List of Award of Garden Merit tulips

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The following is a list of tulip species and cultivars which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[1] They are bulbous perennials, originally from sunny, open habitats in Europe and Asia. Thousands of cultivars are available in a huge range of sizes, shapes and colours (other than pure blue). They are usually sold as bulbs to be planted in autumn and winter for flowering in mid- to late spring. They are frequently treated as bedding plants, accompanied by other seasonal favourites such as wallflowers and forget-me-nots, flowering for one season before being discarded. However, in favoured locations they can be left in the ground to re-appear the following and subsequent years. Like many other bulbous plants they require a hot, dry dormant period in the summer.[2]

Groups[edit]

Tulips are divided into 15 distinct groups:-

  1. Single early - cup-shaped flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter, often margined with contrasting colour; early to mid-spring
  2. Double early - fully double bowl-shaped flowers to 8 cm (3 in) in diameter, often margined with contrasting colour; mid-spring
  3. Triumph - single flowers to 6 cm (2 in) in diameter; mid- to late spring
  4. Darwin hybrid - single flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter; mid- to late spring
  5. Single late - cup-shaped flowers to 7 cm (3 in) in diameter, includes the old cottage and Darwin groups; late spring
  6. Lily-flowered - long, narrow blooms with flared, pointed petals; late spring
  7. Fringed - edges of petals are fringed with a different colour; late spring
  8. Viridiflora - flowers striped with green, or entirely green; late spring
  9. Rembrandt - "broken" colours (striped or feathered) caused by a virus; late spring
  10. Parrot - unevenly striped with irregularly cut edges; late spring
  11. Double late - peony-shaped fully double flowers; late spring
  12. Kaufmanniana - T. kaufmanniana and its hybrids, multi-coloured; early to mid-spring
  13. Fosteriana - T. fosteriana and its hybrids; mid-spring
  14. Greigii - T. greigii and its hybrids; early to mid-spring
  15. Miscellaneous - all species and hybrids not included elsewhere; the smaller species require sharp drainage and are best grown in an alpine garden

Listing[edit]

name species division colour height (cm) ref image
Ad Rem Darwin orange-red 60 [3]
Ali Baba greigii red 25 [4]
Ancilla Kaufmanniana white/red 20 [5] Tulipa kaufmanniana - tulipe ancilia - parc floral Paris.JPG
Angélique double late pink (pale)/green 30 [6] Tulipa Angelique.jpg
Angel's Wish single late white 50 [7]
Apricot Beauty single early pink (apricot) 35 [8] Tulipa 'Apricot Beauty' 2015 06.jpg
Apricot Parrot parrot pink (apricot) 60 [9]
Artist viridiflora salmon/purple/green 50 [10]
Aucher's Tulip Tulipa aucheriana miscellaneous rose-pink 25 [11] Tulipa aucheriana 240408.jpg
Ballade lily-flowered pink/white 50 [12]
Ballerina lily-flowered orange/red 60 [13] Tulipa 'Balerina' a1.jpg
Barcelona triumph pink 45 [14]
Batalinii Group Tulipa linifolia miscellaneous yellow (pale) 20 [15]
Beau Monde triumph pink/white 45 [16]
Belle du Monde single late pink (pale) 65 [17]
Black Parrot parrot maroon (dark) 50 [18] Tulipa Black Parrot.JPG
Blue Heron fringed violet/mauve 60 [19] Tulipa Blue Heron.jpg
Bright Gem Tulipa linifolia miscellaneous yellow/orange 20 [20] Tulipa batalinii Bright Gem habitus1.jpg
Burning Heart Darwin cream/red 100 [21]
Calgary triumph white 25 [22]
Calgary Flames triumph white/yellow 25 [23]
Canasta fringed red/white 40 [24]

Tulipa 'Canasta' 2016-05-02 01.jpg

Candela Fosteriana yellow 35 [25]

