List of Axis personnel indicted for war crimes

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The following is a list of people suspected of committing war crimes on behalf of Nazi Germany or any of the Axis powers during World War II. It does not include people from Allied countries who were suspected of treason.

The Nuremberg trials[edit]

  • Martin Bormann – Guilty, sentenced in absentia to death by hanging. Later proven he committed suicide to avoid capture at the end of World War II in Europe, and remains discovered in 1972 were conclusively proven to be Bormann by forensic tests on the skull in 1998. Nonetheless, Simon Wiesenthal, Hugh Thomas and Reinhard Gehlen refused to accept this. Gehlen further argued Bormann was the secret Russian double agent 'Sasha'.
  • Karl Dönitz – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment.
  • Hans Frank – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Wilhelm Frick – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Hans Fritzsche – Acquitted. Tried, convicted and sentenced to nine years' imprisonment by a separate West German denazification court. Released September 1950.
  • Walther Funk – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, released in 1957 due to poor health.
  • Hermann Göring – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging, committed suicide before execution.
  • Rudolf Hess – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, committed suicide in prison in 1987.
  • Alfred Jodl – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging. Henri Donnedieu de Vabres called the verdict a mistake in 1947. In 1953, the denazification courts reversed the decision and found Jodl not guilty. His property, confiscated in 1946, was returned to his widow.
  • Ernst Kaltenbrunner – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Wilhelm Keitel – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach – Medically unfit for trial
  • Robert Ley – Committed suicide before his trial began
  • Konstantin von Neurath – Guilty, sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment (released 1954 on grounds of ill health)
  • Franz von Papen – Acquitted. Tried, convicted and sentenced to eight years' imprisonment by a separate West German denazification court. Released on appeal in 1949.
  • Erich Raeder – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment (released 1955 on grounds of ill health)
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Alfred Rosenberg – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Fritz Sauckel – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Hjalmar Schacht – Acquitted
  • Baldur von Schirach – Guilty, sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging
  • Albert Speer – Guilty, sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment
  • Julius Streicher – Guilty, sentenced to death by hanging

Subsequent Nuremberg trials[edit]

The Doctors' Trial[edit]

The Milch Trial[edit]

  • Erhard Milch – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, commuted to 15 years (released in 1954)

The Judges' Trial[edit]

The Pohl Trial[edit]

  • Hans Heinrich Baier – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment (released in 1951)
  • Hans Bobermin – Guilty, sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment, commuted to 15 years (released in 1951)
  • Franz Eirenschmalz – Guilty, sentenced to death, commuted to nine years' imprisonment
  • Heinz Karl Fanslau – Guilty, sentenced to 25 years' imprisonment, commuted to 15 years
  • August Frank – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, commuted to 15 years
  • Hans Hohberg – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment (released in 1951)
  • Max Kiefer – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, commuted to 20 years (released in 1951)
  • Horst Klein – Acquitted
  • Georg Lörner – Guilty, sentenced to death, commuted to 15 years
  • Hans Lörner – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment (released in 1951)
  • Karl Mummenthey – Guilty, sentenced to life imprisonment, commuted to 20 years
  • Oswald Pohl – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Hermann Pook – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment (released in 1951)
  • Rudolf Scheide – Acquitted
  • Karl Sommer – Guilty, sentenced to death, commuted to 20 years' imprisonment
  • Erwin Tschentscher – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment (released in 1951)
  • Josef Vogt – Acquitted
  • Leo Volk – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment, commuted to 8 years

The Flick Trial[edit]

The IG Farben Trial[edit]

The Hostages Trial[edit]

The RuSHA trial[edit]

The Einsatzgruppen Trial[edit]

The Krupp Trial[edit]

The Ministries Trial[edit]

The High Command Trial[edit]

The Auschwitz Trial[edit]

The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials[edit]

The Dachau Trial[edit]

Dachau[edit]

Malmedy massacre trial (please note that these are the original sentences, a lot have been altered later)

