List of Assyrian settlements

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The following is a list of Assyrian settlements in the Middle East. Most settlements are located in northern Iraq,[1][2] north-western Iran, south-eastern Turkey and north-eastern Syria, a region in and around the traditional and historic Assyrian homeland.

Currently, there are a number of settlements on this list that have been abandoned due to persecution, conflict, and other causes.

Iraq[edit]

Baghdad Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Dora Baghdad Al Rashid 1500 Christians, mostly adherents of the Assyrian Church of the East and Chaldean Catholic Church, inhabit Dora as of December 2014[3]

Dohuk Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Araden[4] ܐܪܕܢ Dohuk Amadiya 35 Assyrian families inhabit Araden as of May 2004[5]
Enishke ܐܝܢܫܟܐ Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Enishke as of May 2004[5]
Sarsing[6] ܣܪܣܢܓ Dohuk Amadiya 150 Assyrian families inhabit Sarsing as of May 2004[7]
Badarash Dohuk Amadiya 40 Assyrian families inhabit Badarash as of May 2004[5]
Amadiya[8] ܥܡܝܕܝܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Ashawa Dohuk Amadiya 619 Assyrians inhabited Ashawa in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[8]
Baz Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabited Baz in May 2004.[9] 40 Christian and Muslim families inhabit Baz as of June 2011[10]
Bebadi ܒܝܬ ܒܥܕܝ Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Bebadi as of May 2004[8]
Bebalok Dohuk Amadiya 25 Assyrian families inhabited Bebalok in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[11]
Belejane Dohuk Amadiya 15 Assyrian families inhabit Belejane as of May 2004[12]
Belmand Dohuk Amadiya 50 Assyrian families inhabit Belmand as of May 2004[13]
Beqolke Dohuk Amadiya 74 Assyrians inhabited Beqolke in 1957; 7 Assyrian families inhabited Beqolke in 1978; 4 Assyrian families inhabit Beqolke as of 1991[14]
Benatha Dohuk Amadiya 8 Assyrian families inhabit Benatha as of May 2004[5]
Beth Shmayaye Dohuk Amadiya
Beth Tanura Dohuk Amadiya
Botara Dohuk Amadiya 12 families inhabited Botara in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[15]
Chalek Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabit Chalek as of May 2004[9]
Chem Rabatke Dohuk Amadiya
Dawodiya ܕܘܘܕܝܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Dehi ܪܗܐ Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Dehi as of 1991
Dere Dohuk Amadiya 323 Assyrians inhabited Dere in 1957;[16] 250 Assyrians inhabited Dere in 1988;[16] 25 Assyrian families inhabit Dere as of May 2004[12]
Dergny Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Derishke Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Derishke as of May 2004[11]
Doreeh Dohuk Amadiya 30 Assyrian families inhabit Dore as of May 2004[17]
Eqri Dohuk Amadiya
Eyat Dohuk Amadiya 169 Assyrians inhabited Eyat in 1957; 19 Assyrian families inhabit Eyat as of 2013 [18]
Halwa ܗܠܘܐ Dohuk Amadiya 40 Assyrian families inhabited Halwa in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[15]
Hamziya ܗܡܙܝܐ Dohuk Amadiya 102 Assyrians inhabited Hamziya in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[8]
Hayes Dohuk Amadiya
Hezany Dohuk Amadiya 27 Assyrian families inhabit Hezany as of 1991
Jadide Dohuk Amadiya
Jelek Dohuk Amadiya 519 Assyrians inhabited Jelek in 1957; 62 Assyrian families inhabit Jelek as of 2011 [19]
Jole Dohuk Amadiya
Kani Balavi Dohuk Amadiya 15 Assyrian families inhabit Kani Balavi as of May 2004[15]
Khalilane Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Khalilane as of May 2004[20]
Khwara Dohuk Amadiya 92 Assyrians inhabited Khwara in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[11]
Komany ܟܘܡܢܐ Dohuk Amadiya 20 Assyrian families inhabit Komany as of May 2004[12]
Magrebiya Dohuk Amadiya 18 Assyrians inhabited Magrebiya in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[17]
