List of Austrian Jews

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Austria first became a center of Jewish learning during the 13th century. However, increasing antisemitism led to the expulsion of the Jews in 1669. Following formal readmission in 1848, a sizable Jewish community developed once again, contributing strongly to Austrian culture. By the 1930s, some 300,000 Jews lived in Austria, most of them in Vienna. Following the Anschluss with Nazi Germany, most of the community emigrated or were killed in the Holocaust. The current Austrian Jewish population is 9,000.[1] The following is a list of some prominent Austrian Jews. Here German-speaking Jews from the whole Habsburg Monarchy are listed.


  • Margarete "Grete" Adler, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)[2]
  • Richard Bergmann, Austria/Britain table tennis player, seven-time world champion, ITTF Hall of Fame
  • Albert Bogen (Albert Bógathy), fencer (saber), Olympic silver
  • Fritzi Burger, figure skater, two-time Olympic silver, two-time World Championship silver
  • Siegfried "Fritz" Flesch, fencer (sabre), Olympic bronze
  • Hans Haas, weightlifter, Olympic champion (lightweight), silver
  • Judith Haspel (born "Judith Deutsch"), Austrian-born Israeli swimmer, held every Austrian women's middle and long distance freestyle record in 1935, refused to represent Austria in 1936 Summer Olympics along with Ruth Langer and Lucie Goldner, protesting Hitler, stating, "I refuse to enter a contest in a land which so shamefully persecutes my people."[3]
  • Dr. Otto Herschmann, fencer (saber), 2-time Olympic silver winner (in fencing/team sabre and 100-m freestyle); arrested by Nazis, and died in Izbica concentration camp
  • Nickolaus "Mickey" Hirschl, wrestler, two-time Olympic bronze (heavyweight freestyle and Greco-Roman)
  • Felix Kasper, figure skater, Olympic bronze
  • Ruth Langer was an Austrian swimmer that refused to attend the 1936 Summer Olympics, along with Judith Haspel and Lucie Goldner.
  • Klara Milch, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)
  • Paul Neumann, swimmer, Olympic champion (500-m freestyle)
  • Fred Oberlander, Austrian, British, and Canadian wrestler; world champion (freestyle heavyweight); Maccabiah champion
  • Felix Pipes, tennis player, Olympic silver (doubles)
  • Maxim Podoprigora, Olympic swimmer
  • Ellen Preis, fencer (foil), three-time world champion (1947, 1949, and 1950), Olympic champion, 17-time Austrian champion
  • Otto Scheff (born "Otto Sochaczewsky"), swimmer, Olympic champion (400-m freestyle) and two-time bronze (400-m freestyle, 1,500-m freestyle)
  • Josephine Sticker, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)
  • Otto Wahle, Austria/US swimmer, two-time Olympic silver (1,000-m freestyle, 200-m obstacle race) and bronze (400-m freestyle); International Swimming Hall of Fame

Historical figures[edit]



Academic figures[edit]


  • Fred F. Herzog, only Jewish judge in Austria between the world wars; fled to the United States and became the dean of two law schools


Psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists[edit]

Social and political scientists[edit]

Cultural figures[edit]

Film and stage[edit]

  • Rudolf Bing (1902–1997), opera impresario, General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York from 1950 to 1972[23]
  • Fritz Grünbaum (1880–1941), cabaret artist, operetta and pop songwriter, director, actor and master of ceremonies
  • Alber Misak, actor[24]
  • Kurt Kren (1929–1998), experimental filmmaker, director of the avant garde films 8/64: Ana – Aktion Brus, 10/65: Selbstverstümmelung, 10b/65: Silber – Aktion Brus, 16/67: 20. September, and 10c/65: Brus wünscht euch seine Weihnachten (Jewish father)
  • Reggie Nalder (1907–1991), cabaret dancer, stage, film and television actor
  • Joseph Schildkraut (1896–1964), stage and film actor
  • Harry Schein (1924–2006), founder of the Swedish Film Institute, writer, chemical engineer






