List of Alamo defenders

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Partial scan of the March 24, 1836 Telegraph and Texas Register with the first list of defenders killed at the Battle of the Alamo

People who are believed to have participated in the Battle of the Alamo, February 23 – March 6, 1836, on the Texian side, are listed here. Determining an exact tally has been an ongoing quest since the mission fell.

In his March 6 journal entry after the battle, Mexican Colonel Juan Almonte, Santa Anna's aide-de-camp, listed the Texian casualty toll as 250, with the survivors being five women, one Mexican soldier and one slave. Almonte did not record the names of either the defenders or the survivors, and his count was based solely on who was there during the final assault.[1]

The first Texian report of the names of the victims of the battle came in the March 24, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register. The 115 names on that list were supplied by couriers John Smith and Gerald Navan, who worked for three weeks immediately following the battle to compile the list.[2] Historian Thomas Ricks Lindley believes that they likely drew from their own memories and interviews with those who might have left or tried to enter.[3] In an 1860 statement for the Texas Almanac, former San Antonio alcalde (mayor) Francisco Antonio Ruiz set the number at 182, and gave his account of the bodies being burned.[4]

Sarcophagus at the Cathedral of San Fernando

Texas army Brigadier General Felix Huston ordered Juan Seguín in early 1837 to arrange for burial of the Alamo defenders' remains that had been left where they were burned. Ashes were identified and collected at three unrecorded sites. Prior to the February 25 funeral, the casket lay in "the parish church". The March 28,1837 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register account provided by Seguin states they were buried where the majority of ashes had been found, but was not specific about the location.[5] He told historian Reuben Potter in 1861 that the site was in a peach orchard near the mission. Twenty-eight years later in correspondence with Hamilton P. Bee, Seguín remembered placing the remains in a tomb inside the "Cathedral of San Antonio".[6] Remains believed to be those of the Alamo defenders were discovered at the Cathedral of San Fernando in 1936, the battle's centennial. Time had decayed their original container, and they were re-interred in a marble sarcophagus. Purported to hold the ashes of Travis, Bowie and Crockett, some have doubted it can be proven whose remains are entombed there.[6]

The cash-poor Republic of Texas adopted a system of military land grants in lieu of service pay. Issuance of the grants were dependent upon the military muster lists and either the veterans or their heirs filing a claim, a process that required an upfront fee to complete. For service at the Battle of the Alamo and the Goliad massacre, the heirs were eligible to file for the land grants.[7] Researchers sometimes relied on the military land grants, but did not always check through the muster lists.[8] Damacio Jiménez was not added to the defenders list until 1987 even though Seguin had given sworn testimony that Jiménez was part of his company. Although a claim was filed in 1861 by the legal heirs of Jiménez, it was never registered due to a lack of filing fee. Attorney Raul Casso IV who discovered the claim in 1986 referred to Jiménez as "the 189th Alamo defender".[9]

Many of the Tejano (Mexicans born in Texas) defenders were unknown until recent decades. Exacerbating the difficultly of verifying their participation was the three-day amnesty offered by Santa Anna to Tejanos inside the mission. Enrique Esparza, who along with his mother survived inside the mission during the siege, remembered that Jim Bowie advised the Tejanos to take advantage of the offer. Esparza said that most Tejanos left, either as couriers or because of the amnesty, about the same time Seguin went out for the last time as a courier.[10] Just as the casualty statistics have changed with continuing research, so have the survivor numbers. There is likely to never be a definitive count as researchers continue to sift through archives in search of names that might have been overlooked.

Key to military rank abbreviations[edit]

Key to military rank abbreviations
COL Colonel LT Lieutenant SGM Sergeant-Major CPL Corporal
LTC Lieutenant Colonel 1LT First Lieutenant 4SG Fourth Sergeant PVT Private
MAJ Major 2LT Second Lieutenant SGT Sergeant QM Quartermaster
CPT Captain CNT Cornet 3CPL Third Corporal AQM Assistant Quartermaster

Defenders[edit]

