List of Australian immigration detention facilities
This is a list of current and former Australian immigration detention facilities. Immigration detention facilities are used to house people in immigration detention, and people detained under the Pacific Solution, and Operation Sovereign Borders.
Most facilities were operated by Australasian Correctional Management (a subsidiary of G4S) under contract from the Department of Immigration until 2003, when ACM exited the market. Between 2003 and 2009, G4S was appointed as the contractor to manage a large number of facilities. Its contract was not renewed and in 2009 Serco Australia was awarded a five-year contract. The offshore processing centres on Nauru and Manus were operated by Broadspectrum (formerly known as Transfield Services), with security sub-contracted to Wilson Security, and later by Canstruct International. The new centres in Lorengau have security by Paladin Group.
|Australian government immigration detention centres in Australia and offshore|
|Baxter Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary)||September 2002||August 2007||660; ||Cultana, South Australia|
|Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Operational||Maximum||G4Sserco and mss security sec s10, then Serco||2001-2008 (temporary), 2008–present||800; ||Christmas Island|
|Cocos Island Contingency Reception Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary)serco and mss security||September 2001||March 2002||West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands|
|Curtin Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Serco subcontractors mss security||April 2010 (reopened)||September 2014||1,500||RAAF Curtin, Western Australia|
|Darwin Alternative Place of Detention||Opening ||Medium||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||585||Darwin Airport, Northern Territory|
|Inverbrackie Alternative Place of Detention||Closed||Medium||Serco||18 December 2010||Mid 2014||400||Woodside, South Australia|
|Leonora Alternative Place of Detention||Closed||Medium||Serco||2010||2014||210||Leonora, Western Australia|
|Manus Regional Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||G4S, then Broadspectrum with security subcontracted to Wilson Security||2001–2004, 2012– October 2017||31 October 2017||1100||Los Negros Island, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea|
|East Lorengau Refugee Transit Centre||Operational||Medium||Security and some services by Paladin Group||2017||213 or possibly 280||Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea|
|West Lorengau Haus||Operational||Medium||Security and some services by Paladin Group||2018||111||Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea|
|Hillside Haus||Operational||Medium||Security and some services by Paladin Group||2018||98||Lorengau, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea|
|Maribyrnong Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Global Solutions (former G4S subsidiary).||1983||2018||75; ||Maribyrnong, Victoria|
|Melbourne Immigration Transit Accommodation||Open||?||Serco||2008||396||Broadmeadows, Victoria|
|Nauru Regional Processing Centre||Operational||Maximum||Broadspectrum with security subcontracted to Wilson Security, and then later Canstruct (Oct 2017 - Nov 2018)||2001–2008, 2012–present||1,200||Nauru|
|Northern Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||August 2001||382; ||Coonawarra, Northern Territory|
|Perth Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||1981||55; ||Perth Airport, Western Australia|
|Pontville Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Medium||Serco||August 2011||September 2013||400||Brighton Army Camp, Pontville, Tasmania|
|Port Augusta Immigration Residential Housing||Closed||Medium||Serco||2010||2014||64||Port Augusta, South Australia|
|Port Hedland Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary)||1991||April 2003||600||Port Hedland, Western Australia|
|Scherger Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Serco||2010||2014||596||RAAF Scherger, Queensland|
|Sydney Immigration Residential Housing||Operational||Medium||Serco||2006||48||Villawood, New South Wales|
|Villawood Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Serco||1981||510; ||Villawood, New South Wales|
|Wickham Point Immigration Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Department of Immigration and Border Protection||8 December 2011||July 2016||1,000||Wickham, Northern Territory|
|Woomera Immigration Reception and Processing Centre||Closed||Maximum||Australasian Correctional Management (G4S subsidiary)||November 1999||April 2003||1,500||Woomera, South Australia|
|Yongah Hill Immigration Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Serco||27 June 2012||600||Northam, Western Australia|
- "Immigration Detention Services". G4S. 2008. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- "Darwin immigration detention centre closes due to 'success in stopping boats'". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 February 2015. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
- Ireland, Judith (14 January 2014). "Scott Morrison announces closure of four immigration detention centres". Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- "Manus Regional Processing Centre". Australian Border Force. Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Farrell, Paul (24 February 2014). "Manus Island and Nauru centres to be run by Transfield in $1.2bn deal". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "The truth about Manus Island". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Cashing in on refugees, duo make $20 million a month at Manus Island". Australian Financial Review. 10 February 2019. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
- Ben Doherty (18 May 2017). "'Welcome to Lorengau': reality of detention camp on Manus belies holiday-style brochure". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Government shuts Maribyrnong immigration detention centre, citing fall in numbers". The Guardian. 2 January 2019. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
- "Global Solutions Ltd – Corporate Watch". corporatewatch.org. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
- "Melbourne Immigration Transit Accommodation". globaldetentionproject.org. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
- "Detention Facilities". www.abf.gov.au. Australian Border Force. 11 December 2020. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "Nauru Manus Island Fact Sheet" (PDF). Wilson Security. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
- Nauru Regional Processing Centre
- "2011 Immigration Detention at Villawood, Section 4" (PDF). www.humanrights.gov.au. Australian Human Rights Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
- "NZer who died in detention centre 'had black eyes'". 5 April 2016. Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
- Davidson, Helen (18 September 2018). "Serco guard at Western Australia immigration centre accused of sexual assault". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 January 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.