List of bamboo species

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Bamboo About this sound listen  is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family Poaceae, which is a large family with over 10,000 species. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. The size of bamboo varies from small annuals to giant timber bamboo. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. It can grow up to 91–122 centimetres/day (3.8-5.0 centimetres/hr).[1]

Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. Clumpers grow from the soil in a slowly expanding tuft. Runners send underground rhizomes to produce shoots several metres from the parent plant.[2]

All Chinese names for bamboo contain the character "". This character by itself simply means bamboo, however it enters into hundreds of other words and phrases. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." (Dr. W. Y. Hsiung). This character, pronounced zhu depicts two leafed twigs of bamboo. The radical 竹 also indicates "sense".[3]

Species[edit]

Species English name Chinese name Clumper/ runner/ extinct Max. height Max. diameter Brief species description
Acidosasa 酸竹属 Grow in south coastal China, and have sour shoots.
Acidosasa chienouensis Powdery sour bamboo 粉酸竹 Runner 4.6 metres (15 ft) 19 millimetres (0.75 in) Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose
Acidosasa edulis Sweet yellow bamboo 黄甜竹 Runner 12 metres (39 ft) 51 millimetres (2.0 in) Green glabrous culms, sheath turns brown, from green. The roots are often eaten, and are said to be delicious.
Actinocladum verticillatum 4.6 metres (15 ft) 14 millimetres (0.55 in) A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil.
Alvimia
Ampelocalamus 悬竹属
Ampelocalamus scandens Climbing bamboo 爬竹 Clumper 9.1 metres (30 ft) 7.6 millimetres (0.30 in) Hangs loosely, or is scrambling. Nodes are slightly swollen. Nearly equal branches, central branches usually smaller than culms.
Apoclada simplex A one-member genus found in the forests of southeastern Brazil.
Arthrostylidium climbing bamboos found in the New World.
Arthrostylidium angustifolium
Arthrostylidium auriculatum
Arthrostylidium banaoense
Arthrostylidium canaliculatum
Arthrostylidium chiribiquetense
Arthrostylidium cubense
Arthrostylidium distichum
Arthrostylidium ecuadorense
Arthrostylidium ekmanii
Arthrostylidium excelsum
Arthrostylidium farctum
Arthrostylidium fimbriatum
Arthrostylidium fimbrinodum
Arthrostylidium grandifolium
Arthrostylidium haitiense
Arthrostylidium judziewiczii
Arthrostylidium longiflorum
Arthrostylidium merostachyoides
Arthrostylidium multispicatum
Arthrostylidium obtusatum
Arthrostylidium pubescens
Arthrostylidium punctulatum
Arthrostylidium reflexum
Arthrostylidium sarmentosum
Arthrostylidium scandens
Arthrostylidium schomburgkii
Arthrostylidium simpliciusculum
Arthrostylidium urbanii
Arthrostylidium venezuelae
Arthrostylidium virolinense
Arthrostylidium youngianum
Arundinaria 青篱竹属 New shoots grow only in spring. Many species put in this genus were later transferred to different genera.
Arundinaria appalachiana Hill cane Runner 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) 5.1 millimetres (0.20 in) The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, sheaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo
Arundinaria funghomii None Runner 9.1 metres (30 ft) 28 millimetres (1.1 in) New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. May be the same as Pseudosasa cantori
Arundinaria gigantea River cane, canebrake Runner 6.1 metres (20 ft) 25 millimetres (0.98 in) Native to the United States. Can grow at temperatures as low as -23 °C.
Arundinaria gigantea Macon Macon river cane Runner 6.1 metres (20 ft) 25 millimetres (0.98 in) Can grow at very low temperatures. Can survive at -32°C with only minor leaf burn.
Arundinaria tecta Switch cane Runner 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in) 13 millimetres (0.51 in) Like Arundinaria gigantea, but with persistent culm sheaths; can grow in soggy soil.
Athroostachys capitata
Atractantha
Aulonemia
Aulonemia queko 15 metres (49 ft) 30 millimetres (1.2 in)
Bambusa 簕竹属 Generally tropical bamboo, usually with many branches. New shoots appear in late fall.