See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Jewish Population of the World". Jewish Virtual Library. 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  2. ^ The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and the 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  3. ^ "Diving into troubled waters", Paul Kalina, The Age, November 24, 2005, Retrieved January 1, 2011
  4. ^ [1] Accessed 8 Feb 2007.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2007-03-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Der wissenschaftliche Werdegang von Professor Jakob Erdheim
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Linz, Austria, of Jewish parents"
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4] "Growing up in Vienna in a well-to-do Jewish family..." [5] "One of the most brilliant Jewish scientists to be driven from Germany by Nazi persecution..."
  11. ^ [Gresser, Moshe. Dual Allegiance: Freud As a Modern Jew. SUNY Press, 1994, p. 225]
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2007-03-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Vienna of Jewish parentage"
  14. ^ Gay, Miriam. "Reich, Wilhelm." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Eds. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 17. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 198-199. 22 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Thomson Gale.
  15. ^ Jewish Agency for Israel Archived 2006-10-01 at the Wayback Machine; The Hugo Bergmann family Papers; both accessed 11 March 2007
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2007-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ [6]; Encyclopaedia Judaica, article "Historians", list of "Prominent Jewish General Historians".
  18. ^ Biography of Ernest Koliqi, Authors from Shkodra Archived 2007-03-07 at the Wayback Machine: "Norbert Jokl (1877-1942), the renowned Austrian Albanologist of Jewish origin" Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  19. ^ Jewish Year Book 1975, p.214
  20. ^ JInfo list of economists accessed 17 May 2007
  21. ^ Jewish Chronicle, April 27, 2001 p.34: "he believed that, as a Jew, he was capable of only derivative thought."
  22. ^ Evening Standard (London), 24/5/2004, p15: "Born less than a week apart, Adolf Hitler and the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein attended the institution together. There is a haunting school photograph of the young, complex, Jewish philosopher just one row away from the most evil tyrant of the 20th century."
  23. ^ Bing - [7] Rudolf Bing... had been born a Jew in Vienna"
  24. ^
  25. ^ Evelyne Adler-daughter
  26. ^ Jewish: "Contemporary Review, June, 1999 by Anthony Paterson" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2006-10-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "the Nazi ban on his compositions - he was Jewish" Accessed 6 Nov 2006.
    born Moravia: "Composers of Classical Music" [8] "Brull, Ignaz 1846-1907 Moravia, Prossnitz - Austria, Vienna" Accessed 6 November 2006.
  27. ^ [9]
  28. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "he described himself as an 'unpious Jew'"
  29. ^ a b Kreisler - [10] "Jascha Heifetz, Fritz Kreisler, Mischa Elman... were all Jews, too"
  30. ^ [11]
  31. ^ School of Oriental and African Studies, Newsletter of the Jewish Music Institute Archived 2006-08-22 at the Wayback Machine "Erwin Schulhoff, a Czech Jew executed by the Nazis..." Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  32. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 2nd ed., art. "Schulhoff, Julius": "Born in Prague"
  33. ^ Jewish Chronicle, February 16, 2007, p.14: "he carried on as the sole Jewidh conductor of the Kulturbund"
  34. ^ Bach cantatas site "The distinguished Czech-born English conductor" Lake Placid Film Forum Archived 2006-05-23 at the Wayback Machine "Walter Susskind, a German Jew" Both accessed 4 Jan 2007
  35. ^ "The Penguin Dictionary of Musical Performers", Arthur Jacobs, ISBN 0-14-051160-1, "Under threat as a Jew from Nazi persecution, settled in Britain, 1938."
  36. ^ [12][dead link]
  37. ^ Korngold Society Archived 2006-12-09 at the Wayback Machine: "he got thrown out of Vienna because he was Jewish" Jessica Duchen, author of E. Korngold's biography; Korngold Society: "BRNO, where the composer was born"; accessed 6 Feb 2007.
  38. ^ ["Gustav Mahler Dies in Vienna". The New York Times. 18 May 1911. Retrieved 1 July 2011. PDF format]
  39. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia, "born at Prague"; accessed 3 Dec 2006.
  40. ^ British Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  41. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed., art. "Blowitz, Henri
  42. ^ Boris Brainin
  43. ^ Fritz Brainin
  44. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "FRIEDBERG, BERNARD". FRIEDBERG, BERNARD. The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2007-06-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "German-Jewish writers: Paul Kornfeld"
  46. ^ The Literary Encyclopedia: "Karl Kraus was born in Jicin (or Gitschin), Czechoslovakia (then a part of Austria-Hungary) into a Jewish family." Accessed 8 Feb 2007.
  47. ^ [13]
  48. ^ [14] Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine "Hungarian writer Felix Salten" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2006-07-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Hungarian/Austrian Jewish writer Felix Salten"
  49. ^ [15][permanent dead link] "Everyone knows Walt Disney's Bambi. Far fewer know that the author of the original book was the Austrian writer, Felix Salten."
  50. ^ [16] "..Austrian novelist and journalist..."
  51. ^ Odds & Ends, June 1998
  52. ^ [17]
  53. ^ "Alma S. Wittlin (1899-1992) Preliminary remarks on the life and scholarship of an Austrian émigré" (PDF). Institute of Modern Languages Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  54. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents at Vienna"
  55. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters... He was a citizen of Austria-Hungary at his death."
  56. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia "born June 10, 1759, at Prostiebor, near Kladrau, in the district of Pilsen, Bohemia" accessed 8 Feb 2007
  57. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2007-03-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ "Simon Wiesenthal Center convicted of defamation by Paris court". European Jewish Press. 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 2012-06-01. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  60. ^ [18] "two Austrian Jewish scholars - Samuel Krauss and Viktor Aptowitzer"
  61. ^ [19]
  62. ^ [20]
  63. ^ [21] " two lay Jews Ludo Moritz Hartmann"
  64. ^ [22] "Paul Hatvani, a German Jewish refugee"