List of Asian animals extinct in the Holocene

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The list of extinct animals of Asia features the animals that have become extinct along the history in the Asian continent. This list only involves extinctions of the Holocene epoch.

Map of Asia

Global Holocene extinctions[edit]

Mammalia[edit]

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 CE)

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Cave lion
Panthera spelaea
10000 BC
Northern Asia and had a widespread across Europe and Southern Asia Cave lion
Chinese elephant
Elephas maximus rubridens
1500 BC
Eastern China --
Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus
Hippopotamus minor
Unknown
Cyprus Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus
Giant tapir
Tapirus augustus
2000 BC
China Giant tapir
Giant deer
Megaloceros giganteus
5700 BC[1]
Northern Asia Irish elk
Stegodon
Stegodon florensis insularis
2150 BC
Indonesia (Flores) and Philippine Islands Stegodon
Steppe wisent
Bison priscus
3400 BC[2]
Central Asia to Siberia Steppe wisent
Syrian elephant
Elephas maximus asurus
100 BC
Middle East Syrian elephant
Woolly mammoth
Mammuthus primigenius
2000 BC
Northern Asia Woolly mammoth
Woolly rhinoceros
Coelodonta antiquitatis
10000 BC
Northern Asia Woolly rhinoceros

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Aurochs
Bos primigenius[3]
India (13th century AD), Eurasia (1627)
Northern Asia and Indian Subcontinent Aurochs
Bali tiger
Panthera tigris sondaica[4]
1940s
Indonesia (Bali) Bali tiger
Buhler's coryphomys
Coryphomys buehleri[5]
1500s
Indonesia (Timor) --
Caspian tiger
Panthera tigris tigris[6]
1970s
Turkey to China Caspian tiger
Caucasian elk
Alces alces caucasicus
1850s
Caucasus Mountains and Turkey Caucasian moose
Caucasian wisent
Bison bonasus caucasicus
1925
Caucasus Mountains Caucasian wisent
Cebu warty pig
Sus cebifrons cebifrons
2000
Philippines --
Flores cave rat
Spelaeomys florensis
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Flores long-nosed rat
Paulamys naso [7]
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Formosan clouded leopard
Neofelis nebulosa
1990s
Taiwan Formosan clouded leopard
Hokkaidō wolf
Canis lupus hattai
1889
Japan (Hokkaidō) and Russia (Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, and Kamchatka) Hokkaidō wolf
Honshū wolf
Canis lupus hodophilax
1905
Japan (Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū) Honshū wolf
Ilin Island cloudrunner
Crateromys paulus[8]
April 4, 1953
Philippines --
Indian Javan rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis
Before 1925
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Indian Javan rhinoceros
Japanese river otter
Lutra nippon
1979
Japan Japanese river otter
Japanese sea lion
Zalophus japonicus[9]
1974
Sea of Japan (North/South Korea, Japan, Russia) Japanese sea lion
Javan tiger
Panthera tigris sondaica[10]
1970s
Indonesia (Java) Javan tiger
Northern Sumatran rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis
Unknown
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), and India Northern Sumatran rhinoceros
Queen of Sheba's gazelle
Gazella bilkis[11]
1951
Yemen --
Saudi gazelle
Gazella saudiya[12]
Unknown
Arabian Peninsula --
Schomburgk's deer
Rucervus schomburgki[13]
1938
Thailand Schomburgk's deer
Steller's sea cow
Hydrodamalis gigas[14]
1768
Russia (Commander Islands), Alaska (Aleutian Islands) Steller's sea cow
Sturdee's pipistrelle
Pipistrellus sturdeei[15]
Unknown
Japan (Bonin Islands) --
Verhoeven's giant tree rat
Papagomys theodorverhoeveni
1500s
Indonesia (Flores) --
Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus
2010
Vietnam to Malaysia Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros

Possibly extinct

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Baiji
Lipotes vexillifer[16]
August 2004
Yangtze River, China Baiji
Gloomy tube-nosed bat
Murina tenebrosa [17]
1962
Tsushima Island, Japan --
Kouprey
Bos sauveli [18]
1988
Cambodia, Laos, Thailand & Vietnam
Malabar civet
Viverra civettina[19]
1987
India Malabar civet

Birds[edit]

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Arabian ostrich
Struthio camelus syriacus
1966
Middle East Arabian ostrich
Asian ostrich
Struthio asiaticus
10,000 BC
Middle East to Central Asia Asian ostrich
Bering cackling goose
Branta hutchinsii asiatica
disputed subspecies
1929
Russia (Komandorski and Kuril Islands) --
Bonin grosbeak
Carpodacus ferreorostris
1828
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin grosbeak
Bonin nankeen night heron
Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris
1889
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin nankeen night heron
Bonin thrush
Zoothera terrestris
1827
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin thrush
Bonin wood pigeon
Columba versicolor
1889
Japan (Bonin Islands) Bonin wood pigeon
Bennu heron
Ardea bennuides
2000 BC
United Arab Emirates Bennu heron
Cebu hanging parrot
Loriculus philippensis chrysonotus
Unknown
Philippines (Cebu) Cebu hanging parrot
Cyprus dipper
Cinclus cinclus olympicus
disputed subspecies
1950
Cyprus --
Mukojima white-eye
Apalopteron familiare familiare
1930
Japan (Bonin Islands) Mukojima white-eye
Ryukyu kingfisher
Todiramphus miyakoensis
1887
Japan (Ryukyu Islands) --
Ryukyu wood pigeon
Columba jouyi
1936
Japan (Ryukyu Islands) --
Spectacled cormorant
Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
1850
Russia Spectacled cormorant