Malakhta Dohuk Amadiya 28 Assyrians inhabited Malakhta in 1957; uninhabited by Assyrians as of May 2004[17]
Mangesh Dohuk Amadiya 1195 Assyrians inhabited Mangesh in 1947; 959 Assyrians inhabited Mangesh in 1965[21]
Margajiya Dohuk Amadiya
Maye Dohuk Amadiya 10 Assyrian families inhabit Maye as of May 2004[11]
Meristek Dohuk Amadiya
Meroge Dohuk Amadiya
Meze ܡܝܙܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Mosaka ܡܘܣܵܟܵܐ Dohuk Amadiya
Sardarawa Dohuk Amadiya
Sardashte Dohuk Amadiya
Sikrine Dohuk Amadiya
Tashish Dohuk Amadiya 163 Assyrians inhabited Tashish in 1957.[22]
Argen Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Atosh Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Barzanke Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Bashu Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Bobawa Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Cham Eshrat Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Cham Siny Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Chamike Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Chaqala Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Chem Chale Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Dohoke Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Essan Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Estep Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Hawarke Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Hawentka Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Hish Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Mahode Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Maydan Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Nerwa Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited, see also Nerwa Rekan
Qaro Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Sedar Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Tashike Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Wela Dohuk Amadiya Uninhabited
Aqrah ܥܩܪܐ Dohuk Aqrah
Nohawa Dohuk Aqrah
Sharman Dohuk Aqrah Uninhabited
Shosh Dohuk Aqrah Uninhabited
Babelo Dohuk Dohuk
Bagerat Dohuk Dohuk
Dohuk ܢܘܗܕܪܐ Dohuk Dohuk
Gondekosa Dohuk Dohuk
Korygavana Dohuk Dohuk
Zawita ܙܘܝܬܐ Dohuk Dohuk
Avzrog ܐܒܙܪܘܓ Dohuk Semel
Bajed Berav Dohuk Semel
Bajed Kindal Dohuk Semel
Bakhetme ܒܚܬܡܐ Dohuk Semel
Bakhloja Dohuk Semel
Jambor Dohuk Semel
Mar Yakoo Dohuk Semel 79 Assyrian families inhabit Mar Yakoo as of 2011[23]
Simele ܣܡܠܐ Dohuk Semel
Sheze Dohuk Semel Inhabited as of November 2011[24]
Shkafte Dohuk Semel
Surka Dohuk Semel
Badaliya Dohuk Semel Uninhabited
Der Jondi Dohuk Semel Uninhabited
Hejirke Dohuk Semel Uninhabited
Mawana Dohuk Semel Uninhabited
Berseve Dohuk Zakho
Dashtatakh Dohuk Zakho
Dayrabun ܕܝܪ ܐܒܘܢܐ Dohuk Zakho
Dera Shish Dohuk Zakho 250 Assyrians inhabited Dera Shish in 1976; 8 Assyrian families inhabit Dera Shish as of 2011[25]
Faysh Khabur ܦܝܫܐܒܘܪ Dohuk Zakho
Levo Dohuk Zakho
Marga Dohuk Zakho
Margasor Dohuk Zakho
Navkandala Dohuk Zakho
Piraka Dohuk Zakho
Qarawula Dohuk Zakho 334 Assyrians inhabited Qarawula in 1957; inhabited by 66 Assyrian families in 1975. Inhabited as of November 2011.[26]
Sharanesh ܫܪܢܘܫ Dohuk Zakho
Zakho ܙܟܼܘ Dohuk Zakho
Alanesh Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Bahnona Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Benekhre Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Bhere Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Der Hozan Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Istablan Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Malla Arap Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Margashish Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Sanat Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Shwadan Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Steblan Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited
Umra Dohuk Zakho Uninhabited