Tulipa Candela.jpg

Cape Town single early yellow/red 45 [26]
Capri Darwin hybrid red 50 [27]
Carnaval de Nice double late white/red 40 [28] Tulipa Carneval de Nice.JPG
Casa Grande Greigii red 50 [29]
China Pink lily-flowered pink (rose) 50 [30]
China Town viridiflora pink/green 30 [31]
Corsage greigii orange 25 [32]
Cynthia Tulipa clusiana miscellaneous cream/pink 25 [33]
Daydream Darwin hybrid orange 50 [34] Tulipa Daydream.jpg
Don Quichotte triumph cerise pink 45 [35]
Dordogne single late orange/pink 65 [36] Tulipa Dordogne.jpg
Dreamland single late pink/white 60 [37]
Drumline double late rose/white 50 [38]
Early Harvest Kaufmanniana red/yellow 25 [39]
Esperanto viridiflora red/cream/pink 25 [40]
Exotic Sun fringed yellow double 45 [41]
Fancy Frills fringed pink/white 45 [42] Tulipa 'Fancy frills', Jardín Botánico de Múnich, Alemania, 2013-05-04, DD 02.jpg
Fantasy parrot pink (salmon) 50 [43]
Fidelio triumph pink/yellow 40 [44]
Fringed Beauty fringed orange/yellow 35 [45]
Fusilier Tulipa praestans miscellaneous red (scarlet) 30 [46] Tulipa Culivars T praestans Fuselier 01HD.jpg
Gavota triumph yellow/maroon 50 [47] Tulipa Gavota (1).jpg
Gerbrand Kieft double late pink/green 40 [48]
Halcro single late pink (carmine) 50 [49]
Honky Tonk Tulipa linifolia miscellaneous yellow (pale) 25 [50]
Ivory Floradale Darwin hybrid white (ivory) 60 [51]
Juan fosteriana orange/yellow 25 [52] Tulip Tulipa 'Juan' Flower 2836px.jpg
Kiev greigii yellow/red 30 [53]
Kingsblood single late red 60 [54] Liliales - Tulipa single late 'Kingsblood' 2 - 2011.05.09.jpg
Lady Jane Tulipa clusiana miscellaneous pink/white 25 [55] Tulipa clusiana Lady Jane.jpg
Lilac Wonder Tulipa saxatilis miscellaneous pink (pale)/yellow 25 [56] Tulipa saxatilis bakeri 'Lilac Wonder' 01.jpg
Little Beauty miscellaneous pink/purple/red 12 [57]
Little Princess miscellaneous orange/yellow/black 12.5 [58] Tulipa 'Little Princess' 3.JPG
Maureen single late yellow (pale) 60 [59]
Menton single late pink/orange 73 [60] Tulipa 'Menton' 2015 01.jpg
Monte Carlo double early yellow 30 [61] Tulipa Monte Carlo.jpg
Moonlight Girl lily-flowered yellow/white 55 [62]
Mother's Love Greigii red/yellow 25 [63]
Ollioules Darwin hybrid pink (flesh) 40 [64]
Olympic Flame Darwin hybrid yellow/red 50 [65]
Orange Emperor fosteriana orange 45 [66]
Orange Princess double late orange 30 [67] Tulipa 'Orange Princess' 2015 05.jpg
Oranje Nassau double early orange/red 35 [68]
Oranjezon Darwin hybrid orange 55 [69]
Oratorio Greigii orange/pink 20 [70]
Oxford Darwin hybrid orange (scarlet)/yellow 60 [71]
Parade Darwin hybrid red (scarlet) 50 [72]
Paul Scherer triumph purple 50 [73]
Peppermintstick Tulipa clusiana miscellaneous pink/white 30 [74] Tulipa Clusiana Peppermintstick.jpg
Pink Impression Darwin hybrid pink (deep) 55 [75]
Plaisir Greigii red/yellow 15 [76]

Tulipa greigii 'Plaisir' 2015 01.jpg

Prinses Irene Triumph orange/purple 35 [77] Triumph Tulip Tulipa 'Prinses Irene' Single 2859px.jpg
Purissima Fosteriana white (cream) 35 [78] Tulipa fosteriana cv. Purissima.jpg
Red Georgette single late red 40 [79]
Red Hat fringed red 50 [80]
Red Impression Darwin hybrid red 60 [81]
Red Princess double late red 35 [82]
Red Riding Hood Greigii red (scarlet) 20 [83]
Red Shine lily-flowered red (ruby) 60 [84]
Reputation triumph red/white 45 [85]
Seadov triumph red 30 [86]
Sensual Touch fringed orange 40 [87]
Showwinner Kaufmanniana red (scarlet) 20 [88] Tulipa kaufmanniana-Hybride Showwinner.JPG
Sorbet single late white/red 60 [89]
Spring Green viridiflora white/green 40 [90] Spring Green.jpg
Spryng triumph red 30 [91]
Starlight Tulipa bifloriformis miscellaneous yellow (pale) 5 [92]
Stockholm double early red 30 [93]
Stresa Kaufmanniana red/yellow 25 [94] Tulipa Stresa.jpg
Strong Gold triumph yellow 45 [95] Triumph Tulip Strong Gold (Tulipa).jpg
Tangerine Beauty Tulipa vvedenskyi miscellaneous orange/yellow 20 [96]
Temple of Beauty single late pink (deep, salmon) 60 [97]
Timeless triumph red/white 45 [98]
Tinka miscellaneous yellow/red 25 [99]
Toronto Greigii red (coral) 20 [100]
Trinket Greigii red/cream 20 [101]
Tulipa altaica miscellaneous yellow 25 [102]

