List of ayatollahs

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This is a partial list of ayatollahs, a title given to high ranked Twelver Usuli Shi'a Muslim clerics. Its ranking is higher than Hujjat al-Islam, and the next higher clerical rank is Grand Ayatollah also known as Marja'. This list contains only the names of ayatollahs. To see lists of grand ayatollahs, or hujjatul islams, see the following articles: List of maraji; List of hujjatul Islams.[1]

Current[edit]

The names are ordered with age in descending order. (oldest to youngest).

No Image Name Birth Date
CE
Birth Place Residence Notes
1 Mohammad Bagher Bagheri Kani

محمدباقر باقری کنی
1926 (age 97–98) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Iran -
2 Ahmad Mohseni Garakani

احمد محسنی گرکانی
1926 (age 97–98) Pahlavi Iran Garakan, Iran Iran Iran -
3 Ahmad Jannati

احمد جنتی‎
(1927-02-23) 23 February 1927 (age 97) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Iran Iran Iran -
4 Seyed Ali Akbar Ghoreyshi

سید علی اکبر قریشی‎
1928 (age 95–96) Pahlavi Iran Bonab, Iran Iran Iran -
5 al-Sayyid Murtadha al-Musawi al-Qazwini

السيد مرتضى الموسوي القزويني
(1930-08-01) 1 August 1930 (age 93) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Iraq Iraq Karbala, Iraq -
6 Mohammad Ali Movahedi-Kermani

محمدعلی موحدی کرمانی
1932 (age 91–92) Pahlavi Iran Kerman, Iran Iran Iran -
7 Ali Akbar Masoudi Khomeini

علی‌اکبر مسعودی خمینی
1932 (age 91–92) Pahlavi Iran Khomeyn, Iran Iran Iran -
8 Seyed Hassan Mortazavi Shahroudi

سید حسن مرتضوی شاهرودی
(1933-02-22) 22 February 1933 (age 91) Pahlavi Iran Shahrud, Iran Iran Iran -
9 Hassan Shariati Niyasar

حسن شریعتی نیاسر
(1933-03-21) 21 March 1933 (age 91) Pahlavi Iran Neyasar, Iran Iran Iran -
10 Zaynolabideen Ghorbani

العابدین قربانی
1933 (age 90–91) Pahlavi Iran Panchah, Iran Iran Iran -
11 Seyed Mohammad Shahcheraghi

سید محمد شاهچراغی
(1934-06-10) 10 June 1934 (age 89) Pahlavi Iran Damghan, Iran Iran Iran -
12 Morteza Moghtadai

مرتضی مقتدایی
(1935-10-12) 12 October 1935 (age 88) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Iran Iran Iran -
13 Seyyed Mohammad Khamenei

سید محمد خامنه‌ای
(1935-12-25) 25 December 1935 (age 88) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran -
14 Abolghasem Wafi Yazdi

ابوالقاسم وافی یزدی‎
1935 (age 88–89) Pahlavi Iran Hoseynabad, Iran Iran Iran -
15 Ahmad Beheshti

احمد بهشتی
1935 (age 88–89) Pahlavi Iran Fasa, Iran Iran Iran -
16 Reza Ostadi Moghaddam

رضا استادی مقدم‎
(1937-09-29) 29 September 1937 (age 86) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Iran -
17 Seyyed Mohsen Kharazi

سید محسن خرازی‎
1937 (age 86–87) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Iran -
18 Hashem Hashemzadeh Herisi

هاشم هاشم‌زاده هریسی‎
1938 (age 85–86) Pahlavi Iran Heris, Iran Iran Iran -
19 Seyyed Ali Shafiei

سیدعلی شفیعی‎
1940 (age 83–84) Pahlavi Iran Dezful, Iran Iran Ahvaz, Iran
20 Kazem Nourmofidi

کاظم نورمفیدی
1940 (age 83–84) Pahlavi Iran Gorgan, Iran Iran Golestan province, Iran -
21 Sayyid Mohammad-Ali Mousavi Jazayeri

سیدمحمدعلی موسوی جزایری‎
1941 (age 82–83) Pahlavi Iran Shushtar, Iran Iran Iran -
22 Mahmoud Mar'ashi Najafi

محمود مرعشی نجفی
1941 (age 82–83) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Iran Iran Iran -
23 Syed Riaz Hussain Najafi

سید ریاض حسین نجفی
1941 (age 82–83) British Raj Alipur, British India Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan -
24 Sayyid Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha

سید محمد موسوی خوئینی ها
1942 (age 81–82) Pahlavi Iran Qazvin, Iran Iran Iran -
25 al-Sayyid Mujtaba al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السيد مجتبى الحسيني الشيرازي
(1943-08-06) 6 August 1943 (age 80) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Iraq United Kingdom London, United Kingdom -
26 al-Sayyid Fadhil al-Hussayni al-Milani

السيد فاضل الحسيني الميلاني
(1944-05-30) 30 May 1944 (age 79) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Iraq United Kingdom London, United Kingdom Official Website
27 Ahmad Alamolhoda

احمد علم‌الهدی‎
(1944-09-01) 1 September 1944 (age 79) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran -
28 Hossein Ansarian

حسین انصاریان
(1944-11-09) 9 November 1944 (age 79) Pahlavi Iran Khansar, Iran Iran Iran -
29 Seyed Yousef Tabatabai Nejad

سید یوسف طباطبایی نژاد
1944 (age 79–80) Pahlavi Iran Ardestan, Iran Iran Iran -
30 Ali al-Kourani

علي الكوراني
1944 (age 79–80) Lebanon Yater, Lebanon Iran Qom, Iran Official Website
31 Seyyed Mostafa Mousavi Faraz

سید مصطفی موسوی فراز‎
1945 (age 78–79) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Iran Iran Iran -
32 Mohammad Reza Naseri Yazdi