Erbil Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Ankawa ܥܢܟܒܐ Erbil Erbil
Armota ܐܪܡܥܘܛܐ Erbil Koya
Batas ܒܬܣ Erbil
Bidial Erbil Barzan 5 Assyrian families inhabit Bidial as of 1991[27]
Darbandokeh ܕܪܒܢܕܘܟܐ Erbil Shaqlawa
Diana ܕܝܢܐ Erbil Soran
Harir ܗܪܝܪ Erbil Shaqlawa
Hawdiyan Erbil
Hinari Erbil
Rowanduz ܪܘܢܕܣ Erbil Soran
Seerishmi ܣܝܪܫܡܝ Erbil
Shaqlawa ܫܩܠܒܐ Erbil Shaqlawa
Qalata ܩܠܬܐ Erbil

Nineveh Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Ain Sifni ܥܝܢ ܣܦܢܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Alqosh ܐܠܩܘܫ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Bandwaya Nineveh Tel-Keppe
Bakhdida ܒܟܕܝܕܐ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Balawat ܒܝܬ ܠܒܬ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Baqofah ܒܬܢܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Bartella ܒܪܬܠܐ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Batnaya ܒܬܢܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Dashqotan ܕܫܩܘܬܢ Nineveh Shekhan
Karamles ܟܪܡܠܝܣ Nineveh Al-Hamdaniya
Jambour[28] Nineveh Tel Keppe
Khorsabad Nineveh
Merki ܡܪܓܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Sharafiya ܫܪܦܝܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Tel Keppe ܬܠ ܟܐܦܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Tel Esqof ܬܠ ܝܣܩܘܦܐ Nineveh Tel Keppe
Armash ܥܪܡܫ Nineveh Shekhan
Azakh ܐܕܟ Nineveh Shekhan
Beboze ܒܒܘܙܐ Nineveh Shekhan
Dize Nineveh Shekhan
Mala Barwan ܡܠܐ ܒܪܘܢ Nineveh Shekhan
Tilan ܬܠܐ Nineveh Shekhan

Iran[edit]

West Azarbaijan, Iran
Tehran, Iran

Iranian Kurdistan[edit]

Tehran Province[edit]

Syria[edit]

Al Hasakah, Syria
Homs, Syria

Turkey[edit]

Batman Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Benkelbé Batman Gercüş
Hesno d'Kifo ܚܨܢ ܟܐܦܐ Batman Hasankeyf
Kafro `Elayto Batman Gercüş Kafro `Elayto was predominantly populated by Assyrians at the beginning of the 20th century.[29]
Zercel Batman Beşiri Zercel was predominantly populated by Assyrians until 1967.[30]
Yerdo Batman Gercüş Yerdo is uninhabited by Assyrians as of August 1996.[31]
Dayro Kuryakos[32] Batman Beşiri
Keferzo Fevkani[33] Batman Beşiri
Keferzo Taxtani[34] Batman Beşiri

Hakkari Province[edit]

