List of Assyrian settlements

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A statue of the Jesus in Ankawa, Iraqi Kurdistan, one of the largest modern Assyrian communities in the Assyrian homeland and is also the patriarchate of the Assyrian Church of the East.[1]

The following is a list of Assyrian settlements in the Middle East subsequent to the Assyrian genocide in 1914. This list includes settlement of Assyrians from Southeastern Turkey who left their ancient tribes in Hakkari, Sirnak and Mardin province (which date from 3rd century AD)[2] due to torment, violence and displacement by the Ottomans in the First World War. Many Assyrians from Urmia, Iran were also affected and as such have emigrated and settled in other towns. Resettling again occurred during the Simele massacre in northern Iraq, perpetrated by the Iraqi military coup in the 1930's, with many fleeing to northwest Syria.[3]

Most modern resettlement is located in Iraq,[4] Syria, Iran and Armenia. Only very few Assyrian settlements exist in Turkey today. The exodus to the cities or towns of these aforementioned countries occurred between late 1910's and 1930's.[5][6] Currently, there are a number of settlements on this list that have been abandoned due to persecution, conflict, and other causes.[7]

Iraq[edit]

Al Anbar Governorate[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Habbaniyah Al Anbar Assyrians from Urmia immigrated to Habbaniya mainly between 1920s and 1940s.

Baghdad Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Dora Baghdad Al Rashid 1500 Christians, mostly adherents of the Assyrian Church of the East and Chaldean Catholic Church, inhabit Dora as of December 2014[8]

Dohuk Province[edit]

