List of pre-modern Arab scientists and scholars

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Arab scholars at an Abbasid library in Baghdad. Maqamat of al-Hariri Illustration, 1237.

This is a list of Arab scientists and scholars from the Muslim World and Spain (Al-Andalus) who lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. For a list of contemporary Arab scientists and engineers see List of modern Arab scientists and engineers

Both the Arabic and Latin names are given. The following Muslim naming articles are not used for indexing:

  • Al - the
  • ibn, bin, banu - son of
  • abu - father of, the one with

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  • Waddah al-Yaman (Yemen, ?–Syria, Damscus, 709), poet, famous for his erotic and romantic poems
  • Ibn al-Wafid (997–1074), pharmacologist and physician
  • Ibn al-Wardi (1292–1342), historian
  • Wasil ibn Ata (700–748), theologian and founder of the Mutazilite school of Islamic thought
  • Wang Daiyu (1292–1342), Chinese Muslim scholar and Philosopher of arab descent
  • Abu Isa al-Warraq (889–994), scholar and critic of religions

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