List of Arrow Dynamics rides

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The following is a list of amusement rides manufactured by the now-defunct Arrow Development and Arrow Dynamics.

Note that Arrow changed names and ownership four times between 1945 and 2002, operating as Arrow Development from 1945 to 1981, Arrow-Huss from 1981 to 1984, and as Arrow Dynamics from 1986 to 2001. The remaining assets were purchased by S&S on October 28, 2002. In November 2012, Sansei Yusoki Co. Ltd, acquired controlling interest in S&S and renamed itself S&S Sansei Technologies.

List of roller coasters[edit]

As of 2017, Arrow Dynamics has built 101 roller coasters around the world.[1]

Name Model Park Country Opened Status Ref
Wabash Cannonball Corkscrew Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park
Opryland USA
United States United States Unknown
1975 to 1997
Removed [2]
[3]
Black Widow
Formerly Loop Coaster
Launched Loop Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park
Six Flags New England
United States United States Unknown
1977 to 1999
Removed [4]
[5]
Excalibur
Formerly Dexter Frebish's Electric Roller Ride
Mine Train Frontier City
Six Flags AstroWorld
United States United States Unknown
1972 to 1998
Removed [6]
[7]
Mad Mouse Mad Mouse Broadway Grand Prix
Myrtle Beach Pavilion
United States United States Unknown
1998 to 2006
Removed [8]
[9]
Unknown
Formerly Lightning Bolt
Family Coaster Granite Park
MGM Grand Adventures
United States United States Unknown
1993 to 2000
Removed [10]
[11]
Matterhorn Bobsleds Unknown Disneyland Anaheim United States United States 1959 Operating [12]
Runaway Mine Train
Formerly Mine Train
Formerly Run-A-Way Mine Train
Mine Train Six Flags Over Texas United States United States 1966 Operating [13]
Dahlonega Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags Over Georgia United States United States 1967 Operating [14]
Marche du Mille-pattes
Formerly Petites Montagnes Russes
Mini Mine Train La Ronde Canada Canada 1967 Operating [15]
Mini Mine Train Mini Mine Train Six Flags Over Texas United States United States 1969 Operating [16]
Serpent Mini Mine Train Six Flags AstroWorld United States United States 1969 Removed [17]
Mini-Mine Train
Formerly Yahoola Hooler
Mini Mine Train Six Flags Over Georgia United States United States 1969 Removed [18]
Cedar Creek Mine Ride Mine Train Cedar Point United States United States 1969 Operating [19]
Gold Rusher Mine Train Six Flags Magic Mountain United States United States 1971 Operating [20]
River King Mine Train
Formerly Rail Blazer
Formerly River King Run-Away Mine Train
Mine Train Six Flags St. Louis United States United States 1971 Operating [21]
Carolina Goldrusher Mine Train Carowinds United States United States 1973 Operating [22]
Trailblazer Mine Train Hersheypark United States United States 1974 Operating [23]
Runaway Mine Train Mine Train Six Flags Great Adventure United States United States 1974 Operating [24]
Wacky Soap Box Racers
Formerly Cycle Chase
Unknown Knott's Berry Farm United States United States 1976 Removed [25]
Corkscrew Looping Coaster Cedar Point United States United States 1976 Operating [26]
Demon
Formerly Turn Of The Century
Looping Coaster California's Great America United States United States 1976 Operating [27]
Demon
Formerly Turn Of The Century
Looping Coaster Six Flags Great America United States United States 1976 Operating [28]
Python Corkscrew Busch Gardens Tampa United States United States 1976 Removed [29]
Double Loop Looping Coaster Geauga Lake United States United States 1977 Removed [30]
Steeplechase Unknown Blackpool Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1977 Operating [31]
Loch Ness Monster Looping Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg United States United States 1978 Operating [32]
Gemini Unknown Cedar Point United States United States 1978 Operating [33]
Corkscrew Corkscrew Michigan's Adventure United States United States 1979 Operating [34]
Revolution
Formerly Irn-Bru Revolution
Launched Loop Blackpool Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1979 Operating [35]
