List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to China

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Ambassador of the
United Kingdom to China
英国大使
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Barbara Woodward.jpg
Incumbent
Dame Barbara Woodward

since February 2015
Style Her Excellency
Residence Beijing
Inaugural holder

Frederick Wright-Bruce
First Ambassador to Imperial China

Sir John Jordan
First Ambassador to the Republic of China

Sir John Hutchinson
First Ambassador to the People's Republic of China
Formation

1840
Ambassador to Imperial China

1910
Ambassador to the Republic of China

1950
Ambassador to the People's Republic of China

The Ambassador of the United Kingdom to China is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative in the People's Republic of China, and in charge of the UK's diplomatic mission in China. The official title is Her Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to the People's Republic of China.

The UK recognized the People's Republic of China in 1950, although the PRC did not agree to the exchange of ambassadors until 1972. Prior to this, the United Kingdom had sent ministers to the Qing Empire and variously ministers and ambassadors to the Republic of China. The Embassy offices have been located in Peking (Beijing), Nanking (Nanjing), or both.

List of heads of mission[edit]

1792-1794: George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to Imperial China (during the First Opium War)[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Chinese monarch
Sir George Elliot February 1840 November 1840 Queen Victoria Daoguang Emperor
Sir Charles Elliot November 1840 12 August 1841

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to Imperial China (held by the Governor of Hong Kong)[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Chinese monarch
Sir Henry Pottinger 12 August 1841 8 May 1844 Queen Victoria Daoguang Emperor
Sir John Francis Davis 8 May 1844 18 March 1848
Sir George Bonham 18 March 1848 1851
Sir John Bowring 20 December 1853 17 April 1857 Xianfeng Emperor

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to Imperial China[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Chinese monarch
The Earl of Elgin 1857 1860 Queen Victoria Xianfeng Emperor
Sir Frederick Bruce 7 November 1860 19 June 1864
Sir Thomas Francis Wade 19 June 1864 7 December 1865 Tongzhi Emperor
Sir Rutherford Alcock 7 December 1865 1 November 1869
Hugh Fraser 1 November 1869 28 November 1869
Sir Thomas Francis Wade 28 November 1869 6 November 1876
Hugh Fraser 6 November 1876 29 June 1879 Guangxu Emperor
Sir Thomas Francis Wade 29 June 1879 14 August 1882
Thomas Grosvenor 14 August 1882 17 September 1883
Sir Harry Smith Parkes died in office 28 September 1883 21 March 1885
Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor (chargé d'affaires) 22 March 1885 15 June 1886
Sir John Walsham, Bt 15 June 1886 28 September 1892
William Nelthorpe Beauclerk chargé d'affaires 28 September 1892 19 November 1892
Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor 19 November 1892 September 1895
William Nelthorpe Beauclerk chargé d'affaires September 1895 24 April 1896
Sir Claude Maxwell MacDonald[1] 24 April 1896 25 October 1900
Sir Ernest Mason Satow 25 October 1900 1906 Edward VII
Walter Beaupré Townley chargé d'affaires 3 December 1902 21 August 1903
Sir John Jordan 19 September 1906 12 March 1910
William Grenfell Max-Muller 12 March 1910 28 November 1910 Xuantong Emperor

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Republic of China[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Chinese president
Sir John Jordan 28 November 1910 1 March 1920 George V Sun Yat-senYuan ShikaiLi YuanhongFeng GuozhangXu Shichang
Sir Beilby Alston 1 March 1920 1922 Xu ShichangZhou ZiqiLi Yuanhong
Robert Clive chargé d'affaires 1922 1922
Sir James Ronald Macleay 1922 20 December 1926 Li YuanhongGao LingweiCao KunHuang FuDuan QiruiHu WeideYan HuiqingDu XiguiWellington Koo
Sir Miles Lampson 20 December 1926 3 September 1933 Wellington KooZhang ZuolinChiang Kai-shekLin Sen
Edward Ingram 5 May 1932 3 September 1933 Lin Sen
Hon. Sir Alexander Cadogan 3 September 1933 19 May 1935

Ambassadors to the Republic of China[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Chinese president
Hon. Sir Alexander Cadogan 15 June 1935 5 April 1936 George V Lin Sen
Sir Robert George Howe 5 April 1936 2 September 1936 Edward VIII
Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen [2] 23 September 1936 20 December 1937
Sir Archibald Clark Kerr 23 September 1936 16 January 1942 George VI
Sir Horace James Seymour 16 January 1942 23 May 1946
Sir Ralph Stevenson 23 May 1946 1948 Chiang Kai-shek
Sir Lionel Henry Lamb 1948 1948

Chargés d'affaires to the People's Republic of China[edit]

The United Kingdom recognized Communist China in 1950 and posted a chargé d'affaires in the new capital of Beijing. However, China was unwilling to exchange ambassadors until the British consulate in Taipei was withdrawn in 1972.[3]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Paramount leader
Sir John Colville Hutchinson 6 January 1950 1953 George VI Mao Zedong
Sir Humphrey Trevelyan 1953 1955 Elizabeth II
Sir Con O'Neill 13 July 1955 26 June 1957
Sir Duncan Wilson 9 September 1957 23 July 1959
Sir Michael Stewart 16 September 1959 11 April 1962
Sir Terence Garvey 9 July 1962 16 April 1965
Sir Donald Hopson 14 May 1965 August 1968
Sir Percy Cradock August 1968 February 1969
John Denson 1969 18 November 1971

Ambassadors to the People's Republic of China[edit]

Name Tenure begin Tenure end British monarch Paramount leader
Sir John Addis 26 January 1972 17 June 1974 Elizabeth II Mao Zedong
Sir Edward Youde 29 August 1974 1978
Sir Percy Cradock 15 June 1978 1984 Hua Guofeng
Sir Richard Evans 23 January 1984 1988 Deng Xiaoping
Sir Alan Donald 26 May 1988 1991
Sir Robin McLaren 20 June 1991 1994
Sir Leonard Appleyard 24 September 1994 1997 Jiang Zemin
Sir Anthony Galsworthy 29 December 1997 2002
Sir Christopher Hum 4 April 2002 2006
Sir William Ehrman 15 March 2006 2010 Hu Jintao
Sir Sebastian Wood 3 March 2010 2015
Dame Barbara Woodward[4] 14 April 2015[5] Xi Jinping

References[edit]

  1. ^ E. W. Edwards, ‘MacDonald, Sir Claude Maxwell (1852–1915)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 [1], accessed 5 Nov 2008
  2. ^ "No. 34331". The London Gazette. 13 October 1936. p. 6536. 
  3. ^ "China Exchange of Ambassadors". hansard.millbanksystems.com. 13 March 1972. 
  4. ^ Change of Her Majesty's Ambassador to China, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 6 August 2014
  5. ^ Xi Jinping Accepts Credentials from New Ambassadors of the UK and Eight Other Countries, Chinese Embassy, London

External links[edit]