Settlement Aramaic Province District Note(s)
Alsan Hakkari
Anhar Hakkari
Ashitha Hakkari Çukurca Approximately 6000 Assyrians inhabited Ashitha in 1891.[35]
Banimatu Hakkari
Bashirga Hakkari
Baz ܒܙ Hakkari Hakkari Baz was predominantly populated by Assyrians at the beginning of the 20th century.[36]
Bet Diwe Hakkari
Binyamata Hakkari
Biraul Hakkari
Byalta Hakkari
Darawa Hakkari
Dariyan Hakkari
De Rayi Hakkari
Deri Bend Hakkari
Diza Hakkari
Ein D’Kandil Hakkari
Gagawran Hakkari
Gawar ܓܒܼܪ Hakkari Yüksekova
Halana ܗܠܢܐ Hakkari Şemdinli
Jilu ܓܝܠܘ Hakkari
Karmil Hakkari
Kelaita Hakkari
Khardalanis Hakkari
Kirdiwar Hakkari
Kirzallan Hakkari
Lakina Hakkari
Lewin Hakkari
Lizen Hakkari
Mannunan Hakkari
Mar Isho Hakkari Şemdinli Mar Isho was predominantly populated by Assyrians at the beginning of the 20th century.[37]
Merdi Hakkari
Minianish Hakkari
Nahra Hakkari
Neri Hakkari
Nochiya Hakkari
Qochanis ܩܘܟܢܣ Hakkari Hakkari
Romta Hakkari
Sara Hakkari
Shabatan Hakkari
Shwawûtha Hakkari Yüksekova Shwawûtha was predominantly populated by Assyrians at the beginning of the 20th century.[38]
Sulbag Hakkari
Tal Hakkari
Timar Hakkari
Tis Hakkari
Tkhuma ܬܚܘܡܐ Hakkari Çukurca
Tyari Hakkari
Youmara Hakkari
Zaranak Hakkari

Mardin Province[edit]

  • Ahlah, Turkish: Narlı(uninhabited)
  • Anhel, Turkish: Yemişli(inhabited)
  • Turkish: Altintaş (inhabited)
  • Arbayé, Turkish: Alayurt(uninhabited)
  • Arbo, Turkish: Taşköy(inhabited)
  • Arnas, Turkish: Bağlarbaşı(uninhabited)
  • Badibé / Beth Débé, Turkish: Dibek(inhabited)
  • Turkish: Baristepe (inhabited)
  • Beth Man’am, Turkish: Bahminir
  • Beth Qustan / Békusyoné, Turkish: Alagöz(inhabited)
  • Birguriya, Turkish: Birigirya
  • Bnebil, Turkish: Benabil
  • Boté, Turkish: Bardakçı(inhabited)
  • Chtrako
  • Dara, Turkish: Oğuz
  • Dayro Daslibo, Turkish: Çatalçam (populated)
  • Derelya
  • Deyrkubé, Turkish: Karagöl(uninhabited)
  • Ehwo, Turkish: Güzelsu
  • Turkish:Eskikale(inhabited)
  • Gremira, Turkish: Girmeli(uninhabited)
  • Qritho di‘Ito (Gundeké Sukru)
  • Qritho Hanna (Gundeké Hanna)
  • Habsus, Turkish: Mercimekli(inhabited)[39]
  • Hah, Turkish: Anıtlı(inhabited)
  • Harabale / Arkah, Turkish: Üçköy(inhabited)
  • Harabémechka, Turkish: Dağiçi(inhabited)
  • Iwardo/Ayn Wardo, Turkish: Gülgöze(inhabited)
  • Kafro Tahtayto, Turkish: Elbeğendi(inhabited)
  • Kanak, Turkish: Kaynakkaya(uninhabited)
  • Karboran, Turkish: Dargeçit(inhabited)
  • Kelith, Turkish: Dereiçi(inhabited)
  • Kfarbé, Turkish: Güngören(inhabited)
  • Kfarze, Turkish: Altıntaş(inhabited)
  • M’aré, Turkish: Eskihisar(inhabited)
  • Ma'asarte, Turkish: Ömerli(inhabited)[40]
  • Mardin(inhabited)
  • Midyat(inhabited)
  • Mor Bobo, Turkish: Günyurdu(inhabited)
  • Mzizah, Turkish: Doğançay(inhabited)
  • Nsivin,/nsibin ancient Nisibis, Turkish: Nusaybin(uninhabited)
  • Saleh, Turkish: Barıştepe(inhabited)
  • Séderi, Turkish: Üçyol(inhabited)
  • Yardo, Turkish: Yamanlar(uninhabited)
  • Turkish: Yayvantepe(uninhabited)
  • Zaz, Turkish: İzbırak(inhabited)

Şırnak Province[edit]