Corkscrew Corkscrew Nagashima Spa Land Japan Japan 1979 Operating [36]
Screw Coaster Corkscrew Nara Dreamland Japan Japan 1979 Removed [37]
Cork Screw Corkscrew Benyland Japan Japan 1979 Operating [38]
Corkscrew Corkscrew Toshimaen Japan Japan 1979 Operating [39]
Corkscrew Looping Coaster Valleyfair United States United States 1980 Operating [40]
Space Salamander Loop & Corkscrew Expoland Japan Japan 1980 Removed [41]
Boomerang Launched Loop Tokyo Dome City Japan Japan 1980 Removed [42]
Carolina Cyclone Looping Coaster Carowinds United States United States 1980 Operating [43]
Orient Express Looping Coaster Worlds of Fun United States United States 1980 Removed [44]
Dragon Fire
Formerly Dragon Fyre
Looping Coaster Canada's Wonderland Canada Canada 1981 Operating [45]
Bat Suspended Coaster Kings Island United States United States 1981 Removed [46]
Sea Viper
Formerly Corkscrew
Loop & Corkscrew Sea World Australia Australia 1981 Removed [47]
Vortex
Formerly Corkscrew
Formerly Turn Of The Century
Corkscrew Calaway Park Canada Canada 1982 Operating [48]
Viper Looping Coaster Darien Lake United States United States 1982 Operating [49]
Dragon Mountain Looping Coaster Marineland Theme Park Canada Canada 1983 Operating [50]
Corkscrew Corkscrew Rusutsu Resort
Yatsu Yuenchi
Japan Japan 1983
1977 to 1982
Operating [51]
[52]
XLR-8 Suspended Coaster Six Flags AstroWorld United States United States 1984 Removed [53]
Steamin' Demon
Formerly Ragin' Cajun
Loop & Corkscrew Great Escape
Pontchartrain Beach
United States United States 1984
1978 to 1983
Operating [54]
[55]
Dragon Looping Coaster Ocean Park Hong Kong China China
Hong Kong Hong Kong
1984 Operating [56]
Big Bad Wolf Suspended Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg United States United States 1984 Removed [57]
Corkscrew Coaster
Formerly Coca Cola Rollercoaster
Loop & Corkscrew Rainbow's End New Zealand New Zealand 1986 Operating [58]
Crazy Roller Coaster Looping Coaster Nanhu Amusement Park China China 1986 Removed [59]
Canobie Corkscrew
Formerly Corkscrew
Formerly Magic City Express
Formerly Chicago Loop
Corkscrew Canobie Lake Park
Alabama State Fairgrounds
Old Chicago
United States United States 1987
1982 to 1986
1975 to 1980
Operating [60]
[61]
[62]
Halilintar Loop & Corkscrew Dunia Fantasi Indonesia Indonesia 1987 Operating [63]
Vortex Looping Coaster Kings Island United States United States 1987 Operating [64]
Iron Dragon Suspended Coaster Cedar Point United States United States 1987 Operating [65]
Thunderbolt Express
Formerly Demon
Formerly Screamin' Demon
Launched Loop Camden Park
Kings Island
United States United States 1988
1977 to 1987
Removed [66]
[67]
Rolling X-Train
Formerly Double Loop and Cork Screw
Looping Coaster Everland South Korea South Korea 1988 Operating [68]
Yagiyama Cyclone Mine Train Benyland Japan Japan 1988 Operating [69]
Ninja Suspended Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain United States United States 1988 Operating [70]
Shockwave Looping Coaster Six Flags Great America United States United States 1988 Removed [71]
Great American Scream Machine Looping Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure United States United States 1989 Removed [72]
Excalibur Unknown Valleyfair United States United States 1989 Operating [73]
Ninja
Formerly Scream Machine
Looping Coaster Six Flags St. Louis
Expo '86
United States United States 1989
1986
Operating [74]
[75]
Magnum XL-200 Hyper Coaster Cedar Point United States United States 1989 Operating [76]
Corkscrew Corkscrew Silverwood Theme Park
Knott's Berry Farm
United States United States 1990
1975 to 1989
Operating [77]
[78]
Spiral
Formerly Extremeroller
Formerly EXT
Formerly Screamroller
Corkscrew Formosa Fun Coast
Worlds of Fun
Taiwan Taiwan 1990
1976 to 1988
Removed [79]
[80]
Viper Looping Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain United States United States 1990 Operating [81]
Vampire Suspended Coaster Chessington World of Adventures United Kingdom United Kingdom 1990 Operating [82]
