List of Arabic star names

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This is a list of Arabic star names. In Western astronomy, most of the accepted star names are Arabic, a few are Greek and some are of unknown origin. Typically only bright stars have names.[1]

History of Arabic star names[edit]

Very old star names originated among people who lived in the Arabian Peninsula more than a thousand years ago, before the rise of Islam. However, many Arabic language star names sprang up later in history, as translations of ancient Greek language descriptions.

The astronomer Claudius Ptolemy in his Almagest (2nd century) tabulated the celestial position and brightness (visual magnitude) of 1,025 stars. Ptolemy's book was translated into Arabic in the 8th and 9th centuries and became famous in Europe as a 12th-century Latin translation. Many of the Arabic-language star descriptions in the Almagest came to be widely used as names for stars.

Ptolemy used a strategy of "figure reference" to identify stars according to their position within a familiar constellation or asterism (e.g., "in the right shoulder of The Hunter"). Muslim astronomers adopted some of these as proper names for stars, and added names from traditional Arabic star lore, which they recorded in various Zij treatises. The most notable of these is the Book of Fixed Stars written by the Muslim astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (known as Azophi in the West), who thoroughly illustrated all the stars known to him along with their observations, descriptions, positions, magnitudes, brightness, and color.

In Europe, during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, many ancient star names were copied or translated incorrectly by various writers, some of whom did not know the Arabic language very well. As a result, the history of a star's name can be complicated.[2]

A[edit]

Main group

(quantity: single)

Group and Sub-divisions

(quantity: plural)

Arab-Latinized star name ِِArabic star name

(vowelled)

Arabic star name Arabic transliterated name

[closest romanization]

Meaning ِِArabic star group/ division name

(vowelled)

ِِArabic star sub-division name

(vowelled)

[quantity: 2 and above]

Scientific star names
Group/ Division Name Transliterated Name

[closest romanization]

Meaning Sub-division Name(s) Transliterated Name

[closest romanization]

Meaning
Acamar آخِرُ ٱلْنََهْر آخر النهر Ākhiru ’n-Nah·r

[Aakhiru 'n-Nahr]

the River's or Stream's End/ Tail/ Edge/ Border Theta Eridani
Achernar آخِرُ ٱلْنََهْر آخر النهر Ākhiru ’n-Nah·r

[Aakhiru 'n-Nahr]

the River's or Stream's End/ Tail/ Edge/ Border Alpha Eridani
Acrab عَقْرَب عقرب Aq·rab

[Eaq·rab]

the Scorpion Beta Scorpii
Açubens الْزُّبَانَى الزّبانى az-Zubānā

[Az-Zubaanaa]

the Claw/ Dart/ Sting Alpha Cancri
Adhafera الْضَّفِيرَة الضفيرة ’aḍ-Ḍafiyrah/

’aḍ-Ḍafīrah [Adh-Dhafiyrah/ Adh-Dhafeerah]

the Braid/ Curl/ Strand (of the lion's mane) Zeta Leonis
Adhara الْعَذَارَى العذارى ’al-A·dhārā

[Al-A·dzhaaraa/

Al-Ea·dzhaaraa]

the Virgin/ Nymph الْعَذَارِي ’al-‘Adhāriy/ ’al-‘Adhārī

[Al-‘Adzhaaree]

the Virgins/ Nymphs أَوَّلُ ٱلْعَذَارِي ’Awwalu ’l-‘Adhāriy/ ’l-‘Adhārī

[Awwalu 'l-‘Adzhaaree]

First of the Virgins/ Nymphs Epsilon Canis Majoris
ثَانِيُ ٱلْعَذَارِي Thaniyu ’l-‘Adhāriy/ ’l-‘Adhārī

[Thaniyu 'l-‘Adzhaaree]

Second of the Virgins/ Nymphs Omicron² Canis Majoris
Adhil الْذَيْل الذيل ’adh-Dhayl

