List of Ashes series

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A terracotta urn with two brass plaques on it sits on a wooden base. The urn is on display, with the glass surround and other exhibits visible in the background.
The Ashes urn, which remains at the MCC Museum at Lord's. A replica urn is presented to the winning captain.[1]

The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. The series have varied in length, consisting of between one and seven Test matches, but since 1998 have been consistently five matches. It is one of sport's most celebrated rivalries and dates back to 1882.[2][3][4] It is generally played biennially, alternating between the United Kingdom and Australia. Australia are the current holders of the Ashes, having been the incumbent holders, after drawing the 2019 series 2–2.

Although the first Test series played between England and Australia was in the 1876–77 season,[5][6] the Ashes originated from the solitary Test which the two nations contested in 1882.[7] England lost the match, played at The Oval, and a mock obituary was posted in The Sporting Times, declaring the death of English cricket. It stated that: "The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia."[8] The Honourable Ivo Bligh adopted the term and, as captain of the English party that travelled to Australia the following winter, promised to bring the "Ashes" home.[1]

After its loss to Australia in 1882, England won the next eight series between the two sides, during which time it lost only four of the 22 Tests. Australia won an Ashes series for the first time in 1891–92, when it beat England 2–1.[6] The 1932–33 tour was known as the "Bodyline series" as, in response to the talented Australian batsman Don Bradman, England developed a tactic of bowling quickly at the body of the batsmen with most of the fielders placed in a close ring on the leg side.[9] England won the series, but the tactic prompted changes to the laws of cricket,[9] and the Australians, buoyed by the batting of Bradman,[10] regained the Ashes during the next series and then held them for six series, spanning nineteen years.[6] It was during this period that the Australians travelled to England in 1948, and remained unbeaten during the whole tour, gaining the nickname of "The Invincibles".[11] In addition to winning the five match Test series 4–0, Australia won or drew all of its 29 other matches against county and representative sides.[12]

Australia has won more Ashes Tests than England, winning 136 of the 335 matches, compared to England's 108 victories. Australia also holds the edge in Ashes series won, having won on 33 occasions compared to England's 32. There have been six drawn series, and on five of these occasions, Australia has retained the Ashes due to being holders going into the series. England has retained the Ashes after a drawn series once. On only three occasions has a team won all the Tests in an Ashes series; Australia has achieved the feat 5–0 in 1920–21, 2006–07 and 2013–14.[6] England's largest winning margin in an Ashes series was in 1978–79, when it won 5–1. England's largest unbeaten winning margin of 3–0 in an Ashes series was achieved in 1886, 1977 and 2013. Both England and Australia have held the Ashes for a record eight consecutive series, England doing so between 1882–83 and 1890, while Australia achieved the feat from 1989 to 2002–03.[6] Since 1882, a small number of Test series have been played between the two sides that have not been allocated as Ashes series; those played in 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980 and 1987–88.[6]

Key[edit]

  • Years denotes the cricket season in which the series takes place.
  • Host denotes the host country for the series.
  • First match denotes the date on which the first match of the series commenced.
  • Tests denotes how many Tests were played in the series, and in parentheses (if different) the number of Tests that were scheduled to be played in the series.
  • Australia denotes how many matches in the series were won by Australia.
  • England denotes how many matches in the series were won by England.
  • Drawn denotes how many matches in the series were drawn.
  • Result denotes which side won the series overall, or if it was drawn.
  • Holder denotes which side was awarded (or retained) the Ashes at the end of the series of the matches

Ashes series[edit]

