List of Baden locomotives and railbuses

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baden as it stood from 1806 to 1945

This list contains an overview of the locomotives of the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway (Großherzogliche Baden Staatsbahn), the national railway of the Grand Duchy of Baden, a sovereign state within the German Empire until 1920.

Classification scheme[edit]

Flag of the Grand Duchy of Baden 1891-1918

Locomotives in the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway were organised into classes and were given a railway number as well as names. Their names were derived from the animal kingdom, geographical features (rivers, mountains and towns) as well as people. Because the selection of names became increasingly difficult as more and more vehicles were procured, in 1868 the allocation of names was dropped from locomotive number 218 onwards. In 1882, all name plates were removed.

Railway numbers were issued in sequence. When locomotives were retired, their numbers were allocated to the next locomotives to be delivered. Up to 1882 the name was also adopted. In 1872 an attempt was made to organise the sequence of numbers within locomotive classes. The numbers were swapped around, but locomotives retained the same name. Because there were limits to the practicality of this, it was given up again five years later.

From the 1880s the state railway tried again to organise the railway numbers. Initially shunting locomotives began to be allocated numbers starting at 500. As this threshold was soon reached by the normal vehicle fleet, locomotives were given numbers in the 600s and later in the 1000s.

Unlike other railways, class designations were included from the start. For each new design, a new class number was issued. As a result, classes I to XIV had emerged by 1868.

In 1868 a new system was introduced. This entailed engines with the same features or requirements being grouped together.

Class Type
I Light tank locomotives
II Newer four-coupled express train locomotives
III Older four-coupled express train locomotives
IV Passenger train and express train locomotives with the six coupled wheels
V Older locomotives for mixed traffic trains
VI Newer passenger train tank locomotives
VII Goods train locomotives with the six coupled wheels
VIII Goods train locomotives with eight coupled wheels
IX Rack railway locomotives
X Heavy shunting locomotives, crane locomotive

The locomotives previously organised under the old scheme were transferred into the new classes. In order to improve clarity, the old class designations are shown in italics.

Old scheme New scheme
I a, I b, I c II a (ex I c); others already retired
II II b
III a, III b, III c II b (ex III c); others already retired
IV II b
V V b
VI Already retired
VII V c
VIII V c
IX II a
X a, X b, X c, X d VI (ex X c); VII a (ex X d); VII b (ex X a, X b)
XI V a
XII III
XIII I a
XIV IV a

Using the additional lower case letters "a" to "h", the various sub-types within a class were distinguished. In addition, each delivery batch was indicated with a superscript.

Thus the VI b10 is the tenth batch of Class VI b passenger train tank locomotives.

Steam Locomotives[edit]

The class designations used before 1868 are shown in italics in the following tables for greater clarity.

Early Broad Gauge Locomotives for All Traffic Types[edit]

These locomotives were originally built for the Baden broad gauge of 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) and were largely rebuilt on their conversion in 1854 to standard gauge. None of the locomotives were reclassified with Deutsche Reichsbahn running numbers.

Class (old)
to 1868
Class new
from 1868
Railway number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
I a (de) 1–6 6 1839–1843 1A1 n2 3 engines rebuilt to standard gauge, during which they were converted into 1A1 n2t
I b 7–15 9 1842–1843 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge, during which no. 15 was converted into 1A1 n2t
II (de) II b (old) 16–19 4 1843–1844 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge, during which they were converted into 2A n2 with jackshafts
III a (de) 20–24 5 1844 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge
III b (de) 25–28 4 1844 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge
III c (de) II b (old) 29–36 8 1845 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge
IV (de) II b (old) 37–41 5 1845 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge
V (de) V b 42–46 5 1845 1B n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge, during which in 1A1 n2 with the outside frame converted into
VI (de) 47–54 8 1845 C n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge, during which they were converted into 1B n2 with outside frame
VII (de) V c 55–58 4 1846 2′B n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge
VIII (de) V c 59–65 7 1847 1A1 n2 All rebuilt to standard gauge, in 1865 they were converted to 1B n2t
66 1 1846 1A1 n2 Delivered unusable by Hartmann & Lindt, made operational in 1848 by Kessler; rebuilt to standard gauge