[Adzh-Dzhayl]

the Tail/ Annex Xi Andromedae
Adib الْذِّئْب الذئب ’adh-Dhi’b

[Adzh-Dzhi'b/ Adzh-Dzhi'eb]

the Wolf Alpha Draconis

also known as Thuban

Ain عين ʿAyn the Eye (of the bull) Epsilon Tauri
Aladfar الأظفر ʿAl-’Uz̧fur the Talons (of the Swooping Eagle) Eta Lyrae
Alawaid

also nicknamed Alruba‘ - "the Four"

الْعَوَائِذ

("الْرُّبَع")

الْعوائذ

(الرّبع)

’al-Awaā’idh/

’al-Awā’idh [Al-Awaa’idzh/

Al-Ewaa’idzh]

(الْرُّبَع - ’ar-Ruba)

the Protecting Mother Camels; the Old Camels; nicknamed "the Four" الْعَوَائِذ ’al-Awaā’idh/

’al-Awā’idh [Al-Awaa’idzh/

Al-Ewaa’idzh]

the Protecting Mother Camels; the Old Camels; nicknamed "the Four" Gamma Draconis,

Xi Draconis, Nu Draconis,

Beta Draconis

[1st & main body of Draco* as observed in the past by the Arabs, also nicknamed الْرُّبَع - ’ar-Ruba]

*Draco was divided to 3 parts

Alawwad الْعَوَّاد العوّاد al-‘Awwād

[Al-Awwaad/

Al-Ewwaad]

the Lutanist/ Lute Player Mu Draconis
Albali البالع al-Bāliʿ the Swallower Epsilon Aquarii
Alchibah الخباء al-Khibā' the Tent Alpha Corvi
Alcor الخوّار سهى al-Khawwār / al-Sohā the Faint One
Aldebaran الدبران ad-Dabarān the Follower (of the Pleiades) Alpha Tauri
Alderamin الذراع اليمين adh-Dhirāʿu l-Yamīn the Right Arm (of Cepheus) Alpha Cephei
Aldhibah الْضِّبَاع الضّباع ’aḍ-Ḍibaā/

’aḍ-Ḍibā [Adh-Dhibaa/ Adh-Dhibaae]

the Hyenas Zeta Draconis
Aldhibain الْذِّئْبَيْن الذّئبين ’adh-Dhi’bayn

[Adzh-Dzhi'bayn/ Adzh-Dzhi'ebayn]

the Two Hyenas/ Wolves الْذِّئْبَيْن ’adh-Dhi’bayn

[Adzh-Dzhi'bayn/ Adzh-Dzhi'ebayn]

the Two Hyenas/ Wolves Zeta Draconis (Aldhibah), Eta Draconis

[formed and combination of 2 stars]

Aldulfin Al Dhanab al Dulfīm the Dolphin's Tail Epsilon Delphini
Alfirk الفرقة al-Firqah the Flock of sheep Beta Cephei
Algebar رجل الجبار (Rijl) ul-Jabbār (Foot of) the Giant Rigel

or

Beta Orionis

Algedi الجدي al-Jady the Goat Alpha2 Capricorni
Algenib الجنب al-Janb the Flank (of Pegasus) Gamma Pegasi
Algieba الجبهة al-Jab'hah the Forehead (of the Lion) Gamma Leonis
Algol رأس الغول (Ra'as) al-Ghūl (Head of) the Ghoul Beta Persei

also known as the Demon Star

Algorab الغراب al-Ghurāb the Crow Delta Corvi
Alhena الهنعة al-Hanʿah the Brand (on the neck of the camel) Gamma Geminorum
Alioth الجون Al-Jawn The black horse "John" Epsilon Ursae Majoris
Alkaid القائد بنات نعش al-Qā'id (banāt naʿash) the Leader (of the mourning maidens) Eta Ursae Majoris
Alkes الكأس al-Ka's the Cup Alpha Crateris
Almak/ Almach عَنَاقِ ٱلْأَرْض عناق الأرض al-Anāqi ’l-Arḍ