Bambusa arnhemica None Clumper 7.6 metres (25 ft) 100 millimetres (3.9 in) On Northern Australian coasts. Deciduous during dry season. Dense clumps, thick culms, short internodes, low branches.
Bambusa balcooa None Clumper 18 metres (59 ft) 150 millimetres (5.9 in) From India. Has tangled clumps which make it difficult to harvest. They are strong, and are often used in construction.
Bambusa bambos Giant thorny Clumper 30 metres (98 ft) 180 millimetres (7.1 in) Fast growing, with thick walls. Lower branches are long and covered with thorns. Has edible shoots, and is used to make paper in India.
Bambusa basihirsuta Flat bamboo 扁竹 Clumper 12 metres (39 ft) 76 millimetres (3.0 in) Tight erect clumps
Bambusa beecheyana Beechey bamboo 吊丝球竹 Clumper 15 metres (49 ft) 130 millimetres (5.1 in) Culms with short internodes, covered with white powder when young, usually arch strongly, shoots often eaten.
Bambusa beecheyana var. pubescens None 大头典竹 Clumper 15 metres (49 ft) 130 millimetres (5.1 in) Same as regular Bambusa beecheyana, but more erect, with thicker nodual hair, and it branches lower.
Bambusa blumeana spiny bamboo 簕竹 Clumper 18 metres (59 ft) 100 millimetres (3.9 in) Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and Indonesia. Used for building material and baskets. Shoots eaten.
Bambusa boniopsis None 妈竹 Clumper 4.6 metres (15 ft) 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. Indigenous to Hainan
Bambusa burmanica Burmese bamboo 缅甸竹 Clumper 4.6 metres (15 ft) 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) Nearly solid culms, with large leaves that can be up to a foot long; dense clumps with spiky low branches.
Bambusa chungii None 粉箪竹 Clumper 9.1 metres (30 ft) 51 millimetres (2.0 in) Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder.
Bambusa chungii var. barbelatta None Clumper 6.7 metres (22 ft) 38 millimetres (1.5 in) Light ring of hair around new culm nodes, and a loose sheath blade.
Bambusa cornigera Bull's horn bamboo 牛角竹 Clumper 11 metres (36 ft) 76 millimetres (3.0 in) Culms are zigzag and internodes are curved.
Bambusa dissimulator None 坭�デ簕�ダ竹 Clumper 15 metres (49 ft) 76 millimetres (3.0 in) A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches.
Bambusa dissimulator Albinodia None Clumper 15 metres (49 ft) 76 millimetres (3.0 in) A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches. There are white rings above and below the nodes.
Bambusa distegia None 料慈竹 Clumper 9.1 metres (30 ft) 100 millimetres (3.9 in) Has green internodes, and bends slightly at the top. It also tolerates light frosts.
Bambusa dolichoclada Long-branch bamboo 长枝竹 Clumper 20 metres (66 ft) 10 centimetres (3.9 in) Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, and a thin layer of white powder on it.
Bambusa dolichoclada Stripe None 条纹长枝竹 Clumper 21 metres (69 ft) 10 centimetres (3.9 in) Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, thin creamy yellow stripes, and a thin layer of white powder on it.
Bambusa dolichomerithalla Another name for Bambusa multiplex
Bambusa emeiensis Chrysotrichus None 慈竹 Clumper 12 metres (39 ft) 5 centimetres (2.0 in) Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but name was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis.
Bambusa emeiensis Flavidovirens None 慈竹 Clumper 12.5 metres (41 ft) 6.2 centimetres (2.4 in) Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but name was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis. Pale yellow with green vertical stripes
Bambusa emeiensis Viridiflavus None 慈竹 Clumper 12.5 metres (41 ft) 7 centimetres (2.8 in) Originally known as Neosinocalamus affinis, but name was later changed to Bambusa emeinsis. Has erect culms and yellow stripes.
