List of Arab scientists and scholars

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This is a list of Arab scientists and scholars from the Muslim World and Spain (Al-Andalus) who lived from antiquity up until the beginning of the modern age, consisting primarily of scholars during the Middle Ages. In some cases, their exact ancestry is unclear.

Both the Arabic and Latin names are given. The following Muslim naming articles are not used for indexing:

  • Al - the
  • ibn, bin, banu - son of
  • abu - father of, the one with

To maintain consistency and keep the list easy to navigate, please follow the Entries Format for the List of Arab scientists and scholars on the Talk page when adding names.

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  • Ibn Muʿādh al-Jayyānī (989, Cordoba, Spain – 1079, Jaen, Spain), mathematician and author
  • Jabir ibn Hayyan (821–915), polymath who is considered the father of chemistry; emphasized systematic experimentation, and did much to free alchemy from superstition and turn it into a science
  • Ibn al-Jazzar (10th century, Qairwan, Tunis), influential 10th-century physician and author
  • Al-Jahiz (776, Basra, Iraq – 869, Basra, Iraq), historian, biologist and author
  • Ibn Jubayr (1145, Valencia, Spain – 1217, Egypt), geographer, traveller and poet, known for his detailed travel journals
  • Al-Jubba'i (d. c. 915), Mu'tazili theologian and philosopher
  • Ibn Jumay‘ (d. 1198), physician
  • Ibn Jazla (11th century), physician

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  • Sameera Moussa (1917 – 1952)
  • Ibn al-Shatir (1304, Damascus – 1375, Syria, Damascus), astronomer, mathematician, engineer and inventor, worked at the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria, developed an original astronomical model
  • Rashidun al-Suri (1177–1241), physician and botanist

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  • Waddah al-Yaman (Yemen, ? – Syria, Damscus, 709), poet, famous for his erotic and romantic poems
  • Ibn al-Wardi (1292-1342), historian

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