Passenger and express train locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
II a (old) (de)
to 1868: IX
67–68 2 1854 2A n2 Boilers originally had fire tubes that doubled back and a chimney in the centre
69–76 8 1854–1856 2′A n2
7–14,
83–90
16 1858–1863 2A n2
II a (old) (de)
to 1868: I c
1, 2, 4 3 1856 2A n2 Replacements for Class I a
II a (de) 41…90,
452–463,
482–487
24 1888–1890 2′B n2
II b (de) 39…114 10 1891 2′B n2
II c (de) 518–537,
572–574,
652–663
35 1892–1900 2′B n2
II d (de) 733–750 18 1902–1905 2′B1′ n4v
III (de)
to 1868: XII
4…28,
99–112,
127–132,
141–149
41 1861–1865 2′B n2 Some rebuilt to III b
III a (de) 15…74,
230–236,
271–285,
356–362
49 1869–1875 2′B n2 Originally with the III classified; Some rebuilt to III b, the rest reclassified as III a
III b (ca. 70) (1881–1897) 2′B n2 Rebuilt from III/III a
IV a (de)
to 1868: XIV
37…59,
176–199,
237–246
46 1866–1870 B n2 All rebuilt in 1880–1886 to B1′ n2t with replacement boiler
IV b (de) 324–343 20 1873–1874 1B n2 All rebuilt in 1888–1892 to 1′B1′ n2t with replacement boiler
IV c 1…133,
362–381,
387–393,
422, 423
59 1875–1887 1′B n2
IV e 18…356,
552–556,
575–595,
622–628,
664–690
38 7001–7007,
38 7021–7025,
38 7031–7034,
38 7041–7046,
38 7061–7073
83 1894–1900 2′C n4v
IV f (de) 751–765,
833–852
18 201,
18 211–217,
18 231–238,
18 251–256
35 1907–1913 2′C1′ h4v
IV g (de) 828–832 5 1912 1′C1′ n4v with Clench steam dryer
IV h (de) 49, 64, 95,
1000–1016
18 301–303,
18 311–319,
18 321–328
20 1918–1920 2′C1′ h4v
V a (de)
to 1868: XI
91–98,
113–126
22 1860–1863 1B n2 One engine rebuilt in 1875 to 1B n2t
VI (de)
to 1868: X c
47–52,
150–161,
218–229
30 1864–1869 C n2
P 8 1153–1192 38 3793–3832 40 1922 2′C h2 Same as Prussian P 8

Goods train locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
VII a (de)
to 1868: X d
77–79,
162–173,
200–215,
247–270,
286–323,
394–401,
404–435,
464–477,
488–511
53 8501–8503,
53 8508–8512,
53 8514–8523,
53 8525–8528,
53 8534,
53 8539–8542,
53 8550–8552,
53 8556–8565,
53 8580–8586
171 1866–1891 C n2
VII b (de)
to 1868: X a
77–82 6 1855–1856 C n2
VII b (de)
to 1868: X b
133–140 8 1863 C n2
VII c (de) 512–515 53 8587,
53 8597–8598
4 1891 C n2
VII d (de) 24…357,
516–517,
557–571,
596–621,
635–649,
703–732
109 1893–1902 C n2v
VIII a (de) 344–355 12 1875 D n2
VIII b (de) 56…242 10 1886–1888 D n2 purchased from Sharp, Stewart & Co. from the bankruptcy assets of the Swedish-Norwegian Railway, in service 1892–1894; design identical to the Palatine G 3
VIII c (de) 518–519,
538–549,
629–634,
691–702
32 1893–1900 B′B n4v Articulated Mallet locomotive
VIII e (de) 9…370,
771–780,
813–827
56 701–709,
56 711–738
39 1908–1912 1′D n4v With Clench steam dryer
3…390,
853–866
56 751–776,
56 781–785
31 1913–1915 1′D h4v
G 12 972–996,
1017–1081,
1125–1132
58 201–225,
58 231–272,
58 281–303,
58 311–318
98 1918–1921 1′E h3 Same as Prussian G 12, 1037–1046 purchased as new by the Prussian state railways