Bambusa eutuldoides None 大眼竹 Clumper 15 metres (49 ft) 50 millimetres (2.0 in) Straight thick walled culms, with fine white stripes.
Bambusa eutuldoides Viridivittata None 青丝黄竹 Clumper 2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in) 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) Yellow internodes with green stripes. Shoots have peach tones
Bambusa flexuosa None 小�デ簕�ダ竹 Clumper 7.5 metres (25 ft) 6 centimetres (2.4 in) There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches.
Bambusa fulda None Clumper Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bambusa gibba Mud bamboo 坭竹 Clumper 7.5 metres (25 ft) 5 centimetres (2.0 in) Side branches have soft spines. An oil can be extracted from the culms.
Bambusa glaucophylla Malay dwarf Clumper 4.5 metres (15 ft) 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) Dense bushy and easy to prune. Often sold as a decorative hedge.
Bambusa intermedia None 绵竹 Clumper 7.5 metres (25 ft) 50 millimetres (2.0 in) Dark green with purple stripes
Bambusa lako Timor black Clumper 17.5 metres (57 ft) 8.8 centimetres (3.5 in) Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. has low branches and green leave sheaths. Closely related to Gigantochloa atroviolacea.
Bambusa lapidea Horsehoof bamboo 油�デ簕�ダ竹 Clumper 10.5 metres (34 ft) 8.8 centimetres (3.5 in) Thick walled culms almost solid at base.
Bambusa longispiculata None 花眉竹 Clumper 11.5 metres (38 ft) 10 centimetres (3.9 in) Green clums with light green stripes near node rings. Open clumps, and thin walls.
Bambusa luteostriata None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Erect with full foliage at top. Green with white stripes.
Bambusa maculata None Clumper Unknown Unknown Splotchy canes when mature.
Bambusa malingensis None 马岭竹 Clumper 35 feet (11 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm) Tolerates wind well. Medium-sized, but grows taller in shade.
Bambusa membranacea None Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Strong growing bamboo with straight culms and loose clumps.
Bambusa multiplex Hedge bamboo 孝顺竹 Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom, hence the name hedge bamboo.
Bambusa multiplex Alphonse Karr None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom. The leaves are yellow with irregular green stripes.
Bambusa multiplex Fernleaf Fernleaf bamboo Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Have about 15 closely spaced two-rank leaves.
Bambusa multiplex Fernleaf Stripestem Fernleaf stripestem bamboo Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Reddish yellow culms with green stripes.
Bambusa multiplex Golden Goddess None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) A dwarf form of Bambusa multiplex fernleaf except with larger leaves and yellow culms.
Bambusa multiplex Goldstripe None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Mature culms have a gold stripe that fades into green.
Bambusa multiplex Midori Green Green Alphonse Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes
Bambusa multiplex Riviereorum Chinese Goddess Clumper 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm) Has solid culms and tiny leaves
Bambusa multiplex Silverstripe None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves.
Bambusa multiplex Tiny Fern None Clumper 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.2 inches (5.1 mm) A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long.
Bambusa multiplex Tiny Fern Striped None Clumper 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.2 inches (5.1 mm) A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long and striped culms.
Bambusa multiplex Willowy Wang Tsai Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves.
Bambusa multiplex 'Silverstripe' Clumper 45 feet (14 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Bambusa multiplex 'Tiny Fern' Clumper 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Bambusa mutabilis Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Bambusa nutans None Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 3 inches (76 mm) Culms have a white ring below the nodes.
Bambusa odashimae None 乌脚绿竹 Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 3 inches (76 mm) Has dark green leaves and edible shoots
Bambusa odashime × B. tuldoides None Clumper Unknown Unknown Erect with long internodes.
Bambusa oldhamii Giant timber 绿竹 Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves.
Bambusa oliveriana None Clumper 45 feet (14 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Dense clumps with thick walled, glossy green culms.
Bambusa pachinensis None 米筛竹 Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 2.4 inches (61 mm) Medium size with yellow culms.
Bambusa pallida None
Bambusa pervariabilis None 撑篙竹 Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 2.4 inches (61 mm) Erect, thick walled, and lower culms have branches and yellow stripes.