World War 2World War 1
Series Years Host First match Tests Australia England Drawn Result Holder Ref
1 1882–83 Australia 30 December 1882 3 1 2 0  England  England [13]
2 1884 England 11 July 1884 3 0 1 2  England [14]
3 1884–85 Australia 12 December 1884 5 2 3 0  England [15]
4 1886 England 5 July 1886 3 0 3 0  England [16]
5 1886-87 Australia 28 January 1887 2 0 2 0  England [17]
6 1887-88 Australia 10 February 1888 1 0 1 0  England [18]
7 1888 England 16 July 1888 3 1 2 0  England [19]
8 1890 England 21 July 1890 2 0 2 0  England [20]
9 1891–92 Australia 1 January 1892 3 2 1 0  Australia  Australia [21]
10 1893 England 17 July 1893 3 0 1 2  England  England [22]
11 1894–95 Australia 14 December 1894 5 2 3 0  England [23]
12 1896 England 22 June 1896 3 1 2 0  England [24]
13 1897–98 Australia 13 December 1897 5 4 1 0  Australia  Australia [25]
14 1899 England 1 June 1899 5 1 0 4  Australia [26]
15 1901–02 Australia 13 December 1901 5 4 1 0  Australia [27]
16 1902 England 29 May 1902 5 2 1 2  Australia [28]
17 1903–04 Australia 11 December 1903 5 2 3 0  England  England [29]
18 1905 England 29 May 1905 5 0 2 3  England [30]
19 1907–08 Australia 13 December 1907 5 4 1 0  Australia  Australia [31]
20 1909 England 27 May 1909 5 2 1 2  Australia [32]
21 1911–12 Australia 15 December 1911 5 1 4 0  England  England [33]
22 1912 England 27 May 1912 3 0 1 2  England [34]
23 1920–21 Australia 17 December 1920 5 5 0 0  Australia  Australia [35]
24 1921 England 28 May 1921 5 3 0 2  Australia [36]
25 1924–25 Australia 19 December 1924 5 4 1 0  Australia [37]
26 1926 England 12 June 1926 5 0 1 4  England  England [38]
27 1928–29 Australia 30 November 1928 5 1 4 0  England [39]
28 1930 England 13 June 1930 5 2 1 2  Australia  Australia [40]
29 1932–33 Australia 2 December 1932 5 1 4 0  England  England [41]
30 1934 England 8 June 1934 5 2 1 2  Australia  Australia [42]
31 1936–37 Australia 4 December 1936 5 3 2 0  Australia [43]
32 1938 England 10 June 1938 4 1 1 2 Drawn [44]
33 1946–47 Australia 29 November 1946 5 3 0 2  Australia [45]
34 1948 England 10 June 1948 5 4 0 1  Australia [46]
35 1950–51 Australia 1 December 1950 5 4 1 0  Australia [47]
36 1953 England 11 June 1953 5 0 1 4  England  England [48]
37 1954–55 Australia 26 November 1954 5 1 3 1  England [49]
38 1956 England 7 June 1956 5 1 2 2  England [50]
39 1958–59 Australia 5 December 1958 5 4 0 1  Australia  Australia [51]
40 1961 England 8 June 1961 5 2 1 2  Australia [52]
41 1962–63 Australia 30 November 1962 5 1 1 3 Drawn [53]
42 1964 England 4 June 1964 5 1 0 4  Australia [54]
43 1965–66 Australia 10 December 1965 5 1 1 3 Drawn [55]
44 1968 England 6 June 1968 5 1 1 3 Drawn [56]
45 1970–71 Australia 27 November 1970 6 0 2 4  England  England [57]
46 1972 England 8 June 1972 5 2 2 1 Drawn [58]
47 1974–75 Australia 29 November 1974 6 4 1 1  Australia  Australia [59]
48 1975 England 10 July 1975 4 1 0 3  Australia [60]
49 1977 England 16 June 1977 5 0 3 2  England  England [61]
50 1978–79 Australia 1 December 1978 6 1 5 0  England [62]
51 1981 England 18 June 1981 6 1 3 2  England [63]
52 1982–83 Australia 12 November 1982 5 2 1 2  Australia  Australia [64]
53 1985 England 13 June 1985 6 1 3 2  England  England [65]
54 1986–87 Australia 14 November 1986 5 1 2 2  England  England [66]
55 1989 England 8 June 1989 6 4 0 2  Australia  Australia [67]
56 1990–91 Australia 23 November 1990 5 3 0 2  Australia [68]
57 1993 England 3 June 1993 6 4 1 1  Australia [69]
58 1994–95 Australia 25 November 1994 5 3 1 1  Australia [70]
59 1997 England 5 June 1997 6 3 2 1  Australia [71]
60 1998–99 Australia 20 November 1998 5 3 1 1  Australia [72]
61 2001 England 5 July 2001 5 4 1 0  Australia [73]
62 2002–03 Australia 7 November 2002 5 4 1 0  Australia [74]
63 2005 England 21 July 2005 5 1 2 2  England  England [75]
64 2006–07 Australia 23 November 2006 5 5 0 0  Australia  Australia [76]
65 2009 England 8 July 2009 5 1 2 2  England  England [77]
66 2010–11 Australia 25 November 2010 5 1 3 1  England [78]
67 2013 England 10 July 2013 5 0 3 2  England [79]
68 2013–14 Australia 21 November 2013 5 5 0 0  Australia  Australia [80]
69 2015 England 8 July 2015 5 2 3 0  England  England [81]
70 2017–18 Australia 23 November 2017 5 4 0 1  Australia  Australia [82]
71 2019 England 1 August 2019 5 2 2 1 Drawn [83]
The Honourable Ivo Bligh captained England during their first Ashes series.[1]
Jack Hobbs (left) and Herbert Sutcliffe were two of England's most successful batsmen in the Ashes.[84]
Don Bradman (left), who has scored more runs in the Ashes than any other player, at the toss of the first Test of the 1936–37 Ashes with Gubby Allen.[85]
Shane Warne played for Australia in 14 years of Ashes Tests, taking a record 195 wickets.[86]

Summary of results[edit]

Played Won by
Australia
Won by
England
Drawn
All Tests 335 136 (40.6%) 108 (32.2%) 91 (27.2%)
Tests in Australia 167 86 (51.5%) 56 (33.5%) 25 (15%)
Tests in England 168 50 (29.8%) 52 (31%) 66 (39.3%)
All series 71 33 (46.5%) 32 (45.1%) 6 (8.5%)
Series in Australia 35 19 (54.3%) 14 (40%) 2 (5.7%)
Series in England 36 14 (38.9%) 18 (50%) 4 (11.1%)
As of 15 September 2019

