List of BMW vehicles

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The following is a list of BMW automobiles and motorcycles, ordered by year of introduction.

Cars[edit]

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

  • 309 sedan 1934–1936 (a four-cylinder version of the 303)

1940s[edit]

1950s[edit]

  • 501/502/2.6/2600 sedan, coupe and convertible. 1952–1963
  • Isetta 250/300 two-seat microcar. 1955–1962
  • 600 four-seat microcar. 1957–1959
  • 503 four-seat coupe and convertible. 1956–1959
  • 507 two-seat convertible. 1956–1959
  • 700 sedan, coupe and convertible. 1959–1965

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

M models[edit]

Concepts cars[edit]

  • 1972 Turbo- a mid-engine sportscar which led to the M1.[1]
  • 1990 M8- a high-performance version of the E31 8 Series which led to the 850CSi.
  • 1991 E1- an electric-powered two-door hatchback.[2]
1992 NAZCA C2
2007 Concept CS

Motorcycles[edit]

BMW Motorrad has produced motorcycles bearing the BMW name since the introduction of the BMW R32 in 1923. Prior to that date it produced engines for other manufacturers' motorcycles.

Present day[edit]

Naming convention for models[edit]

Series-decilitre system[edit]

Beginning with the 1972 E12 5 Series, most models in the 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 Series have used a model name consisting of three numbers, usually followed by one or three letters.

In this naming system:

  • The first number represents the model series[30]
  • The last two digits represent the engine size (displacement) in decilitres (litres times 10).[31]
  • The letters provide additional information on the model variant.

Using the examples of the 318is, 125d and 760Li model names:

  • 318is means a 3 Series with a 1.8 litre engine, with the "i" meaning a fuel-injected petrol engine and the "s" meaning that sport options are fitted.
  • 125d means a 1 Series with a 2.5 litres engine, with the "d" meaning a diesel engine.
  • 760Li means a 7 Series with a 6.0 litre, with the "L" meaning a long-wheelbase model and the "i" meaning a fuel-injected petrol engine.

Engine displacement anomalies[edit]

There are various models where the engine size is not as implied by the last two digits, such as when a turbocharged engine is used. For example:

  • From 1976 to 1986, various models using a 3.2 litre version of the M30 engine were named 533i, 633i, etc.
  • Similarly, from 1987 to 1992, the models using a 3.4 litre version of the M30 engine were named 535i, 635i, etc.
  • The 1982 to 1987 models using a 2.7 litre version of the M20 were called the 325e and 525e (528e in the United States)
  • The 1980 to 1983 European 745i models used a turbocharged 3.2-3.4 litre engine.
  • From 1994 to 1999, models using a 5.4 litre version of the M62 engine were named 750i and 850Ci.
  • Similarly, from 1996 to 1999, models using a 4.4 litre version of the M62 engine were named 540i, 740i and 840Ci. From 2001 to 2007, the situation was reversed, because models using a 4.4 litre version of the N62 engine were named 545i, 645i and 745i. Models using a 4.8 litre version of the N62 engine were named 550i, 650i and 750i.
  • From 1996 to 2001, the 318i model used a 1.9 litre version of the M44 engine. Then from 2001, the 318i model used 2.0 litre engines. Since 2015, the 318i model has used a 1.5 litre turbocharged engine.
  • From 2001 to 2010, models using the
  • Since 1995, various models using a 2.5 litre six-cylinder engine have been named 323i and 523i. For the E36, E46 and E39, this was due to the previous 325i/525i models being higher in the model range than the new models, therefore a lower number was used to indicate to customers that it was not a highly equipped model.
  • Similarly, from 2007 to 2013, various models using a detuned 3.0 litre six-cylinder engine have been named 125i, 128i, 325i and 528i.
  • Also, several diesel models using a 3.0 litre six-cylinder engine during this time were named 125d, 325d, etc.
  • The increasing use of turbochargers has meant many model names do not reflect the engine size:[32]
    • since 2006, models powered by 3.0 litre turbo petrol engines have used the digits "35" and "40" (eg 135i, 335d, 440i)
    • since 2007, models powered by 2.0 litre turbo diesel engines have used the digits "23", "25" and "28" (eg 123d, 328d)
    • since 2010, models powered by 4.4 litre turbo petrol engines have used the digits "50" (eg 550i, 650i and 740i)
    • since 2011, models powered by 2.0 litre turbo petrol engines have used the digits "25", "28" and "30" (eg 125i, 530i)
    • since 2012, models powered by the N57S 3.0 litre triple-turbo diesel engine have been named 550d and 750d
    • since 2014, models powered by 1.5 litre turbo petrol engines have used the digits "16" and "18" (eg 116i, 318i)
    • since 2016, the M760i model has been powered by a 6.6 litre turbo petrol engine

Even for non-turbo engines, the number of cylinders cannot be determined from the model name. For example, the 1987-1991 530i uses a six-cylinder engine, the 1992-1996 530i uses a V8 engine and the 2000-2016 530i uses a six-cylinder engine (to add to the confusion, just prior to the 1992 V8 530i being introduced, the 535i model used a six-cylinder engine).