  • Note: There are individuals listed on the Alamo Cenotaph for whom later research has shown they were not there.
Name Rank Birth Year Birthplace Status Legacy and notes Refs
Juan Abamillo SGT Texas casualty Entered March 4. [11]
James L. Allen PVT 1815 Kentucky survivor Allen left on March 5 as the final courier sent from the Alamo. At the Battle of San Jacinto, Allen enlisted under Deaf Smith. [12]
Robert Allen PVT Virginia casualty [13]
Horace Alsbury PVT 1805 Kentucky, Hopkinsville survivor When Mexican troops arrived on February 23, Travis sent Alsbury as the first courier. His wife Juana was inside the mission and later provided John Salmon Ford with her account of the battle. [14]
George Andrews casualty Entered March 4. [15]
Miles DeForest Andross PVT 1809 Vermont, Bradford casualty [16]
Jose Maria Arocha survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Simon Arreola survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Micajah Autry PVT 1794 North Carolina, Sampson casualty [17]
Jesse B. Badgett 1807 Texas survivor He and Samuel A. Maverick were elected February 5 to represent the garrison at the Convention of 1836 which convened March 1 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. [18]
Juan A. Badillo SGT Texas casualty Entered March 4. [19]
Peter James Bailey III PVT 1812 Kentucky, Springfield casualty Namesake of Bailey County, Texas. [20]
Isaac G. Baker PVT 1814 Arkansas casualty [21]
William Charles M. Baker CPT Missouri casualty [22]
John Ballard casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
John J. Ballentine PVT Pennsylvania casualty [24]
Richard W. Ballentine PVT 1814 Scotland casualty [25]
Andrew Barcena survivor Also known as Andres Barcinas, he and Anselmo Bergara had been part of Seguín's company. They were the first witnesses of the Alamo's fall to arrive in Houston's camp at Gonzales on March 11. Houston denounced them as Mexican spies and had them arrested, but Barcena fought under Seguín at the Battle of San Jacinto. [26]
John J. Baugh CPT 1803 Virginia casualty Adjutant of the garrison, he was next in command after co-commanders Bowie and Travis. [27]
Samuel G. Bastain Louisiana survivor Bastain left February 29 as a courier to reiterate urgency to Gonzales reinforcements, whom he joined en route. On the return trip, they were unable to enter the Alamo. [28]
Joseph Bayliss PVT 1808 Tennessee casualty [27]
John Walker Baylor, Jr. PVT 1813 Kentucky, Stone Creek survivor Baylor was sent as a courier to Goliad, and later fought at both the Battle of Coleto and the Battle of San Jacinto. [29]
Anselmo Bergara Mexico escaped He and Andrew Barcena had been part of Seguín's company. Bergara fled when the Mexican troops arrived. They were the first witnesses of the Alamo's fall to arrive in Houston's camp at Gonzales on March 11. Houston denounced them as Mexican spies and had them arrested. Bergara was sent to attorney general David Thomas in Harrisburg. [30]
John Blair PVT 1803 Tennessee casualty [31]
Samuel Blair CPT 1807 Tennessee casualty Assistant to Master of Ordnance. [32]
William Blazeby CPT 1795 England casualty [32]
James Bonham 2LT 1807 South Carolina, Edgefield County casualty Bonham was sent out as a courier on February 16 to Goliad and Gonzales. He returned to the Alamo on March 3. [33]
Daniel Bourne PVT 1810 England casualty [34]
James Bowie COL c. 1796 Kentucky, Logan County casualty Co-commander of the garrison after the departure of James. C. Neill. [35]
J. B. Bowman casualty Lindley believes this might also be James H. Bowman. [36]
Robert Brown PVT c. 1818 survivor Brown left after February 25, and afterwards served as a baggage guard at the Battle of San Jacinto. [37]
James Buchanan PVT 1813 Alabama casualty [38]
Samuel E. Burns PVT 1810 Ireland casualty [38]
George D. Butler PVT 1813 Missouri casualty [38]
John Cain PVT 1802 Pennsylvania casualty [39]
Robert Campbell LT 1810 Tennessee casualty [39]
William R. Carey CPT 1806 Virginia casualty [39]
Cesario Carmona survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
M.B. Clark PVT Mississippi casualty Entered March 4. [40]
Daniel W. Cloud PVT 1812 Kentucky, Lexington casualty [41]
Robert E. Cochran PVT 1810 New Hampshire, Pembroke casualty Namesake of Cochran County, Texas. [42]
George Washington "Wash" Cottle LT 1811 Missouri, Lincoln County casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [43]
Henry Courtman PVT 1808 Germany casualty Entered March 4. [44]
Lemuel Crawford PVT 1814 South Carolina casualty [45]
David Crockett COL 1786 Tennessee, Greene County casualty [46]
Robert Crossman PVT 1810 Pennsylvania casualty [47]
Antonio Cruz y Arocha PVT Mexico survivor He left as courier with Seguin on February 25, and continued with Seguin through the Battle of San Jacinto. [48]
David P. Cummings PVT 1809 Pennsylvania, Lewiston casualty [49]
Robert Cunningham PVT 1804 New York, Ontario County casualty [50]
Matias Curvier survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Jacob C. Darst LT 1793 Kentucky, Woodford County casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [51]
John Davis PVT 1811 Kentucky casualty [52]
Freeman H.K. Day PVT 1806 casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [51]
Squire Daymon PVT 1808 Tennessee casualty [53]
William Dearduff PVT c. 1811 Tennessee casualty [53]
Alexandro de la Garza PVT Texas survivor Dispatched as a courier. [53]