Vortex Suspended Coaster Canada's Wonderland Canada Canada 1991 Operating [83]
Phantom's Revenge
Formerly Steel Phantom
Hyper Coaster Kennywood United States United States 1991 Operating [84]
Afterburner
Formerly Zoomerang
Formerly Flying Daredevil
Formerly Double-O
Launched Loop Fun Spot
Boardwalk and Baseball
United States United States 1991
1977 to 1990
Removed [85]
[86]
Anaconda Looping Coaster Kings Dominion United States United States 1991 Operating [87]
Adventure Express Mine Train Kings Island United States United States 1991 Operating [88]
Drachen Fire Looping Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg United States United States 1998 Removed [89]
Hayabusa Suspended Coaster Tokyo SummerLand Japan Japan 1992 Removed [90]
Eagle Fortress Suspended Coaster Everland Japan Japan 1992 Removed [91]
Python
Formerly Lightnin' Loops
Launched Loop Six Flags America
Six Flags Great Adventure
United States United States 1993
1978 to 1992
Removed [92]
[93]
Diamond Back
Formerly Lightnin' Loops
Launched Loop Frontier City
Six Flags Great Adventure
United States United States 1993
1978 to 1986
Operating [94]
[95]
Fantasia Special Looping Coaster Tongdo Fantasia South Korea South Korea 1993 Operating [96]
Bat
Formerly Flight Deck
Formerly Top Gun
Suspended Coaster Kings Island United States United States 1993 Operating [97]
Thunderation Mine Train Silver Dollar City United States United States 1993 Operating [98]
Canyon Blaster Looping Coaster Adventuredome United States United States 1993 Operating [99]
Desperado Hyper Coaster Buffalo Bill's Resort & Casino United States United States 1994 Operating [100]
Titan MAX
Formerly Titan V
Formerly Titan
Hyper Coaster Space World Japan Japan 1994 Operating [101]
Big One
Formerly Pepsi Max Big One
Hyper Coaster Blackpool Pleasure Beach United Kingdom United Kingdom 1994 Operating [102]
Diablo Mine Train PortAventura Spain Spain 1995 Operating [103]
Sidewinder
Formerly Roaring Tornado
Launched Loop Elitch Gardens
Elitch Gardens
Magic Springs & Crystal Falls
United States United States 1995
1990 to 1994
1980 to 1989
Operating [104]
[105]
[106]
Roller Coaster
Formerly Corkscrew
Corkscrew MGM Dizzee World
Geauga Lake
India India 1996
1978 to 1995
Operating [107]
[108]
Roller Coaster Looping Coaster Al-Sha'ab Leisure Park Kuwait Kuwait 1996 Operating [109]
Road Runner Express Mine Train Six Flags Fiesta Texas United States United States 1997 Operating [110]
Wild Thing
Formerly Loop Corkscrew
Loop & Corkscrew Wild Waves Theme & Water Park
Rocky Point Park
United States United States 1997
1984 to 1995
Operating [111]
[112]
Mad Mouse Mad Mouse Michigan's Adventure United States United States 1999 Operating [113]
Tennessee Tornado Looping Coaster Dollywood United States United States 1999 Operating [114]
Mad Mouse Mad Mouse Valleyfair United States United States 1999 Operating [115]
Montaña Rusa
Formerly Corkscrew
Corkscrew Salitre Magico
Myrtle Beach Pavilion
Magic Harbor
Colombia Colombia 2000
1978 to 1999
1975 to 1977
Operating [116]
[117]
[118]
Psycho Mouse Mad Mouse California's Great America United States United States 2001 Operating [119]
Hot Wheels SideWinder
Formerly Cyclone
Formerly Big Dipper
Looping Coaster Dreamworld
Luna Park
Australia Australia 2001
1995 to 2001
Operating [120]
[121]
Big Bad John
Formerly Thunder Express
Formerly River King Mine Train
Formerly River King Run-Away Mine Train
Mine Train Magic Springs & Crystal Falls
Dollywood
Six Flags St. Louis
United States United States 2002
1989 to 1998
1971 to 1987
Operating [122]
[123]
[124]
X2
Formerly X
4th Dimension Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain United States United States 2002 Operating [125]
Canyon Blaster
Formerly Rock n' Roller Coaster
Formerly Timber Topper
Mine Train Great Escape
Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park
Opryland USA
United States United States 2003
Unknown
1972 to 1997
Operating [126]
[127]
[128]
Zimerman
Formerly Revolution
Loop & Corkscrew Gloria's Fantasyland
DelGrosso's Amusememt Park
Libertyland
Philippines Philippine 2014
Unknown
1979 to 2005
Operating [129]
[130]
[131]