Bambusa pervariabilis Viridistriatus None 花撑篙竹 Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 2.4 inches (61 mm) New shoots are yellow with green stripes, maturing to a darker yellow with dark green stripes.
Bambusa polymorpha None Clumper 30 metres (98 ft) Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying
Bambusa rigida None 硬头黄竹 Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 2.3 inches (58 mm) Erect with long internodes. There are many branches at each node.
Bambusa rutila None 木竹 Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Thick walls, lower culms zigzag, nodes are swollen and have white hairs.
Bambusa sinospinosa Chinese thorny 车筒竹 Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Has many thorny branches, and small leaves.
Bambusa sinospinosa Hirose None Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Forms tight clumps.
Bambusa sinospinosa Clone X None Clumper 75 feet (23 m) 2.8 inches (71 mm) A vigorous bamboo with extremely thick walls. Classification unknown.
Bambusa sinospinosa Nana None Clumper Unknown Unknown Straight, strong, with yellow stripes.
Bambusa sinospinosa Polymorpha None Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 6 inches (150 mm) Green culms covered with silky gray hair, and short, slender branches. Classification uncertain.
Bambusa sinospinosa Richard Waldron None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Compact and erect. Classification and origin uncertain.
Bambusa stenostachya None Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 6 inches (150 mm) Internodes almost solid. Culm sheaths persistent.
Bambusa textilis Weavers bamboo 青皮竹 Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Very thin culms and tight clumps. Arches very gracefully.
Bambusa textilis Dwarf None Clumper 18 feet (5.5 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm) Very thin culms, and tight clumps.
Bambusa textilis Kanapaha None Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm) Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches.
Bambusa textilis Maculata None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Culms and base of new culm sheaths both have purple streaks.
Bambusa textilis Mutabilis None Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 2.3 inches (58 mm) Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom.
Bambusa textilis Scranton None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Clumps open and branches loose.
Bambusa textilis var. albostriata None Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Open clumps, loose branches, and white stripes on culms
Bambusa textilis var. glabra None 光秆青皮竹 Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Slender with glabrous culms and culm sheaths.
Bambusa textilis var. gracilis None 崖州竹 Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 1.3 inches (33 mm) Slender culms, nodding top, graceful leaves.
Bambusa tulda None 俯竹 Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Solid near base, straight and thick walled.
Bambusa tulda Striata None Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base.
Bambusa tuldoides Punting Pole 青秆竹 Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 2.3 inches (58 mm) Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms.
Bambusa variostriata None 吊丝箪竹 Clumper 35 feet (11 m) 3 inches (76 mm) New, edible shoots covered in white stripes and white blooms.
Bambusa ventricosa Buddha's Belly 佛肚竹 Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 2.3 inches (58 mm) In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes.
Bambusa ventricosa Golden Buddha None Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Bambusa ventricosa Kimmei None Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 2.3 inches (58 mm) In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. Has yellow culms striped with green.
Bambusa ventricosa 'Holochrysa Kimmei' Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 2.25 inches (57 mm)
Bambusa vulgaris Common bamboo 龙头竹 Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Open clumps with culms spaced about a foot apart. Culms root easily.
Bambusa vulgaris Vittata Painted bamboo 黄金间碧竹 Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Golden yellow culms with green stripes that look like paint dripping down the culm.
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin None 大佛肚竹 Clumper 16 feet (4.9 m) 3 inches (76 mm) Has short swollen lower green internodes.
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin Striata None Clumper 16 feet (4.9 m) 3 inches (76 mm) Has short swollen lower green internodes, and is striped with dark green.
Bashania Running bamboos that naturally exist in China
Bashania fargesii Chinese mountain bamboo or wind break bamboo Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Has leaves that can be up to a foot long. Also known as Arundinaria fargesii
Bashania qingchengshanensis None Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.9 inches (23 mm) Spreads quickly and vigorously.
Bonia Some authorities include this genus in Bambusa.
Borinda Mountain bamboo that grow in Bhutan, Tibet, Yunnan, and Sichuan. Most of the species in this genus start out blue.