محمدرضا ناصری یزدی
1945 (age 78–79) Pahlavi Iran Yazd, Iran Iran Iran -
33 Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad

مصطفی محقق داماد
1945 (age 78–79) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Iran Iran Iran -
34 Morteza Sadouqi Mazandarani

مرتضی صدوقی مازندرانی
(1946-07-22) 22 July 1946 (age 77) Pahlavi Iran Iran Iran Iran -
35 Hossein Mousavi Tabrizi

حسین موسوی تبریزی
1947 (age 76–77) Pahlavi Iran Tabriz, Iran Iran Iran -
36 al-Sayyid Hadi al-Hussayni al-Modarresi

السيد هادي الحسيني المدرسي
1947 (age 76–77) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Iraq Iraq Iraq Official Website
37 Zohreh Sefati

زهره صفاتی
1948 (age 75–76) Pahlavi Iran Abadan, Iran Iran Iran -
38 al-Sayyid Ali al-Hussayni al-Milani

السيد علي الحسيني الميلاني
1948 (age 75–76) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iran Qom, Iran Official Website
39 al-Sayyid Ali al-Musawi al-Sabziwari

السيد علي الموسوي السبزواري
1948 (age 75–76) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Najaf, Iraq -
40 al-Sayyid Mohammad Ali al-Shirazi

السيد محمد علی الشيرازي
1948 (age 75–76) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Iraq -
41 Muhammad Baqir al-Irawani

محمد باقر الإيرواني
1949 (age 74–75) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Iraq -
42 Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi

قربانعلی دری نجف‌آبادی
(1950-12-03) 3 December 1950 (age 73) Pahlavi Iran Najafabad, Isfahan, Iran Iran Iran -
43 Gholamreza Mesbahi-Moghaddam

غلامرضا مصباحی مقدم
(1951-07-11) 11 July 1951 (age 72) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran -
44 Seyyed Mohammad Saeedi

سید محمد سعیدی
1951 (age 72–73) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Iran Iran Iran -
45 Mohammad Taghi Vaezi

محمد تقی واعظی
1951 (age 72–73) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Iran -
46 Hassan Raza Ghadeeri

حسن رضا غدیری
(1952-08-14) 14 August 1952 (age 71) Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan United Kingdom London, United Kingdom -
47 Mohsen Faqihi

محسن فقیهی
(1952-11-17) 17 November 1952 (age 71) Pahlavi Iran Iran Iran Iran -
48 Ibrahim Yaqoub Zakzaky

ابراهیم یعقوبی زکزکی
(1953-05-05) 5 May 1953 (age 70) Nigeria Zaria, Nigeria Nigeria Nigeria -
49 Mehdi Shabzendedar Jahromi

مهدی شب‌زنده‌دار جهرمی‎
1953 (age 70–71) Pahlavi Iran Darab, Iran Iran Iran -
50 Seyyed Mahmoud Alavi

سید محمود علوی
(1954-05-04) 4 May 1954 (age 69) Pahlavi Iran Lamerd, Iran Iran Iran -
51 Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini

سید مجتبی حسینی‎
1954 (age 69–70) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran -
52 Seyed Mohammad Ali Ayazi

سید محمدعلى ايازى
1954 (age 69–70) Pahlavi Iran Iran Iran Iran -
53 Seyyed Mohammad Reza Modarresi Yazdi

سید محمدرضا مدرسی یزدی
1955 (age 68–69) Pahlavi Iran Yazd, Iran Iran Iran -
54 Ali Akbar Rashad

علی‌اکبر رشاد
1955 (age 68–69) Pahlavi Iran Iran Iran Iran -
55 Abdol-Hamid Masoumi-Tehrani

عبدالحمید معصومی تهرانی
1955 (age 68–69) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
56 Mohsen Araki

محسن اراکی‎
1956 (age 67–68) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iran Iran -
57 Seyyed Hashem Hosseini Bushehri

سید هاشم حسینی بوشهری‎
1956 (age 67–68) Pahlavi Iran Bushehr, Iran Iran Iran -
58 Mohammad Taghi Pourmohammadi

محمدتقی پورمحمدی
1956 (age 67–68) Pahlavi Iran Marand, Iran Iran Iran -
59 al-Sayyid Ali Akbar al-Hussayni al-Modarresi

السيد علي أكبر الحسيني المدرسي
(1957-09-17) 17 September 1957 (age 66) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Iraq Iran Mashhad, Iran -
60 Mohsen Heidari Alekasir

محسن حیدری آل کثیر
1957 (age 66–67) Pahlavi Iran Shush, Iran Iran Iran -
61 Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Kazemeyni Borojerdi

سید محمدحسین کاظمینی بروجردی
(1958-08-01) 1 August 1958 (age 65) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Iran Iran Iran -
62 al-Sayyid Riyadh al-Hakim

السيد رياض الحكيم
(1959-01-18) 18 January 1959 (age 65) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Iraq -
63 Gholam Ali Safai Bushehri

غلامعلی صفایی بوشهری
(1959-06-23) 23 June 1959 (age 64) Pahlavi Iran Bushehr, Iran Iran Iran -
64
Malik Sakhawat Hussain

مالک سخاوت حسین
(1959-11-05) 5 November 1959 (age 64) Pakistan Sandral, Pakistan United States United States of America Official Website
65 Seyyed Ahmad Hosseini Khorasani

سید احمد حسینی خراسانی
1959 (age 64–65) Pahlavi Iran Shirvan, Iran Iran Iran -
66 Alireza Arafi

علی رضا اعرافی‎
1959 (age 64–65) Pahlavi Iran Meybod, Iran Iran Iran -
67 Ahmad Khatami

احمد خاتمی‎
(1960-05-08) 8 May 1960 (age 63) Pahlavi Iran Semnan, Iran Iran Iran -
68 Sayyid Ebrahim Raisol-Sadati

سید ابراهیم رئیس‌الساداتی‎
(1960-12-14) 14 December 1960 (age 63) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran -
69 Sadeq Ardeshir Larijani

