List of Australia Test cricket records

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Bradman posing with his "Don Bradman" Sykes brand bat in 1932
Don Bradman, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time, still holds several records.

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level.[1] A Test match is scheduled to take place over a period of five days, and is played by teams representing Full Member nations of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[2][3][a] Australia was a founding member of the ICC having played the first Test match against England in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.[6] Since then they have played 801 matches, second only to England who have played just under 1,000.[7] Australia is currently the most successful team in Test cricket with an overall winning percentage of 47.06, ahead of their nearest rival South Africa on 36.98.[7]

Top order batsman and former captain Don Bradman holds several batting records. Considered to be the greatest batsman of all time, he played 52 Tests between 1928 and 1948.[8] He holds the record for the highest Test average of 99.94, has scored the most Test double centuries with 12 and the most runs scored in a series with 974 during the 1930 Ashes series.[9][10][11] He also hold the highest fifth-wicket partnership with Sid Barnes with 405 runs, set during the 1946–47 Ashes series, the oldest of the wicket partnerships records.[12] A further two Australian partnership records for the second and the sixth wickets set by Bradman also still stand.[13]

Shane Warne, regarded as one of the best bowlers in the history of the game, holds several Test records.[14] He held the record for the most Test wickets with 708 until December 2007 when Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan passed Warne's milestone.[15] Warne is second only to Muralitharan in taking the most five-wicket hauls in an innings and the most ten-wicket hauls in a Test match.[16][17] Adam Gilchrist is Australia's most successful wicket-keeper having taken 416 dismissals. He is second only to South Africa's Mark Boucher with 555 to his name.[18]

Contents

Key[edit]

The top five records are listed for each category, except in "Team wins, losses, draws and ties" and "highest wicket partnerships". Tied records for the fifth place are listed as well. Explanations of the general symbols and cricketing terms used in the list are given below. Specific details are provided in each category where appropriate.

Symbol Meaning
dagger Player or umpire is currently active in Test cricket
* Player remained not out or partnership remained unbroken
Test cricket record
d Innings was declared (e.g. 8d/758)
Date Starting date of the Test match
Innings Number of innings played
Matches Number of matches played
Opponent The team Australia was playing against
Period The time period when the player was active in Test cricket
Player The player involved in the record
Venue Test cricket ground where the match was played

Team records[edit]

Team wins, losses, draws and ties[edit]

A tie can occur when the scores of both teams are equal at the conclusion of play, provided that the side batting last has completed their innings.[19] Only two matches have ended in a tie in Test cricket history, both of which involved Australia.[7]

Australia has played 801 Test matches resulting 377 victories, 215 defeats, 207 draws and 2 ties for an overall winning percentage of 47.12, the highest winning percentage of Test playing teams. Australia has played the second highest amount of Test matches, behind England who have competed in over 1,000. Australia has a never lost or drawn a match against Bangladesh or Zimbabwe, the only team to do so.

Opponent First Test Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied  % Won
 Bangladesh 18 July 2003[20] 4 4 0 0 0 100.00
 England 15 March 1877[21] 341 140 108 93 0 41.05
ICC World XI 14 October 2005[22] 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
 India 28 November 1947[23] 94 41 26 26 1 43.61
 New Zealand 29 March 1946[24] 57 31 8 18 0 54.38
 Pakistan 11 October 1956[25] 62 31 14 17 0 50.00
 South Africa 11 October 1902[26] 94 51 23 20 0 54.25
 Sri Lanka 22 April 1983[27] 29 17 4 8 0 58.62
 West Indies 12 December 1930[28] 116 58 32 25 1 50.00
 Zimbabwe 14 October 1999[29] 3 3 0 0 0 100.00
Total 801 377 215 207 2 47.12
Last updated: 28 March 2017[7][30]

Team scoring records[edit]

Most runs in an innings[edit]

Neil Harvey in 1953
Neil Harvey top scored with 204 in Australia's first innings total of 8d/758 in the fifth Test against the West Indies in 1955,[31] Australia's highest innings total in Test cricket.
Rank Score Opposition Venue Date
1 8d/758  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 11 June 1955
2 6d/735  Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 9 October 2003
3 6d/729  England Lord's, London, England 27 June 1930
4 701  England The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
5 695  England The Oval, London, England 16 August 1930
Last updated: 7 March 2017[32]

