List of mayors of Baltimore

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Mayor of the
City of Baltimore
Seal of Baltimore, Maryland.png
Flag of Baltimore, Maryland.svg
Catherine Pugh at her inauguration as mayor Dec 2016 - cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Catherine E. Pugh

since December 6, 2016
Residence Private residence
Ashburton
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder James Calhoun
1794
Formation 1797
Website Office of the Mayor

The Mayor of Baltimore is the head of the executive branch of the government of the City of Baltimore, Maryland. The Mayor has the duty to enforce city laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Baltimore City Council. In addition, the Mayor oversees all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and the public school system within the city limits. As of January 1, 2013, the Office of Mayor of the City of Baltimore has changed hands 59 times with 49 different individuals assuming office.

The Office of the Mayor is located in the Baltimore City Hall in Downtown Baltimore. Stephanie Rawlings-Blake decided not to run for reelection. State Senator Catherine Pugh beat out former Mayor Shelia Dixon in the Democratic Primary. She then defeated Republican Alan Walden and Green Party Candidate Joshua Harris to become the 50th Mayor of Baltimore. She was sworn in on December 6, 2016.

History[edit]

James Calhoun was first elected in 1794 under the old Town government, and continued as the new first mayor under the new City charter in 1796-97, when the City was incorporated as the "City of Baltimore" ("Mayor and City Council of Baltimore") under the authority of the General Assembly of Maryland. Calhoun continued to serve until 1804.

Serving as the "county seat" of surrounding Baltimore County since 1767, the City was separated from the county by the provisions of the adoption of the new second Maryland Constitution of 1851 and became an independent city with the same status as the other 22 (later 23) counties of Maryland. Then the county seat for Baltimore County was moved after an election/referendum to Towsontown (later Towson, Maryland) with the building there of its first courthouse in 1854.

Six individuals are credited with multiple, non-consecutive returns to the office after completing an initial term, and are counted as separate mayoralties. These are: Edward Johnson (twice), John Montgomery, Ferdinand C. Latrobe (elected four times), Howard W. Jackson, William F. Broening, and Theodore R. McKeldin.

Originally elected for a term of only two years under the original first City Charter, now traditionally, the Baltimore City Charter limits a mayoral term to four years since the revisions of 1920 (who can be reelected without term limits). However, the 2015 election will be postponed to 2016 in order to better align with national elections.

List[edit]

# Mayor Term start Term end Terms   Party
1 James Calhoun 1794 1804 4 12 None
2 Thorowgood Smith 1804 1808 2 None
3 Edward Johnson 1808 1816 4 Democratic-Republican
4 George Stiles 1816 1819 1 12 Democratic-Republican
(3) Edward Johnson 1819 1820 12 Democratic-Republican
5 John Montgomery 1820 1822 1 Democratic-Republican
(3) Edward Johnson 1822 1824 1 Democratic-Republican
(5) John Montgomery 1824 1826 1 Democratic-Republican
6 Jacob Small 1826 1831 1 12 Democratic-Republican
7 William Steuart 1831 1832 1 Democratic-Republican
8 Jesse Hunt 1832 1835 1 12 Whig
9 Samuel Smith 1835 1838 1 12 Democratic
10 Sheppard C. Leakin 1838 1840 1 Whig
11 Samuel Brady 1840 1842 1 Whig
12 Solomon Hillen Jr. 1842 1843 12 Democratic
13 James O. Law 1843 1844 12 Democratic
14 Jacob G. Davies 1844 1848 1 Whig
15 Elijah Stansbury, Jr. 1848 1850 1 Democratic
16 John H.T. Jerome 1850 1852 1 Democratic
17 John S. Hollins 1852 1854 1 Whig
18 Samuel Hinks 1854 1856 1 American
19 Thomas Swann 1856 1860 2 American
20 George W. Brown 1860 1861 12 Constitutional Union
21 John C. Blackburn 1861 1862 12 None (Union Army)
22 John L. Chapman 1862 1867 1 12 Republican
23 Robert T. Banks 1867 1871 1 Republican
24 Joshua Van Sant 1871 1875 1 Democratic
25 Ferdinand C. Latrobe 1875 1877 12 Democratic
26 George P. Kane 1877 1878 Partial Democratic
(25) Ferdinand C. Latrobe 1878 1881 1 Democratic
27 William P. Whyte 1881 1883 12 Democratic
(25) Ferdinand C. Latrobe 1883 1885 12 Democratic
28 James Hodges 1885 1887 12 Republican
(25) Ferdinand C. Latrobe 1887 1889 12 Democratic
29 Robert C. Davidson 1889 1891 12 Democratic
(25) Ferdinand C. Latrobe 1891 1895 1 Democratic
30 Alcaeus Hooper 1895 1897 12 Republican
31 William T. Malster 1897 1899 12 Republican
32 Thomas G. Hayes 1899 1903 1 Democratic
33 Robert McLane 1903 1904 Partial Democratic
34 E. Clay Timanus 1904 1907 1 Republican
35 J. Barry Mahool 1907 1911 1 Democratic
36 James H. Preston 1911 1919 2 Democratic
37 William F. Broening 1919 1923 1 Republican
38 Howard W. Jackson 1923 1927 1 Democratic
(37) William F. Broening 1927 1931 1 Republican
(38) Howard W. Jackson 1931 1943 3 Democratic
39 Theodore McKeldin 1943 1947 1 Republican
40 Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. 1947 1959 3 Democratic
41 J. Harold Grady 1959 1962 Partial Democratic
42 Philip H. Goodman 1962 1963 Partial Democratic
(39) Theodore McKeldin 1963 1967 1 Republican
43 Thomas D'Alesandro III 1967 1971 1 Democratic
44 William D. Schaefer 1971 1987 4 Democratic
45 Clarence H. Burns 1987 1987 Partial Democratic
46 Kurt Schmoke 1987 1999 3 Democratic
47 Martin O'Malley 1999 2007 2 Democratic
48 Sheila Dixon 2007 2010 1 Democratic
49 Stephanie Rawlings-Blake 2010 2016 1 12 Democratic
50 Catherine E. Pugh 2016 Incumbent 1 Democratic

References[edit]