N. Debichi casualty Entered March 4. [54]
Stephen Dennison PVT 1812 England or Ireland casualty Entered March 4. [55]
Francis L. Desauque CPT Pennsylvania, Philadelphia [56]
Charles Despallier PVT 1812 Louisiana casualty [57]
Lewis Dewall PVT 1812 New York casualty [58]
Almaron Dickinson CPT 1810 Tennessee casualty His wife Susanna and daughter were inside the mission during the battle and saved by Mexican Colonel Juan Almonte. Santa Anna sent her to Gonzales with a message about the Alamo's fall. [59]
James Dickson casualty [60]
John Henry Dillard PVT 1805 Tennessee, Smith County casualty [61]
Philip Dimmitt CPT 1801 Kentucky survivor Dimmitt and B. F. Nobles were scouting when the Mexican army arrived on February 23, blocking their return. Dimmitt began recruiting volunteers in Victoria. [62]
James R. Dimpkins SGT England casualty [63]
Andrew Duvalt PVT 1804 Ireland casualty [64]
Samuel M. Edwards casualty Entered March 4. [65]
Conrad Eigenauer casualty Entered March 4. [54]
J.D. Elliott casualty Entered March 4 [54]
Frederick E. Elm casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
Lucio Enriques survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Carlos Espalier PVT 1819 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar casualty Entered March 4. [66]
José Gregorio Esparza PVT 1802 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar casualty His was the only body of a Texian to be buried, after his brother Francisco received special permission from Santa Anna. [67]
Robert Evans MAJ 1800 Ireland casualty Master of Ordnance [68]
Samuel B. Evans PVT 1812 New York, Jefferson County [69]
James L. Ewing PVT 1812 Tennessee casualty [69]
William Keener Faunterloy PVT 1814 Kentucky, Logan County casualty [70]
William Fishbaugh PVT Alabama (possibly) casualty [70]
John Flanders PVT 1800 New Hampshire casualty [70]
Manuel N. Flores c.1801 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Salvador Flores CPT 1806 Texas survivor Flores left with Seguín on February 25. During the Runaway Scrape, he led a part of Seguín's company in guarding fleeing families. [71]
Dolphin Ward Floyd PVT 1804 North Carolina, Nash County casualty Namesake of Floyd County, Texas. [72]
John Hubbard Forsyth CPT 1797 New York, Avon casualty [72]
Antonio Fuentes PVT 1813 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar casualty [73]
Galba Fuqua PVT 1819 Alabama casualty Entered March 1 or 4 . [74]
William Garnett PVT 1812 Virginia casualty [75]
James W. Garrand PVT 1813 Louisiana casualty [75]
James Girard Garrett PVT 1806 Tennessee casualty [76]
John E. Garvin PVT 1809 casualty [77]
John E. Gaston PVT 1819 casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [78]
James George PVT 1802 casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [79]
William George casualty Entered March1 or 4. [65]
James Gibson casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
John C. Goodrich CNT 1809 Virginia casualty [80]
Francis H. Gray casualty Entered March 4. [65]
W.T. Green casualty Entered March 4. [54]
Albert Calvin Grimes PVT 1817 Georgia casualty [81]
Ignacio Gurrea survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Brigido Guerrero PVT Mexico, Tallenango survivor A deserter from Ugartechea's troops, he joined with Bowie. When Mexican troops stormed the mission, Guerrero was spared by convincing them he was a prisoner of war. [82]
James C. Gwin PVT 1804 England casualty aka Gwynne [83]
John Harris PVT 1813 Kentucky casualty [84]
Andrew Jackson Harrison PVT 1809 Tennessee casualty [84]
I.L.K. Harrison casualty [85]
William B. Harrison CPT 1811 Ohio [86]
Joseph M. Hawkins PVT 1799 Ireland casualty [86]
John M. Hays PVT 1814 Tennessee, Nashville casualty [87]
Charles M. Heiskell PVT 1813 Tennessee (possibly) casualty [87]
Patrick Henry Herndon PVT 1802 Virginia casualty [88]
Pedro Herrera survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
William Daniel Hersee SGT 1805 England casualty [89]
Benjamin Franklin Highsmith PVT 1817 Missouri Territory, St. Charles District survivor Highsmith was sent as a courier to Goliad on February 18. He re-entered the Alamo on March 1, and was sent out again as a courier on the same day. He joined Houston as a courier and fought at San Jacinto. [90]
Tapley Holland PVT 1810 Ohio casualty [91]
James Holloway casualty Entered March 4. [92]
Samuel Holloway PVT 1808 Pennsylvania casualty [93]
William D. Howell 1791 Massachusetts casualty Entered March 4. [94]
William Hunter casualty Entered March 4. [54]
Thomas P. Hutchinson casualty Entered March 4. [92]
William A. Irwin casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
Thomas R. Jackson PVT Ireland casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [95]
William Daniel Jackson LT 1807 Kentucky casualty [96]
Green B. Jameson MAJ 1807 Kentucky casualty [97]
Gordon C. Jennings CPL 1780 Connecticut casualty [98]
Damacio Jiménez PVT Texas casualty Entered March 4. [99]
Joe 1813 or 1815 Alabama survivor Slave of Travis, accompanied Susanna Dickinson to Gonzales. [100]
John Louisiana casualty Civilian employee of Desauque. [101]
John Johnson PVT 1800 Missouri survivor Dispatched as courier February 23. [102]
Lewis Johnson PVT Illinois Territory (possibly) casualty [103]
William Johnson PVT Pennsylvania, Philadelphia casualty [104]