Thrill rides[edit]

Carousels/merry-go-rounds[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Closed Ref(s)
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Red Barn in Aromas, CA
before 1950
Operating
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Playland, Fresno, CA
1950's
Operating
Antique Carousel 36-foot (10.97 m) Carrousel Pixieland Amusement Park
1955~
Operating
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Storybookland, Illinois
~1955
Unknown
Charlie's Carousel 36-foot (10.97 m) Carrousel Bishop’s Pumpkin Farm
1958
Operating
[132]
Carousel Ride 26-foot (7.92 m) Carrousel South Coast Plaza
1967
Operating
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Six Flags Magic Mountain
after 1970
Unknown
Unknown 26-foot (7.92 m) Carrousel Six Flags Magic Mountain
after 1970
Unknown
Unknown 45-foot (13.72 m) Carrousel Kennedy Park, Hayward, CA Unknown Operating
Unknown 20-foot (6.10 m) Carrousel Fitsimonds Shows, Sugar City, CO Unknown Unknown

Narrow gauge/miniature trains[edit]

Name Model First Location Opened Closed Ref(s)
San Mateo Central Park Train 12 in (305 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Central Park, San Mateo, California
1950
Operating
[133]
Mountain Train Ride 20 in (508 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Confusion Hill
1955
Operating
Old 99 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Great Escape
~1955
Relocated
Honest Abe 3 ft (914 mm) gauge Miniature Train Seattle, Washington
~1960
SBNO
BuJu Line Express 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Burke Junction
1961
Operating
[134]
Cave Train 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk
1961
Operating
Cloverline Railroad 2 ft (610 mm) gauge Miniature Train F-9 Sandland Adventures
1961
Operating
[135]
Pixieland Express 20 in (508 mm) gauge Miniature Train Pixieland Amusement Park
~1961
Operating
[136]
Magic Forest Railroad 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Magic Forest Park Unknown Operating
Unknown 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Great Escape Unknown Unknown
Unknown 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Miniature Train Great Escape Unknown Unknown

Car rides[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Closed Ref(s)
Chaparral Antique Cars 1913 Cleburne Chaparral Six Flags Over Texas
1962
Operating
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Amusements of America after 1966 Unknown
Hanson Cars Hanson Roadster Six Flags Over Georgia
1967
Operating
Unknown Antique Touring Beasley Amusement Park (Toronto, ONT)
1967
Operating
Antique Auto Ride Ford & Maxwell Dogpatch, USA (Harrison, AR)
1968
1993
Le Taxi French Taxi Six Flags AstroWorld
1968
2005
Cadillac Cars 1910 Cadillac Touring Cedar Point
1958
Operating
Antique Cars 1910 Cadillac Touring Cedar Point
1969
Operating
Moon Antique Cars 1920s Moon Continental Six Flags St. Louis
1971
Operating
Sunoco Turnpike Flyer Dutch Wonderland
1972
Operating
[137]
Exxon Hillbilly Jalopies Jalopy Carowinds
1973
1987
Le Taxi Tour French Taxi Worlds of Fun
1973
Operating
Antique Car Ride Antique Cadillac M-6Z Boblo Island Amusement Park (Ontario, Canada) ~1975 ~1993
Blue Ridge Tollway Ford Electric Kings Dominion
1975
Operating
Le Mans Raceway Flyer Busch Gardens Williamsburg
1975
2006
Twin Turnpike - Antique Cars Antique Touring Hersheypark
1975
Operating
[138][139]
Twin Turnpike - Sports Cars Sports Cars Hersheypark
1975
Operating
[138][139]
Traffique Jam Antique Touring Special Six Flags Great America
1976
1983
Antique Cars Antique Touring Adventureland
1978
Operating
Hubcap Alley Antique Cars Antique Touring Beech Bend Park
2002
Operating
Antique Autos Maxwell, Ford Model T Frontier Village Unknown
1980
Antique Cars 1930s Ford Model A Canobie Lake Park Unknown Operating
Antique Cars Antique Touring Lake Winnepesaukah Unknown Operating
Duster-Turnpike Flyer Frontier Village Unknown
1980
Tin Lizzies Antique Touring Gas West View Park Unknown
1977
Unknown Tracked Auto Ride Tiny Texan (Lubbock, TX) Unknown Unknown
Unknown Electric Antique Touring West Coast Shows (Del Mar, CA) Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Williams Brothers (Lunenburg, MA) Unknown Unknown
Unknown Flyer Old Tucson Unknown Operating
Unknown Unknown Korakuen Stadium Park, Japan Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Gas Bob Flugar (Stevens Point, WI) Unknown Unknown
Unknown Early Antique Touring Deer Acres Storybook (Pinconning, MI) Unknown Unknown
Unknown Electric Cars Enchanted Forest Unknown
1991
Merry Oldies Oldsmobile Antique Car Geauga Lake
1972
2007
Unknown Antique Touring M-68 Gas Idora Park, Youngstown, Ohio Unknown
1984
Unknown Ford & Maxwell Joyland Amusements, Lubbock Texas Unknown Unknown
Unknown Senior Auto Track Keansburg Amusement Park, Keansburg, New Jersey Unknown Unknown
Tijuana Taxi Flyer, Ford, Maxwell Knott’s Berry Farm, Buena Park, California
1969
1976
Antique Cars Antique Touring Gas Legend City, Tempe Arizona Unknown
1983
Blakely Speedway Sports Cars Legend City, Tempe Arizona Unknown
1983
Unknown Antique Touring Le Sourdsville Lake, Middletown, Ohio Unknown
2002
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Mac Amusements, Seattle, Washington Unknown Unknown
Unknown Jr. Tracked Auto Ride Oaks Amusement, Portland Oregon Unknown Unknown
Unknown Antique Touring Old MacDonald’s Farm, Norwalk, Connecticut Unknown
1979
Tin Lizzie Model T Opryland, Nashville, Tennessee Unknown
1997
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, Louisiana Unknown
1983
Unknown Antique Touring Pleasure Island, Eagle River, Wisconsin Unknown Unknown
Antique Cars Antique Touring M-60 Gas Riverside Park, Agawam, Massachusetts Unknown Unknown
Unknown Electric Antique Touring Santa’s Village, Dundee, Illinois Unknown Unknown
Unknown Ford, Maxwell Santa’s Village, Santa Cruz, California Unknown
1979