Fewest runs in an innings[edit]

Rank Score Opposition Venue Date
1 36  England Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Birmingham, England 29 May 1902
2 42  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 10 February 1888
3 44  England The Oval, London, England 10 August 1896
4 47  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 9 November 2011
5 53  England Lord's, London, England 22 June 1896
Last updated: 7 March 2017[33]

Result records[edit]

A Test match is won when one side has scored more runs than the total runs scored by the opposing side during their two innings. If both sides have completed both their allocated innings and the side that fielded last has the higher aggregate of runs, it is known as a win by runs. This indicates the amount of runs that they had scored more than the opposing side. If one side scores more runs in a single innings than the total runs scored by the other side in both their innings, it is known as a win by innings and runs. If the side batting last wins the match, it is known as a win by wickets, indicating the amount of wickets that were still to fall.[19]

Greatest win margins (by innings)[edit]

Steve Waugh in January 2002
In 2002, Steve Waugh lead Australia to victory over South Africa by an innings and 360 runs, Australia's greatest winning margin by an innings.
Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 360 runs  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 22 February 2002
2 Innings and 332 runs  England The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 29 November 1946
3 Innings and 259 runs  South Africa St George's Park, Port Elizabeth, South Africa 3 March 1950
4 Innings and 226 runs  India The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 28 November 1947
5 Innings and 222 runs  New Zealand Bellerive Oval, Hobart, Australia 26 November 1993
Last updated: 7 March 2017[34]

Greatest win margins (by runs)[edit]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 562 runs  England The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
2 530 runs  South Africa Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 17 February 1911
3 491 runs  Pakistan WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 16 December 2004
4 409 runs  England Lord's, London, England 24 June 1948
5 405 runs  England Lord's, London, England 16 July 2015
Last updated: 7 March 2017[34]

Greatest win margins (by 10 wickets)[edit]

Australia have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 28 occasions, more other any other Test playing team.[b]

Rank Victories Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 6  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 2007
 South Africa Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 2002
3 5  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 31 March 1995
4 3  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India 27 February 2001
 New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand 19 March 2010
 Pakistan The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 5 November 1999
7 1  Sri Lanka Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1995
 Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare, Zimbabwe 14 October 1999
Last updated: 7 March 2017[34]

Narrowest win margins (by runs)[edit]

Australian cricket team that toured England in 1902
The Australian cricket team captained by Joe Darling (seated middle), won the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series by a margin of three runs and lost the fifth Test by a margin of one wicket.[42][43] Both records still stand over a century later as Australia's narrowest win by runs and narrowest lost by wickets respectively.
Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 3 runs  England Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 24 July 1902
2 6 runs  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 20 February 1885
3 7 runs  England The Oval, London, England 28 August 1882
4 11 runs  England Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 16 January 1925
=5 16 runs  India The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 2 December 1977
 Sri Lanka Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo, Sri Lanka 16 July 2015
Last updated: 7 March 2017[44]

Narrowest win margins (by wickets)[edit]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 1 wicket  West Indies Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 31 December 1951
=2 2 wickets  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1907
 West Indies Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 10 February 1961
 India WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 16 December 1977
 South Africa St George's Park, Port Elizabeth, South Africa 14 March 1997
 South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 31 March 2006
 South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 17 November 2011
Last updated: 7 March 2017[44]

Greatest loss margins (by innings)[edit]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 579 runs  England The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
2 Innings and 230 runs  England Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 24 March 1892
3 Innings and 225 runs  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 9 February 1912
4 Innings and 219 runs  India Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India 18 March 1998
5 Innings and 217 runs  England The Oval, London, England 12 August 1886
Last updated: 7 March 2017[45]

Greatest loss margins (by runs)[edit]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 675 runs  England The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 30 November 1928
2 408 runs  West Indies Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 26 January 1980
3 356 runs  Pakistan Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 30 October 2014
4 347 runs  England Lord's, London, England 18 July 2013
5 343 runs  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 19 April 1991
Last updated: 7 March 2017[45]

Greatest loss margins (by 10 wickets)[edit]

Australia have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 10 occasions.[c]

Rank Victories Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 6  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 13 March 1999
2 3  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 December 1932
3 1  South Africa Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 24 January 1964
Last updated: 7 March 2017[45]

Narrowest loss margins (by runs)[edit]