William P. Johnson SGT (possibly) survivor Likely dispatched as courier February 23. [104]
John Jones 1LT 1810 New York casualty [104]
James Kenny PVT 1814 Virginia casualty [105]
Andrew Kent PVT 1798 Virginia casualty Namesake of Kent County, Texas. [105]
Joseph Kent casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers.. Entered March 1 or 4. [106]
Joseph Kerr PVT 1814 Louisiana casualty [107]
George C. Kimble LT 1803 Pennsylvania casualty Namesake of Kimble County, Texas. Entered March 1 or 4 [108]
John C. Kin casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
William Philip King PVT 1820 Mississippi, Monroe County casualty Youngest defender casualty; namesake of King County. [109]
William Irvine Lewis PVT 1806 Virginia casualty [110]
William J. Lightfoot 3CPL 1805 Kentucky casualty [110]
Jonathan Lindley PVT 1814 Illinois casualty [110]
William Linn PVT Massachusetts casualty [111]
Byrd Lockhart CPT 1782 Virginia survivor He and Andrew Jackson Sowell left to buy supplies. Namesake of Lockhart, Texas. [112]
Toribio Losoya PVT 1808 Texas casualty [105]
George Washington Main LT 1807 Virginia casualty [113]
William T. Malone PVT 1817 Athens, Georgia casualty [114]
William Marshall PVT 1808 Tennessee casualty [114]
Albert Martin CPT 1808 Rhode Island casualty Martin was dispatched with the Travis letter To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World. In Gonzales, he passed the letter to Launcelot Smither on February 25, and returned to the Alamo with reinforcements. [115]
Samuel Maverick PVT 1803 South Carolina, Pendleton survivor He and Jesse B. Badgett were elected February 5 to represent the garrison at the Convention of 1836 which convened March 1 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. [116]
Edward McCafferty LT casualty Entered March 4. [117]
Ross McClelland casualty Lindley lists him as "a litle Irishman". [118]
Daniel McCoy, Jr. casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
Jesse McCoy PVT 1804 Tennessee casualty [119]
Prospect McCoy casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
William McDowell PVT 1794 Pennsylvania casualty [119]
James McGee PVT Ireland casualty [119]
John McGregor SGT Scotland casualty [120]
Robert McKinney PVT 1809 Ireland casualty [121]
S.W. McNeilly casualty Entered March 4. [54]
Eliel Melton QM, LT 1798 Georgia casualty [122]
Antonio Menchaca 1800 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Thomas R. Miller PVT 1795 Tennessee casualty [123]
William Mills PVT 1815 Tennessee casualty [124]
Isaac Millsaps PVT c. 1795 Mississippi casualty [125]
Edward F. Mitchasson 1806 Virginia casualty Entered March 4. aka Dr. E.F. Mitchusson [126]
Edwin T. Mitchell PVT 1806 casualty Entered March 4. [127]
Napoleon B. Mitchell PVT 1804 casualty [128]
Robert B. Moore PVT 1781 Virginia casualty Entered March 4. [129]
Willis A. Moore PVT 1808 casualty Entered March 4. [129]
John Morman casualty [60]
William Morrison casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
Robert Musselman SGT 1805 Ohio casualty [130]
James Nash casualty Gonzales "Immortal 32" Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. [23]
Andrés Nava SGT 1810 Texas casualty Entered March 4. [131]
Gerald Navan PVT survivor Dispatched as courier March 3. [132]
George Neggan PVT 1808 South Carolina casualty [130]
Andrew M. Nelson PVT 1809 Tennessee casualty [133]
Edward Nelson PVT 1816 South Carolina casualty [133]
George Nelson PVT 1805 South Carolina casualty [134]
Benjamin F. Nobles LT survivor Nobles and Dimmitt were scouting on February 23, and the arrival of the Mexican army prevented them from re-entering the mission. [135]
James Northcross PVT 1804 Virginia casualty [136]
James Nowlan PVT 1809 England casualty [137]
L.R. O'Neil casualty Entered March 4. [54]
George Olamio PVT Ireland casualty Entered March 4. [65]
William Sanders Oury PVT 1817 Virginia, Abingdon survivor Dispatched as a courier February 29. [138]
Jose Sebastian "Luciano" Pacheco survivor Seguín sent Pacheco on February 23 to fetch a trunk from Seguin's home. Pacheco was unable to re-enter Alamo. [139]
George Pagan PVT 1810 casualty [140]
Christopher Adams Parker PVT 1814 casualty [130]
William Parks PVT 1805 North Carolina, Rowan County casualty [130]
William Hester Patton AQM, LT 1808 Kentucky survivor Assumed to be a courier, believed to have left with John William Smith. Led his own company at the Battle of San Jacinto. [141]
Richardson Perry PVT 1817 Mississippi casualty [142]
Adolf Petrasweiz casualty Entered March 4. [143]
Amos Pollard 1803 Massachusetts, Ashburnham casualty Chief surgeon of the garrison, created a hospital in the mission. [144]
Eduardo Ramirez survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
John Purdy Reynolds PVT 1806 Pennsylvania casualty [144]
Thomas H. Roberts PVT casualty Entered March 4. [145]
James Waters Robertson PVT 1812 Tennessee casualty [146]
Ambrosio Rodriguez survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Guadalupe Rodriquez casualty Entered March 4. [65]
James M. Rose PVT 1805 Ohio casualty [142]
Jacob Roth MAJ casualty [85]
Jackson J. Rusk PVT Ireland casualty [147]
Joseph Rutherford PVT 1798 Kentucky casualty [147]
Isaac Ryan PVT 1805 Louisiana casualty [147]
W.H. Sanders casualty Entered March 4. [54]
Mial Scurlock PVT 1809 casualty [142]
Juan Seguín CPT 1806 Texas, San Antonio de Béxar survivor Left February 25 to recruit reinforcements. [148]