  • Bersin, Valentin
  • Bode, Friedel
  • Braun, Willi
  • Briesemeister, Kurt
  • Christ, Friedrich – sentenced to death
  • Clotten, Roman
  • Coblenz, Manfred
  • Josef Diefenthal – sentenced to death
  • Josef Dietrich – sentenced to life imprisonment
  • Eckmann, Fritz
  • Fischer, Arndt
  • Georg Fleps – sentenced to death
  • Friedrichs, Heinz
  • Gebauer, Fritz
  • Godicke, Heinz
  • Goldschmidt, Ernst
  • Gruhle, Hans
  • Hammerer, Max
  • Hecht, Armin
  • Hendel, Willi – sentenced to death
  • Hennecke, Hans
  • Hillig, Hans
  • Hoffmann, Heinz
  • Hoffmann, Joachim – sentenced to death
  • Huber, Hubert
  • Jaekel, Siegfried
  • Junker, Benoni
  • Kies, Friedel – sentenced to death
  • Gustav Knittel – sentenced to life imprisonment
  • Kotzur, Georg
  • Fritz Krämer – sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment
  • Klingelhoefer, Oskar
  • Kuehn, Werner
  • Maute, Erich
  • Mikolaschek, Arnold
  • Motzheim, Anton
  • Meunkemer, Erich
  • Neve, Gustav
  • Ochmann, Paul Hermann
  • Joachim Peiper – sentenced to death
  • Pletz, Hans
  • Preuss, Georg
  • Hermann Priess – sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment
  • Rau, Fritz
  • Rauh, Theo
  • Rehagel, Heinz
  • Reiser, Rolf
  • Richter, Wolfgang
  • Rieder, Max
  • Ritzer, Rolf
  • Rodenburg, Axel
  • Rumpf, Erich
  • Schaefer, Willi
  • Von Schamier, Willi
  • Schwambach, Rudolf
  • Claus Schilling – Dachau camp doctor, sentenced to death for conducting experiments for malaria treatment on prisoners.
  • Sickel, Kurt
  • Siegmund, Oswald
  • Sievers, Franz
  • Siptrott, Hans
  • Sprenger, Gustac
  • Sternebeck, Werner
  • Heinz Stickel – sentenced to death
  • Stock, Herbert
  • Erwin Szyperski – sentenced to life imprisonment
  • Tomczak, Edmund
  • Heinz Tomhardt – sentenced to death
  • Tonk, August
  • Trettin, Hans
  • Wassenberger, Johann
  • Weis, Guenther
  • Werner, Erich
  • Wichmann, Otto
  • Zwigart, Paul

Buchenwald[edit]

Mauthausen[edit]

Flossenbürg[edit]

  • Konrad Blomberg – sentenced to death
  • Christian Mohr – sentenced to death
  • Ludwig Schwarz – sentenced to death
  • Bruno Skierka – sentenced to death
  • Albert Roller – sentenced to death
  • Erhard Wolf – sentenced to death
  • Josef Wurst – sentenced to death
  • Cornelius Schwanner – sentenced to death
  • Josef Hauser – sentenced to death
  • Christian Eisbusch – sentenced to death
  • Willi Olschewski – sentenced to death
  • August Ginschel – sentenced to death
  • Wilhelm Brusch – sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment
  • Karl Keiling – sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment
  • Alois Schubert – sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment
  • Ludwig Buddensieg – life imprisonment
  • Johann Geisberger – life imprisonment
  • Michael Gelhard – life imprisonment
  • Erich Mußfeldt – sentenced to death
  • Hermann Pachen – life imprisonment
  • Erich Penz – life imprisonment
  • Josef Pinter – life imprisonment
  • Alois Jakubith – life imprisonment
  • Karl Mathoi – life imprisonment
  • Georg Weilbach – life imprisonment
  • Raymond Maurer – 30 years' imprisonment
  • Gerhard Haubold – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Eduard Losch – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Walter Reupsch – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Kurt Erich Schreiber – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Hermann Sommerfeld – 15 years' imprisonment
  • August Fahrnbauer – 15 years' imprisonment
  • Peter Bongartz – 15 years' imprisonment
  • Walter Paul Adolf Neye – 15 years' imprisonment
  • Hans Johann Lipinski – 10 years' imprisonment
  • Gustav Matzke – 10 years' imprisonment
  • Karl Gräber – 10 years' imprisonment
  • Franz Berger – 3½ years' imprisonment
  • Joseph Becker – 1 year's imprisonment
  • Karl Buttner – Acquitted
  • Karl Friedrich Alois Gieselmann – Acquitted
  • Georg Hoinisch – Acquitted
  • Theodor Retzlaff – Acquitted
  • Peter Herz – Acquitted