Tulipa kolpakowskiana 2.JPG

Tulipa clusiana var chrysantha miscellaneous yellow 5 [103] Tulipa clusiana chrysantha close.JPG
Tulipa kolpakowskiana miscellaneous yellow/green 20 [104]
Tulipa linifolia miscellaneous red (scarlet) 20 [105] Tulipa linifolia 4.JPG
Tulipa sprengeri miscellaneous red 50 [106] Tulipa-sprengeri-flowers.jpg
Tulipa tarda miscellaneous white/yellow 15 [107] Tulipa tarda.jpg
Tulipa turkestanica miscellaneous white/yellow 30 [108] Tulipa turkestanica Dvärgtulpan.jpg
Tulipa urumiensis miscellaneous yellow 20 [109] Tulipa urumiensisI.JPG
United States Greigii yellow/red 25 [110]
Vincent van Gogh fringed purple 50 [111]
White Triumphator lily-flowered white 60 [112] Tulipa White Triumphator.jpg
World Expression single late yellow/red 55 [113]
Yellow Baby double early yellow 20 [114]
Zampa greigii cream/yellow/red 20 [115]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tulip AGMs 2015". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 1 May 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ad Rem'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ali Baba'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ancilla'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Angélique'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Tulipa 'Angel's Wish'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Apricot Beauty'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Apricot Parrot'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Tulipa ' Artist '". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Tulipa aucheriana". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ballade'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ballerina'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Tulipa 'Barcelona'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia Batalinii Group". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Tulipa 'Beau Monde '". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "Tulipa 'Belle du Monde'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  18. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Black Parrot'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  19. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Blue Heron'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  20. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia (Batalinii Group) 'Bright Gem'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  21. ^ "Tulipa 'Burning Heart'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Tulipa 'Calgary'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. ^ "Tulipa 'Calgary Flames'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Tulipa 'Canasta'". Retrieved 15 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ "Tulipa 'Candela'". Retrieved 15 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ "Tulipa 'Cape Town'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  27. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Capri'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  29. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Casa Grande'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  30. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'China Pink'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  31. ^ "Tulipa 'China Town'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  32. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Corsage'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  33. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa clusiana 'Cynthia'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  34. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Daydream'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  35. ^ "Tulipa ' Don Quichotte '". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  36. ^ "Tulipa 'Dordogne'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  37. ^ "Tulipa 'Dreamland'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  38. ^ "Tulipa 'Drumline'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  39. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Early Harvest'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  40. ^ "Tulipa 'Esperanto'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  41. ^ "Tulipa 'Exotic Sun'". Retrieved 15 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  42. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Fancy Frills'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  43. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Fantasy'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  44. ^ "Tulipa 'Fidelio'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  45. ^ "Tulipa 'Fringed Beauty'". Retrieved 15 March 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  46. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa praestans 'Fusilier'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  47. ^ "Tulipa 'Gavota'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  48. ^ "Tulipa 'Gerbrand Kieft'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  49. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Halcro'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  50. ^ "Tulipa 'Honky Tonk'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  51. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ivory Floradale'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  52. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Juan'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  53. ^ "Tulipa 'Kiev'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  54. ^ "Tulipa 'Kingsblood'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  55. ^ "Tulipa 'Lady Jane'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  56. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa saxatilis (Bakeri Group) 'Lila Wonder'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  57. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Little Beauty'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  58. ^ "Tulipa 'Little Princess'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  59. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Maureen'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  60. ^ "Tulipa 'Menton'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  61. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Monte Carlo'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  62. ^ "Tulipa 'Moonlight Girl'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  63. ^ "Tulipa 'Mother's Love'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  64. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Ollioules'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  65. ^ "Tulipa 'Olympic Flame'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  66. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Orange Emperor'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  67. ^ "Tulipa 'Orange Princess". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  68. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oranje Nassau'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  69. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oranjezon'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  70. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Oratorio'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  71. ^ "Tulipa 'Oxford'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  72. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Parade'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  73. ^ "Tulipa 'Paul Scherer". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  74. ^ "Tulipa 'Peppermintstick'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  75. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Pink Impression'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  76. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Plaisir'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  77. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Prinses Irene'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  78. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Purissima'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  79. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Georgette'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  80. ^ "Tulipa 'Red Hat'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  81. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Impression'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  82. ^ "Tulipa 'Red Princess'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  83. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Riding Hood'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  84. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Red Shine'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  85. ^ "Tulipa ' '". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  86. ^ "Tulipa 'Seadov'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  87. ^ "Tulipa 'Sensual Touch'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  88. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Showwinner'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  89. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Sorbet'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  90. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Spring Green'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  91. ^ "Tulipa 'Spryng'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  92. ^ "Tulipa bifloriformis 'Starlight'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  93. ^ "Tulipa 'Stockholm'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  94. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Stresa'". Retrieved 6 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  95. ^ "Tulipa 'Strong Gold'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  96. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa vvedenskyi 'Tangerine Beauty'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  97. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Temple of Beauty'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  98. ^ "Tulipa 'Timeless'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  99. ^ "Tulipa 'Tinka'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  100. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Toronto'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  101. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'Trinket'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  102. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa altaica". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  103. ^ "Tulipa clusiana var chrysantha". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  104. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa kolpakowskiana". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  105. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa linifolia". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  106. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa sprengeri". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  107. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa tarda". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  108. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa turkestanica". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  109. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa urumiensis". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  110. ^ "Tulipa 'United States'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  111. ^ "Tulipa 'Vincent van Gogh'". Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  112. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Tulipa 'White Triumphator'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  113. ^ "Tulipa 'World Expression'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  114. ^ "Tulipa 'Yellow Baby'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  115. ^ "Tulipa 'Zampa'". Retrieved 29 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)