List of Award of Garden Merit tulips

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The following is a list of tulip species and cultivars which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[1] They are bulbous perennials, originally from sunny, open habitats in Europe and Asia. Thousands of cultivars are available in a huge range of sizes, shapes and colours (other than pure blue). They are usually sold as bulbs to be planted in autumn and winter for flowering in mid- to late spring. They are frequently treated as bedding plants, accompanied by other seasonal favourites such as wallflowers and forget-me-nots, flowering for one season before being discarded. However, in favoured locations they can be left in the ground to re-appear the following and subsequent years. Like many other bulbous plants they require a hot, dry dormant period in the summer.[2]

Groups[edit]

Tulips are divided into 15 distinct groups:-

  1. Single early - cup-shaped flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter, often margined with contrasting colour; early to mid-spring
  2. Double early - fully double bowl-shaped flowers to 8 cm (3 in) in diameter, often margined with contrasting colour; mid-spring
  3. Triumph - single flowers to 6 cm (2 in) in diameter; mid- to late spring
  4. Darwin hybrid - single flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter; mid- to late spring
  5. Single late - cup-shaped flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter, includes the old cottage and Darwin groups; late spring
  6. Lily-flowered - long, narrow blooms with flared, pointed petals; late spring
  7. Fringed - edges of petals are fringed with a different colour; late spring
  8. Viridiflora - flowers striped with green, or entirely green; late spring
  9. Rembrandt - "broken" colours (striped or feathered) caused by a virus; late spring
  10. Parrot - unevenly striped with irregularly cut edges; late spring
  11. Double late - peony-shaped fully double flowers; late spring
  12. Kaufmanniana - T. kaufmanniana and its hybrids, multi-coloured; early to mid-spring
  13. Fosteriana - T. fosteriana and its hybrids; mid-spring
  14. Greigii - T. greigii and its hybrids; early to mid-spring
  15. Miscellaneous - all species and hybrids not included elsewhere; the smaller species require sharp drainage and are best grown in an alpine garden

Listing[edit]