Allan Border in Hong Kong October 1988
Allan Border was the captain of the Australian team that lost the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1993 by a margin of one run,[55] the narrowest lost in Test cricket history.
Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 1 run ♠  West Indies Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 23 January 1993
2 2 runs  England Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Birmingham, England 4 August 2005
3 3 runs  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1982
4 5 runs  South Africa Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 1994
5 7 runs  New Zealand Bellerive Oval, Hobart, Australia 9 December 2011
Last updated: 7 March 2017[56]

Narrowest loss margins (by wickets)[edit]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
=1 1 wicket  England The Oval, London, England 11 August 1902
 England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1 January 1908
 Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 28 September 1994
 West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 26 March 1999
 India Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium, Mohali, India 1 October 2010
Last updated: 7 March 2017[56]

Tied matches[edit]

Opposition Venue Date
 West Indies The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 9 December 1960
 India M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai, India 18 September 1986
Last updated: 7 March 2017[56]

Individual records[edit]

Matthew Hayden in 2012
Matthew Hayden has scored the highest individual Test score (380) for Australia.

Batting records[edit]

Most career runs[edit]

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch.[57]

Ricky Ponting, Allan Border and Steve Waugh are three of only twelve batsmen to score more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket.

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Period
1 13,378 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 168 287 1995–2012
2 11,174 Border, AllanAllan Border 156 265 1978–1994
3 10,927 Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 168 260 1985–2004
4 8,643 Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke 115 198 2004–2015
5 8,625 Hayden, MatthewMatthew Hayden 103 184 1994–2009
Last updated: 7 March 2017[58]

Highest individual score[edit]

Matthew Hayden set the highest Test score with 380, surpassing Brian Lara's 375 scored against England in April 1994 at the Antigua Recreation Ground.[59] Six months after Hayden set the record, the West Indian claimed it back scoring 400 not out against the same opposition and on the same ground.[60]

Rank Runs Player Opposition Venue Date
1 380 Hayden, MatthewMatthew Hayden  Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 9 October 2003
2 334* Taylor, MarkMark Taylor  Pakistan Peshawar Club Ground, Peshawar, Pakistan 15 October 1998
3 334 Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England Headingley Stadium, Leeds, England 11 July 1930
4 329* Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke  India Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 3 January 2012
5 311 Simpson, BobBob Simpson  England Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 23 July 1964
Last updated: 7 March 2017[61]

Highest career average[edit]

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed.[62]

Rank Average Player Runs Innings Period
1 99.94 ♠ Bradman, DonDon Bradman 6,996 80 1928–1948
2 61.87 Voges, AdamAdam Voges 1,485 31 2015–2016
3 61.05 Smith, SteveSteve Smith dagger 5,251 100 2010–2017
4 53.86 Chappell, GregGreg Chappell 7,110 151 1970–1984
5 51.85 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 13,378 287 1995–2012
Qualification: 20 innings
Last updated: 28 March 2017
[63]

Most half-centuries[edit]

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.

Rank Half centuries Player Runs Period
1 63 Border, AllanAllan Border 11,174 1978–1994
2 62 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 13,378 1995–2012
3 50 Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 10,927 1985–2004
4 47 Waugh, MarkMark Waugh 8,029 1991–2002
5 40 Taylor, MarkMark Taylor 7,525 1989–1999
Last updated: 7 March 2017[64]

Most centuries[edit]

Ricky Ponting in Melbourne in 2015
Ricky Ponting has scored the most Test runs (13,378) and the most centuries (41) for Australia.

A century is score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.

Rank Centuries Player Runs Period
1 41 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 13,378 1995–2012
2 32 Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 10,927 1985–2004
3 30 Hayden, MatthewMatthew Hayden 8,625 1994–2009
4 29 Bradman, DonDon Bradman 6,996 1928–1948
5 28 Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke 8,643 2004–2015
Last updated: 7 March 2017[65]

Most double centuries[edit]

A double century is score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.

