List of Australian Open men's singles champions
|Governing body||Tennis Australia|
Tournaments staged: (106 editions)|
Open Era: 1969 (50 editions)
Rebound Ace (1988–2007)
|Prize money||A$ 2,300,000 (2012)|
|Trophy||Norman Brookes Challenge Cup|
|Amateur era||6: Roy Emerson|
6: Novak Djokovic|
6: Roger Federer
|Most consecutive titles|
|Amateur era||5: Roy Emerson|
|Open era||3: Novak Djokovic|
Roger Federer |
The Australian Open[a][b] is an annual tennis tournament created in 1905 and played on outdoor hardcourts[c][d] at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia. The Australian Open is played over a two-week period beginning in mid-January and has been chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tournaments each year since 1987. The event was not held from 1916 to 1918 because of World War I, from 1941 to 1945 because of World War II and in 1986. The timing of the Australian Open has changed several times. In 1977, the date of the final moved from January to December, which resulted in having two Australian Opens in 1977; there was a January edition and a December edition that year. The originally planned December 1986 edition was moved forward to January 1987, resulting in no Australian Open in 1986. The Australian Open was an Open Era event for the first time in 1969. One year previously in 1968 the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open were Open Era events for the first time.
Christchurch and Hastings, New Zealand, and Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, have hosted the men's singles event. The event switched cities every year before it settled in 1972 in Melbourne. The event was held at the Kooyong Stadium before moving to Melbourne Park in 1988.
The Australian Open court surface changed once, from grass courts to hardcourts in 1988. Mats Wilander was the only tennis player to win the event on grass and on Rebound Ace surfaces; he won twice on grass and once on the Rebound Ace. Roger Federer is the only player to have won on both the Rebound Ace and Plexicushion surfaces.
The men's singles rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. This event has always been contested in a knockout format, and all matches have been best-of-five sets except in 1970, 1973, and 1974, when the first round was best-of-three sets, and in 1982, when the third and fourth round were best-of-three sets. Since 1905, all sets have been decided in the advantage format. The lingering death best-of-twelve points tie-break was introduced in 1971 and has been used for the first four sets since then, except from 1980 to 1982, when the tie-break was also played in fifth sets.
The champion receives a miniature replica of the silver-gilt Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, named after the 1911 champion and former Lawn Tennis Association of Australia (LTAA) president, and modeled after the Warwick Vase. In 2010, the winner received prize money of A$2,100,000.
In the Australasian Championships, James Anderson holds the records for most titles with three (1922, 1924–1925), and the most consecutive titles with two (1924–1925). In the Australian Championships, Roy Emerson holds the records for most titles with six (1961, 1963–1967) and most consecutive titles with five (1963–1967). The inclusion of professional tennis players in 1969 marked the competition's entry into the Open Era, in which Novak Djokovic (2008, 2011–2013, 2015–2016) and Roger Federer (2004, 2006–2007, 2010, 2017–2018) hold the record for most titles with six. The Open Era record for most consecutive titles is three by Djokovic (2011–2013). This event was won without losing a set during the Open Era by Rosewall in 1971 and Federer in 2007.
Champions by country
|Country||Amateur Era||Open Era||All-time||First title||Last title|
|United States (USA)||3||15||18||1908||2003|
|United Kingdom (UK/GBR)[l]||5||0||5||1912||1934|
|New Zealand (NZL)||2||0||2||1906||1909|
|South Africa (RSA)||0||1||1||1981||1981|
|Czech Republic (CZE)[n]||0||1||1||1998||1998|
Australian Open other competitions
- List of Australian Open women's singles champions
- List of Australian Open men's doubles champions
- List of Australian Open women's doubles champions
- List of Australian Open mixed doubles champions
Grand Slam men's singles
- List of French Open men's singles champions
- List of Wimbledon gentlemen's singles champions
- List of US Open men's singles champions
- List of Grand Slam men's singles champions
- a Known as the Australasian Championships (1905–1926) and as the Australian Championships (1927–1968) during the Amateur Era.
- b The tournament entered the Open Era with the 1969 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.
- c Since 1988, Rod Laver Arena features a retractable roof and lights, allowing indoor and night-time play.
- d The Australian Open specifically uses Plexicushion Prestige hardcourts, categorized as a "Medium" speed surface by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).
- e The tournament was not held in 1986 because of a date change. See 1986 Australian Open tournament.
- f Each year is linked to an article about that particular event's draw.
- g Although he competed for the USA in Davis Cup, Alex Olmedo was still a Peruvian citizen.
- h Two Australian Opens were in held in 1977 because of a date change, the first in January and the second in December.
- i Ivan Lendl won the final after Stefan Edberg was forced to retire due to a pulled abdominal muscle.
- j Three wins by players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus two wins by players from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).
- k Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
- l Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present), does not include the totals of Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), or Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
- m Johan Kriek won his first title as a South African, but the next year won as a citizen of the United States.
- n The tournament was not held from 1941 to 1945 because of World War II.
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