Mühldorf[edit]

  • Franz Auer – sentenced to death
  • Dr. Erika Flocken – sentenced to death
  • Wilhelm Jergas – sentenced to death
  • Herbert Spaeth – sentenced to death
  • Otto Sperling – sentenced to death
  • Heinrich Engelhardt – life imprisonment
  • Hermann Giesler – life imprisonment
  • Karl Gickeleiter – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Wilhelm Griesinger – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Jakob Schmidberger – 20 years' imprisonment
  • Daniel Gottschling – 15 years' imprisonment
  • Wilhelm Bayha – 10 years' imprisonment
  • Karl Bachmann – Acquitted
  • Anton Ostermann – Acquitted

Dora-Nordhaussen[edit]

The Belsen Trial[edit]

The Neuengamme Trials[edit]

  • Max Pauly – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • SS Dr Bruno Kitt – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Anton Thumann – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Johann Reese – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Willy Warnke – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • SS Dr Alfred Trzebinski – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Heinrich Ruge – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Wilhem Bahr – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Andreas Brems – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Wilhelm Dreimann – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Adolf Speck – Guilty, sentenced to death
  • Karl Totzauer – Guilty, sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment
  • Karl Wiedemann – Guilty, sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment
  • Walter Kümmel – Guilty, sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment

Bucharest People’s Tribunal[edit]

International Military Tribunal for the Far East[edit]

(trials held in Tokyo)

Other trials were held at various locations in the Far East, by the United States, Australia, China, the United Kingdom, and other Allied countries. In all, a total of 920 Japanese military and naval personnel and civilians were executed following World War II.[1]

Khabarovsk War Crime Trials[edit]

Others[edit]

Austrian[edit]

Croatian[edit]

Danish[edit]

  • Søren Kam – (1921–2015) Member of the Nazi Party of Denmark, who fled from Denmark to Germany after the war, and later became a German citizen. On September 21, 2006, Kam was detained in the German town of Kempten im Allgäu. He was wanted in Denmark for the assassination of Danish newspaper editor Carl Henrik Clemmensen in Copenhagen in August 1943.

Dutch[edit]

  • Pieter Menten, sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined 100,000 guilders for war crimes in 1980, released in 1986, died 1987.

Important Dutch collaborators sentenced by the special tribunals in The Netherlands in connection with the Second World War. There have been 14,562 convictions pronounced by the special tribunals, and 49,920 sentences by courts. The special tribunals sentenced in more than 10,000 cases to prison sentences of 3 years or more, and in 152 cases condemned the guilty persons to death, many of which were commuted to life sentences or less. The other courts decided in 30,784 cases on internment of 1 up to 10 years and in 38,984 cases on forfeit of certain civil rights.

The list below is derived from the list published on: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_Nederlandse_collaborateurs_in_de_Tweede_Wereldoorlog

That list has been adapted in that the persons who simply disappeared after the war, who were eliminated by the resistance during the war or who committed suicide before being convicted, have been taken off the list.

That list mentions as sources:

• Het Grote Gebod, Gedenkboek van het verzet in LO en LKP, deel II, Kok Kampen, 1979

• A.D. Belinfante. In plaats van bijltjesdag. De geschiedenis van de bijzondere rechtspleging na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1978 ISBN 90-232-1638-5


These persons are:

Bastiaan J. van der Aa – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Johan Alsema – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Paul M.C.A. America – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to 15 years

Jacobus J.C. Baas – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Dirk F.K. Bakker – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Sjimon de Bakker – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jan van Barneveld – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to 15 years

Herman P.M. Bartelsman – Death penalty, executed 06-03-1947

Wilhelm J. Bekkers – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Antonie Berends – Life sentence, later commuted to 22 years

