensu lato". Taxon. 50 (1): 203–41. doi:10.2307/1224525. JSTOR 1224525.  (subscription required)
  48. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 565.
  49. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 576.
  50. ^ Quélet (1888), p. 365.
  51. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), pp. 619–20.
  52. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 18th March 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-03-20. 
  53. ^ Singer R, Smith AH (1946). "The taxonomic position of Pholiota mutabilis and related species". Mycologia. 38 (5): 500–23. doi:10.2307/3754991. 
  54. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 671.
  55. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 700
  56. ^ Jülich W. (1981), p. 393.
  57. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 711.

Literature cited[edit]

  • Chevallier FF. (1826). Flore Générale des Environs de Paris [General Flora of the Paris Area] (in French). 1. Ferra. 
  • Corner EJH. (1970). "Supplement to 'A monograph of Clavaria and allied genera'". Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia. 33: 1–299. 
  • Jülich W. (1981). Higher taxa of Basidiomycetes. "Bibliotheca Mycologica", 85. ISBN 3-7682-1324-2. 
  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  • Kühner R. (1980). "Les Hyménomycètes agaricoides". Bulletin mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon (in French). 49: 1–1027. 
  • Lotsy JP. (1907). Vorträge über botanische Stammesgeschichte, Erster Band: Algen und Pilze [Lectures on Botanical Evolution, Volume I: algae and Fungi] (in German). Jena: G. Fischer. 
  • Quélet L. (1888). Flore mycologique de la France et des pays limitrophes (in French). O.Doin.