Duhok Province
Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Araden[9] ܐܪܕܢ Dohuk Amadiya 35 Assyrian families inhabit Araden as of May 2004[10]
Enishke ܐܝܢܫܟܐ Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Enishke as of May 2004[10]
Sarsing[11] ܣܪܣܢܓ Dohuk Amadiya 150 Assyrian families inhabit Sarsing as of May 2004[12]
Badarash Dohuk Amadiya 40 Assyrian families inhabit Badarash as of May 2004[10]
Amadiya[13] ܥܡܝܕܝܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Baz Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabited Baz in May 2004.[14] 40 Christian and Muslim families inhabit Baz as of June 2011[15]
Bebadi ܒܝܬ ܒܥܕܝ Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Bebadi as of May 2004[13]
Belejane Dohuk Amadiya 15 Assyrian families inhabit Belejane as of May 2004[16]
Belmand Dohuk Amadiya 50 Assyrian families inhabit Belmand as of May 2004[17]
Beqolke Dohuk Amadiya 74 Assyrians inhabited Beqolke in 1957; 7 Assyrian families inhabited Beqolke in 1978; 4 Assyrian families inhabit Beqolke as of 1991[18]
Benatha Dohuk Amadiya 8 Assyrian families inhabit Benatha as of May 2004[10]
Beth Shmayaye Dohuk Amadiya
Beth Tanura Dohuk Amadiya
Chalek Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabit Chalek as of May 2004[14]
Chem Rabatke Dohuk Amadiya
Dawodiya ܕܘܘܕܝܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Dehi ܪܗܐ Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Dehi as of 1991
Dere Dohuk Amadiya 323 Assyrians inhabited Dere in 1957;[19] 250 Assyrians inhabited Dere in 1988;[19] 25 Assyrian families inhabit Dere as of May 2004[16]
Derishke Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Derishke as of May 2004[20]
Doreeh Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Dore as of May 2004[21]
Eqri Dohuk Amadiya
Eyat Dohuk Amadiya 169 Assyrians inhabited Eyat in 1957; 19 Assyrian families inhabit Eyat as of 2013 [22]
Hayes Dohuk Amadiya
Hezany Dohuk Amadiya 27 Assyrian families inhabit Hezany as of 1991
Jadide Dohuk Amadiya
Jelek Dohuk Amadiya 519 Assyrians inhabited Jelek in 1957; 62 Assyrian families inhabit Jelek as of 2011 [23]
Jole Dohuk Amadiya
Kani Balavi Dohuk Amadiya 15 Assyrian families inhabit Kani Balavi as of May 2004[24]
Khalilane Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Khalilane as of May 2004[25]
Komany ܟܘܡܢܐ Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Komany as of May 2004[16]
Mangesh Dohuk Amadiya 1195 Assyrians inhabited Mangesh in 1947; 959 Assyrians inhabited Mangesh in 1965[26]
Margajiya Dohuk Amadiya
Maye Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabit Maye as of May 2004[20]
Meristek Dohuk Amadiya
Meroge Dohuk Amadiya
Meze ܡܝܙܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Mosaka ܡܘܣܵܟܵܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Sardarawa Dohuk Amadiya
Sardashte Dohuk Amadiya
Sikrine Dohuk Amadiya
Tashish Dohuk Amadiya 163 Assyrians inhabited Tashish in 1957.[27]
Aqrah ܥܩܪܐ Dohuk Aqrah
Nohawa Dohuk Aqrah
Babelo Dohuk Dohuk
Bagerat Dohuk Dohuk
Dohuk ܢܘܗܕܪܐ Dohuk Dohuk
Gondekosa Dohuk Dohuk
Korygavana Dohuk Dohuk
Zawita ܙܘܝܬܐ Dohuk Dohuk
Avzrog ܐܒܙܪܘܓ Dohuk Semel
Bajed Berav Dohuk Semel
Bajed Kindal Dohuk Semel
Bakhetme ܒܚܬܡܐ Dohuk Semel
Bakhloja Dohuk Semel
Jambor Dohuk Semel
Mar Yakoo Dohuk Semel 79 Assyrian families inhabit Mar Yakoo as of 2011[28]
Simele ܣܡܠܐ Dohuk Semel
Sheze Dohuk Semel Inhabited as of November 2011[29]
Shkafte Dohuk Semel
Surka Dohuk Semel
Berseve Dohuk Zakho
Dashtatakh Dohuk Zakho
Dayrabun ܕܝܪ ܐܒܘܢܐ Dohuk Zakho
Dera Shish Dohuk Zakho 250 Assyrians inhabited Dera Shish in 1976; 8 Assyrian families inhabit Dera Shish as of 2011[30]
Faysh Khabur ܦܝܫܐܒܘܪ Dohuk Zakho
Levo Dohuk Zakho
Marga Dohuk Zakho
Margasor Dohuk Zakho
Navkandala Dohuk Zakho
Piraka Dohuk Zakho
Qarawula Dohuk Zakho 334 Assyrians inhabited Qarawula in 1957; inhabited by 66 Assyrian families in 1975. Inhabited as of November 2011.[31]
Sharanesh ܫܪܢܘܫ Dohuk Zakho
Zakho ܙܟܼܘ Dohuk Zakho A Chaldo-Assyrian tribe, associated with Catholic Assyrians. It has been inhabited by Assyrians since the 5th century. Assyrians from Hakkari, Turkey, have resettled there to escape persecution and violence by Ottoman Turks in the early 20th century.

Erbil Province[edit]

Erbil Province
Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Ankawa ܥܢܟܒܐ Erbil Erbil
Armota ܐܪܡܥܘܛܐ Erbil Koya
Batas ܒܬܣ Erbil Shaqlawa
Bidial ܒܕܝܠ Erbil Barzan 5 Assyrian families inhabit Bidial as of 1991[32]
Darbandokeh ܕܪܒܢܕܘܟܐ Erbil Shaqlawa
Diana ܕܝܢܐ Erbil Soran
Harir ܗܪܝܪ Erbil Shaqlawa
Hawdiyan Erbil Shaqlawa
Hinari Erbil
Rowanduz ܪܘܢܕܣ Erbil Soran
Seerishmi ܣܝܪܫܡܝ Erbil
Shaqlawa ܫܩܠܒܐ Erbil Shaqlawa
Qalata ܩܠܬܐ Erbil

Kirkuk Governorate[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Kirkuk ܟܪܟ Kirkuk Around 1,605 Assyrians lived there up until 1957

Nineveh Province[edit]

