Lists of Armenians

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This is a list of notable Armenians.

By country[edit]

By occupation[edit]













Middle Ages
Early modern period
Russian Empire
Armenian national liberation movement, First Republic of Armenia
Soviet period
Armenian generals of the Soviet Army during WWII: Marshal Ivan Bagramyan, Chief of Staff of the Navy Ivan Isakov, Chief Marshal of the Mechanized Forces Hamazasp Babadzhanian, Marshal of Aviation Sergei Khudyakov.
United States
Nagorno-Karabakh War

Eduard Melkonyants



Religious leaders[edit]


  • Hovannes Adamian – inventor of the color television
  • Evgeny Aramovich Abramyan – founder of several research directions in the Soviet and Russian nuclear technology
  • Daron Acemoğlu – among the 20 most cited economists in the world, winner of the 2005 John Bates Clark Medal
  • Sergei Adian – Soviet mathematician
  • George Adomian- mathematician, developer of Adomian decomposition method
  • Tateos Agekian – astrophysicist, one of the pioneers of Stellar Dynamics
  • Hagop S. Akiskal – psychiatrist best known for his pioneering research on temperament and bipolar disorder (manic depression).
  • Armen Alchian – economist
  • Artem Alikhanian – one of the founders of experimental nuclear and cosmic-ray physics in USSR
  • Abraham Alikhanov – one of the founders of nuclear physics in USSR, founder of the first nuclear reactor of USSR
  • Viktor Ambartsumian – one of the founders of theoretical astrophysics
  • Emil Artin – one of the leading algebraists of the 20th century, one of the founding fathers of modern algebra
  • Michael Artin – mathematician, contributed to Algebraic geometry
  • Gurgen Askaryan – physicist, inventor of light self focusing
  • Lev Atamanov – one of the founders of Soviet animation art
  • Boris Babaian – the father of supercomputing in the former Soviet Union and Russia. Second European to hold the Intel Fellow title. Originator of the world's first superscalar computer.
  • Mikhail Chailakhyan – founder of hormonal theory of plant development
  • Giacomo Luigi Ciamician – founder of photochemistry
  • Artur Chilingarov – Russian polar explorer
  • Richard Donchian – the father of Trend Following Trading, one of the most outstanding figures of all time in the field of commodity money management
  • George Ganjian – produced the first modern circuit board in the United States, which eventually was used by NASA during the first lunar landing.
  • Grigor Gurzadyan – founder of space astronomy
  • Spiru Haret – Romanian astronomer, who made a fundamental contribution to the n-body problem, initially aimed at modelling the planetary motions in our Solar System.
  • Paris Herouni – projected and built the world's first radio-optical telescope
  • Bagrat Ioannisiani – constructor of new astronomical instruments, chief designer of BTA-6, the largest telescope in the world
  • Andronik Iosifyan – Soviet engineer, one of the founders of missilery and cosmonautics, the father of electromechanics in USSR, chief designer of the first Soviet meteorological satellites of Earth. Inventor of noncontact synchronized transmissions
  • Anna Kazanjian Longobardo – author of contributions to the aerospace engineering field, the first woman to receive the Egleston Medal for Distinguished Engineering achievement
  • Alexander Kemurdzhian – engineer, designer of the first rovers to explore space, the founder of the school of space transport engineering.
  • Edward Keonjian – pioneer of microelectronics, designer of the world's first solar-powered, pocket-sized radio transmitter
  • Leonid Khachiyan – mathematician, computer scientist, who proved the existence of an efficient way to solve linear programming problems
  • Semyon Davidovich Kirlian – inventor of Kirlian Photography, discovered that living matter emits energy fields.
  • Ivan Knunyants – chemist, Major General, four times an awardee of the USSR State Award. In chemical science he introduced historical changes and significantly contributed to the advancement of Soviet Chemistry. Founder of Soviet school of fluorocarbon's chemistry, one of major developers of Soviet chemical weapons program.
  • Ignacy Łukasiewicz – Polish pharmacist of Armenian descent, devised the first method of distilling kerosene from seep oil.
  • Benjamin Markarian – astrophysicist
  • Sergey Mergelyan – mathematician, the author of major contributions in Approximation Theory. The modern Complex Approximation Theory is based on Mergelyan's classical work.
  • Artem Mikoyan – designer of MiG aircraft, including the first supersonic Soviet jet fighter.
  • Robert Nalbandyan – chemist, the co-discoverer of photosynthetic protein plantacyanin, a pioneer in the field of free radicals.
  • Yuri Oganessian – physicist, one of the founders of heavy ion physics, author of the discoveries of heaviest elements of the Periodic Table.
  • Yuri Osipyan – physicist, author of fundamental contribution to the physics of movements in solid bodies and inventor of photoplastic effect. Y. A. Osipian for many years was the Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences
  • Ashot Petrosian - mathematician, computer scientist, contributed to the development of several generations of advanced digital computer systems in former USSR, including the Nairi (computer) and ES EVM
  • Anna Schchian – botanist
  • Georgy Shakhnazarov – one of the founders of political science in USSR
  • Luther George Simjian – inventor of ATM, flight simulator and more
  • Norair Sisakian – one of the founders of space biology, pioneer in biochemistry of sub-cell structures and technical biochemistry, one of the first in the mid-1940s to start the studies of plant cell structures. Author of the new concept of chloroplasts as polyfunctional cell structures. The first Soviet scientist to work in UNESCO.
  • Armen Takhtajan – botanist
  • Karen Ter-Martirosian – theoretician, made important contributions to the understanding of high-energy physics phenomena. Created new trends in the theory of strong interactions, was one of the founders of theory of strong interactions at high-energies. Author of fundamental contributions to quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.
  • Alenush Terian- first Iranian-Armenian female astrophysicist
  • Avadis Tevanian – computer scientist, the architect of Apple’s OS X
  • Nikolay Yenikolopov – chemist of the former USSR, one of the founders of Russian polymer science