Letters[edit]

The meaning of letters can change between models. The most commonly used letters are:

  • d = diesel engine
  • i = fuel-injected petrol engine[33]
  • L = long wheelbase- sometimes the L is the first letter (eg 750Li), and sometimes it is the last letter (eg 750iL)
  • td = turbodiesel
  • x / xDrive = all-wheel drive - sometimes the x is the first letter (eg 325xi), and sometimes it is the last letter (eg 325ix)

Other letters include:

X Series and Z Series[edit]

Until 2009, the model name for X Series and Z Series vehicles was:

  • The engine size in litres
  • Followed by an "i" for petrol engines or a "d" for diesel engines

Examples of this naming convention are "X5 3.0d" and "Z3 1.8i".[34] Sometimes an "s" was added after the engine size for higher performance models (for example, "Z4 3.0si" and "X5 4.8is").

Since 2009, a revised model naming system has been used.[35] The model names are as follows:

  • "sDrive" for rear-wheel drive or "xDrive" for all-wheel drive[36]
  • Then the nominal engine size in litres times 10 (eg "25" for a 2.5 litre engine), although many of the anomolies described above also apply here.
  • Lastly, "i" for petrol engines or "d" for diesel engines.

Examples of this naming convention are "X3 xDrive28d" and "Z4 sDrive30i". Sometimes an "s" was added at the end for higher performance models (for example, "Z4 sDrive 35is").

BMW M models of X Series and Z Series models typically just have the model name "M" (eg X6 M, Z4 M).

M Models[edit]

An "M' – for Motorsport – identifies the vehicle as a high-performance model of a particular series (e.g. M3, M5, M6, etc).[37] For example, the M6 is the highest performing vehicle in the 6 Series lineup.

Motorcycles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewin, Tony (2004), The Complete Book Of BMW: Every Model Since 1950, MotorBooks International, p. 307, ISBN 978-0-7603-1951-2, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  2. ^ "BMW E1 Concept – Car News – Electric Car, Take Two", www.caranddriver.com, archived from the original on 8 October 2012 
  3. ^ "Concept Cars; Diminutive BMW", Popular Science, Bonnier Corporation, vol. 243 no. 1, p. 37, July 1993, ISSN 0161-7370, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  4. ^ a b "BMW-Zukunft der Vergangenheit". www.motor-klassik.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "BMW Just 4/2", Popular Science, Bonnier Corporation, vol. 248 no. 1, p. 14, January 1996, ISSN 0161-7370, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  6. ^ "BMW Z9 - 2000 Paris Auto Show". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
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  8. ^ "BMW CS1 - 2002 Geneva Motor Show". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "Tokyo Motor Show: BMW Concept 1 Series tii unveiled". www.autoblog.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "BMW 1-series tii Concept". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
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  12. ^ "BMW Builds a Shape-Shifting Car Out of Cloth". www.wired.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "BMW M1 Hommage – Spiritual Precursor to the i8". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
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  15. ^ "BMW Gran Lusso Coupé Concept". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "BMW Pininfarina Gran Lusso Coupe". www.pininfarina.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Is BMW working on a new 8 Series?". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  18. ^ "Introductin: BMW Vision Future Luxury Concept". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
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  20. ^ "2015 BMW M4 Concept Iconic Lights". www.topspeed.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  21. ^ "BMW M4 Concept Iconic Lights displayed at BMW Welt". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  22. ^ "BMW 3.0 CSL Hommage (2015) review". www.carmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  23. ^ "2016 BMW 3.0 CSL Hommage R Review". www.topspeed.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  24. ^ "BMW Concept Compact Sedan: The Front-Drive Bimmer Sedan Is Upon Us". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  25. ^ "Is this the next BMW 1-Series sedan?". www.autoweek.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  26. ^ "BMW Concept Cars – The BMW Vision Next 100". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  27. ^ "BMW Vision Next 100 Concept Previews Future Tech, Design". www.motortrend.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  28. ^ "The BMW 2002 Hommage Is an M2-Based Tribute to the 2002 Turbo". www.roadandtrack.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  29. ^ "BMW 2002 Hommage Gets Reskinned as the Turbomeister". www.motortrend.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  30. ^ "BMW nomenclature and naming system explained". www.crankit.in. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "BMW Canada website". www.bmw.ca. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  32. ^ "A Case For BMW's New Naming Scheme". www.kinja.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  33. ^ "BMW models naming convention". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  34. ^ "X3 E83 LCI model selection". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  35. ^ "X3 F25 model selection". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  36. ^ "FAQ from the recent BMW Press Conference". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  37. ^ "Understanding BMW naming conventions". www.cartelligent.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.