[Al-Anaaqi 'l-Ardh]

the Caracal/ Desert Lynx; other meaning: "She-kid/ She-Goat of the land" Gamma Andromedae
Almeisan الميسان al-Maysān the Shining one Gamma Geminorum

see also Alhena

Alnair النّيّر an-Nayyir the Bright one Alpha Gruis
Alnasl النصل an-Naşl the Blade Gamma² Sagittarii
Alnilam النّظم an-Niżm the String of Pearls Epsilon Orionis
Alnitak النطاق an-Niṭāq the Girdle (Orion's Belt) Zeta Orionis
Alphard الفرد al-Fard the Solitary one Alpha Hydrae
Alphecca نير الفكّة (Nayyir) al-Fakkah (the Bright one of) the Broken (Ring) Alpha Coronae Borealis
Alpheratz سُرَّة الفرس (Surrat) al-Faras (Navel of) the Mare Alpha Andromedae
Alruba' HD 161693 also designated HR 6618
Alrescha الرشاء ar-Rishā' the Well-Rope Alpha Piscium
Alsafi الْصَّافِيّ الصافيّ aṣ-Ṣaāfiyy/

aṣ-Ṣāfiyy [Asw-Swaafiyy/

As-Ssaafiyy]

the Tripods Sigma Draconis
Alsuhail سهيل Suhayl Glorious can refer to different stars: Canopus Gamma

Velorum

Lambda Velorum

Altair النّسر الطّائر (an-Nisr) uṭ-Ṭā’ir the Flying (Eagle) Alpha Aquilae
Altais التيس at-Tays the Goat Delta Draconis
Alterf الطرف aṭ-Ṭarf the View (of the Lion) Lambda Leonis
Aludra العذرة al-ʿUdhrah Virginity Eta Canis Majoris
Alula Australis, Alula Borealis القفزة الأولى (al-Qafzat) ul-Ūla' the First (Leap) Xi Ursae Majoris

and

Nu Ursae Majoris

Alya الألية al-Alyah the fatty Tail of a sheep Theta Serpentis
Alsephina السفينة Al-Safinah the ship Delta Velorum
Angetenar عرجة النهر ʿArjat un-Nahr Curve of the River Tau² Eridani
Ankaa العنقاء al-ʿAnqā' Phoenix Alpha Phoenicis
Arkab العرقوب al-ʿArqūb the Hamstring Beta Sagittarii
Arneb الأرنب al-Arnab the Hare Alpha Leporis
Arrakis الْرَّاقِص الراقص ’ar-Rāqiṣ

[Ar-Raaqis/ Ar-Raaqiss]

the Dancer; Trotting Camel Arrakis الْرَّاقِص ’ar-Rāqiṣ

[Ar-Raaqis/ Ar-Raaqiss]

the group Alwaid combined with the "Mother Dragon" - Mu Draconis becomes the group Arrakis Mu Draconis

[2nd sector of Draco* as observed in the past by the Arabs]

*Draco was divided to 3 parts

Asuja (improperly spelt Asuia) الْشُّجَاع الشجاع ’ash-Shujaā/

’ash-Shujā

[Ash-Shujaa/

Ash-Shujaae]

the Hydra/ Sea-Serpent Beta Draconis
Atik عاتق الثّريّا al-ʿĀtiq ath-Thurayyā the Shoulder (of Perseus) Omicron Persei
Auva العوّاء al-ʿAwwā' the Barking (Dog) Delta Virginis

also known as Minelauva

Azfar Adib أَظْفَارُ ٱلْذِّئْب أظفار الذئب ’Aẓfaāru ’dh-Dhi’b/

’Aẓfaāru ’dh-Dhi’b

[Azw·faru ’dh-Dhi’b/

Azz·faru ’dh-Dhi’b]

the Wolf's Nails/ Fingerprints Azfar Adib أَظْفَارُ ٱلْذِّئْب أظفار الذئب ’Aẓfaāru ’dh-Dhi’b/

