List of Arabic dictionaries

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The following is a list of notable Arabic dictionaries.

Title Author Date Vocabulary Notes
Kitab al-Ayn[n 1]
(Arabic: كتاب العين‎)
Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi
(Arabic: الخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي‎)
(b. 718 - d. 791)
8th century
  • Kitab al-Ayn was the first dictionary for the Arabic language.[1]
Kitab al-Jim[n 2]
(Arabic: كتاب الجيم‎)
a.k.a. Kitab al-Lughat or Kitab al-Huruf
Abu Amr al-Shaybani
(Arabic: أبو عمرو الشيباني‎)
(b. ca. 738 - d. 828)
8-9th century
  • The only copy is in the El Escorial Library.[2]
Al-Jamhara al-Lugha[n 3]
(Arabic: جمهرة اللغة‎)
a.k.a. Al-Jamhara fi al-Lugha (The all-embracing in language)[3]
Ibn Duraid[4]
(Arabic: ابن دريد‎)
(b. 838 - d. 933)
9-10th century
  • The dictionary was inspired in part by the earlier dictionary Kitab al-Ayn of al-Farahidi.[5]
Tahdhib al-Lugha[n 4]
(Arabic: تهذيب اللغة‎)
Abu Manshur al-Azhari al-Harawi
(Arabic: أبو منصور الأزهري الهروي‎)
(b. 895 - d. 981)
10th century
Al-Muhit fi al-Lugha[n 5]
(Arabic: المحيط في اللغة‎)
Al-Sahib ibn Abbad
(Arabic: الصاحب بن عبّاد‎)
(b. 938 - d. 995)
10th century
Taj al-Lugha wa Sihah al-Arabiyya[n 6]
(Arabic: تاج اللغة وصحاح العربية‎)
shorter title: Taj al-Lugha or al-Sihah
Ismail ibn Hammad al-Jawhari
(Arabic: إسماعيل بن حماد الجوهري‎)
(b. ? - d. 1009)
10-11th century It contains about 40,000 dictionary entries.[7]
Al-Muhkam wa al-Muhit al-A'zam[n 7]
(Arabic: المحكم والمحيط الأعظم‎)
shorter title: Al-Muhkam
Ibn Sidah
(Arabic: ابن سيده‎)
(b. 1007 - d. 1066)
11th century
Lisan al-Arab[n 8]
(Arabic: لسان العرب‎)
Ibn Manzur
(Arabic: ابن منظور‎)
(b. 1233 - d. 1312)
The dictionary was completed in 1290.[10] It contains about 80,000 dictionary entries.[11]
Al-Qamus al-Muhit wa al-Qabus al-Wasit[n 9] [n 10]
(Arabic: القاموس المحيط، والقابوس الوسيط‎)
shorter title: Al-Qamus al-Muhit
Al-Firuzabadi
(Arabic: الفيروزآبادي‎)
(b. 1329 - d. 1414)
The dictionary was completed in 1410.[12] It contains about 60,000 dictionary entries.[13]
  • The dictionary served as the basis of later European dictionaries of Arabic.[14]
Taj al-Arus Min Jawahir al-Qamus[n 11]
(Arabic: تاج العروس‎)
shorter title: Taj al-Arus
Al-Murtada al-Zabidi
(Arabic: المرتضى الزبيدي‎)
(b. 1731 - d. 1790)
The dictionary was completed in 1774.[15] It contains about 120,000 dictionary entries.[16]
Muhit al-Muhit[n 12]
(Arabic: محيط المحيط‎)
a.k.a. Qutr al-Muhit (The Diameter of the Ocean)[17]
Butrus al-Bustani
(Arabic: بطرس البستاني‎)
(b. 1819 - d. 1883)
The dictionary was completed in 1870.[18]
  • The author had dedicated the work to the Sultan Abdulaziz. The sultan awarded him with a higher medal and 250 golden liras.[19]
Lexicon of the Modern Arabic Language
(Arabic: معجم اللغة العربية المعاصرة‎)
Ahmad Mukhtar Omar 2008

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The name means "Book of the Ayn (Letter)".
  2. ^ The name means "Book of the Jim (Letter)".
  3. ^ The name means "Collection of Language".
  4. ^ The name means "Refinement of Language".
  5. ^ The name means "Ocean in Language".
  6. ^ The name means "The crown of Language and the authentic of Arabic".
  7. ^ The name means "The arbitrator and the Great Ocean".
  8. ^ The name means "The tongue of the Arabs".
  9. ^ Al-Qamus al-Muhit means "The surrounding Ocean".
  10. ^ The Qamus - which may be derived from Greek okeanos became, and has remained, the commonest Arabic word for dictionary.
  11. ^ The name means "The bride's crown from the pearls of the Qamus (Ocean)".
  12. ^ The name means "Circumference of the Ocean".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Al-Khalīl ibn Aḥmad" Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 02 February 2015
  2. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 31 January 2015
  3. ^ Hausmann, F. J. Dictionnaires, P.2441
  4. ^ "Ibn Durayd" Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 02 February 2015
  5. ^ "Ibn Durayd" Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 30 May 2015
  6. ^ Arabic Lexicography: Its History, and Its Place in the General History of Lexicography, John A. Haywood, p. 53.
  7. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  8. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  9. ^ Arabic Lexicography: Its History, and Its Place in the General History of Lexicography, John A. Haywood, p. 65.
  10. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  11. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  12. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  13. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 02 February 2015
  14. ^ "Al-Fīrūzābādī" Encyclopædia Britannica Retrieved 02 February 2015
  15. ^ Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, Vol.2, Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey, p.817.
  16. ^ Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, Vol.2, Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey, p.817.
  17. ^ al-hakawati Butros Bustani Retrieved 02 February 2015
  18. ^ al-hakawati Butros Bustani Retrieved 02 February 2015
  19. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" Muhitü'l-Muhit article PDF. TDV Encyclopedia of Islam. Retrieved 05 June 2015