Rank Double centuries Player Runs Period
1 12 ♠ Bradman, DonDon Bradman 6,996 1928–1948
2 6 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 13,378 1995–2012
=3 4 Chappell, GregGreg Chappell 7,110 1970–1984
Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke 8,643 2004–2015
=5 3 Langer, JustinJustin Langer 7,696 1993–2007
Simpson, BobBob Simpson 4,869 1957–1978
Last updated: 7 March 2017[10]

Most runs in a series[edit]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Series
1 974 ♠ Bradman, DonDon Bradman 5 7 1930 Ashes series
2 839 Taylor, MarkMark Taylor 6 11 1989 Ashes series
3 834 Harvey, NeilNeil Harvey 5 9 South African cricket team in Australia in 1952–53
4 810 Bradman, DonDon Bradman 5 9 1936–37 Ashes series
5 806 Bradman, DonDon Bradman 5 5 South African cricket team in Australia in 1931–32
Last updated: 7 March 2017[66]

Most ducks[edit]

A duck refers to a batsman dismissed without scoring a run.[67] Glenn McGrath has scored the third highest amount of ducks in Test cricket behind Courtney Walsh with 43 and Chris Martin with 36.[68]

Rank Ducks Player Matches Innings Period
1 35 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath 124 138 1993–2007
2 34 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 145 199 1992–2007
3 22 Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 168 260 1985–2004
=4 19 Johnson, MitchellMitchell Johnson 73 109 2007–2015
Waugh, MarkMark Waugh 128 209 1991–2002
Last updated: 15 April 2017[69]

Bowling records[edit]

Shane Warne in Melbourne in 2015
Shane Warne has taken the most Test wickets (708), the most five-wicket hauls (37) and the most ten-wicket hauls (10) for Australia.

Most career wickets[edit]

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.

Rank Wickets Player Matches Innings Period
1 708 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 145 273 1992–2007
2 563 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath 124 243 1993–2007
3 355 Lillee, DennisDennis Lillee 70 132 1971–1984
4 313 Johnson, MitchellMitchell Johnson 73 140 2007–2015
5 310 Lee, BrettBrett Lee 76 150 1999–2008
Last updated: 7 March 2017[70]

Best figures in an innings[edit]

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded.[71]

There has been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1953 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. Arthur Mailey is one of 15 bowlers who has taken nine wickets in a Test match innings.[72]

Rank Figures Player Opposition Venue Date
1 9/121 Mailey, ArthurArthur Mailey  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 11 February 1921
2 8/24 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath  Pakistan WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 16 December 2004
3 8/31 Laver, FrankFrank Laver  England Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1909
4 8/38 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath  England Lord's, London, England 19 June 1997
5 8/43 Trott, AlbertAlbert Trott  England Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 11 January 1895
Last updated: 7 March 2017[73]

Best figures in a match[edit]

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded in two innings.

No bowler in Test cricket history has taken all 20 wickets in a match but English spin bowler Jim Laker during the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series took figures of 9/37 and 10/53 to with finish with match figures of 19/90.[74]

Rank Figures Player Opposition Venue Date
1 16/137 Massie, BobBob Massie  England Lord's, London, England 22 June 1972
2 14/90 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth  England The Oval, London, England 28 August 1882
3 14/199 Grimmett, ClarrieClarrie Grimmett  South Africa Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 29 January 1932
4 13/77 Noble, MontyMonty Noble  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1 January 1902
5 13/110 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 2 January 1879
Last updated: 7 March 2017[75]

Best career average[edit]

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.

Rank Average Player Wickets Runs Balls Period
1 14.25 Ferris, J. J.J. J. Ferris 48 684 2,030 1887–1890
2 16.53 Turner, CharlesCharles Turner 101 1,670 5,179 1887–1895
3 17.97 Ironmonger, BertBert Ironmonger 74 1,330 4,695 1928–1933
4 18.41 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth 94 1,731 4,185 1877–1887
5 20.53 Davidson, AlanAlan Davidson 186 3,819 11,587 1953–1963
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 7 March 2017
[76]

Best career economy rate[edit]

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled.[67]

Rank Economy rate Player Runs Balls Wickets Period
1 1.69 Ironmonger, BertBert Ironmonger 1,330 4,695 74 1928–1933
2 1.78 Mackay, KenKen Mackay 1,721 5,792 50 1956–1963
3 1.88 Toshack, ErnieErnie Toshack 989 3,140 47 1946–1948
4 1.93 Turner, CharlesCharles Turner 1,670 5,179 101 1887–1895
5 1.94 O'Reilly, BillBill O'Reilly 3,254 10,024 144 1932–1946
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 7 March 2017
[77]

Best career strike rate[edit]

J. J. Ferris in 1893
J. J. Ferris holds the Australian record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 14.25 and 42.2 respectively.