صادق اردشیر لاریجانی‎
(1961-03-12) 12 March 1961 (age 63) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iran Iran -
70 Abolghasem Alidoust

ابوالقاسم علیدوست
1961 (age 62–63) Pahlavi Iran Yazd, Iran Iran Iran -
71 Seyed Hassan Ameli

سید حسن عاملی‎
(1962-06-05) 5 June 1962 (age 61) Pahlavi Iran Ardabil, Iran Iran Iran -
72 Mostafa Boroujerdi

مصطفی بروجردی
(1962-08-01) 1 August 1962 (age 61) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Iran Iran Iran -
73 al-Sayyid Muhammad Ridha al-Hussayni al-Sistani

السيد محمد رضا الحسيني السيستاني
(1962-08-18) 18 August 1962 (age 61) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Iraq -
74 Abbas Ka'bi

عباس کعبی
1962 (age 61–62) Pahlavi Iran Ahvaz, Iran Iran Iran -
75 Seyyed Mohammad Ali Ale-Hashem

سید محمدعلی آل‌هاشم
1962 (age 61–62) Pahlavi Iran Tabriz, Iran Iran Iran -
76 Lotfallah Dejkam

لطف‌الله دژکام
1962 (age 61–62) Pahlavi Iran Jahrom, Iran Iran Iran -
77 Abbas Tabrizian

عباس تبریزیان‎
1962 (age 61–62) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iran Iran -
78 Reza Ramezani Gilani

رضا رمضانی گیلانی
1963 (age 60–61) Pahlavi Iran Rasht, Iran Iran Iran -
79 Syed Aqeel-ul-Gharavi

سيد عقيل الغروى
(1964-02-02) 2 February 1964 (age 60) India Banaras, India United Kingdom London, United Kingdom Official Website
80 Abdul Karim Farhani

عبدالکریم فرحانی
1964 (age 59–60) Pahlavi Iran Ahvaz, Iran Iran Iran -
81 al-Sayyid Ali al-Hakim

السيد علي الحكيم
1964 (age 59–60) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Lebanon Lebanon -
82 al-Sayyid Murtadha al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السيد مرتضى الحسيني الشيرازي
1964 (age 59–60) Ba'athist Iraq Karbala, Iraq Iraq Najaf, Iraq -
83 al-Sayyid Jafar al-Hakim

السيد جعفر الحكيم
1965 (age 58–59) Ba'athist Iraq Najaf, Iraq Iraq Najaf, Iraq -
84 Seyyed Nasir Hosseini

سید نصیر حسینی
1967 (age 56–57) Pahlavi Iran Yasuj, Iran Iran Iran -
85 Seyyed Mojtaba Hosseini Khamenei

سید مجتبی حسینی خامنه‌ای‎
(1969-09-08) 8 September 1969 (age 54) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Iran Iran Iran Son of current Supreme Leader of Iran (Ali Khamenei)[2]
86 Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi Qumi

سيد علي نقي نقوي
(1970-05-09) 9 May 1970 (age 53) Pakistan Sahiwal, Pakistan Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan -
87 al-Sayyid Hussein al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السید حسین الحسیني الشیرازي
1970 (age 53–54) Ba'athist Iraq Karbala, Iraq Iran Qom, Iran -

Deceased[edit]

The names are ordered by date of death (descending) as an arbitrary standard.

No Image Name Year of Birth
CE
Year of Death
CE
Birth Death Notes
1 al-Sayyid Muhammad Saeed al-Habboubi

السيد محمد سعيد الحبوبي
1849 (1849) 1915 (aged 65–66) Ottoman Empire Najaf, Baghdad Eyalet Ottoman Empire Nasiriyah, Basra vilayet -
2 Seyed Ali Tabrizi

سید علی تبریزی
1844 (1844) 7 December 1917(1917-12-07) (aged 72–73) Qajar Iran Tabriz, Sublime State of Persia Qajar Iran Tabriz, Sublime State of Persia -
3 Mohammad Aghazadeh Khorasani

محمد آقازاده خراسانی
1877 (1877) 1937 (aged 59–60) Ottoman Empire Najaf, Baghdad vilayet Pahlavi Iran Rey, Imperial State of Iran -
4 Najm al-Hasan

نجم الحسن
(1863-05-25)25 May 1863 18 April 1938(1938-04-18) (aged 74) British Raj British India British Raj Lucknow, British India -
5 Abdul Karim Kho'ini Zanjani

عبدالکریم خوئینی زنجانی
1874 (1874) 1938 (aged 63–64) Qajar Iran Khoein, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Qazvin, Imperial State of Iran -
6 Bibi Khanum

بی بی خانوم
Unknown? 1950 (1951) Ottoman Empire Baghdad vilayet Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq -
7 Mirza Mahdi Ashtiani

میرزا مهدی آشتیانی
1888 (1888) 23 April 1953(1953-04-23) (aged 64–65) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Qom, Imperial State of Iran -
8 Syed Ahmed Rizvi Kashmiri

سید احمد رضوی کشمیری
1898 (1898) 9 July 1964(1964-07-09) (aged 65–66) British Raj Srinagar, British India British Raj Srinagar, British India [3][4][5][6]
9 Haj Mohammad Hassan Jazayeri

حاج محمد حسن جزایری
1892 1965(1965-00-00) (aged 72–73) Qajar Iran Qom, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Ahvaz, Imperial State of Iran -
10 Abdulkarim Zanjani

عبدالکریم زنجانی
1888 (1888) 1968 (aged 79–80) Qajar Iran Zanjan, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Imperial State of Iran -
11 Seyed Mohammad Reza Saeedi

سید محمدرضا سعیدی
1929 (1929) 10 June 1970(1970-06-10) (aged 40–41) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Imperial State of Iran Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Imperial State of Iran -
12 Seyed Sultan al-Wa'izin Shirazi