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
References
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  2. ^ Martin, Jack (2010-11-15). "Ashes series set to reignite old rivalry". CNN Traveller. CNN. Archived from the original on 2011-01-27. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  3. ^ Marks, Vic (2010-09-26). "Return of Ashes spirit can lift England out of post-Pakistan mire". The Observer. London: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  4. ^ "Top 10 Rivalries". Sky Sports. Archived from the original on 2010-10-22. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  5. ^ "Match/series archive". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-03-16. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Records / England / Test matches / Series results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  7. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A short history of the Ashes". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  8. ^ Altham, H.S.; Swanton, E.W. (1938) [1926]. "England v Australia: 1882–1890". A History of Cricket (Second ed.). London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. p. 170.
  9. ^ a b ESPNcricinfo staff. "A dummy's guide to Bodyline". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  10. ^ "Ashes to Ashes: The Bradman years". Cricket365.com. 2010-11-20. Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
  11. ^ "Sporting greats – Australia reveres and treasures its sporting heroes". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19. The 1948 Australian cricket team captained by Don Bradman, for example, became known as 'The Invincibles' for their unbeaten eight-month tour of England. This team is one of Australia's most cherished sporting legends.
  12. ^ "Australians in England, 1948". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-12-31. Retrieved 2011-02-19. Originally published in: Preston, Hubert, ed. (1949). Wisden Cricketer's Almanack 1949 (86 ed.). London: Sporting Handbooks Ltd.
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  14. ^ "The Ashes 1884 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-03-18. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  15. ^ "The Ashes 1884/85 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  16. ^ "The Ashes 1886 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  17. ^ "The Ashes 1886/87 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-03. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  18. ^ "The Ashes 1887/88 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  19. ^ "The Ashes 1888 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  20. ^ "The Ashes 1890 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  21. ^ "The Ashes 1891/92 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  22. ^ "The Ashes 1893 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  23. ^ "The Ashes 1894/95 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  24. ^ "The Ashes 1896 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  25. ^ "The Ashes 1897/98 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-03. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  26. ^ "The Ashes 1899 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  27. ^ "The Ashes 1901/02 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-13. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  28. ^ "The Ashes 1902 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  29. ^ "The Ashes 1903/04 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-09. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  30. ^ "The Ashes 1905 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  31. ^ "The Ashes 1907/08 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  32. ^ "The Ashes 1909 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  33. ^ "The Ashes 1911/12 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-09. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  34. ^ "The Ashes 1912 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  35. ^ "The Ashes 1920/21 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-02. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  36. ^ "The Ashes 1921 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  37. ^ "The Ashes 1924/25 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-24. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  38. ^ "The Ashes 1926 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-05. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  39. ^ "The Ashes 1928/29 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-09. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  40. ^ "The Ashes 1930 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  41. ^ "The Ashes 1932/33 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  42. ^ "The Ashes 1934 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  43. ^ "The Ashes 1936/37 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  44. ^ "The Ashes 1938 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  45. ^ "The Ashes 1946/47 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  46. ^ "The Ashes 1948 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  47. ^ "The Ashes 1950/51 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-25. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  48. ^ "The Ashes 1953 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  49. ^ "The Ashes 1954/55 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-30. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  50. ^ "The Ashes 1956 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-25. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  51. ^ "The Ashes 1958/59 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  52. ^ "The Ashes 1961 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  53. ^ "The Ashes 1962/63 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  54. ^ "The Ashes 1964 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  55. ^ "The Ashes 1965/66 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  56. ^ "The Ashes 1968 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  57. ^ "The Ashes 1970/71 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
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  59. ^ "The Ashes 1974/75 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-02-02. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  60. ^ "The Ashes 1975 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-02. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  61. ^ "The Ashes 1977 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  62. ^ "The Ashes 1978/79 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  63. ^ "The Ashes 1981 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  64. ^ "The Ashes 1982/83 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  65. ^ "The Ashes 1985 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  66. ^ "The Ashes 1986/87 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  67. ^ "The Ashes 1989 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  68. ^ "The Ashes 1990/91 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  69. ^ "The Ashes 1993 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  70. ^ "The Ashes 1994/95 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-24. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  71. ^ "The Ashes 1997 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  72. ^ "The Ashes 1998/99 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-02-11. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  73. ^ "The Ashes 2001 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
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  75. ^ "The Ashes 2005 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  76. ^ "The Ashes 2006/07 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2011-01-02. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  77. ^ "The Ashes 2009 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-11-22. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  78. ^ "The Ashes 2010/11 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
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  80. ^ "The Ashes 2013/14 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
  81. ^ "The Ashes 2015 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
  82. ^ "The Ashes 2017 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  83. ^ "The Ashes 2019 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  84. ^ "Six great Ashes batsmen". England and Wales Cricket Board. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
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External links[edit]