Note- every "inhabited" village is west of the city of Idil

  • Azakh, Turkish: İdil(inhabited)
  • Basibrin/Bsorino, Turkish: Haberli

(inhabited)

  • Bohtan
  • Esfes, Turkish: Yarbaşı(uninhabited)
  • Geznakh, Turkish: Cevizağacı

(uninhabited)

  • HOZ, in Beytüşşebap
  • Umra Ellaya(uninhabited)
  • Umra Htaya, Turkish: Asagidere(uninhabited)
  • Cinit, Turkish: Bagpinar Köyü(uninhabited)
  • Gzira, Turkish: Cizre(uninhabited)
  • Hassana, Turkish: Kösreli(abandoned)
  • Meer, Turkish: Kovankaya

(uninhabited)

  • Miden, Turkish: Öğündük(inhabited)
  • Sare/Ester/Gawayto, Turkish: Sarıköy

(inhabited)

  • Shari
  • Tamerzé, Turkish: Uçar(uninhabited)

Şanlıurfa Province[edit]

  • Şanlıurfa

Van Province[edit]

  • Van (uninhabited)

Armenia[edit]

A multilingual (Armenian, Assyrian, Russian) sign at the entrance of Arzni.

The Assyrian population in Armenia is mainly rural. Out of 3,409 Assyrians in Armenia 2,885 (84.6%) was rural and 524 (15.4%) urban.[41] According to the Council of Europe European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages there were four rural settlements with significant Assyrian population.

Ararat Province[edit]

  1. Verin Dvin - Assyrians and Armenians
  2. Dimitrov - Assyrians and Armenians

Armavir Province[edit]

  1. Nor Artagers - Assyrians, Armenians and Yezidis

Kotayk Province[edit]

  1. Arzni - Assyrians and Armenians

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Map of Assyrian villages in Iraq http://aina.org/maps/villagesbyyear.htm
  2. ^ Information on Assyrians in Iraq http://www.aina.org/reports/cacir.pdf
  3. ^ The Telegraph: Iraq crisis: The Last Christians of Dora
  4. ^ Meho & Maglaughlin (2001), p. 267
  5. ^ a b c d Eshoo (2004), p. 9
  6. ^ OCP Media Network: Assyrian Church Prelates Visit the Historic Village of Sarsing in Northern Iraq
  7. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 8
  8. ^ a b c d Eshoo (2004), p. 11
  9. ^ a b Eshoo (2004), p. 7
  10. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Baz
  11. ^ a b c d Eshoo (2004), p. 5
  12. ^ a b c Eshoo (2004), p. 10
  13. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 13
  14. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Beqolke
  15. ^ a b c Eshoo (2004), p. 6
  16. ^ a b Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Dere
  17. ^ a b c Eshoo (2004), p. 4
  18. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Ayit
  19. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporations: Jelek
  20. ^ Eshoo (2004), p. 12
  21. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Mangesh
  22. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Tashish
  23. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Mar Yakoo
  24. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Shezi or Sheyouz
  25. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Der Shish
  26. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: QaraWola
  27. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Bedyel
  28. ^ Ishtar Broadcasting Corporation: Jambur
  29. ^ Index Anatolicus: Arıca
  30. ^ Index Anatolicus: Danalı
  31. ^ Hürriyet Daily News: What happened to the Turkish Assyrians?
  32. ^ Index Anatolicus: Ayrancı
  33. ^ Index Anatolicus: Yarımtaş
  34. ^ Index Anatolicus: Yenipınar
  35. ^ Index Anatolicus: Çığlı
  36. ^ Index Anatolicus: Çanaklı
  37. ^ Index Anatolicus: Yaylak
  38. ^ Index Anatolicus: Kolbaşı
  39. ^ August Thiry. "Shlama - Habsus - Nissani's Home in Tur Abdin". 
  40. ^ Mardin Travel. "Ömerli". Mardin Travel. 
  41. ^ COE - Ethnic minorities in Armenia

Bibliography[edit]