Flume and other boat rides[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Closed Ref(s)
Mill Race Log Flume Cedar Point
1963
1993
[140][141]
El Aserradero (#1) Log Flume Six Flags Over Texas
1963
Operating
[142]
Water Flume Log Flume Astroland
1964
2008
[142]
Drench Falls Log Flume Log Flume Blackpool Pleasure Beach
1967
2006
La Pitoune Log Flume La Ronde
1967
2017
Log Jamboree (#1) Log Flume Six Flags Over Georgia
1967
1990
[143]
El Aserradero (#2) Log Flume Six Flags Over Texas
1968
Operating
[142]
Log Jamboree (#2) Log Flume Six Flags Over Georgia
1968
Operating
[143]
Bamboo Shoot Log Flume Six Flags AstroWorld
1969
2005
[144]
Log Flume Log Flume Lagoon Park (Farmington, UT)
1969
Relocated
Log Flume Log Flume Magic Harbor (Myrtle Beach, SC)
1969
1990s
Timber Mountain Log Ride Log Flume Knott's Berry Farm
1969
Operating
[145]
Flume Ride Log Flume Toshimaen
1970
Operating
Log Flume Log Flume Hunt's Pier
1970
1998 relocated
Log Flume Log Flume Six Flags St. Louis
1971
Operating
Log Jammer Log Flume Six Flags Magic Mountain
1971
2011
Jet Stream Hydroflume Six Flags Magic Mountain
1972
Operating
The Log Flume Log Flume Miracle Strip Amusement Park
1972
2004
Log Flume Ride Log Flume Beasley Amusements/Centreville Amusement Park
1972
Operating
Flume Zoom Log Flume Opryland USA
1972
Unknown
Desperado Plunge Barrel Storytown, USA/Great Escape
1972
Relocated
Powder Keg Double Barrel Carowinds
1973
2009
Stanley Falls Barrel Busch Gardens Tampa
1973
Operating
Coal Cracker Hydroflume Hersheypark
1973
Operating
[146]
FlumeRide Log Flume Liseberg, Gothenburg, Sweden
1973
Operating
[147]
Viking Voyager Viking Flume Worlds of Fun
1973
Operating
Saw Mill Log Flume Log Flume Six Flags Great Adventure
1974
Operating
Unknown Log Flume Pontchartrain Beach
1974
Unknown
Le Scoot Barrel Busch Gardens Williamsburg
1975
Operating
Riptide Hydroflume Six Flags Great Adventure
1975
2006
Unknown Log Flume Old Chicago
1975
Unknown
Log Jammer Log Flume Kennywood
1975
2017
Old Hickory Log Flume Libertyland
1976
Unknown
Wildwasserfahrt Log Flume Hansapark (formerly: Hansaland) (Sierksdorf, Germany)
1977
Operating
Yankee Clipper Hydroflume California's Great America
1976
1998
Loggers Run Log Flume California's Great America
1976
Operating
Yankee Clipper Hydroflume Six Flags Great America
1976
Operating
Loggers Run Log Flume Six Flags Great America
1976
Operating
Unknown Log Flume Funtown Pier (Seaside Heights, NJ)
1977
Unknown
Double Splash Flume Log Flume Dutch Wonderland
1977
Operating
[148]
Logger's Revenge Log Flume Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk
1977
Operating
[149]
Splinter Log Flume Elitch Gardens
1978
Unknown
Tiroler Wildwasserbahn Log Flume Europa Park
1978
Unknown
Log Ride Log Flume Bell’s Amusement Park (Tulsa, OK) Unknown Operated
Shenandoah Lumber Company Log Flume Kings Dominion
1975
Operating
Haunted River Log Flume Kings Dominion
1980
1995
[150]
Kenton's Cove Keelboat Canal Hydroflume Kings Island
1973
2001
Race For Your Life Charlie Brown Log Flume Kings Island
1972
Operating