Borinda albocerea None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Grows in mountainous regions.
Borinda angustissima None Clumper 18 feet (5.5 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) White powder covered, arched culms that start out purple.
Borinda contracta None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Bushy, clumps have many culms.
Borinda frigidorum None Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.7 inches (18 mm) Culm sheaths become red, leaves are small.
Borinda fungosa Chocolate bamboo Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Grow at very high altitudes. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots. Culms turn shiny brown in sunlight.
Borinda fungosa White cloud None Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Borinda grossa None Clumper 26 feet (7.9 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Unknown
Borinda KR 5288 None Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Borinda lushuiensis None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Unknown
Borinda macclureana None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) On the lower surface of purple branches, the leaves are pubescent.
Borinda nujiangensis None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Has small dark yellow leaves.
Borinda papyrifera None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 2 inches (51 mm) New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae.
Borinda perlonga None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Has dense light green leaves, blue culms, and long culm sheaths.
Borinda sinospinosa Muliensis (sinospinosa often abbreviated sp.) None Clumper 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm) Has broad deciduous leaves.
Borinda yulongshanensis None Clumper Unknown Unknown Unknown
Brachystachyum A synonym for Semiarundinaria
Cathariostachys
Cathariostachys capitata .
Cathariostachys madagascariensis Madagascar giant bamboo .
Cephalostachyum 空竹属 Tall, shrubby, clumping bamboo from India, China, Madagascar, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
Cephalostachyum pergracile None 香糯竹 Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Erect culms with white bristly hairs.
Cephalostachyum viguieri None
Cephalostachyum virgatum None 金毛空竹 Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with Bambusa multiplex.
Chimonobambusa 方竹属 New shoots start in fall or winter. Sometimes with thorny nodes, and quadrangular culms.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla Intermedia 大叶筇竹 Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Internodes flat above branches, and are powdery white.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. macrophylla None 大叶筇竹原变种 Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Internodes are not powdery white, and leaves are less than 8 inches (200 mm) long, and 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide.
Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. leiboensis None 雷波大叶筇竹 Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Initially powdery white, but this goes away.
Chimonobambusa marmorea Marbled bamboo 寒竹 Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple.
Chimonobambusa marmorea Variegata None Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Leaves also have white stripes.
Chimonobambusa marmorea Red Runner 8 feet (2.4 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Chimonobambusa pachystachys Thorny bamboo 刺竹子 Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Nodes have rings of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Square bamboo 方竹 Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Culms are square and have rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Joseph de Jussieu None Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Suow None Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis Yellow Groove None Runner Unknown Unknown Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Culms have yellow sulci.
Chimonobambusa quadrangularis 'Suow' Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Chimonobambusa szechuanensis None 八月竹 Runner 19 feet (5.8 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Has long thick culm sheaths, and three branches per node that have deciduous leaves.
Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda Walking stick 筇竹 Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.3 inches (33 mm) A rare bamboo with inflated nodes.
Chimonobambusa yunnanensis Black bamboo Runner 32 feet (9.8 m) 1 inch (25 mm) A black bamboo with square internodes.
Chimonocalamus used to be known as Sinarundinaria
Chimonocalamus pallens Clumper 26 feet (7.9 m) 1.2 inches (30 mm)
Chusquea A genus of South American and Central American bamboo that usually has one main branch and several branchlets per node. There may be around 70 unclassified species in this genus.
Chusquea asymmetrica None vulnerable to becoming an endangered species
Chusquea andina None Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Grows at a higher altitude than any other bamboo in the genus, and has small spiky blue leaves.
Chusquea andina Blue Andes None Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Grows at a very high altitude, and has small spiky blue leaves.
Chusquea circinata None Clumper 22 feet (6.7 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Dark and arching, and has whorls of small leaves. Comes from Mexico.
Chusquea circinata Chiapas None Clumper Unknown Unknown Dark and arching, and has yellow shoots. Comes from Mexico.
Chusquea coronalis None Clumper 23 feet (7.0 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. Some believe that this is the most beautiful bamboo, and it is often planted in gardens.