Marcus L. Sewell PVT 1805 England casualty [142]
Manson Shied PVT 1811 Georgia casualty aka Shudd [142]
Silvero survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]
Cleveland Kinloch Simmons LT 1815 South Carolina, Charleston casualty [149]
Andrew H. Smith PVT 1815 Tennessee casualty [149]
Charles S. Smith PVT 1806 Maryland casualty [150]
Joshua G. Smith SGT 1808 North Carolina casualty [151]
John William Smith 1792 Virginia survivor Smith was the final courier sent to Washington-on-the-Brazos, and was unable to return to the Alamo. He scouted for the Texian army at San Jacinto. [152]
William H. Smith PVT 1811 casualty [153]
Launcelot Smither PVT 1800 survivor Smither left for Gonzales on February 23 to relay news of the Mexican army's approach. On February 25, Smither received the Travis letter from Albert Martin and delivered it to the provisional government at San Felipe. [154]
Andrew Jackson Sowell PVT 1815 Tennessee survivor Left with Byrd Lockhart to buy supplies. [155]
John Spratt casualty Entered March 4. [15]
Richard Starr PVT 1811 England casualty [156]
James E. Stewart PVT 1808 England casualty [156]
Richard L. Stockton PVT 1817 New Jersey casualty [156]
A. Spain Summerlin PVT 1817 Tennessee casualty [157]
William E. Summers PVT 1812 Tennessee casualty [157]
John Sutherland Jr. PVT 1792 Virginia, Danville survivor He served the garrison as a medic and was sent to Gonzales for reinforcements on February 23. [158]
William DePriest Sutherland PVT 1818 Alabama casualty [153]
Edward Taylor PVT 1812 Tennessee casualty Taylor County, Texas is named for him and his brothers, George and James, who also died in the Alamo. Entered March 1 or 4. [159]
George Taylor PVT 1816 Tennessee casualty Taylor County, Texas is named for him and his brothers, Edward and James, who also died in the Alamo. [160]
James Taylor PVT 1814 Tennessee casualty Taylor County, Texas is named for him and his brothers, George and Edward, who also died in the Alamo. Entered March 1 or 4. [161]
William Taylor PVT 1799 Tennessee casualty Entered March 1 or 4. [162]
B. Archer M. Thomas PVT 1818 Kentucky casualty [163]
Henry Thomas PVT 1811 Germany casualty Entered March 4. [164]
Thompson casualty [165]
John W. Thomson PVT 1807 North Carolina casualty [166]
John, M. Thurston 2LT 1812 Pennsylvania casualty [167]
Burke Trammel PVT 1810 Ireland casualty [167]
William B. Travis LTC 1809 South Carolina, Edgefield District casualty Co-commander of the garrison after the departure of James. C. Neill. [168]
George W. Tumlinson PVT 1814 Missouri casualty [169]
James Tylee PVT 1795 New York casualty [169]
Asa Walker PVT 1813 Tennessee casualty [170]
Jacob Walker PVT 1799 Tennessee casualty [170]
William B. Ward SGT 1806 Ireland casualty [170]
Henry Warnell PVT 1812 Arkansas escaped Died June 1836 of wounds incurred during the battle or during his escape. [171]
Joseph G. Washington PVT c. 1808 Tennessee casualty possibly aka James Morgan [170]
Thomas Waters PVT 1812 England casualty [170]
William Wells PVT 1798 Georgia, Hall County casualty [170]
Isaac White SGT casualty [172]
Robert White CPT 1806 England casualty [173]
Hiram James Williamson SMA 1810 Pennsylvania, Philadelphia casualty [174]
William Wills casualty [174]
David L. Wilson PVT 1807 Scotland casualty [174]
John Wilson PVT 1804 Pennsylvania casualty [174]
Anthony Wolf PVT 1782 casualty [174]
Claiborne Wright PVT 1810 North Carolina casualty [174]
Charles Zanco LT 1808 Denmark, Randers casualty [174]
Vicente Zepeda survivor Juan Seguin's volunteers. [10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Almonte, Jackson, Wheat (2005), p. 374,377
  2. ^ Chariton (1990), p. 180.
  3. ^ Lindley (2003), pp. 226–227
  4. ^ Matovina (1995), pp. 43–44
  5. ^ "Telegraph and Texas Register May 28, 1837". The Portal to Texas History. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 13, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Sibley, Marilyn McAdams (October 1966). "The Burial Place of the Alamo Heroes". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly (Texas State Historical Association). Vol. 70, No. 2: 272–280. JSTOR 30236392. 
  7. ^ "Categories of Land Grants in Texas" (PDF). Texas General Land Office. State of Texas. Retrieved June 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ Lindley (2003), pp. 52, 57
  9. ^ Casso IV, Raul (July 1992). "Damacio Jimenez: The Lost and Found Alamo Defender". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly (Texas State Historical Association) 96 (1): 87–92. JSTOR 30238831. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Tejanos who were not part of the Bexar garrison but were part of Seguin's volunteers and were in the Alamo on Feb 23. Enrique Esparza, who was inside the mission as the son of defender Gregorio Esparza, later recalled that Santa Anna offered a three-day amnesty to all Tejano defenders. According to Esparza, Tejanos discussed the matter with Bowie who advised them to take the amnesty. It is believed most of the Tejanos left when Seguin did, either as couriers or because of the amnesty. Poyo (1996), p. 53, 58 Efficient in the Cause (Stephen L. Harden); Lindley (2003), p. 94, 134
  11. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144;Todish (1998), p. 76.
  12. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 1
  13. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 2.