Ninawa Province
Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Ain Sifni ܥܝܢ ܣܦܢܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Alqosh ܐܠܩܘܫ Nineveh Tel Keppe Ancient Assyrian tribe associated with Chaldean Christians (Catholic Assyrians). It was also settled by Assyrians from Hakkari after 1914.
Bandwaya Nineveh Tel-Keppe
Bakhdida ܒܟܕܝܕܐ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya Was an ancient, pre-Christian Assyrian town filled with historical artifacts. Always had a significant Christian minority in modern times. Was also settled by Assyrians from southeastern Turkey.
Balawat ܒܝܬ ܠܒܬ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Baqofah ܒܬܢܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Bartella ܒܪܬܠܐ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya Home to Syriac Orthodox Christians and Syriac Catholics. Most emigrated out of the town due to Islamic terrorism and violence.
Batnaya ܒܬܢܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe Ancient Assyrian tribe associated with Catholic Assyrians. Partially resettled as of now, post-ISIS.
Dashqotan ܕܫܩܘܬܢ Nineveh Shekhan
Karamles ܟܪܡܠܝܣ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Jambour[33] Nineveh Tel Keppe
Khorsabad Nineveh
Merki ܡܪܓܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Sharafiya ܫܪܦܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe Tyari Assyrian immigrated here from Hakkari province after persecution and violence by Ottomans in 1914
Tel Keppe ܬܠ ܟܐܦܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe Ancient Assyrian tribe populated by Catholic Assyrians (Chaldeans). Also has had Assyrian settlements from Hakkari.
Tel Esqof ܬܠ ܝܣܩܘܦܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe As above.
Armash ܥܪܡܫ Nineveh Shekhan
Azakh ܐܕܟ Nineveh Shekhan
Beboze ܒܒܘܙܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Dize Nineveh Shekhan
Mala Barwan ܡܠܐ ܒܪܘܢ Nineveh Shekhan
Tilan ܬܠܐ Nineveh Shekhan

Iran[edit]

West Azarbaijan, Iran
Tehran, Iran

Iranian Kurdistan[edit]

Tehran Province[edit]

Syria[edit]

Al Hasakah, Syria
Homs, Syria

Assyrians have immigrated to Syria in the early 20th century, after the Assyrian genocide in 1914, when they were displaced in southeastern Turkey and driven out by Ottoman Turks. During the 1930s and 1940s, an influx of Assyrians, mainly those from southeastern Turkey, resettled in northeastern Syrian villages listed here.[34] The Assyrians in Syria did not have Syrian citizenship and title to their land until late 1940s.[35]

Al-Hasakah Governorate[edit]

Cities and towns with Syriac-Assyrian population

Villages

  • Berabeytê/Berebeyt (ܒܰܪ ܒܝܬܐܰ ,بره بيت)[36][37]
  • Ghardugah
  • Khanik
  • Kirku Shamu
  • Mahriqan
  • Qir Sharan
  • Safiyah
  • Tal Aluw
  • Tall Jana
  • Tell Halaf
  • Tirbekay

Khabour Valley Villages

Damascus Governorate[edit]

Note- Ma'loula and neighboring Muslim-majority villages Jubb'adin and Al-Sarkha are the only villages left where a majority of the population speak the Western Aramaic dialects

Homs Governorate[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Some Assyrians from southeastern Turkey settled to a few nearby towns and cities in eastern Turkey after the genocide in 1914.

Adıyaman Province[edit]

Diyarbakır Province[edit]

Elazığ province[edit]

Mardin province[edit]

  • ʼArbo
  • ʼAnḥel
  • Beth Kustan
  • Beth Debe, Turkish: Dibek
  • Beth Man’am, Turkish: Bahminir
  • Birguriya, Turkish: Birigirya
  • Bnebil, Turkish: Benabil
  • Boté, Turkish: Bardakçı
  • Chtrako
  • Dara, Turkish: Oğuz
  • Derelya
  • Dayro Daslibo
  • Deyrqube
  • Ehwo, Turkish: Güzelsu
  • Eskikale
  • Habsus, Turkish: Mercimekli
  • Hah, Turkish: Anıtlı
  • Harabale/Arkah, Turkish: Üçköy
  • Harabémechka, Turkish: Dağiçi
  • Kafro Tahtayto
  • Iwardo
  • Keferb
  • Keferze
  • Kelith, Turkish: Dereiçi
  • Kerburan
  • Kfarbé, Turkish: Güngören
  • M’aré, Turkish: Eskihisar
  • Ma'asarte, Turkish: Ömerli[38]
  • Mardin
  • Midyat
  • Mor Bobo, Turkish: Günyurdu
  • Mzizah
  • Nusaybin
  • Qritho di‘Ito (Gundeké Sukru)
  • Qritho Hanna (Gundeké Hanna)
  • Saleh, Turkish: Barıştepe
  • Séderi, Turkish: Üçyol
  • Zaz