سید سلطان الواعظین شیرازی
(1894-05-12)12 May 1894 11 October 1971(1971-10-11) (aged 77) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Imperial State of Iran -
13 Muhammad Taqi Amoli

محمدتقی آملی
1887 (1887) 1971 (aged 83–84) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Imperial State of Iran -
14 Haj Mohammad Ali Hakim Movahed Namazi Shirazi

حاج محمد علی حکیم موحد نمازی شیرازی
1903 (1903) 1971 (aged 67–68) (went missing) Qajar Iran Shiraz, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Imperial State of Iran -
15 Mirza Mahdi Elahi Qomshehei

میرزا مهدی الهی قمشه ای
(1901-01-01)1 January 1901 15 May 1973(1973-05-15) (aged 72) Qajar Iran Isfahan, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Qom, Imperial State of Iran -
16 Haj Mirza Mahdi Pooya Yazdi

حاج میرزا مهدی پویا یزدی
1899 (1899) July 17, 1973(1973-07-17) (aged 73–74) Ottoman Empire Najaf, Baghdad vilayet Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan [7]
17 al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Musawi al-Qazwini

السيد محمد باقر الموسوي القزويني
1919 (1919) 1974 (aged 54–55) Ottoman Empire Karbala, Baghdad vilayet Ba'athist Iraq Karbala, Ba'athist Iraq -
18 Mirza Ahmad Ashtiani

میرزا احمد آشتیانی
1882 (1882) 24 June 1975(1975-06-24) (aged 92–93) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Imperial State of Iran -
19 al-Sayyid Musa Sadr al-Din al-Sadr

السيد موسى صدر الدين الصدر
(1928-06-04)4 June 1928 31 August 1978(1978-08-31) (aged 50) (Went Missing) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Imperial State of Iran Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya -
20 Ayatollah Seyyed Aboutaleb Pishvai

ایت الله سید ابو طالب پیشوایی
1896 21 October 1978(1978-10-21) (aged 81–82) Qajar Iran Bandar-e Anzali, Sublime State of Persia Pahlavi Iran Bandar-e Anzali, Imperial State of Iran [8]
21 Mahmoud Taleghani

محمود طالقانی‎
(1911-03-05)5 March 1911 9 September 1979(1979-09-09) (aged 68) Qajar Iran Geliyard, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran [9]
22 Seyed Mohammad-Ali Qazi Tabatabaei

سید محمدعلی قاضی طباطبایی
(1914-10-23)23 October 1914 2 November 1979(1979-11-02) (aged 65) Qajar Iran Tabriz, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tabriz, Iran -
23 al-Sayyid Hassan al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السيد حسن الحسيني الشيرازي
1935 (1935) 2 May 1980(1980-05-02) (aged 44–45) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon -
24 Gholam Hossein Tabrizi

غلامحسین تبریزی
1924 (1924) 14 June 1980(1980-06-14) (aged 55–56) Qajar Iran Vayqan, Sublime State of Persia Iran Mashhad, Iran -
25 Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Beheshti

سیّد محمد حسینی بهشتی‎
(1928-10-24)24 October 1928 28 June 1981(1981-06-28) (aged 52) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [10]
26 Ali Qoddusi

علی قدوسی
(1927-08-04)4 August 1927 5 September 1981(1981-09-05) (aged 54) Pahlavi Iran Nahavand, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
27 Mohammad Sadoughi

محمد صدوقی‎
(1909-03-01)1 March 1909 2 July 1982(1982-07-02) (aged 73) Qajar Iran Yazd, Sublime State of Persia Iran Yazd, Iran -
28 Syed Yusuf al-Moosavi al-Safavi

سید یوسف الموسوی الصفوی
1904 (1904) 29 August 1982(1982-08-29) (aged 77–78) British Raj Budgam, British India India Budgam, India -
29 Ata'ollah Ashrafi Esfahani

عطاءالله اشرفی اصفهانی‎
1902 (1902) 15 October 1982(1982-10-15) (aged 79–80) Qajar Iran Khomeyn, Isfahan, Sublime State of Persia Iran Kermanshah, Iran [11]
30 Syed Zafr al-Hasan Rizvi

سید ظفر الحسن ریضوی
(1911-09-13)13 September 1911 1 January 1983(1983-01-01) (aged 71) British Raj Azamgarh, British India India India -
31 Seyed Mohammad Ali Angaji

سید محمدعلی انگجی
1897 (1897) 5 June 1983(1983-06-05) (aged 85–86) Qajar Iran Tabriz, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tabriz, Iran -
32 Seyedeh Nosrat Begum Amin

سیده نصرت‌بیگم امین
1916 (1916) 13 June 1983(1983-06-13) (aged 66–67) Qajar Iran Isfahan, Sublime State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran -
33 Jafar Hussain

جعفر حسین
1914 (1914) 29 August 1983(1983-08-29) (aged 68–69) British Raj British India Pakistan Gujranwala, Pakistan -
34 Haj Mirza Khalil Kamarah'i

حاج میرزا خلیل کمره
1898 (1898) 11 October 1984(1984-10-11) (aged 85–86) Qajar Iran Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran [12]
35 Mohammad Reza Tabasi

محمد رضا طبسی
1899 (1899) 18 January 1985(1985-01-18) (aged 85–86) Qajar Iran Mashhad, Sublime State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran -
36 Morteza Haeri Yazdi

مرتضی حائری یزدی‎
(1916-10-12)12 October 1916 16 March 1986(1986-03-16) (aged 69) Qajar Iran Arak, Sublime State of Persia Iran Qom, Iran -
37 Seyyed Javad Khamenei

سید جواد خامنه‌ای‎
(1895-12-07)7 December 1895 5 July 1986(1986-07-05) (aged 90) Qajar Iran Khameneh, Sublime State of Persia Iran Mashhad, Iran -
38 Abdol Rahman Heydari

