List of Australian Nobel laureates
Since 1915 there have been sixteen Australian winners of the Nobel Prize. Half of these prizes (eight) have been awarded in the field of Physiology or Medicine Most Australians awarded Nobel prizes before the end of the awarding of British/Imperial honours (in 1992) also received (or were offered) knighthoods.
This list includes laureates who were not born in Australia, but who nevertheless spent a significant portion of their training or career there.
Australian Nobel laureates
|2017||International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons||Peace||2007–||"for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons"|
|2011||Brian P. Schmidt||Physics||1967–||"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae" shared with Saul Perlmutter and Adam G. Riess|
|2009||Elizabeth Blackburn||Physiology or Medicine||1948–||"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase" shared with Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak|
|2005||Barry J. Marshall||Physiology or Medicine||1951–||"for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease" shared with J. Robin Warren|
|2005||J. Robin Warren||Physiology or Medicine||1937–||"for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease" shared with Barry J. Marshall|
|2003||J. M. Coetzee||Literature||1940–||"who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"|
|1996||Peter C. Doherty||Physiology or Medicine||1940–||"for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence" shared with Rolf M. Zinkernagel|
|1994||John C. Harsanyi||Economics||1920–2000||"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games" shared with John F. Nash, Jr. and Reinhard Selten|
|1975||Sir John Cornforth||Chemistry||1917–2013||"for his work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions" shared with Vladimir Prelog|
|1973||Patrick White||Literature||1912–1990||"for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"|
|1970||Sir Bernard Katz||Physiology or Medicine||1911–2003||"for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation" shared with Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod|
|1964||Alexander M. Prokhorov||Physics||1916–2002||"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle" shared with Charles H. Townes and Nicolay G. Basov|
|1963||Sir John Carew Eccles||Physiology or Medicine||1903–1997||"for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane" shared with Alan L. Hodgkin and Andrew F. Huxley|
|1960||Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet||Physiology or Medicine||1899–1985||"for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance" shared with Peter Medawar|
|1945||Howard Florey||Physiology or Medicine||1898–1968||"for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases" shared with Alexander Fleming and Ernst B. Chain|
Australian laureates by birthplace
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2012-09-07.