’Aẓfaāru ’dh-Dhi’b

[Azw·faru ’dh-Dhi’b/

Azz·faru ’dh-Dhi’b]

the Wolf's Nails/ Fingerprints [3rd sector of Draco* as observed in the past by the Arabs]

*Draco was divided to 3 parts

Azha اشیانه (Persian: Ôshyôneh) Āshiyānah (Ostrich) Nest Eta Eridani

B[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Baham Sa'ad ul-Biham Luck of the Young Beasts سعد البهام Theta Pegasi
Baten Kaitos Baṭni Qayṭus Belly of Cetus بطن قيطوس Zeta Ceti
Beid Bayḍ Eggs بيض Omicron¹ Eridani
Benetnash Banāt un-Naʿash Daughters of the bier بنات النعش Eta Ursae Majoris

see also Alkaid

Betelgeuse Ibṭ ul-Jawzā' Armpit of the Central One إبط الجوزاء Alpha Orionis
Botein al-Buṭayn the Belly (of the ram) بطين Delta Arietis

C[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Caph al-Kaff ul-Khaḍib the Palm (reaching from the Pleiades) الكـــف الخضيب Beta Cassiopeiae
Celbalrai Kalb ur-Rāʿī the Shepherd's Dog كلب الراعي Beta Ophiuchi
Chort al-Kharat the Rib الخرت Theta Leonis
Cursa Kursiyy al-Jauzah the Chair or Footstool (of Orion) الكرسيّ Beta Eridani

D[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Dabih Saʿad udh-Dhābiḥ the lucky star of the Slaughterer سّعد الذّابح Beta Capricorni
Deneb Dhanab ud-Dajājah Tail of the hen ذنب الدجاجة alpha Cygni
Deneb Algedi Dhanab ul-Jady Tail of the goat ذنب الجدي Delta Capricorni
Deneb Dulfim Dhanab ud-Dulfīn Tail of the Dolphin ذنب الدّلفين Epsilon Delphini
Deneb Kaitos Dhanab ul-Qaiṭos (ul-Janūbīyy) (Southern) Tail of Cetus ذنب قيطوس الجنوبي Beta Ceti

see also Diphda

Denebola Dhanab ul-Asad Tail of the lion ذنب الاسد Beta Leonis
Diphda aḍ-Ḍifdaʿ ath-Thānī the (second) Frog الضّفدع الثاني Beta Ceti
Dschubba al-Jab'hah the Forehead (of the scorpion) الجبهة Delta Scorpii
Dubhe Kāhil ud-Dubb (the back of) the Bear كاهل الدّب Alpha Ursae Majoris
Dziban adh-Dhi'ban the Two Wolves or Jackals الذئبان Psi Draconis

E[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Edasich adh-Dhikh the Hyena الذّيخ Iota Draconis
El Nath an-Naṭḥ the butting (of the bull's horns) النطح Beta Tauri
Eltanin/ Etamin/ Etanin (properly: Raseltinnin) at-Tinnin the Great Serpent التنين Gamma Draconis
Enif al-Anf the Nose (of Pegasus) الأنف Epsilon Pegasi
Errai ar-Rāʿī the Shepherd الراعي Gamma Cephei

F[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Fomalhaut Fum al-Ḥūt Mouth of the Whale فم الحوت Alpha Piscis Austrini
Furud al-Furud the bright Single ones (but see that article) الفرد Zeta Canis Majoris

G[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Gienah al-Janāḥ the Wing الجناح refers to two stars:
Gomeisa al-Ghumaişā' the Bleary-eyed one الغميصاء Beta Canis Minoris