عبدالرحمن حیدری ایلامی‎
1925 (1925) 1 January 1987(1987-01-01) (aged 61–62) Pahlavi Iran Ilam, Imperial State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran [13]
39 Ruhollah Khatami

روح الله خاتمی
(1906-10-28)28 October 1906 27 October 1988(1988-10-27) (aged 81) Qajar Iran Yazd, Sublime State of Persia Iran Yazd, Iran [14]
40 Ayatollah Sayyed Abbas Almohri

آية الله سيد عباس المهري‎
1915 (1915) 15 February 1988(1988-02-15) (aged 72–73) Qajar Iran Mohr, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
41 Hasan Ali Nejabat Shirazi

حسنعلی نجابت شیرازی
1917 (1917) 28 April 1989(1989-04-28) (aged 71–72) Qajar Iran Shiraz, Sublime State of Persia Iran Shiraz, Iran -
42 Hossein Lankarani

حسین لنکرانی
1895 (1895) 8 June 1989(1989-06-08) (aged 93–94) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
43 Syed Safdar Hussain Najafi

سید صفدر حسین نجفی
1932 (1932) 3 December 1989(1989-12-03) (aged 56–57) British Raj Muzaffargarh, British India Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan -
44 Muhammad Yar Shah

محمد یار شاه
1913 (1913) 20 December 1990(1990-12-20) (aged 76–77) British Raj Alipur, British India Pakistan

Lahore, Pakistan

-
45 Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Lavasani

سید محمدصادق لواسانی
 (2024-04-20UTC07:48:03) 1990 (1991) Ottoman Empire Najaf, Baghdad vilayet Iran Mehr, Iran -
46 Hussain Bakhsh Jarra

حسین بخش جاڑا
1919 (1919) 1990 (aged 70–71) British Raj British India Pakistan Pakistan -
47 Mohammed Kadhim al-Modarresi

محمد كاظم حسينى مدرسى‎
1921 (1921) 5 April 1994(1994-04-05) (aged 72–73) Qajar Iran Mashhad, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
48 al-Sayyid Muhammad Kadhim al-Musawi al-Qazwini

السيد محمد كاظم الموسوي القزويني
(1930-03-13)13 March 1930 17 November 1994(1994-11-17) (aged 64) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Mandatory Iraq Iran Qom, Iran -
49 Mahmoud Ansari Qomi

محمود انصاری قمی
1921 (1921) 12 March 1999(1999-03-12) (aged 77–78) Qajar Iran Qom, Sublime State of Persia Iran Qom, Iran -
50 Seyed Mohammad Jafar Moravej

سید محمد جعفر مروج
(1902-07-27)27 July 1902 13 March 1999(1999-03-13) (aged 96) Qajar Iran Shushtar, Sublime State of Persia Iran Qom, Iran -
51 Mahdi Haeri Yazdi

مهدی حائری یزدی‎
1923 (1923) 9 July 1999(1999-07-09) (aged 75–76) Qajar Iran Qom, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
52 Hadi Rohani

حادی روحانی
(1924-03-03)3 March 1924 13 October 1999(1999-10-13) (aged 75) Qajar Iran Kalleh Bast, Sublime State of Persia Iran Babol, Iran -
53 Seyed Mahdi Hosseini Rohani

سید مهدی حسینی روحانی
(1925-07-15)15 July 1925 23 November 2000(2000-11-23) (aged 65) Qajar Iran Qom, Sublime State of Persia Iran Qom, Iran -
54 Mohammad Mehdi Shamseddine

محمد مهدي شمس الدين
1936 (1936) 10 January 2001(2001-01-10) (aged 64–65) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon -
55 Seyed Hossein Ayatollahi

سید حسین آیت‌اللهی
1931 (1931) 14 January 2001(2001-01-14) (aged 69–70) Pahlavi Iran Jahrom, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
56 Khalil Boyukzadeh

خلیل بیوک‌زاده‎
(1930-09-18)18 September 1930 16 April 2001(2001-04-16) (aged 70) Pahlavi Iran Ardabil, Imperial State of Iran Iran Ardabil, Iran [15]
57 Syed Mustafa al-Moosavi al-Safavi

سید مصطفی الموسوی الصفوی
(1918-02-02)2 February 1918 21 August 2002(2002-08-21) (aged 84) British Raj Budgam, British India India Budgam, India -
58 Seyed Esmaeil Mousavi Zanjani

سیداسماعیل موسوی زنجانی
1928 (1928) 18 December 2002(2002-12-18) (aged 73–74) Pahlavi Iran Pari, Imperial State of Iran Iran Ardabil, Zanjan -
59 Seyed Abolfazl Mousavi Tabrizi

سید ابوالفضل موسوی تبریزی‎
1935 (1935) 14 April 2003(2003-04-14) (aged 67–68) Pahlavi Iran Tabriz, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tabriz, Iran -
60 al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim

السيد محمد باقر الحكيم
1939 (1939) 29 August 2003(2003-08-29) (aged 63–64) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq Iraq Najaf, Iraq -
61 Mohammed Sadegh Sadeghi Givi Khalkhali

محمد صادق صادقی گیوی خلخالی
(1926-07-23)23 July 1926 26 November 2003(2003-11-26) (aged 77) Pahlavi Iran Givi, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
62 Hasanali Morvarid

حسنعلى مرواريد‎‎
1911 (1911) 5 October 2004(2004-10-05) (aged 92–93) Qajar Iran Mashhad, Sublime State of Persia Iran Mashhad, Iran -
63 Mohammad Va'ez Abaee-Khorasani

محمد واعظ عبایی خراسانی
1940 (1940) 13 October 2004(2004-10-13) (aged 63–64) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
64 Seyed Jalalodin Ashtiani

سید جلال‌الدین آشتیانی
1925 (1925) 23 March 2005(2005-03-23) (aged 79–80) Qajar Iran Ashtian, Sublime State of Persia Iran Mashhad, Iran -
65 Nematollah Salehi Najafabadi