  14. ^ Matovina (1995), pp. 45–48; Lindley (2003), p. 87.
  15. ^ a b Lindley (2003), pp. 54, 143
  16. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 6–7.
  17. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 7.
  18. ^ Kemp, L. W. "Jesse B. Badgett". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 14, 2015. 
  19. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 8; Todish (1998), p. 76.
  20. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 8.
  21. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 9.
  22. ^ Todish (1998), p. 76; Groneman (1990), pp. 9–10.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lindley (2003), p. 98
  24. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 10.
  25. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 10–11.
  26. ^ Moore (2004), pp. 45–46, 451
  27. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 11; Todish (1998), p. 76.
  28. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 131
  29. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 12.
  30. ^ Moore (2004), pp. 45–46, 163, 171
  31. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 13–14.
  32. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 14.
  33. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 15–16.
  34. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 16.
  35. ^ Hopewell (1994), pp. 2–3, 116.
  36. ^ Lindley (2003), pp. 62, 79
  37. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 20–21; Moore (2004), p. 457
  38. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 21.
  39. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 22.
  40. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 24.
  41. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 24.
  42. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 24–25
  43. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 25.
  44. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 25.
  45. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 26.
  46. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 26–27; Lindley (2003), p. 202.
  47. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 29.
  48. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 29–30.
  49. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 30.
  50. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 30–31.
  51. ^ a b Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 32.
  52. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 32.
  53. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 33.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g h Lindley (2003), p. 143
  55. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 34.
  56. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 34–35
  57. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 35–36; Todish (1998), p. 78.
  58. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 36
  59. ^ Carrington (1993), pp. 74–75; Groneman (1990), pp. 36–37.
  60. ^ a b Lindley (2003), p. 54
  61. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 39.
  62. ^ Todish (1998), p. 89; Groneman (1990), pp.40–41;Roell, Craig H. "Philip Dimmitt". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 13, 2015. 
  63. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 41–42.
  64. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 42.
  65. ^ a b c d e Lindley (2003), p. 144
  66. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Todish (1998), p. 79.
  67. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 45–46.
  68. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 47;Edmondson (2000), p. 371.
  69. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 48.
  70. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), pp. 48–49.
  71. ^ de la Teja (1991), pp. 18, 135,182; Lindley (2003), pp. 94, 112; Moore (2004), p. 60
  72. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 50.
  73. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 51.
  74. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 51; Lindley (2003), p. 144
  75. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 52.
  76. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 52–53.
  77. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 53.
  78. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 53; Lindley (2003), p. 144
  79. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 53–54; Lindley (2003), p. 144
  80. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 54-55
  81. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 55.
  82. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 55–56
  83. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 56.
  84. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 57.
  85. ^ a b Lindley (2003), p. 53.
  86. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 58.
  87. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 59.
  88. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 59–60.
  89. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 60.
  90. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 60–61,66; Todish (1998), p. 89; Lindley (2003), p. 133
  91. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 61–62.
  92. ^ a b Lindley (2003), pp. 54,143
  93. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 62.