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken.[67]

Rank Strike rate Player Wickets Balls Runs Period
1 42.2 Ferris, J. J.J. J. Ferris 48 2,030 684 1887–1890
2 44.5 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth 94 4,185 1,731 1877–1887
3 45.1 Saunders, JackJack Saunders 79 3,565 1,796 1902–1908
4 46.6 Hordern, H. V.H. V. Hordern 46 2,148 1,075 1911–1912
5 46.8 Pattinson, JamesJames Pattinson dagger 70 3,279 1,831 2011–2016
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 7 March 2017
[78]

Most five-wicket hauls in an innings[edit]

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings.[79]

Shane Warne is second only to Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan in taking the most five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan taking 67 throughout his career and Warne achieving 37.[80]

Rank Five-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 37 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 708 1992–2007
2 29 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath 563 1993–2007
3 23 Lillee, DennisDennis Lillee 355 1971–1984
4 21 Grimmett, ClarrieClarrie Grimmett 216 1925–1936
=5 16 McKenzie, GrahamGraham McKenzie 246 1961–1971
Benaud, RichieRichie Benaud 248 1952–1964
Last updated: 7 March 2017[81]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a match[edit]

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.

As with the five-wicket hauls above, Shane Warne is second only to Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka in taking the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan haven taken 22 to Warne's 10.[82]

Rank Ten-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 10 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 708 1992–2007
=2 7 Grimmett, ClarrieClarrie Grimmett 216 1925–1936
Lillee, DennisDennis Lillee 355 1971–1984
4 4 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth 94 1877–1887
=5 3 Trumble, HughHugh Trumble 141 1890–1904
O'Reilly, BillBill O'Reilly 144 1932–1946
Johnson, MitchellMitchell Johnson 313 2007–2015
McKenzie, GrahamGraham McKenzie 246 1961–1971
McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath 563 1993–2007
Last updated: 7 March 2017[83]

Worst figures in an innings[edit]

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match.[84][85] The worst figures by an Australian is 0/149 that came off the bowling off Bryce McGain in his only Test appearance.[86]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/149 McGain, BryceBryce McGain 18  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 19 March 2009
2 0/147 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 42  India Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India 18 March 1998
3 0/146 Lyon, NathanNathan Lyon dagger 34  South Africa WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 3 November 2016
4 0/146 MacGill, StuartStuart MacGill 38  India Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 2004
5 0/142 Ward, FrankFrank Ward 30  England Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 10 June 1938
Last updated: 7 March 2017[87]

Worst figures in a match[edit]

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the 2006 Boxing Day Test match against Australia. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total 0/260 from 37 overs.[88] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it – enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 48 years prior.[89][90][91]

The worst figures by an Australian came in the first Test of the 2010–11 Ashes series when Mitchell Johnson returned figures of 0/66 and 0/104 for a total of 0/170 off 42 overs,[92] equalling the figures that Geoff Lawson set in second Test of the Ashes series of 1986–87 from 50 overs.[93]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/170 Johnson, MitchellMitchell Johnson 42  England The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 25 November 2010
2 0/170 Lawson, GeoffGeoff Lawson 50  England WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 28 November 1986
3 0/162 Wall, TimTim Wall 45  England Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 6 July 1934
4 0/160 Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 51  West Indies WACA Ground, Perth, Australia 2 December 1988
5 0/157 Kline, LindsayLindsay Kline 33[d]  West Indies Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 27 January 1961
Last updated: 7 March 2017[94]

Most wickets in a series[edit]

South Africa's seventh Test tour of England in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series. Australia's Clarrie Grimmett is third with his 44 wickets taken against South Africa during the 1935–36 tour.[95]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Series
1 44 Grimmett, ClarrieClarrie Grimmett 5 Australian cricket team in South Africa in 1935–36
2 42 Alderman, TerryTerry Alderman 6 1981 Ashes series
=3 41 Hogg, RodneyRodney Hogg 6 1978–79 Ashes series
Alderman, TerryTerry Alderman 6 1989 Ashes series
5 40 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 5 2005 Ashes series
Last updated: 7 March 2017[96]

Wicket-keeping records[edit]

Adam Gilchrist in June 2010
Adam Gilchrist has taken the most wicket-keeping Test dismissals (416) for Australia.