نعمت‌الله صالحی نجف‌آبادی
1923 (1923) 6 May 2006(2006-05-06) (aged 82–83) Qajar Iran Najafabad, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
66 Mohammad-Hadi Ma'refat

محمدهادی معرفت
1931 (1931) 19 January 2007(2007-01-19) (aged 75–76) Kingdom of Iraq Karbala, Mandatory Iraq Iran Qom, Iran -
67 Abdul Karim Haghshenas

عبدالکریم حق‌شناس‎
1919 (1919) 24 July 2007(2007-07-24) (aged 87–88) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
68 Ali Akbar Feyz Aleni

علی‌اکبر فیض آلنی‎
(1921-12-02)2 December 1921 30 July 2007(2007-07-30) (aged 85) Qajar Iran Meshgin, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
69 al-Sayyid Murtadha Sharif al-Askari

السيد مرتضى العسكري
(1914-05-14)14 May 1914 16 September 2007(2007-09-16) (aged 93) Ottoman Empire Samarra, Baghdad vilayet Iran Tehran, Iran -
70 Ahmad Mojtahedi Tehrani

احمد مجتهدی تهرانی
(1923-10-02)2 October 1923 13 January 2008(2008-01-13) (aged 84) Qajar Iran Tehran, Sublime State of Persia Iran Tehran, Iran -
71 Mohammad-Reza Tavassoli

محمدرضا توسلی‎
1931 (1931) 16 February 2008(2008-02-16) (aged 76–77) Pahlavi Iran Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [16]
72 al-Sayyid Muhammad Ridha al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السيد محمد رضا الحسيني الشيرازي
1959 (1959) 1 June 2008(2008-06-01) (aged 48–49) Ba'athist Iraq Karbala, Iraqi Republic (1958–1968) Iran Qom, Iran -
73 al-Sayyid Muhammad Ali al-Hakim

السيد محمد علي الحكيم
1911 (1911) 27 February 2011(2011-02-27) (aged 99–100) Ottoman Empire Najaf, Baghdad vilayet Iraq Najaf, Iraq -
74 Abbas-Ali Amid Zanjani

عباسعلی عمید زنجانی
(1937-03-30)30 March 1937 30 October 2011(2011-10-30) (aged 74) Pahlavi Iran Zanjan, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
75 Mohammed Taqi Morvarid

محمد تقى مرواريد‎
1921 (1921) 22 October 2012(2012-10-22) (aged 90–91) Qajar Iran Mashhad, Sublime State of Persia Iran Ilam, Iran -
76 Seyed Karamatollah Malek Hosseini

سید کرامت‌الله ملک‌حسینی
1924 (1924) 2 November 2012(2012-11-02) (aged 87–88) Qajar Iran Gusheh-ye Shahzadeh Qasem, Sublime State of Persia Iran Yasuj, Iran -
77 Azizollah Khoshvaght

عزیزالله خوشوقت‎
1926 (1926) 19 February 2013(2013-02-19) (aged 86–87) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Imperial State of Iran Saudi Arabia Mecca, Saudi Arabia -
78 Seyed Mojtaba Mosavi Lari

سید مجتبی موسوی لاری
1925 (1925) 9 March 2013(2013-03-09) (aged 87–88) Pahlavi Iran Lar, Imperial State of Iran Iran Iran -
79 Abd al-Hadi al-Fadli

عبد الهادي الفضلي
(1935-12-06)6 December 1935 8 April 2013(2013-04-08) (aged 77) Kingdom of Iraq Basra, Kingdom of Iraq Saudi Arabia Qatif, Saudi Arabia -
80 Gholamreza Rezvani

غلامرضا رضوانی
(1922-09-24)24 September 1922 19 April 2013(2013-04-19) (aged 90) Qajar Iran Sublime State of Persia Iran Iran -
81 Seyyed Jalal Al-Din Taheri Esfahani

سید جلال‌الدین طاهری اصفهانی
(1926-01-01)1 January 1926 2 June 2013(2013-06-02) (aged 87) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Imperial State of Iran Iran Isfahan, Iran [17]
82 Mohammad Mohammadi Gilani

محمد محمدی گیلانی‎
(1928-08-31)31 August 1928 9 July 2014(2014-07-09) (aged 85) Pahlavi Iran Imperial State of Iran Iran Iran -
83 Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani

محمدرضا مهدوی کنی‎
(1931-08-06)6 August 1931 21 October 2014(2014-10-21) (aged 83) Pahlavi Iran Kan District, Tehran, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [18]
84 al-Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Musawi al-Muhri

السيد محمد باقر الموسوي المهري
(1948-12-25)25 December 1948 4 July 2015(2015-07-04) (aged 66) Kuwait Kuwait City, Kuwait Kuwait Jabriya, Kuwait -
85 Abolghasem Khazali Boroujerdi

ابوالقاسم خزعلی بروجردی‎
(1925-03-21)21 March 1925 16 September 2015(2015-09-16) (aged 90) Pahlavi Iran Borujerd, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
86 Nimr Baqir al-Nimr

نمر باقر النمر
(1959-06-21)21 June 1959 2 January 2016(2016-01-02) (aged 56) Saudi Arabia Al-Awamiyah, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh, Saudi Arabia -
87 Abbas Vaez-Tabasi

عباس واعظ طبسی‎
(1935-06-25)25 June 1935 4 March 2016(2016-03-04) (aged 80) Pahlavi Iran Tabas, Imperial State of Iran Iran Mashhad, Iran [19]
88 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی‎
(1934-08-24)24 August 1934 8 January 2017(2017-01-08) (aged 82) Pahlavi Iran Bahreman, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [20]
89 Nasrallah Shah Abadi

نصرالله شاه آبادی
(1930-09-24)24 September 1930 12 March 2018(2018-03-12) (aged 87) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
90 Asadollah Imani