name species division colour height (cm) ref image
Ali Baba greigii red 25 [3]
Ancilla Kaufmanniana white/red 20 [4] Tulipa kaufmanniana - tulipe ancilia - parc floral Paris.JPG
Angélique double late pink (pale)/green 30 [5] Tulipa Angelique.jpg
Angel's Wish single late white 50 [6]
Apricot Beauty single early pink (apricot) 35 [7] Tulipa 'Apricot Beauty' 2015 06.jpg
Apricot Parrot parrot pink (apricot) 60 [8]
Artist viridiflora salmon/purple/green 50 [9]
Aucher's Tulip T. aucheriana miscellaneous rose-pink 25 [10] Tulipa aucheriana 240408.jpg
Ballade lily-flowered pink/white 50 [11]
Ballerina lily-flowered orange/red 60 [12] Tulipa 'Balerina' a1.jpg
Barcelona triumph pink 45 [13]
Batalinii Group T. linifolia miscellaneous yellow (pale) 20 [14]
Beau Monde triumph pink/white 45 [15]
Black Parrot parrot maroon (dark) 50 [16] Tulipa Black Parrot.JPG
Blue Heron fringed violet/mauve 60 [17] Tulipa Blue Heron.jpg
Bright Gem T. linifolia miscellaneous yellow/orange 20 [18] Tulipa batalinii Bright Gem habitus1.jpg
Calgary triumph white 25 [19]
Calgary Flames triumph white/yellow 25 [20]
Cape Town single early yellow/red 45 [21]
Capri Darwin hybrid red 50 [22]
Carnaval de Nice double late white/red 40 [23] Tulipa Carneval de Nice.JPG
China Pink lily-flowered pink (rose) 50 [24]
China Town viridiflora pink/green 30 [25]
Corsage greigii orange 25 [26]
Cynthia T. clusiana miscellaneous cream/pink 25 [27]
Daydream Darwin hybrid orange 50 [28] Tulipa Daydream.jpg
Don Quichotte triumph cerise pink 45 [29]
Dordogne single late orange/pink 65 [30] Tulipa Dordogne.jpg
Dreamland single late pink/white 60 [31]
Drumline double late rose/white 50 [32]
Early Harvest Kaufmanniana red/yellow 25 [33]
Esperanto viridiflora red/cream/pink 25 [34]
Fancy Frills fringed pink/white 45 [35] Tulipa 'Fancy frills', Jardín Botánico de Múnich, Alemania, 2013-05-04, DD 02.jpg
Fantasy parrot pink (salmon) 50 [36]
Fidelio triumph pink/yellow 40 [37]
Fusilier T. praestans miscellaneous red (scarlet) 30 [38] Tulipa Culivars T praestans Fuselier 01HD.jpg
Gavota triumph yellow/maroon 50 [39] Tulipa Gavota (1).jpg
Gerbrand Kieft double late pink/green 40 [40]
Halcro single late pink (carmine) 50 [41]
Honky Tonk T. linifolia miscellaneous yellow (pale) 25 [42]
Ivory Floradale Darwin hybrid white (ivory) 60 [43]
Juan fosteriana orange/yellow 25 [44] Tulip Tulipa 'Juan' Flower 2836px.jpg
Kiev greigii yellow/red 30 [45]
Kingsblood single late red 60 [46] Liliales - Tulipa single late 'Kingsblood' 2 - 2011.05.09.jpg
Lady Jane T. clusiana miscellaneous pink/white 25 [47] Tulipa clusiana Lady Jane.jpg
Lilac Wonder T. saxatilis miscellaneous pink (pale)/yellow 25 [48] Tulipa saxatilis bakeri 'Lilac Wonder' 01.jpg
Little Princess miscellaneous orange/yellow/black 12.5 [49] Tulipa 'Little Princess' 3.JPG
Maureen single late yellow (pale) 60 [50]
Menton single late pink/orange 73 [51] Tulipa 'Menton' 2015 01.jpg
Monte Carlo double early yellow 30 [52] Tulipa Monte Carlo.jpg
Moonlight Girl lily-flowered yellow/white 55 [53]
Ollioules Darwin hybrid pink (flesh) 40 [54]
Olympic Flame Darwin hybrid yellow/red 50 [55]
Orange Emperor fosteriana orange 45 [56]
Orange Princess double late orange 30 [57] Tulipa 'Orange Princess' 2015 05.jpg
Oranje Nassau double early orange/red 35 [58]
Oranjezon Darwin hybrid orange 55 [59]
Oratorio Greigii orange/pink 20 [60]
Oxford Darwin hybrid orange (scarlet)/yellow 60 [61]
Parade Darwin hybrid red (scarlet) 50 [62]
Paul Scherer triumph purple 50 [63]
Peppermintstick T. clusiana miscellaneous pink/white 30 [64] Tulipa Clusiana Peppermintstick.jpg
Pink Impression Darwin hybrid pink (deep) 55 [65]
Prinses Irene Triumph orange/purple 35 [66] Triumph Tulip Tulipa 'Prinses Irene' Single 2859px.jpg
Purissima Fosteriana white (cream) 35 [67] Tulipa fosteriana cv. Purissima.jpg
Red Georgette single late red 40 [68]
Red Hat fringed red 50 [69]
Red Impression Darwin hybrid red 60 [70]
Red Princess double late red 35 [71]
Red Riding Hood Greigii red (scarlet) 20 [72]
Red Shine lily-flowered red (ruby) 60 [73]
Reputation triumph red/white 45 [74]
Sensual Touch fringed orange 40 [75]
Showwinner Kaufmanniana red (scarlet) 20 [76] Tulipa kaufmanniana-Hybride Showwinner.JPG
Sorbet single late white/red 60 [77]
Spring Green viridiflora white/green 40 [78] Spring Green.jpg
Spryng triumph red 30 [79]
Starlight T. bifloriformis miscellaneous yellow (pale) 5 [80]
Stockholm double early red 30 [81]
Stresa Kaufmanniana red/yellow 25 [82] Tulipa Stresa.jpg
Strong Gold triumph yellow 45 [83] Triumph Tulip Strong Gold (Tulipa).jpg
Tangerine Beauty T. vvedenskyii miscellaneous orange/yellow 20 [84]
Temple of Beauty single late pink (deep, salmon) 60 [85]
Tinka miscellaneous yellow/red 25 [86]
Toronto Greigii red (coral) 20 [87]
Trinket Greigii red/cream 20 [88]
T. altaica miscellaneous yellow 25 [89]