Johan Berendsen – Death penalty, executed 02-05-1947

Jacobus P. Besteman – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Herbertus Bikker – Death penalty, later commuted to life sentence

Sietse Blaauw – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Geesien Bleeker – Life sentence

Manus H.L.W. Blokzijl – Death penalty, executed 16-03-1946

Heinrich Boere – Death penalty in absentia, later commuted to life sentence

Johan Boesveld – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jan Boogaard – Death penalty, executed 01-03-1947

Sander Borgers – Life sentence

Otto Bouman – Death penalty, executed 12-02-1949

Christoffel Bout – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

J. F. Boxmeer – Life sentence

Mozes Brandon Bravo – 8 years

Gerardus C. van Bree – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Adriaan Breed – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

William H. B. Briedé – Death penalty in absentia

Jan H. Brouwer – Life sentence

Geert van Bruggen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Louwerens de Bruin – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Siert Bruins – Death penalty in absentia

Lucas Bunt – Death penalty, later commuted to life sentence

Anthonie J. du Burck – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Derk E. Buter – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Douwe Capelle – 20 years

Pieter R. Cieraa – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Sera de Croon – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Pieter D. Daalhuizen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Rudolf W. Dahmen von Buchholz – Life sentence

Ans van Dijk – Death penalty, executed 14-01-1948

Anton Doorewaard – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Pieter Drent – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Johannes A.H.M. Driehuis – Death penalty, executed 20-06-1947

Sander van Droffelaar – Death penalty, executed 16-11-1949

Evert C. Drost – Death penalty, executed 28-07-1949

Willem l'Ecluse – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Johannes T.S. van Efferden – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrikus M. Eggers – Death penalty, executed 03-05-1945

Dirk Eijkelboom – Death penalty, executed 06-07-1948

Klaas C. Faber – Death penalty, later commuted to life sentence

Pieter J. Faber – Death penalty, executed 10-07-1948

Jacob Eduard Feenstra – Death penalty, executed 29-08-1946

Dirk M. Franken – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Joseph H.J. von Frijtag Drabbe – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to 15 years

Gerardus Ganzevles – Death penalty, executed 05-02-1947

Cornelis van Geelkerken – Life sentence, later omgezet in 20 years

Robert van Genechten – Suicide after conviction to death 13-12-1945

Petrus J. Gerrits – Death penalty, executed 29-05-1947

Johannes M. Groin de Planque-Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem van Groningen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Henri E. de Gruijter – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

K. A. Hamer – Life sentence

Christiaan Harmse – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Abraham Harrebomée – Death penalty, executed 03-05-1947

Barend Heegers – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Cornelis P. Heil – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Julius Herdtman – Death penalty, executed 26-01-1951

Martin Hinse – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrik W. Hofman – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Dirk Hoogendam – Death penalty in absentia, later commuted to life sentence

Willem J.H. Houthuys – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Marinus Jansen – Death penalty, executed 19-02-1949

Jacob de Jonge – Life sentence

Jacobus van Joolen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Abraham Kaper – Death penalty, executed 29-06-1949

Cornelis J. Kaptein – Death penalty, executed 21-07-1949

Jan Kielema – 8 years, released after 5 years

Abraham Kipp – Death penalty in absentia, later commuted to life sentence.

H. S. Klinkenbijl – Life sentence

Leendert C. Klootwijk – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hubert Koehler – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Cornelis C. Koker – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem Komdeur – 20 years

Cornelis Kooiman – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Sije E. Koopmans – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Frederik W. Koot – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Cornelis A. Kooymans – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Diederik van der Kraan – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to 12 years

Hendrik van der Kraan – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Harm Krikke – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

E. P. Krist – Life sentence

Johannes H.C. Krom – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrik Kromhout – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem Hendrik Kuik – 15 years

Maarten Kuiper – Death penalty, executed 30-08-1948

Pieter Kuiper – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Meinte van de Kuur – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jan Lamberts – Death penalty, executed 16-11-1949

Fransoos E. Lammers – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Cornelis Leemhuis – Life sentence, later commuted to 10 years

Dirk W.J. Lensink – Life sentence

Johannes F.P. van Lieshout – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jan van Limburg – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Johannes H. Loesberg – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jacob Luitjens – Life sentence in absentia

