List of American Viticultural Areas

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An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a designated wine grape-growing region in the United States distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), United States Department of the Treasury.[1] As of 2016, there were 238 recognized AVAs[2]—several of which are shared by two or more states.

American Viticultural Areas range in size from the Upper Mississippi River Valley AVA at 29,900 square miles (77,000 km2) across four states, to the Cole Ranch AVA in Mendocino County, California, at only 62 acres (25 ha). The Augusta AVA near the town of Augusta, Missouri, was the first recognized AVA, gaining the status on June 20, 1980.[3]

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

California[edit]

General locations of California's wine regions.

Central Coast and Santa Cruz Mountains[edit]

All of these AVAs are included in the geographic boundaries of the Central Coast AVA with the exceptions of Ben Lomond Mountain AVA and Santa Cruz Mountains AVA, which are surrounded by, but are specifically excluded from, the larger regional AVA.

Central Valley[edit]

Unlike other regions of California, there is no large regional AVA designation that includes the entire Central Valley wine growing region.

Klamath Mountains[edit]

These AVAs are located in the southern Klamath Mountains of far northwestern California.

North Coast[edit]

All of these AVAs are included within the geographic boundaries of the six-county North Coast AVA.

Sierra Foothills[edit]

All of these AVAs are contained entirely within the geographic boundaries of the Sierra Foothills AVA.

Cascade Foothills[edit]

This AVA is located in northeastern California.

South Coast[edit]

All of these AVAs are contained entirely within the geographic boundaries of the South Coast AVA.

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Idaho[edit]

  • Snake River Valley AVA (shared with Oregon)
  • Eagle Foothills AVA - newly established in November 2015
  • Lewis-Clark Valley AVA (shared with Washington) - newly established in April 2016

Illinois[edit]

Indiana[edit]

Iowa[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Michigan[edit]

The four American Viticultural Areas (AVAs) in Michigan.

Minnesota[edit]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey's 48 wineries produce wine from over 90 varieties of grapes and over 25 types of fruit.

As of 2014, New Jersey had 48 licensed wineries in operation in thirteen of the state's 21 counties.[7][8][9] Of these wineries, 33 are located in two of the state's three approved American Viticultural Areas (AVA). No New Jersey wineries are located in the Central Delaware Valley AVA, which is shared with portions of eastern Pennsylvania.[10] The state's three approved AVAs comprise roughly 2.5 million acres of the state's 5.6 million acres—90% of this area is located in the state's nine southern counties in which the Outer Coastal Plain AVA was established.

New Jersey produced 1.72 million gallons (approximately 716,000 cases) of wine in 2010 and the state was seventh in the United States in total production. Wineries grow Vitis vinifera, Vitis labrusca, or French hybrid wine grapes, and producing or offering for sale wine produced over ninety varieties of grapes and over 25 different fruits. The state's most popular red wine varietals grown are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Chambourcin; and the most popular white wine varietals being Chardonnay and Vidal blanc.[11] The U.S. Department of Agriculture's 2007 Census of Agriculture reported 1,043 acres being cultivated for grapes—almost double the 551 acres reported in 2002.[12] Current estimates indicate that total acreage may increase by 50%-100% when updated statistics for the next USDA Census of Agriculture are released in 2013. In 2007, 192 farms in the state were growing grapes to be sold as table grapes and converted into wine and juice production—this is up from 182 in 2002.[12] The state's wine industry generates between US$30,000,000-$40,000,000 of revenue annually.[13]

Name of American Viticultural Area (AVA) Created Area (acres) # of wineries Winery acreage Quantity of wine produced (cases) Notes
Central Delaware Valley AVA
(shared with Pennsylvania)
27 February 1987 96,000[14] 0 0 0 [15]
Outer Coastal Plain AVA 12 March 2007 2,250,000 28 592 223,600 [16]
Warren Hills AVA 7 September 1988 144,640 5 80 21,050 [17]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ttb.gov/appellation/
  2. ^ "List of established U.S. Viticultural Areas (last updated November 20, 2016)". Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. U.S. Treasury. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  3. ^ Code of Federal Regulations, 27 C.F.R §9.22 27 C.F.R §9.22
  4. ^ https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/02/24/2016-03860/establishment-of-the-lamorinda-viticultural-area
  5. ^ Swindell, Bill (February 24, 2015). "Fountaingrove becomes newest appellation in Sonoma County". Press-Democrat. Santa Rosa, California. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Petaluma Gap becomes new Sonoma County wine appellation". Press-Democrat. Santa Rosa, California. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  7. ^ Garden State Wine Growers Association. GSWGA Wineries Archived 2013-06-21 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  8. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. "New Jersey ABC list of wineries, breweries, and distilleries" (5 February 2013). Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  9. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. "New Jersey ABC license update" (16 April 2013). Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  10. ^ An analysis was done comparing a list of wineries provided by the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control with the AVA's description in the Code of Federal Regulations.
  11. ^ Hodgen, Donald A. (U.S. Department of Commerce). "U.S. Wine Industry 2011". Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  12. ^ a b National Agricultural Statistics Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2007 Census of Agriculture, State Level Data: New Jersey Table 35. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 2007 and 2002. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  13. ^ Capuzzo, Jill P. "Ready For Prime Time?" in New Jersey Monthly (13 February 2012). Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  14. ^ Shared with Pennsylvania
  15. ^ 27 CFR 9.49 Central Delaware Valley. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  16. ^ 27 CFR 9.207 Outer Coastal Plain. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  17. ^ 27 CFR 9.121 Warren Hills. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  18. ^ Ganchiff, Mark. "Wisconsin Ledge AVA approved". Midwest Wine Press. Retrieved 7 April 2012.