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.[97]

Most career dismissals[edit]

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is a taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat,[98] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman out of his ground and not attempting a run.[99]

Australia's Adam Gilchrist is second only South Africa's Mark Boucher is taking most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper, with Boucher taking 555 to Gilchrist 416.[18]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Period
1 416 Gilchrist, AdamAdam Gilchrist 96 1999–2008
2 395 Healy, IanIan Healy 119 1988–1999
3 355 Marsh, RodRod Marsh 96 1970–1984
4 270 Haddin, BradBrad Haddin 66 2008–2015
5 187 Grout, WallyWally Grout 51 1957–1966
Last updated: 7 March 2017[100]

Most career catches[edit]

Boucher also leads Gilchrist in the number of catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket, 532 to 379.[101]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 379 Gilchrist, AdamAdam Gilchrist 96 1999–2008
2 366 Healy, IanIan Healy 119 1988–1999
3 343 Marsh, RodRod Marsh 96 1970–1984
4 262 Haddin, BradBrad Haddin 66 2008–2015
5 163 Grout, WallyWally Grout 51 1957–1966
Last updated: 7 March 2017[100]

Most career stumpings[edit]

Bert Oldfield in 1930
Bert Oldfield holds the record for the most stumpings in Test cricket with 52.

Bert Oldfield, Australia's fifth most capped wicket-keeper, holds the record for most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by England's Godfrey Evans with 46 to his name. Indian glovemen Syed Kirmani and MS Dhoni are both equal third on 38 and Gilchrist is fifth on the list with 37.[102]

Rank Stumpings Player Matches Period
1 52 ♠ Oldfield, BertBert Oldfield 54 1920–1937
2 37 Gilchrist, AdamAdam Gilchrist 96 1999–2008
3 29 Healy, IanIan Healy 119 1988–1999
=4 24 Blackham, JackJack Blackham 32 1877–1894
Grout, WallyWally Grout 51 1957–1966
Last updated: 7 March 2017[103]

Most dismissals in an innings[edit]

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven wickets in a single innings in a Test match – Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000.[104]

22 wicket-keepers on 30 occasions have taken 6 wickets in an innings including 4 Australians.[105]

Rank Dismissals Player Opposition Venue Date
=1 6 Grout, WallyWally Grout  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 23 December 1957
Marsh, RodRod Marsh  England The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 26 November 1982
Healy, IanIan Healy  England Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Birmingham, England 5 June 1997
Haddin, BradBrad Haddin  India The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 17 December 2014
Last updated: 7 March 2017[106]

Most dismissals in a series[edit]

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissal taken by wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which the broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh where he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series.[107]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Series
1 29 ♠ Haddin, BradBrad Haddin 5 2013 Ashes series
2 28 Marsh, RodRod Marsh 5 1982–83 Ashes series
3 27 Healy, IanIan Healy 6 1997 Ashes series
=4 26 Gilchrist, AdamAdam Gilchrist 5 2001 Ashes series
2006–07 Ashes series
Last updated: 7 March 2017[108]

Fielding records[edit]

Most career catches[edit]

Caught is one of the ten methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket. A fair catch is defined as a fielder catches the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat.[98] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen.[109]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Ricky Ponting is the highest ranked Australian in fourth, securing 196 catches in his Test career.[110]

Jack Gregory
Jack Gregory took 15 catches during Australia's 5–0 whitewash of England in the 1920–21 Ashes series – a Test cricket record.
Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 196 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 168 1995–2012
2 181 Waugh, MarkMark Waugh 128 1991–2002
3 157 Taylor, MarkMark Taylor 104 1989–1999
4 156 Border, AllanAllan Border 156 1978–1994
5 134 Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke 115 2004–2015
Last updated: 7 March 2017[111]

Most catches in a series[edit]

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time, saw the record set for the most catches taken by non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets.[112] Greg Chappell, a fellow Australian all-rounder, is second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series. Three players have taken 13 catches in a series on five occasions with both Bob Simpson and Brian Lara having done so twice and Rahul Dravid once.[113]

Rank Catches Player Matches Series
1 15 ♠ Gregory, JackJack Gregory 5 1920–21 Ashes series
2 14 Chappell, GregGreg Chappell 6 1974–75 Ashes series
=3 13 Simpson, BobBob Simpson 5 Australian cricket team in South Africa in 1957–58
West Indian cricket team in Australia in 1960–61
=5 12 Whatmore, DavDav Whatmore 5 Australian cricket team in India in 1979–80
Border, AllanAllan Border 6 1981 Ashes series
Last updated: 7 March 2017[114]

Other records[edit]

Allan Border in March 2013
Former captain Allan Border holds the record for the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket with 153.