Tank locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
I a (de)
to 1868: XIII
174–175 2 1866 B n2t For the state-operated private railway DinglingenLahr
I b 402–403 88 7501–7502 2 1874 B n2t Pontoon locomotives, 402–403 taken over from the Palatinate Railway in 1879 (ex-Palatine VII and VIII)
240 88 7503 1 1893
I c (de) 60, 63, 65 3 1880 1B n2t
I d (de) 62, 436–437 3 1882–1885 1A n2t
I e 99…245,
443–449,
478–481
88 7511–7515,
88 7521–7522,
88 7531–7532,
88 7541–7548,
88 7551–7555,
88 7561–7563
30 1887–1893 B n2t
I f (de) 339 1 1899 B n2t Taken over in 1904 with Rheinau-Hafen Mannheim
I g (de) 1…485,
845–899
70 101–105,
70 111–125
20 1914–1916 1B h2t
70 126–133 8 1927–1928 DRG copy
IV d (de) 124…246 14 1891 1′B1′ n2t
V b (de) 3, 61, 64,
382–386
8 1876–1877 1B n2t
VI a (de) 358–359 2 1900 1′C n2t
VI b 4…389,
793–812
75 101–114,
75 121–136,
75 141–161,
75 171–179,
75 181–195,
75 201–216,
75 221–233,
75 241–258
131 1900–1908 1′C1′ n2t
1133–1152,
1193–1214
75 261–302 42 1921–1923 Follow-on order
VI c 875–894,
900–971
75 401–409,
75 411–441,
75 451–464,
75 471–473,
75 481–483,
75 491–494
92 1914–1918 1′C1′ h2t
1082–1124 75 1001–1023,
75 1101–1120
43 1920–1921 Follow-on order
VIII d (de) 650–651 2 1900 BB n2t Hagans drive
IX a (de) 438–442,
450–451
89 8301–8302 7 1887–1888 C n2(4)t Rack railway locomotive for the Höllentalbahn, cogwheel drive removed in 1910
IX b 344–345,
371, 736
97 201–204 4 1910 C1′ n2(4v)t Rack railway locomotive for Höllentalbahn
737–739 97 251–253 3 1921 Follow-on order
X (de) 149 1 1895 B n2t Crane locomotive, retired again in 1898
X a (de) 324…422 6 1898–1901 C n2t Taken over in 1904 with Rheinau-Hafen Mannheim
X b 11…651,
867–874,
997–999
92 201–232,
92 241–251,
92 261–266,
92 271,
92 281–290
68 1907–1919 D n2t
8…726 92 291–320 30 1921 Follow-on order

Narrow gauge locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
1–4 99 7201–7204 4 1904 C n2t For MosbachMudau, operated by the DEBG under the direction of the Baden State Railway.

Baden narrow gauge locomotives were built for metre gauge.

Electric locomotives[edit]

Baden's electric locomotives were for the Wiesental and Wehratal railways, electrified on 13 September 1913.

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
A1 (de) 1 1 1910 1′C1′ w2u
A2 (de) 1–9 E 61 01–03, 05–09,
E 61 14
9 1911–1912 1′C1′ w2u
A3 (de) 1–2 E 61 21–22 2 1912–1913 1′C1′ w2k

Railcars[edit]

Baden railcars were included in the register of passenger coaches and luggage vans, that were also grouped into classes.

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
133c (de) 6606 1 1902 A1 n2 Steam railcar, Serpollet type
121a (de) 1000–1007 dT 1–8 8 1914–1915 A1 h2 Steam railcar, Kittel type
133d (de) 6607 1 1903 (A1)(1A) g2t Battery railcar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 1 – Nummerierungssysteme, Transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70739-6
  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 2 – Dampflokomotiven und Dampftriebwagen, Transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70740-X
  • Wolfgang Valtin: Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 3 – Elektro- und Dieselloks, Triebwagen, Transpress, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-344-70741-8
  • Hermann Lohr, Georg Thielmann: Lokomotiv-Archiv Baden, Transpress, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-344-00210-4
  • Albert Mühl: Die Großherzoglich Badischen Staatseisenbahnen, Franckh, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-440-04933-7

External links[edit]