  94. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 62; Lindley (2003), p. 143
  95. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 63; Lindley (2003), p. 144
  96. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 63.
  97. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 63-64.
  98. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 64.
  99. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144;Todish (1998), p. 81
  100. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 64-65; Todish (1998), p. 89; Edmondson (2000), p. 369.
  101. ^ Todish (1998), p. 81; Hopewell125 (1994), p. 125.
  102. ^ Lindley (2003), pp. 88, 109, 321; Lord (1961), p. 96.
  103. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 66-67.
  104. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 67.
  105. ^ a b c Todish (1998), p. 82.
  106. ^ Lindley (2003), pp. 98,144
  107. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 69
  108. ^ Todish (1998), p. 82.; Lindley (2003), p. 144
  109. ^ Groneman, Bill; Hall, Russell S. "William Philip King". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 8, 2014. Leffler, John. "King County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  110. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 71.
  111. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 72.
  112. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 90; Groneman (1990), pp. 72–73; Moore (2004), p. 60
  113. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 74.
  114. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 75.
  115. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 76.; Green (1988), p. 500; Lindley (2003), p. 91
  116. ^ Marks, Paula Mitchell. "Samuel Augustus Maverick". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  117. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 76
  118. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 59
  119. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 77.
  120. ^ Todish (1998), p. 83.
  121. ^ Lord (1961), p. 217;Todish (1998), p. 83.
  122. ^ Groneman (1990), pp. 78–79.
  123. ^ Groneman (1990), p.79; Todish (1998), p. 83
  124. ^ Groneman (1990), p.79-80.
  125. ^ Groneman (1990), p.80.
  126. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 80
  127. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 81
  128. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 81.
  129. ^ a b Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), pp. 81–82.
  130. ^ a b c d Todish (1998), p. 84.
  131. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144;Todish (1998), p. 84
  132. ^ Chariton (1990), p. 180
  133. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 84.
  134. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 85.
  135. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 85; Roell, Craig H. "Philip Dimmitt". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 13, 2015. 
  136. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 86.
  137. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 87.
  138. ^ Todish (1998), p. 89.
  139. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 90
  140. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 88.
  141. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 202; Groneman (1990), pp. 89–90; Moore (2004), pp. 52–54, 100
  142. ^ a b c d e Todish (1998), p. 85.
  143. ^ Lindley (2003). pp. 143,166
  144. ^ a b Groneman (1990), pp. 91–92
  145. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 93.
  146. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 93.
  147. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), pp. 95–96.
  148. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 97; Nofi (1992), pp. 85–86.
  149. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 100.
  150. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 101.
  151. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 103.
  152. ^ Nofi (1992), p. 79; Myers (1948), p. 202; Groneman, pp. 101–102;Todish (1998), p. 90.
  153. ^ a b Todish (1998), p. 86.
  154. ^ Green (1988), pp. 503–504; Groneman (1990), p. 101.
  155. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 90; Groneman (1990), pp. 72–73, 105
  156. ^ a b c Groneman (1990), p. 106
  157. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 107
  158. ^ McCaslin, Richard B. "John Sutherland Jr.". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  159. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144;Groneman (1990), p. 109
  160. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 110
  161. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144;Groneman (1990), p. 110
  162. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 144; Groneman (1990), p. 111
  163. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 111
  164. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 143; Groneman (1990), p. 111
  165. ^ Lindley (2003), p. 63
  166. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 112
  167. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 113
  168. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 115
  169. ^ a b Groneman (1990), p. 116
  170. ^ a b c d e f Todish (1998), p. 87.
  171. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 119.
  172. ^ Todish (1998), p. 87-88.
  173. ^ Groneman (1990), p. 120
  174. ^ a b c d e f g Todish (1998), p. 88.