Most career matches[edit]

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200 with former captains in Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions.[115]

Rank Matches Player Period
=1 168 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting 1995–2012
Waugh, SteveSteve Waugh 1985–2004
3 156 Border, AllanAllan Border 1978–1994
4 145 Warne, ShaneShane Warne 1992–2007
5 128 Waugh, MarkMark Waugh 1991–2002
Last updated: 7 March 2017[116]

Most consecutive career matches[edit]

Australia's Allan Border holds the record for the most consecutive Test matches played with 153. Former English captain and currently active player Alastair Cook is second with 138 matches and Mark Waugh, the Australian middle order batsman who played 107 consecutive Test matches, is third. The recently retired New Zealand wicket-keeper-batsman Brendon McCullum, who is fifth on the list with 101 matches, is the highest ranked cricketer who never missed a Test match during his playing career. Adam Gilchrist, in seventh on 96, is highest ranked Australian player to achieve the feat.[117][118][119]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 153 ♠ Border, AllanAllan Border 1979–1994
2 107 Waugh, MarkMark Waugh 1993–2002
3 96 Gilchrist, AdamAdam Gilchrist 1999–2008
4 86 Hayden, MatthewMatthew Hayden 2000–2008
5 79 Hussey, MichaelMichael Hussey 2005–2013
Last updated: 7 March 2017[117]

Youngest players[edit]

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time.[120] The youngest Australian to play Test cricket was Ian Craig who at the age of 17 years and 239 days debuted in final Test of the series against South Africa in February 1953.[121]

Rank Age Player Opposition Venue Date
1 17 years and 239 days Craig, IanIan Craig  South Africa Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 6 February 1953
2 18 years and 193 days Cummins, PatPat Cummins dagger  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 17 November 2011
3 18 years and 232 days Garrett, TomTom Garrett  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 15 March 1877
4 19 years and 96 days Hill, ClemClem Hill  England Lord's, London, England 22 June 1896
5 19 years and 100 days Hazlitt, GerryGerry Hazlitt  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1907
Last updated: 18 April 2017[122]

Oldest players on debut[edit]

Bert Ironmonger circa 1930
Bert Ironmonger is the oldest Australian cricketer to play in a Test match and was the second oldest to make his debut for Australia.

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955. Australia's Don Blackie is third oldest player to make his debut, breaking into the side during the second Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series at the age of 46 years and 253 days. He broke the record set by his teammate Bert Ironmonger who debuted in the previous Test two weeks earlier.[123]

Rank Age Player Opposition Venue Date
1 46 years and 253 days Blackie, DonDon Blackie  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 14 December 1928
2 46 years and 237 days Ironmonger, BertBert Ironmonger  England Brisbane Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Australia 30 November 1928
3 38 years and 35 days Holland, BobBob Holland  West Indies The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 23 November 1984
=4 37 years and 290 days Gregory, NedNed Gregory  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 15 March 1877
Thomson, NatNat Thomson
Last updated: 18 April 2017[123]

Oldest players[edit]

England all-rounder Wilfred Rhodes is the oldest player to appear in a Test match. Playing in the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1930 at Sabina Park, in Kingston, Jamaica, he was aged 52 years and 165 days on the final day's play. The second oldest Test player is Bert Ironmonger who was aged 50 years and 327 days when he represented Australia for the final time in fifth Test of the 1932–33 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground.[124]

Rank Age Player Opposition Venue Date
1 50 years and 327 days Ironmonger, BertBert Ironmonger  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 23 February 1933
2 46 years and 309 days Blackie, DonDon Blackie  England Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 1 February 1929
3 44 years and 69 days Grimmett, ClarrieClarrie Grimmett  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa 28 February 1936
4 43 years and 259 days Carter, SammySammy Carter  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 26 November 1921
5 43 years and 255 days Bardsley, WarrenWarren Bardsley  England The Oval, London, England 14 August 1926
Last updated: 23 April 2017[124]

Partnership records[edit]

In sport of cricket, two batsman are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicket[edit]

Don Bradman and Sid Barnes walk from the field in 1946
Don Bradman and Sid Barnes hold the highest fifth wicket partnership in Test cricket, scoring 405 against England in 1946.