اسد‌الله ایمانی
1947 (1947) 6 May 2018(2018-05-06) (aged 70–71) Pahlavi Iran Kazerun, Imperial State of Iran Iran Shiraz, Iran [21]
91 Gholamreza Hassani

غلامرضا حسنی‎
(1927-07-21)21 July 1927 21 May 2018(2018-05-21) (aged 90) Pahlavi Iran Urmia, Imperial State of Iran Iran Urmia, Iran [22]
92 Sayyid Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi

سید محمود هاشمی شاهرودی‎
(1948-08-15)15 August 1948 24 December 2018(2018-12-24) (aged 70) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq Iran Tehran, Iran [23]
93 Mir Ebrahim Seyyed Hatami

میرابراهیم سیدحاتمی‎
1924 (1924) 6 January 2019(2019-01-06) (aged 94–95) Qajar Iran Ardabil, Sublime State of Persia Iran Qom, Iran [24]
94 Mohammad Momen -

محمد مؤمن
(1938-01-13)13 January 1938 21 February 2019(2019-02-21) (aged 81) Pahlavi Iran Qom, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [25]
95 Seyyed Hadi Khosroshahi

سید هادی خسروشاهی‎
1939 (1939) 27 February 2020(2020-02-27) (aged 80–81) Pahlavi Iran Tabriz, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
96 Reza Mohammadi Langroudi

رضا محمدی لنگرودی‎
(1928-08-03)3 August 1928 5 March 2020(2020-03-05) (aged 91) Pahlavi Iran Langarud, Imperial State of Iran Iran Langarud, Iran [26]
97 Sayyid Hashem Bathaie Golpayegani

سید هاشم بطحایی گلپایگانی‎
1941 (1941) 16 March 2020(2020-03-16) (aged 78–79) Pahlavi Iran Guged, Imperial State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran [27]
98 Ebrahim Amini

ابراهیم امینی
(1925-06-30)30 June 1925 24 April 2020(2020-04-24) (aged 94) Pahlavi Iran Najafabad, Imperial State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran [28]
99 Mohammad-Ali Taskhiri

محمد علی تسخیر
(1944-10-19)19 October 1944 18 August 2020(2020-08-18) (aged 75) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Kingdom of Iraq Iran Tehran, Iran -
100 Abdol Javad Alamolhoda

سید عبدالجواد علم الهدی
1930 (1930) 20 August 2020(2020-08-20) (aged 89–90) Pahlavi Iran Mashhad, Imperial State of Iran Iran Mashhad, Iran [29]
101 Mohammad Yazdi

محمد یزدی‎
(1931-07-02)2 July 1931 9 December 2020(2020-12-09) (aged 89) Pahlavi Iran Isfahan, Imperial State of Iran Iran Qom, Iran [30]
102 Mohammad-Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi

محمدتقی مصباح‌ یزدی‎
(1935-01-31)31 January 1935 1 January 2021(2021-01-01) (aged 85) Pahlavi Iran Yazd, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [31]
103 Seyyed Mohammad Ziaabadi

سید محمد ضیاءآبادی‎
1928 (1928) 8 February 2021(2021-02-08) (aged 92–93) Pahlavi Iran Ziaabad, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [32]
104 Fakhraddin Mousavi Naneh Karani

فخرالدین موسوی ننه‌کرانی‎
1930 (1930) 18 September 2021(2021-09-18) (aged 90–91) Pahlavi Iran Ardabil, Imperial State of Iran Iran Ardabil, Iran [33]
105 Hassan Hassanzadeh Amoli

حسن حسن‌زاده آملی‎
(1928-06-30)June 30, 1928 25 September 2021(2021-09-25) (aged 93) Pahlavi Iran Larijan, Imperial State of Iran Iran Amol, Iran

[34]

106 Mohsen Mojtahed Shabestari

محسن مجتهد شبستری‎
1937 (1937) 17 November 2021(2021-11-17) (aged 83–84) Pahlavi Iran Shabestar, Imperial State of Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
107 al-Sayyid Razi al-Hussayni al-Shirazi

السيد رضي الحسيني الشيرازي
(1927-03-29)29 March 1927 1 December 2021(2021-12-01) (aged 94) Kingdom of Iraq Najaf, Mandatory Iraq Iran Tehran, Iran -
108 Mohammad Reyshahri

محمد ری‌‌شهری‎
(1946-10-29)29 October 1946 22 March 2022(2022-03-22) (aged 75) Pahlavi Iran Rey, Iran Iran Tehran, Iran -
109 Seyed Mohammad Faghie

سید محمد فقیه
(1942-04-10)10 April 1942 22 March 2022(2022-03-22) (aged 79) Pahlavi Iran Neyriz, Imperial State of Iran Iran Shiraz, Iran -
110 Mohammad Feyz Sarabi

محمد فیض سرابی
(1928-08-23)23 August 1928 11 April 2022(2022-04-11) (aged 93) Pahlavi Iran Sarab, Iran Iran Iran -
111 Seyyed Abdollah Fateminia

سید عبدالله فاطمی‌نیا
(1946-08-14)14 August 1946 16 May 2022(2022-05-16) (aged 75) Pahlavi Iran Tabriz, Iran Iran Iran -
112 Mohammad Ali Naseri [fa]

محمدعلی ناصری
(1930-11-25)25 November 1930 26 August 2022(2022-08-26) (aged 91) Pahlavi Iran Dolat Abad, Iran Iran Isfahan, Iran [35]
113 Seyed Hassan Saadat Mostafavi

سید حسن سعادت مصطفوی
(1936-05-22)22 May 1936 28 August 2022(2022-08-28) (aged 86) Pahlavi Iran Qaen, Iran Iran Tehran, Iran [36]
114 Ali Moradkhani Arangeh

علی مرادخانی ارنگه
(1926-04-22)22 April 1926 19 October 2022(2022-10-19) (aged 96) Pahlavi Iran Tehran, Iran Iran Iran [37]
115 Abbas Ali Akhtari