Other rides[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Status Ref(s)
Lil Belle Stern Wheel Paddleboat Peralta Playland, Oakland, CA 1952 Unknown
Snowball Tea Cup Santa's Village, Scott's Valley, CA 1958~ Closed
Danny the Dragon Tram Freedomland U.S.A., Bronx, NY 1960 Relocated/Operating
Alice in Wonderland Dark Ride Blackpool Pleasure Beach, England 1961 Operating
Lost Dutchman Dark Ride Frontier Village, San Jose, CA 1961 Demolished
Spacewhirl Tea Cup Seattle World's Fair 1962 Unknown
Avis Antique Car Ride Car Ride New York World's Fair, New York, NY 1964 Demolished
Pepsi Pavilion Boat Ride 1964 World's Fair, New York, NY 1964 Relocated
Earthquake Dark Ride Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio 1965 Unknown
Tales of the Okefenokee Dark Ride Six Flags Over Georgia, Atlanta, GA 1967 Unknown
Unknown Rub-a-Dub La Rhonde, Montreal, Canada 1967~ Unknown
Unknown Spacewhirl Astroworld, Houston, TX 1968~ Unknown
Unknown Rub-a-Dub Astroworld, Houston, TX 1968~ Removed 1976
Sombrero Tea Cup Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, CA 1969~ Operating
Unknown Rub-a-Dub Seven Seas, Arlington, TX 1971~ Unknown
Gulliver's Rub-a-Dub Rub-a-Dub Kings Island, Kings Mills, OH 1972 Removed 1981
Haunted Castle? Dark Ride Santa Cruz Seaside, Santa Cruz, CA Unknown Unknown
Kooky Castle? Dark Ride Pontchartrain Beach, New Orleans, LA Unknown Unknown
Hershey's Chocolate Tour Special Systems Hershey, PA 1973 Operating

Disney property rides[edit]

Name Model Location Opened Closed
Casey Jr. Circus Train Special System Disneyland
1955
Operating
Dumbo the Flying Elephant Special System Disneyland
1955
Operating
Flight to the Moon Special System Disneyland
1955
1975
King Arthur Carrousel 72-foot (21.95 m), 4 Course Carrousel Disneyland
1955
Operating
Mad Tea Party Tea Cup Disneyland
1955
Operating
Mr. Toad's Wild Ride Dark Ride Disneyland
1955
Operating
Snow White's Scary Adventures Dark Ride Disneyland
1955
Operating
Motor Boat Cruise Boat Ride Disneyland
1957
1993
Alice in Wonderland Dark Ride Disneyland
1958
Operating
Adventure Thru Inner Space Omnimover Disneyland
1966
1985
It's a Small World Boat Ride Disneyland
1966
Operating
Pirates of the Caribbean Special System Disneyland
1967
Operating
Haunted Mansion Omnimover Disneyland
1969
Operating
Alice in Wonderland Dark Ride Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Dumbo the Flying Elephant Special System Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Haunted Mansion Omnimover Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Cinderella's Golden Carrousel 65-foot (19.81 m), 5 Course Carrousel Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
It's a Small World Boat Ride Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Mad Tea Party Tea Cup Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Flight to the Moon Special System Walt Disney World
1971
1975
Mr. Toad's Wild Ride Dark Ride Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Snow White's Scary Adventures Dark Ride Walt Disney World
1971
Operating
Peter Pan's Flight Dark Ride Walt Disney World
1971
Operating