Hendrik Luyendijk – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Adrianus C. Man in 't Veld – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willy Markus – Declared insane, no conviction

Jan Meekhof – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrik Melker – Life sentence

Jan H. Meppelink – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Isaac Metz – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Frederik Meyer – Death penalty, executed 28-03-1947

Cornelis J. Minck – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Eduard G. Moesbergen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Wouter C. Mollis – Death penalty, executed 04-02-1949

Hermanus G. Mons – 15 years

Gerrit R. Mozer – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Zwier W. Mulder – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Anton A. Mussert – Death penalty, executed 07-05-1946

Luwe Muusse – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem van der Neut – Death penalty later commuted to life sentence

Cornelis J.D. Neven – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Leendert G. de Noo – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Eppe Oosting – 20 years

Teunis Pâques – Death penalty, executed 03-05-1945

J. van der Pelk – Life sentence

Jacobus P. Philippa – Death penalty in absentia, pardoned 1978 after 4 y. detention

Andries Pieters – Death penalty, executed 21-03-1952

Gerben S. van der Ploeg – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Gerard D. van de Pol – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem A. Polak – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Willem J. Pons – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Abraham Puls – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Matthijs A. Ridderhof – Death penalty, executed 01-03-1947

Jacob Rigter – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

J.J.A. van Roessel – Life sentence

Gerard Rollema – Death penalty, executed 06-02-1947

Frederik T.C. Rosier – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Kurt J. Roters – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jan J. Rutgers – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendricus C. Saatrübe – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Warner Salomons – Death penalty, executed 03-05-1945

Gerrit Sanner – Death penalty, executed 01-05-1947

Pieter Schaap – Death penalty, executed 26-06-1949

Petrus A. van Schaik – 20 years

Branca Simons – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Douwe J.N. Slaaf – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Bart Slop – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jacobus van der Sluis – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

P. J. Smid – Life sentence

Arien Smit – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Petrus H. Smit – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Toon Soetebier – Death penalty in absentia, latter commuted to life sentence

M. Spaans – Life sentence

Willem A. van der Spek – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Egbert Springelkamp – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Adrianus L.W. Steentjes – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Jacobus Suykerbuyk – Death penalty, executed 23-03-1949

Antoine Touseul – Death penalty, latter commuted to life sentence

Bernard H. Trap – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Adriana Valkenburg – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrikus W. Verwayen – Death penalty, executed 26-06-1947

Jan A. Visser – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Bruno B. Vlugt – Life sentence

Mijndert Vonk – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Abel de Vries – Life sentence

Anton van der Waals – Death penalty, executed 27-01-1950

Tjeerd van der Weide – Death penalty, executed 06-06-1947

Betje Wery – Life sentence

Gijsbertus C. van Wessum – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Pieter Wichers – Death penalty, executed 02-06-1947

Willem M. Willemsen – Death penalty, after pardon commuted to life sentence

Hendrik J. Woudenberg – 20 years

The following Germans/Austrians were sentenced to death and executed: (source: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doodstraf_in_Nederland#Tweede_Wereldoorlog)

  • Artur Albrecht
  • Karl Peter Berg
  • Ludwig Heinemann
  • Robert Lehnhoff
  • Hanns Albin Rauter

Well-known are also those known as the "Breda four": source: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_personen_die_veroordeeld_zijn_wegens_oorlogsmisdaden

  • Joseph Kotälla, sentenced to death, later converted to life sentence
  • Ferdinand aus der Fünten, sentenced to death, later commuted to life sentence
  • Willi Lages, sentenced to death, converted to life sentence
  • Franz Fischer, sentenced to life

Finnish[edit]

German[edit]