عباسعلی اختری
(1939-12-07)7 December 1939 31 October 2022(2022-10-31) (aged 82) Pahlavi Iran Sorkheh, Iran Iran Iran [38]
116 Abbas Ali Soleimani

عباسعلی سلیمانی
(1947-05-25)25 May 1947 26 April 2023(2023-04-26) (aged 75) Pahlavi Iran Mazandaran, Iran Iran Iran [39]
117 Ali Orumian

علی ارومیان
1932 (1932) (aged 92) Pahlavi Iran Maragheh, Iran Iran Iran [40]
118 Abdolnabi Namazi

عبدالنبی نمازی
1948 (1948) 28 January 2024(2024-01-28) (aged 75–76) Pahlavi Iran Dashti, Bushehr, Iran Iran Iran [41]
119 Mohammed Emami-Kashani

محمد امامی کاشانی‎
(1931-10-03)3 October 1931 2 March 2024(2024-03-02) (aged 92) Pahlavi Iran Kashan, Iran Iran Iran [42]
  • India Al-Allamah, Al-Faqeeh, Al-Adeeb Ayatollah Shaikh Ali Hazeen Lahiji (17th century)[43]
  • India Ayatollah Aga Syed Mehdi Kashmiri (d.1892)[7]
  • India Ayat-ul-Ilm-e-wat-Tuqa Ayatullah Syed Imdad Ali – First Ameed Jamia-e-Imania, Banaras[43]
  • India Jawad-ul-Ulama Ayatollah Syed Ali Jawad Al-Husaini, Zangipur/Banaras (1857-1920) – Mu'aasir wa Ham-Jama'at Sahib-e-Abaqaat[43]
  • India Munaitiq-e-Zaman Ayatullah Syed Mohammad Sajjad Al-Husaini – Founder Jamia Jawadia, Banaras (1928)[43]
  • India Qudwat-ul-Fuqaha Ayatullah Syed Sibte Husain, Jaunpur[43]
  • India Ayatollah Syed Ali Shah Rizvi Kashmiri[43]
  • India Alam-ul-Aalaam Ayatullah Syed Muzaffar Husain Al-Husaini – First Haadi (Supreme Authority) Jamia Jawadia, Banaras (d.1944)[43]
  • India Ayatollah Syed Mohammad Abul Hasan Rizvi Kashmiri – Founder of Sultanul Madaris son of Ayatollah Syed Ali Shah Rizvi Kashmiri[43]
  • India Ayatollah Syed Mohammad Mosawi Ichgami Kashmiri (1910 - 1959)[44]
  • Saudi Arabia Ayatollah Sheikh Muhammad Ali al-Amri[45]
  • India

Fakhr Ul Islam Alhaj Allama Syed Taqi Hasan Naqvi Wafa Sahab Qibla known as Raees Ul Fuqaha(1921-1998) President of Idara E Jaferia, Principal of Madarsa and Hawza Ilmia Jaferia (Qadeem) and founder of Jaferia Technical Institute

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza; Nasr, Seyyed Hossein; Dabashi, Hamid (1989). Expectation of the Millennium: Shi'ism in History. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0887068447.
  2. ^ "Will Khamenei's Son Play a Role in Iranian Succession?". The Washington Institute. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Mehri Taban", Agha Tehrani
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  5. ^ "IRANSEDA Network-کتاب گویا-شرح حال و حکایات سیدعلی قاضی". Iranseda.ir. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  6. ^ کتاب عتش/کتاب اسؤه عارفان 157 صفحه
  7. ^ a b "SHIAS OF KASHMIR: Past Tense, Present Imperfect". saisaonline.org. South Asian Institute of Strategic Affairs (SAISA). 11 January 2014. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  8. ^ https://www.dana.ir/news/926961.html/%D8%AF%D8%B1%DA%AF%D8%B0%D8%B4%D8%AA-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85-%D8%A8%D8%B2%D8%B1%DA%AF-%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B2%D9%84%DB%8C---%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%88%DB%8C%D8%B1--%D8%A2%D8%BA%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B2%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%87-%D9%BE%D8%B1%DA%86%D9%85-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%B1%D8%B4%D8%AA
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  11. ^ Bill, James A.; Leiden, Carl (1984). Politics in the Middle East. Little, Brown. ISBN 9780316095068.
  12. ^ https://hawzah.net/fa/Magazine/View/4789/4819/40141/%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B1%DB%8C-%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%DA%AF%D8%A7%D9%87-%D9%87%D8%A7-%D9%88-%D9%81%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%AA-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%AD%D9%88%D9%85-%D8%A2%DB%8C%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D9%85%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%B2%D8%A7-%D8%AE%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%84-%DA%A9%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%88-%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%84-%D8%AD%D8%AC
  13. ^ "ایرنا - نگاهی به زندگینامه آیت الله حیدری ایلامی/مردی از تبار معرفت و شجاعت". www.irna.ir. Archived from the original on 28 February 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  14. ^ "Ruhollah Khatami, Religious Leader, 84". The New York Times. 29 October 1988.
  15. ^ "خليل‌زاده‌ (مروج‌)، بيوك‌ (آيت‌الله‌)". daneshnameh.irdc.ir. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  16. ^ https://www.arabianbusiness.com/511424-iranian-ayatollah-dies-during-speech?ln=en [dead link]
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  18. ^ "Iranian officials mourn powerful cleric - Al-Monitor: The Pulse of the Middle East". 21 October 2014.
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  45. ^ Grand Saudi Shia Cleric "Sheikh Mohammed Ali Al Amri" Passed Away in Medina jafrianews.com

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  1. The book "Durr-e-Mansoor dar Halaat-e-Ulama-e-Zangipur"
  2. The research work of Dr. Inayet Ali on "life of Jawad-ul-Ulama" from Aligarh Muslim University.
  3. The booklet "Haqnuma" published Jamia-Imania,Banaras.