H[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Hadar Ḥaḍār Settlement حضار Beta Centauri
Hamal Rā's al-Ḥamal (head of) the Ram رأس الحمل Alpha Arietis
Heka al-Haqʿah the White Spot الهقعة Lambda Orionis

see also Meissa

Homam Saʿad al-Humām the Lucky star of the High-minded سعد الهمام Zeta Pegasi

I[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Iklil Iklīl al Jabhah The Crown of the Forehead Rho Scorpii
Izar Al-Izar The girdle, or, The loin-cloth الإزار Epsilon Boötis

J[edit]

Common name Arabic name Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Jabbah al-Jab'hah the Forehead (of the scorpion) الجبهة Nu Scorpii

K[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Kabdhilinan Kaʿab Dhiy l-ʿInān the Shoulder of the Rein-holder كعب ذي العنان Iota Aurigae

also named Hassaleh

Kaffaljidhma al-Kaff al-Jadhmā' the Cut-short Hand الكف الجذماء Gamma Ceti
Kaus Australis, Kaus Media, Kaus Borealis al-Qaws the Bow القوس Epsilon Sagittarii

Delta Sagittarii

Lambda Sagittarii

Keid al-Qaiḍ the (broken egg) Shells القيض Omicron² Eridani
Kitalpha Qiṭʿat al-Faras Part of the Horse قطعة الفرس Alpha Equulei
Kochab al-Kawkab the Star كوكب Beta Ursae Minoris
Kurhah al-Qurḥah the Blaze on a horse's brow القرحة Xi Cephei

L[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Lesath al-Lasʿah The sting اللسعة Upsilon Scorpii
Luh-Denebola / Denebola Dhanab al-Asad/al-Layth the lion's tail ذنب الاسد/الليث Beta Leonis

M[edit]

Arab-Latinized star name Arabic star name

(vowelled)

Arabic star name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Scientific star name
Maasym معصم الثّريّا al-Miʿasam uth-Thurayyā the Wrist (of Hercules) Lambda Herculis
Maaz المعز al-Māʿaz the he-Goat Epsilon Aurigae
Mankib منكب الفرس Mankib (ul-Faras) the Shoulder (of the Horse) Alpha Pegasi
Marfik المرفق al-Mirfaq the Elbow Lambda Ophiuchi
Markab مركب الفرس Markab (ul-Faras) the Saddle (of the Horse) Alpha Pegasi
Markeb مركب Markab Something to Ride Kappa Velorum
Matar سعد مطر al-Saʿad ul-Maṭar the lucky star of Rain Eta Pegasi
Mebsuta الذّراع المبسوطه adh-Dhirāʿu l-Mabsūṭah the Outstretched (Paw) Epsilon Geminorum
Megrez مغرز al-Maghriz the Base of the bear's tail Delta Ursae Majoris
Meissa الميسان al-Maysān the Shining one Lambda Orionis
Mekbuda الذّراع المقبوضة adh-Dhirāʿu l-Maqbūḍah the Folded (Arm) Zeta Geminorum
Meleph Al Ma᾽laf the Stall Epsilon Cancri
Menkalinan منكب ذي العنان Mankib Dhiyi l-ʿInān Shoulder of the Rein-holder Beta Aurigae
Menkar المنخر al-Minkhar the Nostril Alpha Ceti
Menkent منكب قنطورس Mankib ul-Qanṭūris the Shoulder of the Centaur Theta Centauri
Menkib منكب الثّريّا Al-Mankib uth-Thurayyā "The shoulder" of the Pleiades
Merak الْمِرَاقّ المراقّ al-Marāqq