  • Otto Abetz – sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment in 1949, appealed in 1952, released in 1954
  • Richard Baer – (1911–1963). Sturmbannführer, commander of the Auschwitz I concentration camp. Lived under the pseudonym of Karl Neumann after the War. Then discovered in 1960 and arrested.
  • Klaus Barbie – sentenced to life imprisonment in 1987, died after serving four years' imprisonment
  • Heinz Barth – convicted in 1983 for his involvement in the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre; released in 1997; died in 2007
  • Rudolf Batz – after the War lived for 15½ years under assumed identity; captured at Bielefeld in November 1960; hanged himself in prison before trial
  • Alois Brunner – escaped, worked for the Gehlen Organization
  • Friedrich Christiansen – Arrested, tried and convicted of war crimes and sentenced in 1948 to 12 years' imprisonment in Arnhem; Released prematurely in December 1951 on grounds of ill health; Died in Aukrug, Germany on December 3, 1972.
  • Kurt Christmann – SS-Obersturmbannführer and commander of Einsatzkommando 10a in Krasnodar, Russia; Arrested, tried and convicted under Article 6 of the IMT Statute (Crimes Against Humanity) and sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment on December 19, 1980; Died on April 4, 1987.[2]
  • Anton Dostler – executed by an American firing squad in Italy on December 1, 1945
  • Luise Danz – (born in 1917) Aufseherin at various camps, including Plaszów, Majdanek, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Malchow. Danz was brought to trial in 1996, but the charges were dismissed due to her advanced age and unfitness to stand trial
  • Adolf Eichmann – lived for years in Argentina, captured by Israeli agents in 1961, convicted of High Crimes against the Jewish nation and humanity, in Israel, and executed on June 1, 1962
  • Karl Frenzel – (born in 1911) An Oberscharführer who served at Sobibór extermination camp. Frenzel aided in the implementation of the Final Solution, taking part in the industrial-scale extermination of thousands of prisoners as part of Operation Reinhard. Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1966 but released in 1982 due to his ill health.
  • Herbert Kappler – sentenced by Italy to life imprisonment in 1947. Escaped from prison in 1977, then died in 1978
  • Fritz Knochlein – (born in 1911) Responsible for Le Paradis massacre in 1940, tried, convicted, and hanged by the forces of the United Kingdom in 1949.
  • Emanuel Schäfer – sentenced to six-and-a-half years' imprisonment, but died 1974
  • Kurt Meyer – Sentenced to execution by a Canadian military court, was put on Death Row at New Brunswick's Dorchester Penitentiary, later reduced to 14 years' imprisonment, served for 10 years in prison.

Hungarian[edit]

  • László Bárdossy – Prime Minister of Hungary from Apr. 1941 to March 1942. Sentenced to death.
  • Béla Imrédy – Prime Minister of Hungary 1938-1939. Sentenced to death.
  • Ferenc Szálasi – puppet Prime Minister of Hungary from Oct. 1944 to Feb. 1945. Sentenced to death.
  • Döme Sztójay – Prime Minister of Hungary in March-Aug. 1944. Sentenced to death.

Italian[edit]

  • Nicola Bellomo – sentenced to death by firing squad and executed on 11 September 1945.
  • Pietro Caruso – sentenced to death by firing squad and executed on 22 September 1944.
  • Rodolfo Graziani – sentenced to 19 years' imprisonment for treason, released after just a few months. He died in 1955.
  • Guido Buffarini Guidi – executed 10 July 1945.
  • Pietro Koch – sentenced to execution by firing squad, sentence carried out 4 June 1945.

Japanese[edit]

Latvian[edit]

  • Konrāds Kalējs – (26 June 1913 – 8 November 2001) Immigrated to Australia in 1950; moved to the United States in 1959; deported from the United States to Australia in 1994; fled from Australia to Canada in 1995; deported from Canada 1997; moved to England; and then to Australia. Died in Australia in 2001. A member of the Arajs Kommando.
  • Boļeslavs Makovskis – (21 January 1904 – 19 April 1996). Fled to From the United States to West Germany in 1987; put on trial in 1990; but his trial was quashed before its end.
  • Elmārs Sproģis – (26 November 1914 – 10 July 1991) Exonerated in 1984.

Lithuanian[edit]

  • Vladas Zajanckauskas – In 2005 at the age 89, his U.S. citizenship was ordered revoked in 2007. He was ordered to be deported.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Spackman, Chris; contributors (2002–2004). An Encyclopedia of Japanese History.
  2. ^ "Kurt Christmann". Archived from the original on 2015-01-25.

External links[edit]