List of Australian Aboriginal mythological figures

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The Rainbow Snake is a common feature of the mythology and art of indigenous Australian cultures[1]

The following is a list of Australian Indigenous Australian deities and spirits.

New South Wales[edit]

  • Baiame (Baayami), creator spirit of some peoples of New South Wales, including the Gamilaraay and the Wiradjuri
  • Bahloo (Baaluu), Gamilaraay personification of the moon who keeps three pet snakes
  • Birrahgnooloo (Birrangulu), Gamilaraay fertility spirit who would send floods if properly asked to; one of Baiame's two wives
  • Ganhanbili, second wife of Baiame
  • Daramulum (Dharramalan), sky hero and son of Baiame and Birrahngnooloo
  • Wurrunna, culture hero
  • Yhi (Yaraay/Yaay), Gamilaraay personification of the sun and creator spirit
  • Dirawong, Bundjalung creator being

Northern Territory[edit]


  • Anjea, fertility goddess or spirit, in whom people's souls reside between their incarnations
  • Gaiya, giant devil dingo of lower Cape York Peninsula
  • Dhakhan, ancestral god of the Kabi
  • I'wai, culture hero of the Kuuku-Ya'u
  • Yalungur, god of the first baby

South Australia[edit]



  • Baiame, southeast Australian creational ancestral hero
  • Balayang, bat deity and brother of Bunjil
  • Binbeal, Kulin rainbow deity and son of Bunjil
  • Bunjil, Kulin creator deity and ancestral being, represented as an eagle
  • Bunyip, mythical creature said to lurk in swamps, billabongs, creeks, riverbeds, and waterholes
  • Daramulum, southeast Australian deity and son of Baiame
  • Gnowee, solar goddess who searches daily for her lost son; her torch is the sun
  • Karatgurk, seven sisters who represent the Pleiades star cluster
  • Kondole, man who became the first whale
  • Lo-an-tuka, wife of Loo-errn
  • Loo-errn, spirit ancestor and guardian of the Brataualung people
  • Nargun, fierce half-human, half-stone creature of Gunai legend
  • Thinan-malkia, evil spirit who captures victims with nets that entangle their feet
  • Tiddalik, frog of southeast Australian legend who drank all the water in the land, and had to be made to laugh to regurgitate it
  • Waang, Kulin trickster, culture hero and ancestral being, represented as a crow
  • Wambeen, evil lightning-hurling figure who targets travellers

Western Australia[edit]

  • Bagadjimbiri, a pair of Karadjeri creator-spirits
  • Dilga, Karadjeri goddess of fertility and growth, and mother of the Bagadjimbiri
  • Julana, lecherous Jumu spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand, leaping out, and raping them
  • Kidili, Mandjindja moon deity who was castrated for attempting to rape the first women, who in turn became the Pleiades
  • Kurdaitcha (or kurdaitcha man) is a ritual "executioner" in Australian Indigenous Australian culture (specifically the term comes from the Arrernte people).[3]
  • Ngariman, Karadjeri quoll-man who killed the Bagadjimbiri and was drowned in revenge
  • Njirana, Jumu deity and father of Julana
  • Ungud, snake deity associated with rainbows and the fertility and erections of the tribe's shamans
  • Wagyl, Noongar snakelike creator being
  • Wati-kutjara, a pair of western Australian lizard-men
  • Wondjina, Mowanjum cloud or rain spirits


  • Rainbow Serpent, a common feature of the art and mythology of Indigenous Australian cultures[4]
  • Erathipa, central Australia, a boulder that has the shape of a pregnant woman



  1. ^ Noonuccal, Oodgeroo; Noonuccal, Kabul Oodgeroo (September 1988), "The Rainbow Serpent", Meanjin, 47 (3): 373–377, ISSN 0025-6293
  2. ^ Grant Mills (14 November 2012). "Kakadu Dreaming". The Adelaide Review. Opinion Media. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ Kurdaitcha
  4. ^ Oodgeroo Noonuccal; Kabul Oodgeroo Noonuccal, 1953-; Haywood, Eric Shane; Narkaling Inc (2001), The rainbow serpent, Narkaling Inc, retrieved 12 May 2013{{citation}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)