[Al-Maraaqq]

the Loins (of the bear) Beta Ursae Majoris
Mintaka المنطقة al-Minṭaqah the Belt (of Orion) Delta Orionis
Mirach الْمِرَاقّ المراقّ al-Marāqq the Loins/ Loinclotht Beta Andromedae
Mirak الْمِرَاقّ المراقّ al-Marāqq the Loin-cloth Epsilon Boötis
Mirfak مرفق الثّريّا al-Mirfaq uth-Thurayyā the Elbow Alpha Persei
Mizar المئزر al-Mi'zar the Apron Zeta Ursae Majoris
Mothallah الرعس المثلث Ra'as ul-Muthallath (Head of) the Triangle Alpha Trianguli
Muhlifain مُحْلِفَيْن محلفين ’al-Muḥlifayn

[Al-MuḤlifayn]

Gamma Centauri
Muliphein مُحْلِفَيْن محلفين ’al-Muḥlifayn

[Al-MuḤlifayn]

Gamma Canis Majoris
Muphrid المفرد الرامح Mufrid ur-Rāmiḥ the Solitary one of the Lancer Eta Boötis
Murzim/ Mirzam الْمُرْزِم \الْمِرْزَم المرزم ’al-Murzim/ ’al-Mirzam the Herald Beta Canis Majoris

N[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Nashira Saʿad Nāshirah Lucky star of Nashirah سعد ناشرة Gamma Capricorni
Nekkar al-Baqqār the Cattleman البقار Beta Boötis
Nihal an-Nihāl (camels) Quenching their thirst النهال Beta Leporis
Nusakan an-Nasaqān The two arrays النسقان Beta Coronae Borealis
Nushaba / Alnasl Zujji n-Nashshāba [Zujji n-Nashāba?] / an-Naşl the Arrowhead زُجِّ النشابة / النصل Gamma Sagittarii

O[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Okda al-ʿUqdah the Knot العقدة Alpha Piscium

P[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Phact (al-)Fākhitah the Dove فاخثة Alpha Columbae
Phad (al-)Fakhidh the Thigh فخذ Gamma Ursae Majoris
Pherkad (al-)Farqad the Calf فرقد Gamma Ursae Minoris
Polaris (al-)jadi the Goat الجدي Alpha Ursae Minoris

R[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Rasalased Ra'as ul-Assad Head of the lion رأس الأسد Epsilon Leonis
Rasalgethi Ra'as ul-Jathī Head of the Kneeler رأس الجاثي Alpha Herculis
Rasalhague Ra'as ul-Ḥawwā' Head of the Snake-man رأس الحوّاء Alpha Ophiuchi
Rastaban Ra'as uth-Thuʿabān Head of the Snake رأس الثعبان Beta Draconis
Rigel Rijl ul-Jabbār Foot of the Giant رجل الجبّار Beta Orionis

see also Algebar

Rigilkent Rijl ul-Qanṭūris Foot of the Centaur رجل القنطورس Alpha Centauri
Risha ar-Rishā' the Well-Rope الرشاء Alpha Piscium
Rukbah ar-Rukbah the Knee الركبة Delta Cassiopeiae
Rukbat Rukbat ur-Rāmī Knee of the archer ركبة الرامي Alpha Sagittarii

S[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Sabik as-Sābiq the Preceding السابق Eta Ophiuchi
Sadachbia Saʿad ul-Akhbiyyah Lucky star of the Tents سعد الاخبية Gamma Aquarii
Sadalbari Saʿad ul-Bāriʿ Lucky star of the Splendid one سعد البارع Mu Pegasi
Sadalmelik Saʿad ul-Malik Lucky star of the King سعد الملك Alpha Aquarii
Sadalsuud Saʿad us-Suʿūd Luck of Lucks سعد السعود Beta Aquarii
Sadr aṣ-Ṣadr the Breast (of the hen) الصدر Gamma Cygni
Saiph as-Sayf the Sword (of Orion) السيف Kappa Orionis
Scheat as-Sāʿid the Shoulder الساعد Beta Pegasi
Shaula ash-Shawlāh the Raised (tail of the scorpion) الشولة Lambda Scorpii
Shedir as-Ṣadr the Breast الصدر Alpha Cassiopeiae
Sheliak ash-Shiliyāq Lyra الشلياق Beta Lyrae
Sheratan ash-Sharāṭān the Two Signs الشرطان Beta Arietis
Sirrah Surratu l-Faras Navel (of the Mare) سُرَّة الفرس Alpha Andromedae
Skat as-Sāq (or Shi'at) the Leg (or the Wish) الساق / شئت Delta Aquarii
Spica as-Sunbulah the Stem السنبلة Alpha Virginis
Sulafat as-Sulḥafāh the Tortoise السلحفاة Gamma Lyrae