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arrow Dynamics - rcdb.com
  2. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wabash Cannonball  (Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  3. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wabash Cannonball  (Opryland USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  4. ^ Marden, Duane. "Black Widow  (Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  5. ^ Marden, Duane. "Black Widow  (Six Flags New England)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  6. ^ Marden, Duane. "Excalibur  (Frontier City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  7. ^ Marden, Duane. "Excalibur  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  8. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mad Mouse  (Broadway Grand Prix)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  9. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mad Mouse  (Myrtle Beach Pavilion)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  10. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Granite Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ Marden, Duane. "Lightning Bolt  (MGM Grand Adventures)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  12. ^ Marden, Duane. "Matterhorn Bobsleds  (Disneyland Anaheim)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  13. ^ Marden, Duane. "Runaway Mine Train  (Six Flags Over Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  14. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dahlonega Mine Train  (Six Flags Over Georgia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  15. ^ Marden, Duane. "Marche du Mille-pates  (La Ronde)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  16. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mini Mine Train  (Six Flags Over Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  17. ^ Marden, Duane. "Serpent  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  18. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mini-Mine Train  (Six Flags Over Georgia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  19. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cedar Creek Mine Ride  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  20. ^ Marden, Duane. "Gold Rusher  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  21. ^ Marden, Duane. "River King Mine Train  (Six Flags St. Louis)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  22. ^ Marden, Duane. "Carolina Godrusher  (Carowinds)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  23. ^ Marden, Duane. "Trailblazer  (Hersheypark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  24. ^ Marden, Duane. "Runaway Mine Train  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  25. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wacky Soap Box Racers  (Knott's Berry Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  26. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  27. ^ Marden, Duane. "Demon  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  28. ^ Marden, Duane. "Demon  (Six Flags Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  29. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python  (Busch Gardens Tampa)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  30. ^ Marden, Duane. "Double Loop  (Geauga Lake)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  31. ^ Marden, Duane. "Steeplechase  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  32. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loch Ness Monster  (Busch Gardens Williamsburg)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  33. ^ Marden, Duane. "Gemini  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  34. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Michigan's Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  35. ^ Marden, Duane. "Revolution  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  36. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Nagashima Spa Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  37. ^ Marden, Duane. "Screw Coaster  (Nara Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  38. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cork Screw  (Benyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  39. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Toshimaen)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  40. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Valleyfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  41. ^ Marden, Duane. "Space Salamander  (Expoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  42. ^ Marden, Duane. "Boomerang  (Tokyo Dome City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  43. ^ Marden, Duane. "Carolina Cyclone  (Carowinds)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  44. ^ Marden, Duane. "Orient Express  (Worlds of Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  45. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragon Fire  (Canda's Wonderland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  46. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bat  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  47. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Viper  (Sea World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  48. ^ Marden, Duane. "Vortex  (Calaway Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  49. ^ Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Darien Lake)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  50. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragon Mountain  (Marineland Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  51. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Rusutsu Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  52. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Yatsu Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  53. ^ Marden, Duane. "XLR-8  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  54. ^ Marden, Duane. "Steamin' Demon  (Great Escape)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  55. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ragin' Cajun  (Pontchartrain Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  56. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragon  (Ocean Park Hong Kong)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  57. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Bad Wolf  (Busch Gardens Williamsburg)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  58. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew Coaster  (Rainbow's End)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  59. ^ Marden, Duane. "Crazy Roller Coaster  (Nanhu Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  60. ^ Marden, Duane. "Canobie Corkscrew  (Canboie Lake Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  61. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Alabama State Fairgrounds)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  62. ^ Marden, Duane. "Chicago Loop  (Old Chicago)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  63. ^ Marden, Duane. "Halilintar  (Dunai Fantasi)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  64. ^ Marden, Duane. "Vortex  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  65. ^ Marden, Duane. "Iron Dragon  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  66. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thunderbolt Express  (Camden Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  67. ^ Marden, Duane. "Demon  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  68. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rolling X-Train  (Everland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  69. ^ Marden, Duane. "Yagiyama Cyclone  (Benyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  70. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ninja  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  71. ^ Marden, Duane. "Shockwave  (Six Flags Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  72. ^ Marden, Duane. "Great America Scream Machine  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  73. ^ Marden, Duane. "Excalibur  (Valleyfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  74. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ninja  (Six Flags St. Louis)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  75. ^ Marden, Duane. "Scream Machine  (Expo '86)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  76. ^ Marden, Duane. "Magnum XL-200  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  77. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Silverwood Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  78. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Knott's Berry Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  79. ^ Marden, Duane. "Spiral  (Formosa Fun Coast)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  80. ^ Marden, Duane. "Extremeroller  (Worlds of Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  81. ^ Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  82. ^ Marden, Duane. "Vampire  (Chessington World of Adventures)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  83. ^ Marden, Duane. "Vortex  (Canada's Wonderland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  84. ^ Marden, Duane. "Phantom's Revenge  (Kennywood)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  85. ^ Marden, Duane. "Afterburner  (Fun Spot)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  86. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zoomerang  (Boardwalk and Baseball)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  87. ^ Marden, Duane. "Anaconda  (Kings Dominion)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  88. ^ Marden, Duane. "Adventure Express  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  89. ^ Marden, Duane. "Drachen Fire  (Busch Gardens Williamsburg)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  90. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hayabusa  (Tokyo SummerLand)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  91. ^ Marden, Duane. "Eagle Fortress  (Everland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  92. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python  (Six Flags America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  93. ^ Marden, Duane. "Lightnin' Loops  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  94. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diamond Back  (Frontier City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  95. ^ Marden, Duane. "Lightnin' Loops  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  96. ^ Marden, Duane. "Fantasia Special  (Tongdo Fantasia)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  97. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bat  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  98. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thunderation  (Silver Dollar City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  99. ^ Marden, Duane. "Canyon Blaster  (Adventuredome)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  100. ^ Marden, Duane. "Desperado  (Buffalo Bill's Resort & Casino)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  101. ^ Marden, Duane. "Titan MAX  (Space World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  102. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big One  (Blackpool Pleasure Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  103. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diablo  (PortAventura)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  104. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sidewinder  (Elitch Gardens)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  105. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sidewinder  (Elitch Gardens)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  106. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roaring Tornado  (Magic Springs & Crystal Falls)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  107. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (MGM Dizzee World)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  108. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Geauga Lake)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  109. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Al-Sha'ab Leisure Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  110. ^ Marden, Duane. "Road Runner Express  (Six Flags Fiesta Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  111. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wild Thing  (Wild Waves Theme & Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  112. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loop Corkscrew  (Rocky Point Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  113. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mad Mouse  (Michigan's Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  114. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tennessee Tornado  (Dollywood)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  115. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mad Mouse  (Valleyfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  116. ^ Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Salitre Magico)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  117. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Myrtle Beach Pavilion)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  118. ^ Marden, Duane. "Corkscrew  (Magic Harbor)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  119. ^ Marden, Duane. "Psycho Mouse  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  120. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hot Wheels SideWinder  (Dreamworld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  121. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Dipper  (Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  122. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Bad John  (Magic Springs & Crystal Falls)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  123. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thunder Express  (Dollywood)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  124. ^ Marden, Duane. "River King Mine Train  (Six Flags St. Louis)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  125. ^ Marden, Duane. "X2  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  126. ^ Marden, Duane. "Canyon Blaster  (Great Escape)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  127. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rock n' Roller Coaster  (Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  128. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rock n' Roller Coaster  (Opryland USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  129. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zimerman  (Gloria's Fantasyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  130. ^ Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (DelGrosso's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  131. ^ Marden, Duane. "Revolution  (Libertyland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved July 4, 2011. 
  132. ^ "Bishop's Pumpkin Farm". Bishops Pumpkin Farm. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  133. ^ "San Mateo, CA - Official Website - Central Park & Recreation Center". 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  134. ^ "Burke Junction". Burke Junction. 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2015. The 30-gauge BuJu line was originally installed in Frontier Village a family amusement park in San Jose, Ca. in 1961. The amusement ride was permanently relocated to Burke Junction by Jerry Burke in 1981, when Frontier Village closed, and auctioned off its rides. 
  135. ^ "Train Rides". Sandland Adventures. 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  136. ^ "Our Rides". Pixieland Amusement Park Inc. 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  137. ^ Dennison, Austen (2015). Images of Modern America, Dutch Wonderland. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-2285-6. LCCN 2014945554. 
  138. ^ a b "District Essay Winners Named". Somerset Daily American. Somerset, PA. March 6, 1975. p. 6. Entertainment will be highlighted by a visit to Hersheypark, with its 300-foot-high Kissing Tower, Himalaya and Twin Turnpike rides and other available attractions. 
  139. ^ a b "Hersheypark Will Open 69th Season On May 18". Lebanon Daily News. May 10, 1975. p. 7. New this season are the Kissing Tower ride, Twin Turnpike ride - with both antique and sports cars, and the Himalaya. 
  140. ^ Francis, David W.; Francis, Diane DeMali (2002). Ohio's Amusement Parks in Vintage Postcards. Postcard History Series. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738519979. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  141. ^ Pledger, Marcia (June 6, 2012). "Cedar Point may be planning to add winged coaster next year". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  142. ^ a b c Slade, Gary (November 1994), "Arrow, The Most Influential Ride Manufacturer of Our Time", Inside Track (Special Section): 2–16 
  143. ^ a b Davidson, Mark (2002). "Aging Gracefully, Still Screaming and Dreaming: Six Flags Over Georgia". RollerCoaster!. Vol. 24 no. 1. Mission, Kansas: American Coaster Enthusiasts. pp. 21–33. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  144. ^ Baldwin, Tim (2004). "AstroWorld: Portrait of an Industry". RollerCoaster!. Vol. 25 no. 3. Minneapolis, Minnesota: American Coaster Enthusiasts. p. 11. ISSN 0896-7261. 
  145. ^ Martin, Hugo (January 3, 2013). "Knott's Berry Farm's log ride to undergo overhaul". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 2, 2015. The log ride, which opened in 1969, is housed in an eight-story building. Riders on log vehicles float in 24,000 gallons of water and glide past mechanical figures and taxidermied animals before dropping down a 42-foot free fall. 
  146. ^ "New Amusement Ride to Open At Hershey". Lebanon Daily News. May 15, 1973. p. 46. The Coal Cracker, similar to a roller coaster on water, will join the Giant Wheel and two new theme areas in marking the completion of Phase II in the park's five year redevelopment program. 
  147. ^ http://liseberg.se/sv/hem/Nojesparken/Attraktioner/FlumeRide/
  148. ^ Dutch Wonderland
  149. ^ "California’s Original Beach Party - Entertaining Visitors for Over A Century". Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk. Retrieved January 25, 2015. 
  150. ^ "Haunted River". Cedar Fair. Retrieved September 28, 2015.