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. So the first wicket partnership is between the opening batsman and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to tenth wicket partnership. When the eleventh wicket as fallen, there is no more batsman left so the innings is closed.

Australian batsman hold two Test wicket partnerships records. Sid Barnes and Don Bradman came together in the second Test of the 1946–47 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground and put together a fifth wicket partnership of 405 runs. The other record is the fourth wicket partnership of 449 which was set by still active Shaun Marsh and the recently retired Adam Voges. This came in the first Test against the West Indies at Bellerive Oval in December 2015.[12]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
1st wicket 382 Lawry, BillBill Lawry Simpson, BobBob Simpson  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 5 May 1965
2nd wicket 451 Ponsford, BillBill Ponsford Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
3rd wicket 315 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting Lehmann, DarrenDarren Lehmann  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 19 April 2003
4th wicket 449 ♠ Voges, AdamAdam Voges Marsh, ShaunShaun Marsh dagger  West Indies Bellerive Oval, Hobart, Australia 10 December 2015
5th wicket 405 ♠ Barnes, SidSid Barnes Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1946
6th wicket 346 Fingleton, JackJack Fingleton Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1 January 1937
7th wicket 217 Walters, DougDoug Walters Gilmour, GaryGary Gilmour  New Zealand Lancaster Park, Christchurch, New Zealand 18 February 1977
8th wicket 243 Hartigan, RogerRoger Hartigan Hill, ClemClem Hill  England Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 10 January 1908
9th wicket 154 Gregory, SydSyd Gregory Blackham, JackJack Blackham  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 14 December 1894
10th wicket 163 Hughes, PhillipPhillip Hughes Agar, AshtonAshton Agar dagger  England Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 10 July 2013
Last updated: 7 March 2017[13]

Highest partnerships by runs[edit]

The highest Test partnerships by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. Equal fourth on the list is Mudassar Nazar and Javed Miandad of Pakistan who together scored 451 against Pakistan in 1983 and the Australian pairing of Bill Ponsford and Don Bradman putting on the same score against England in the 1934 Ashes series.[125]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
2nd wicket 451 Ponsford, BillBill Ponsford Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
4th wicket 449 Voges, AdamAdam Voges Marsh, ShaunShaun Marsh dagger  West Indies Bellerive Oval, Hobart, Australia 10 December 2015
5th wicket 405 Barnes, SidSid Barnes Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1946
4th wicket 388 Ponsford, BillBill Ponsford Bradman, DonDon Bradman  England Headingley Stadium, Leeds, England 20 July 1934
4th wicket 386 Ponting, RickyRicky Ponting Clarke, MichaelMichael Clarke  India Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 24 January 2012
Last updated: 7 March 2017[126]

Umpiring records[edit]

Most matches umpired[edit]

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the laws of cricket. Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire who looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Steve Bucknor of the West Indies holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 128. He is followed by the currently active Aleem Dar from Pakistan who has stood in 111 Test matches and South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who has officiated in 108. The most experienced Australian is Darrell Hair who is fourth on the list with 95 Test matches umpired.[127]

Rank Matches Umpire Period
1 95 Harper, DarylDaryl Harper 1998–2011
2 78 Hair, DarrellDarrell Hair 1992–2008
3 74 Taufel, SimonSimon Taufel 2000–2012
4 57 Davis, SteveSteve Davis 1997–2015
5 53 Tucker, RodRod Tucker dagger 2010–2017
Last updated: 14 April 2017[127]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days[4] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played.[5]
  2. ^ The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are the West Indies (25),[35] England (20),[36] Pakistan (13),[37] South Africa (8),[38] Sri Lanka (8),[39] India (7)[40] and New Zealand (4).[41]
  3. ^ The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4),[46] Sri Lanka (5),[47] Zimbabwe (7),[48] Pakistan (9),[49] South Africa (12),[50] New Zealand (13),[51] the West Indies (15),[52] India (17)[53] and England (21).[54]
  4. ^ 8 ball overs

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