References[edit]

  • Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno; Jackson, Jack; Wheat, John (2005). Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign. Austin, Texas: Texas State Historical Association. ISBN 9780876112076. 
  • Carrington, Evelyn M. (1993). Women in Early Texas. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. OCLC 651721302. 
  • Chariton, Wallace O. (1990). Exploring the Alamo Legends. Dallas, TX: Republic of Texas Press. ISBN 978-1-55622-255-9. 
  • del la Teja, Jesus (1991). A Revolution Remembered: The Memoirs and Selected Correspondence of Juan N. Seguin. Austin, TX: State House Press. ISBN 0-938349-68-6. 
  • Edmondson, J.R. (2000). The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts. Plano, TX: Republic of Texas Press. ISBN 1-55622-678-0. 
  • Green, Michael R. (April 1988). "To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly (Texas State Historical Association). Vol. 91, No. 4: 483–508. JSTOR 30240052. 
  • Groneman, Bill (1990). Alamo Defenders: A Genealogy, the People and Their Words. Austin, TX: Eakin Press. ISBN 978-0-89015-757-2. 
  • Hopewell, Clifford (1994). James Bowie Texas Fighting Man: A Biography. Austin, TX: Eakin Press. ISBN 0-89015-881-9. 
  • Lindley, Thomas Ricks (2003). Alamo Traces: New Evidence and New Conclusions. Lanham, MD: Republic of Texas Press. ISBN 1-55622-983-6. 
  • Lord, Walter (1961). A Time to Stand. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-7902-7. 
  • Matovina, Timothy M. (1995). The Alamo Remembered: Tejano Accounts and Perspectives. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0292751866. 
  • Moore, Stephen L. (2004). Eighteen Minutes: The Battle of San Jacinto and the Texas Independence Campaign. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-58907-009-7. 
  • Myers, John Myers (1948). The Alamo. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-5779-1. 
  • Nofi, Albert A. (1992). The Alamo and the Texas War of Independence, September 30, 1835 to April 21, 1836: Heroes, Myths, and History. Conshohocken, PA: Combined Books, Inc. ISBN 0-938289-10-1. 
  • Poyo, Gerald Eugene (1996). Tejano Journey, 1770–1850. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9780292765702. 
  • Todish, Timothy J.; Todish, Terry; Spring, Ted (1998). Alamo Sourcebook, 1836: A Comprehensive Guide to the Battle of the Alamo and the Texas Revolution. Austin, TX: Eakin Press. ISBN 978-1-57168-152-2. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Rosenthal, Philip S., Alamo Soldiers: An Armchair Historian's Guide to the Defenders of the Alamo, A Team Productions (1989) ISBN 0-9622557-0-X
  • Rosenthal, Philip and Bill Groneman, Roll Call At The Alamo, The Old Army Press (1985), ISBN 0-88342-065-1

External links[edit]