Şırnak Province[edit]

  • Azakh, Turkish: İdil
  • Hoz, in Beytüşşebap
  • Meer, Turkish: Kovankaya
  • Öğündük
  • Sare/Ester/Gawayto, Turkish: Sarıköy

Şanlıurfa Province[edit]

  • Şanlıurfa

Van Province[edit]

  • Van (uninhabited)

Armenia[edit]

A multilingual (Armenian, Assyrian, Russian) sign at the entrance of Arzni.

The Assyrian population in Armenia is mainly rural. Out of 3,409 Assyrians in Armenia 2,885 (84.6%) was rural and 524 (15.4%) urban.[39] According to the Council of Europe European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages there were four rural settlements with significant Assyrian population.

Ararat Province[edit]

  1. Verin Dvin - Assyrians and Armenians
  2. Dimitrov - Assyrians and Armenians

Armavir Province[edit]

  1. Nor Artagers - Assyrians, Armenians and Yezidis

Kotayk Province[edit]

  1. Arzni - Assyrians and Armenians

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Spencer, Iraq crisis: The streets of Erbil’s newly Christian suburb are now full of helpless people, The Daily Telegraph, August 08, 2014
  2. ^ Wigram, W.A., "The Ashiret Highlands of Hakkari (Mesopotamia)," Royal Central Asian Society Journal, 1916, Vol. III, pg. 40. -- The Assyrians and their Neighbors (London, 1929)
  3. ^ M.Y.A . Lilian, Assyrians Of The Van District During The Rule Of Ottoman Turks, 1914
  4. ^ Map of Assyrian villages in Iraq http://aina.org/maps/villagesbyyear.htm
  5. ^ Information on Assyrians in Iraq
  6. ^ Smith, Gary N., From Urmia to the Stanislau: a cultural-historical-geography of Assyrian Christians in the Middle East and America (Davis, 1981)
  7. ^ Costa-Roberts, Daniel (15 March 2015). "8 things you didn't know about Assyrian Christians". PBS. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  8. ^ The Telegraph: Iraq crisis: The Last Christians of Dora
  9. ^ Meho & Maglaughlin (2001), p. 267
  10. ^ a b c d Eshoo (2004), p. 9
  11. ^ OCP Media Network: Assyrian Church Prelates Visit the Historic Village of Sarsing in Northern Iraq
  12. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 8
  13. ^ a b Eshoo (2004), p. 11
  14. ^ a b Eshoo (2004), p. 7
  15. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Baz
  16. ^ a b c Eshoo (2004), p. 10
  17. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 13
  18. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Beqolke
  19. ^ a b Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Dere
  20. ^ a b Eshoo (2004), p. 5
  21. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 4
  22. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Ayit
  23. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporations: Jelek
  24. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 6
  25. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 12
  26. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Mangesh
  27. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Tashish
  28. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Mar Yakoo
  29. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Shezi or Sheyouz
  30. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Der Shish
  31. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: QaraWola
  32. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Bedyel
  33. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Jambur
  34. ^ Rowlands, J., "The Khabur Valley," Royal Central Asian Society Journal, 1947, pp. 144-149.
  35. ^ Betts, Robert Brenton, Christians in the Arab East (Atlanta, 1978)
  36. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jwVCGh1Yimw
  37. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f024REcitI
  38. ^ Mardin Travel. "Ömerli". Mardin Travel. 
  39. ^ COE - Ethnic minorities in Armenia

Bibliography[edit]