Possibly extinct

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Black-browed babbler
Malacocincla perspicillata
1843 to 1848
Indonesia --
Catanduanes bleeding heart
Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris
1971
Philippines --
Crested shelduck
Tadorna cristata
1985
Japan, North Korea and South Korea Crested shelduck
Himalayan quail
Ophrysia superciliosa
1876
India Himalayan quail
Javan lapwing
Vanellus macropterus
1940
Indonesia (Java) Javan lapwing
Negros fruit dove
Ptilinopus arcanus
1953
Philippines Negros fruit dove
Pink-headed duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea
1950s
Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar) and India Pink-headed duck
Rück's blue flycatcher
Cyornis ruckii
1918
Indonesia (Sumatra) --
Siau scops owl
Otus manadensis siaoensis
1866
Indonesia (Sulawesi) --
Slender-billed curlew
Numenius tenuirostris
1998
Russia (Siberia) Slender-billed curlew
Sulu bleeding-heart
Gallicolumba menagei
1891
Philippines Sulu bleeding-heart
Vaurie's nightjar
Caprimulgus centralasicus
1929
China --
White-eyed river martin
Pseudochelidon sirintarae
1980
Thailand White-eyed river martin

Reptiles[edit]

Prehistoric extinctions (beginning of the Holocene to 1500 CE)

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Megalochelys atlas 10000 BC
Indian Subcontinent to Indonesia Colossochelys atlas

Amphibians[edit]

Common name/scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Gunther's streamlined frog
Nannophrys guentheri[20]
1882
Sri Lanka Nannophrys guentheri
Pseudophilautus adspersus[21] 1886
Sri Lanka Philautus adspersus
Pseudophilautus dimbullae[22] 1933
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus eximius[23] 1933
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus extirpo [24] 1882
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus halyi[25] 1899
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus leucorhinus[26] 1856
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus maia [27] 1860
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus malcolmsmithi [28] Unknown
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus nanus [29] 1869
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nanus
Pseudophilautus nasutus[30] 1869
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus nasutus
Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus[31] 1872
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchus
Pseudophilautus pardus[32] Before 1876
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus rugatus [33] 1927
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus temporalis[34] 1864
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus temporalis
Pseudophilautus variabilis [35] Unknown
Sri Lanka Pseudophilautus variabilis
Pseudophilautus zal [36] Before 1947
Sri Lanka --
Pseudophilautus zimmeri[37] 1927
Sri Lanka --
Yunnan lake newt
Cynops wolterstorffi[38]
1979
China (Yunnan) Yunnan lake newt

Fish[edit]

Annelida (Oligochaeta) Earthworms[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 March 2006.
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  2. ^ Zazula, GD, Hall, E., Hare, PG, Thomas, C., Mathewes, R., La Farge, C., et al. (2017). A middle holocene steppe bison and paleoenvironments from the versleuce meadows, Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(11), pp.1138-1152.
  3. ^ Tikhonov, A. (2008). "Bos primigenius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T136721A4332142. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T136721A4332142.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
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  5. ^ Chiozza, F. (2019). "Coryphomys buehleri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T5414A22416034. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T5414A22416034.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  6. ^ Jackson, P.; Nowell, K. (2011). "Panthera tigris ssp. virgata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T41505A10480967. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T41505A10480967.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  7. ^ Helgen, K. & Aplin, K. (2016). "Paulamys naso (Flores Long-nosed Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016.
  8. ^ Oliver, W.; Heaney, L.; Ong, P. & Rodriquez, J.C. (2008). "Crateromys paulus (Ilin Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat, Ilin Crateromys, Ilin Hairy-tailed Cloud Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
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  12. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2016). "Gazella saudiya". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T8980A50187890. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T8980A50187890.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  13. ^ Duckworth, J.W.; Robichaud, W.; Timmins, R. (2015). "Rucervus schomburgki". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T4288A79818502. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-3.RLTS.T4288A79818502.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  14. ^ Domning, D. (2016). "Hydrodamalis gigas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T10303A43792683. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T10303A43792683.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  15. ^ Fukui, D.; Sano, A. (2020). "Pipistrellus sturdeei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T17365A22123157. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T17365A22123157.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
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  17. ^ Fukui, D.; Sano, A. (2019). "Murina tenebrosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T13948A22096705. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T13948A22096705.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  18. ^ Timmins, R.J.; Burton, J.; Hedges, S. (2016). "Bos sauveli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T2890A46363360. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T2890A46363360.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  19. ^ Mudappa, D.; Helgen, K.; Nandini, R. (2016). "Viverra civettina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T23036A45202281. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T23036A45202281.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  20. ^ IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Nannophrys guentheri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T58390A156580255. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T58390A156580255.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  21. ^ IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Pseudophilautus adspersus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T58811A156580927. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T58811A156580927.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  22. ^ IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Pseudophilautus dimbullae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T58835A156581915. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T58835A156581915.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
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  29. ^ IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Pseudophilautus nanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T58877A156583351. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T58877A156583351.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
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External links[edit]