List of Australian immigration detention facilities

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A sign at the entrance of the former Baxter Detention Centre, taken in 2006.
Asylum seekers protesting against detention at Villawood Immigration Detention Centre on 22 April 2011.
The entrance of the Woomera Immigration Reception and Processing Centre, taken in April 2003, following closure of the Centre.

This is a list of current and former Australian immigration detention facilities. Immigration detention facilities are used to house people in immigration detention, and people detained under the Pacific Solution, and Operation Sovereign Borders.

Most facilities were operated by Australasian Correctional Management (a subsidiary of G4S) under contract from the Department of Immigration until 2003, when ACM exited the market. Between 2003 and 2009, G4S was appointed as the contractor to manage a large number of facilities. Its contract was not renewed and in 2009 Serco Australia was awarded a five-year contract. The offshore processing centres on Nauru and Manus are/were operated by Broadspectrum (formerly known as Transfield Services), with security sub-contracted to Wilson Security. The new centres in Lorengau have security by Paladin Group.

Australian government immigration detention centres in Australia and offshore
Facility Status Classification Managed Opened Closed Capacity
nominal; [surge]
Location
Baxter Immigration Reception and Processing Centre Closed Maximum Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary) September 2002 August 2007 660; [220] Port Augusta, South Australia
Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre Closed Maximum G4S[1], then Serco 2001-2008 (temporary), 2008-present 800 [688] Christmas Island
Cocos Island Contingency Reception Centre Closed Maximum Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary) September 2001 March 2002 West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Curtin Immigration Reception and Processing Centre Closed Maximum Serco April 2010 (reopened) September 2014 1,500 RAAF Curtin, Western Australia
Darwin Alternative Place of Detention Opening [2] Medium Department of Immigration and Border Protection 585 Darwin Airport, Northern Territory
Inverbrackie Alternative Place of Detention Closed Medium Serco 18 December 2010 Mid 2014 400 Woodside, South Australia
Leonora Alternative Place of Detention[3] Closed Medium Serco 2010 2014 210 Leonora, Western Australia
Manus Regional Processing Centre[4] Closed Maximum G4S, then Broadspectrum with security subcontracted to Wilson Security[5] 2001–2004, 2012– October 2017 31 October 2017 1100[6] Los Negros Island, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea
East Lorengau Refugee Transit Centre Operational Medium Security and some services by Paladin Group 2017 213[7] Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea
West Lorengau Haus Operational Medium Security and some services by Paladin Group 2018 111[7] Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea
Hillside Haus Operational Medium Security and some services by Paladin Group 2018 98[7] Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea
Maribyrnong Immigration Detention Centre Operational Maximum Global Solutions Limited (former G4S subsidiary)[8]. 1983 75; [5] Maribyrnong, Victoria
Nauru Regional Processing Centre Operational Maximum Broadspectrum with security subcontracted to Wilson Security[9][5] 2001–2008, 2012–present[10] 1,200 Nauru
Northern Immigration Detention Centre Operational Maximum Department of Immigration and Border Protection August 2001 382; [164] Coonawarra, Northern Territory
Perth Immigration Detention Centre Operational Maximum Department of Immigration and Border Protection 1981 55; [9] Perth Airport, Western Australia
Pontville Immigration Detention Centre[3] Closed Medium Serco August 2011 September 2013 400 Brighton Army Camp, Pontville, Tasmania
Port Augusta Immigration Residential Housing[3] Closed Medium Serco 2010 2014 64 Port Augusta, South Australia
Port Hedland Immigration Reception and Processing Centre Closed Maximum Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary) 1991 April 2003 600 Port Hedland, Western Australia
Scherger Immigration Detention Centre[3] Closed Maximum Serco 2010 2014 596 RAAF Scherger, Queensland
Sydney Immigration Residential Housing Operational Medium Serco[11] 2006 48 Villawood, New South Wales
Villawood Immigration Detention Centre Operational Maximum Serco[12] 1981 510; [190] Villawood, New South Wales
Wickham Point Immigration Detention Centre Closed Maximum Department of Immigration and Border Protection 8 December 2011 July 2016 1,000 Wickham Point, Northern Territory
Woomera Immigration Reception and Processing Centre Closed Maximum Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary) November 1999 April 2003 1,500 Woomera, South Australia
Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre Operational Maximum Serco[13] 27 June 2012 600 Northam, Western Australia
Total capacity 6,518; [1,271] (current)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Immigration Detention Services". G4S. 2008. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  2. ^ "Darwin immigration detention centre closes due to 'success in stopping boats'". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Ireland, Judith (14 January 2014). "Scott Morrison announces closure of four immigration detention centres". Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Manus Regional Processing Centre". Australian Border Force. Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b Farrell, Paul (24 February 2014). "Manus Island and Nauru centres to be run by Transfield in $1.2bn deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  6. ^ "The truth about Manus Island". "Amnesty International". Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  7. ^ a b c "Cashing in on refugees, duo make $20 million a month at Manus Island". Australian Financial Review. 10 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Global Solutions Ltd – Corporate Watch". corporatewatch.org.
  9. ^ "Nauru Manus Island Fact Sheet" (PDF). Wilson Security. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  10. ^ Nauru Regional Processing Centre
  11. ^ "2011 Immigration Detention at Villawood, Section 4" (PDF). www.humanrights.gov.au. Australian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  12. ^ "NZer who died in detention centre 'had black eyes'". 5 April 2016.
  13. ^ Davidson, Helen (18 September 2018). "Serco guard at Western Australia immigration centre accused of sexual assault". the Guardian.

External links[edit]