List of Arab scientists and scholars

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Arab scholars at an Abbasid library in Baghdad. Maqamat of al-Hariri Illustration, 1237.

This is a list of Arab scientists and scholars from the Muslim World and Spain (Al-Andalus) who lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. For a list of contemporary Arab scientists and engineers see List of modern Arab scientists and engineers

Both the Arabic and Latin names are given. The following Muslim naming articles are not used for indexing:

  • Al - the
  • ibn, bin, banu - son of
  • abu - father of, the one with

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  • Jabir ibn Aflah (1100 - 1150 AD) astronomer and mathematician who invented torquetum
  • Ibn Muʿādh al-Jayyānī (989, Cordoba, Spain – 1079, Jaen, Spain), mathematician and author
  • Jabir ibn Hayyan (821–915), polymath who is considered the father of chemistry, emphasized systematic experimentation and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science
  • Ja'far al-Sadiq theologian and Alchemist
  • Ibn al-Jazzar (10th century, Qairwan, Tunis), influential 10th-century physician and author
  • Al-Jahiz (776, Basra, Iraq – 869, Basra, Iraq), historian, biologist and author
  • Ibn al-Jawzi heresiographer, historian, hagiographer and philologist
  • Abu Mansur Mauhub al-Jawaliqi grammarian and philologist
  • Al-Jawbari Alchemist and writer
  • Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya theologian, and spiritual writer
  • Ibn Jubayr (1145, Valencia, Spain – 1217, Egypt), geographer, traveller and poet, known for his detailed travel journals
  • Al-Jubba'i (d. c. 915), Mu'tazili theologian and philosopher
  • Ibn Juljul (c. 944 – c. 994) physician and pharmacologist
  • Ibn Jazla (11th century), physician and author of influential treatise on regimen

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  • Waddah al-Yaman (Yemen, ? – Syria, Damscus, 709), poet, famous for his erotic and romantic poems
  • Ibn al-Wafid (997– 1074), pharmacologist and physician
  • Ibn al-Wardi (1292–1342), historian
  • Wasil ibn Ata theologian and founder of the Mutazilite school of Islamic thought
  • Wang Daiyu (1292–1342), Chinese Muslim scholar and Philosopher of arab descent


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