List of Australian immigration detention facilities
This is a list of current and former Australian immigration detention facilities. Immigration detention facilities are used to house people in immigration detention, and people detained under the Pacific Solution, and Operation Sovereign Borders.
Most facilities were operated by Australasian Correctional Management under contract from the Department of Immigration until 2003, when ACM exited the market. Between 2003 and 2009, G4S was appointed as the contractor to manage a large number of facilities. Its contract was not renewed and in 2009 Serco Australia was awarded a five-year contract. The offshore processing centres on Nauru and Manus are operated by Transfield Services, with security sub-contracted to Wilson Security.
|Australian government immigration detention centres in Australia and offshore|
|Baxter Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management||September 2002||August 2007||660; ||Port Augusta, South Australia|
|Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Operational||Maximum||Serco Australia Pty Limited||2001-2008 (temporary), 2008-present||800 ||Christmas Island|
|Cocos Island Contingency Reception Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management||September 2001||March 2002||West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands|
|Curtin Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Serco Australia Pty Limited||April 2010 (reopened)||September 2014||1,500||RAAF Curtin, Western Australia|
|Darwin Alternative Place of Detention||Opening ||Medium||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||585||Darwin Airport, Northern Territory|
|Inverbrackie Alternative Place of Detention||Closed||Medium||Serco Australia Pty Limited||18 December 2010||Mid 2014||400||Woodside, South Australia|
|Leonora Alternative Place of Detention||Closed||Medium||Serco Australia Pty Limited||2010||2014||210||Leonora, Western Australia|
|Manus Regional Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Transfield Services||2001–2004, 2012– October 2017||31 October 2017||1100||Los Negros Island, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea|
|Maribyrnong Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Global Solutions Limited||1983||75; ||Maribyrnong, Victoria|
|Nauru Regional Processing Centre||Operational||Maximum||Transfield Services||2001–2008, 2012–present||1,200||Nauru|
|Northern Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||August 2001||382; ||Coonawarra, Northern Territory|
|Perth Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||1981||55; ||Perth Airport, Western Australia|
|Pontville Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Medium||Serco Australia Pty Limited||August 2011||September 2013||400||Brighton Army Camp, Pontville, Tasmania|
|Port Augusta Immigration Residential Housing||Closed||Medium||Serco Australia Pty Limited||2010||2014||64||Port Augusta, South Australia|
|Port Hedland Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management||1991||April 2003||600||Port Hedland, Western Australia|
|Scherger Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Serco Australia Pty Limited||2010||2014||596||RAAF Scherger, Queensland|
|Sydney Immigration Residential Housing||Operational||Medium||Serco Australia Pty Limited||2006||48||Villawood, New South Wales|
|Villawood Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||1981||510; ||Villawood, New South Wales|
|Wickham Point Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||8 December 2011||July 2016||1,000||Wickham Point, Northern Territory|
|Woomera Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management||November 1999||April 2003||1,500||Woomera, South Australia|
|Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Serco Australia Pty Limited||27 June 2012||600||Northam, Western Australia|
|Total capacity||6,518; [1,271]||(current)|
- "Darwin immigration detention centre closes due to 'success in stopping boats'". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
- Ireland, Judith (14 January 2014). "Scott Morrison announces closure of four immigration detention centres". Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Manus Regional Processing Centre". Australian Border Force. Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "The truth about Manus Island". "Amnesty International". Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Nauru Regional Processing Centre