Tulipa kolpakowskiana 2.JPG

T. clusiana var chrysantha miscellaneous yellow 5 [90] Tulipa clusiana chrysantha close.JPG
T. kolpakowskiana miscellaneous yellow/green 20 [91]
T. linifolia miscellaneous red (scarlet) 20 [92] Tulipa linifolia 4.JPG
T. sprengeri miscellaneous red 50 [93] Tulipa-sprengeri-flowers.jpg
T. tarda miscellaneous white/yellow 15 [94] Tulipa tarda.jpg
T. turkestanica miscellaneous white/yellow 30 [95] Tulipa turkestanica Dvärgtulpan.jpg
T. urumiensis miscellaneous yellow 20 [96] Tulipa urumiensisI.JPG
White Triumphator lily-flowered white 60 [97] Tulipa White Triumphator.jpg
World Expression single late yellow/red 55 [98]
Yellow Baby double early yellow 20 [99]
Zampa greigii cream/yellow/red 20 [100]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tulip AGMs 2015". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ali Baba'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ancilla'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Angélique'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Tulipa 'Angel's Wish'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Apricot Beauty'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Apricot Parrot'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Tulipa ' Artist '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Tulipa aucheriana". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ballade'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ballerina'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Tulipa ' Barcelona '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia Batalinii Group". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Tulipa 'Beau Monde '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Black Parrot'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  17. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Blue Heron'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  18. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia (Batalinii Group) 'Bright Gem'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Tulipa 'Calgary'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Tulipa 'Calgary Flames'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Tulipa 'Cape Town'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  22. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Capri'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  24. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'China Pink'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  25. ^ "Tulipa 'China Town'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  26. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Corsage'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  27. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa clusiana 'Cynthia'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  28. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Daydream'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Tulipa ' Don Quichotte '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  30. ^ "Tulipa 'Dordogne'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Tulipa 'Dreamland'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  32. ^ "Tulipa 'Drumline'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  33. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Early Harvest'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Tulipa 'Esperanto'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  35. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Fancy Frills'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  36. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Fantasy'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  37. ^ "Tulipa 'Fidelio'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  38. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa praestans 'Fusilier'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Tulipa 'Gavota'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  40. ^ "Tulipa ' '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  41. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Halcro'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  42. ^ "Tulipa 'Honky Tonk'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  43. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ivory Floradale'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  44. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Juan'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  45. ^ "Tulipa 'Kiev'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  46. ^ "Tulipa 'Kingsblood'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  47. ^ "Tulipa 'Lady Jane'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  48. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa saxatilis (Bakeri Group) 'Lila Wonder'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  49. ^ "Tulipa 'Little Princess'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  50. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Maureen'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  51. ^ "Tulipa 'Menton'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  52. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Monte Carlo'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  53. ^ "Tulipa 'Moonlight Girl'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  54. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ollioules'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  55. ^ "Tulipa 'Olympic Flame'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  56. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Orange Emperor'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  57. ^ "Tulipa 'Orange Princess". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  58. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oranje Nassau'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  59. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oranjezon'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  60. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oratorio'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  61. ^ "Tulipa 'Oxford'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  62. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Parade'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  63. ^ "Tulipa 'Paul Scherer". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  64. ^ "Tulipa 'Peppermintstick'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  65. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Pink Impression'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  66. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Prinses Irene'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  67. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Purissima'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  68. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Georgette'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  69. ^ "Tulipa 'Red Hat'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  70. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Impression'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  71. ^ "Tulipa 'Red Princess'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  72. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Riding Hood'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  73. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Shine'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  74. ^ "Tulipa ' '". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  75. ^ "Tulipa 'Sensual Touch'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  76. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Showwinner'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  77. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Sorbet'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  78. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Spring Green'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  79. ^ "Tulipa 'Spryng'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  80. ^ "Tulipa bifloriformis 'Starlight'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  81. ^ "Tulipa 'Stockholm'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  82. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Stresa'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  83. ^ "Tulipa 'Strong Gold'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  84. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa vvedenskyi 'Tangerine Beauty'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  85. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Temple of Beauty'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  86. ^ "Tulipa 'Tinka'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  87. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Toronto'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  88. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Trinket'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  89. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa altaica". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  90. ^ "Tulipa clusiana var chrysantha". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  91. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa kolpakowskiana". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  92. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  93. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa sprengeri". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  94. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa tarda". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  95. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa turkestanica". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  96. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa urumiensis". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  97. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'White Triumphator'". Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  98. ^ "Tulipa 'World Expression'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  99. ^ "Tulipa 'Yellow Baby'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  100. ^ "Tulipa 'Zampa'". Retrieved 29 April 2016.