T[edit]

Arab-Latinized name Arabic star name

(vowelled)

Arabic star name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Scientific star name
Talitha Australis, Talitha Borealis القفزة الثّالثة القفزة الثّالثة al-Qafzat uth-Thālathah the Third Leap (of the ghazal) Kappa Ursae Majoris
Tania Australis, Tania Borealis القفزة الثّانية القفزة الثّانية al-Qafzat uth-Thāniyah the Second Leap (of the gazelle) Mu Ursae Majoris
Tarf الطرف الطرف aț-Țarf "The glance" of the lion Beta Cancri
Thuban الْثُّعْبَان الثعبان ath-Thuabān

[Ath-ThuAbaan]

the Snake Alpha Draconis

U[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Unukalhai ʿUnuq ul-Ḥayyah Neck of the Snake عنق الحية Alpha Serpentis

V[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Vega an-Nisr ul-Wāqiʿ the Falling Eagle النسر الواقع Alpha Lyrae

W[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Wasat Wasṭ us-Samā' "Middle" of the sky وسط السماء Delta Geminorum
Wezen al-Wazn the Weight الوزن Delta Canis Majoris
Wezn al-Wazn the Weight الوزن Beta Columbae

Y[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Yed Posterior Mu'akhkhir Yad ul-Ḥawwā' (Back of the Snake Man's) Hand مؤخّر يد الحوّاء Epsilon Ophiuchi
Yed Prior Muqaddim Yad ul-Ḥawwā' (Palm of the Snake Man's) Hand مقدّم يد الحوّاء Delta Ophiuchi

Z[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name Scientific star name
Zaurac az-Zawraq the Boat الزورق Gamma Eridani
Zavijava Zāwiyat ul-ʿAwwā' the Angle of the Barking Dog زاوية العواء Beta Virginis
Zawiah

aka Zaniah

az-Zāwiyah The angle الزاوية Eta Virginis
Zubenelgenubi az-Zubān ul-Janūbiy Southern Claw (of the scorpion) الزبان الجنوبي Alpha Librae
Zubenelhakrabi Zuban al-ʿAqrab Claws (of the scorpion) زبانى العقرب Gamma Librae
Zubeneshamali az-Zubān ush-Shamāliy Northern Claw (of the scorpion) الزبان الشمالي Beta Librae

Others[edit]

Common name Arabic name (transliteration) Meaning Arabic name
Milky Way Darb ut-Tabānah The Milky Road درب التبانة
Andromeda Galaxy as-Saḥābat uş-Şaghirah ("small cloud")[3][4] "little cloud" was the Arabic name for the Andromeda Galaxy, which was first mentioned by Al-Sufi in his Book of Fixed Stars السَحَابَة الصَغِيرَة

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stargazing Network". Stargazing.net. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
  2. ^ "Star Names: Where Do They Come From? And Can You Buy One?", RMSC Strasenburgh Planetarium Information Bulletin #19 December 1996, (archived 2007)
  3. ^ Henbest, N.; Couper, H. (1994). The guide to the galaxy. p. 31. ISBN 0-521-45882-X.
  4. ^ Kepple, G. R.; Sanner, G. W. (1998). The Night Sky Observer's Guide. Vol. 1. Willmann-Bell. p. 18. ISBN 0-943396-58-1.

External links[edit]