  • Heraclius (575–641) Emperor from 610 to 641
  • Basil I the Macedonian (Βασίλειος Α') (811–886, ruled 867–886) – married the Varangian Eudokia Ingerina.
  • Leo VI the Wise (Λέων ΣΤ') (866–912, ruled 886–912)
  • Alexander (Αλέξανδρος) (870–913, ruled 912–913) – son of Basil I, regent for nephew.
  • Constantine VII the Purple-born (Κωνσταντίνος Ζ') (905–959, ruled 913–959)
  • Romanos I Lekapenos (Ρωμανός Β') (870–948, ruled 919–944) – co-emperor, attempted to found his own dynasty. Deposed by his sons and entered monastery.
  • Romanos II the Purple-born (Ρωμανός Β') (938–963, ruled 959–963) – son of Constantine VII.
  • Nikephoros II Phocas (Νικηφόρος Β') (912–969, ruled 963–969) – general, married Romanos II's widow, regent for Basil; assassinated.
  • John I Tzimiskes (Ιωάννης Α') (925–976, ruled 969–976) – general, brother-in-law of Romanos II, regent for Basil II and Constantine VIII.
  • Basil II (Βασίλειος Β') the Bulgar-slayer (958–1025, ruled 976–1025).
  • Constantine VIII (Κωνσταντίνος Η') (960–1028, ruled 1025–1028) – son of Romanos II; silent co-emperor with Basil II, sole emperor after his brother's death.
  • Zoe Porphyrogenita (Ζωή Α') (c. 978–1050, ruled 1028–1050)
  • Romanos III Argyros (Ρωμανός Γ') (968–1034, ruled 1028–1034) – eparch of Constantinople.
  • Michael IV the Paphlagonian (Μιχαήλ Δ') (1010–1041, ruled 1034–1041)
  • Michael V the Caulker (Μιχαήλ Ε') (1015–1042, ruled 1041–1042)
  • Theodora (Θεοδώρα) (980–1056, ruled 1042)
  • Constantine IX Monomachos (Κωνσταντίνος Θ') (1000–1055, ruled 1042–1055)
  • Theodora (Θεοδώρα) (ruled 1055–1056) – restored.
  • Alexios I Komnenos (Ἀλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός, 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118.
  • Manuel I Komnenos (Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Komnēnos) (November 28, 1118 – September 24, 1180) was a Byzantine Emperor
  • Andronikos I Komnenos (Ανδρόνικος Α’ Κομνηνός, Andronikos I Komninos) (c. 1118 – September 12, 1185) was a Byzantine emperor (r. 1183–1185).
  • John II Komnenos (Ίωάννης Β΄ Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Komnēnos) (September 13, 1087 – April 8, 1143) was Byzantine emperor from 1118 to 1143.
  • Isaac I Komnenos (Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos) (c. 1005–1061) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059.
  • Alexios II Komnenos (Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – 24 September 1183), Byzantine emperor (1180–1183).
  • Isaac II Angelos (Ισαάκιος Β’ Άγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos) (September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.
  • Alexios III Angelos (Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (c. 1153–1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203
  • Alexios IV Angelos (Αλέξιος Δ' Άγγελος) (c. 1182 – February 8, 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from August 1203 to January 1204.
  • Alexios V Doukas (Ἀλέξιος Δούκας Μούρτζουφλος, d. December 1205) was Byzantine emperor (5 February – 12 April 1204) during the second and final siege of Constantinople by the participants of the Fourth Crusade.



  1. ^ Ball, Terence (2005). The Cambridge history of twentieth-century political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0521563542. Szalasi was descended from an eighteenth-century Armenian immigrant named Salossian. 
  2. ^ "Georgian Prime Minister Proud His Mother Is Armenian". PanARMENIAN.Net. 10 June 2004. Retrieved 9 October 2013.