Chusquea culeou None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Has many equal sized branches on each node. Comes from Chile.
Chusquea culeou Argentina None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm) Has many large, equal sized branches on each node. Comes from Argentina.
Chusquea culeou Caña Prieta None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black.
Chusquea culeou Hillier's Form None Clumper 9 feet (2.7 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) A dwarf form of Chusquea culeou.
Chusquea culeou 'Chilean Straight' Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Chusquea culeou 'Scandens' Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Chusquea culeou longiramea Clumper 18 feet (5.5 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Chusquea culeou 'Chilean Weeping' Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Chusquea cumingii None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Has many tiny, stiff, sharp leaves.
Chusquea delicatula None Unknown 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has very small leaves and is native to Peru.
Chusquea elata None
Chusquea elegans None
Chusquea falcata None
Chusquea foliosa None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) Golden culms with green nodes and thin dropping leaves.
Chusquea galeottiana None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Arches, and comes from southern Mexico.
Chusquea gigantea None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm) has red shoots, green culms, many branches per node, and forms open clumps.
Chusquea glomerata None a synonym for Athroostachys capitata
Chusquea glauca None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has very large leaves.
Chusquea liebmannii None Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Culms arch strongly. Nodes have spine like roots.
Chusquea leonardiorum None
Chusquea loxensis None
Chusquea maclurei None
Chusquea macrostachya None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Grows in Chile at elevations up to 3,000 feet (910 m).
Chusquea mimosa subsp. australis None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Stiff, red culms with small leaves. Native to Brazil.
Chusquea montana None Clumper 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm) Has swollen nodes.
Chusquea muelleri None Clumper 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.2 inches (5.1 mm) Culms delicate, 2-3 branches per node.
Chusquea nana None
Chusquea pittieri None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Has arching culms, and thorny nodes.
Chusquea simpliciflora None Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 0.4 inches (10 mm) Climbs over other plants, and is a vining species.
Chusquea simpliciflora Chiconquiaco None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has small leaves, and is a vining species.
Chusquea simpliciflora Las Vigas None Clumper 8 feet (2.4 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has large leaves, red shoots, and is a vining species.
Chusquea subtilis None Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Has very fine leaves, and grows at high elevations in Costa Rica.
Chusquea sulcata None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Erect golden culms have fine leaves and many branches.
Chusquea tomentosa None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Has long dark green leaves.
Chusquea uliginosa None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Grows at the edge of wetlands in Chile.
Chusquea valdiviensis None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Culms can climb to 40 feet (12 m) with help.
Chusquea virgata None Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Has swollen nodes. Culms are speckled with purple.
Chusquea sp. 'Nigricans' Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.4 inches (10 mm)
Colanthelia
Davidsea attenuata
Decaryochloa diadelpha
Dendrocalamus 牡竹属 Huge tropical clumping bamboo.
Dendrocalamus asper None 马来甜龙竹 Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Shoots are large and often eaten.
Dendrocalamus asper Betung Hitam None Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Has black culms, and is rare.
Dendrocalamus brandisii None 勃氏甜龙竹 Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Thick walled culms with shoots that are edible raw.
Dendrocalamus brandisii Black None Clumper 40 feet (12 m) 8 inches (200 mm) A fast-growing black culmed bamboo.
Dendrocalamus brandisii variegated None Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 12 inches (300 mm) Similar to Dendrocalamus brandisii but with variegated leaves and wider culms.
Dendrocalamus calostachyus None 美穗龙竹 Clumper 70 feet (21 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Sturdy, often used for construction.
Dendrocalamus giganteus Dragon bamboo 龙竹 Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 12 inches (300 mm) Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide.
Dendrocalamus giganteus Quail Clone None Clumper 100 feet (30 m) 12 inches (300 mm) A cultivar of Dendrocalamus giganteus man-made at Quail Botanical Gardens in California, United States
Dendrocalamus giganteus variegated None Clumper Unknown Unknown Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide and are variegated. Does not yet have a real scientific name.
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii None 版纳甜龙竹 Clumper 80 feet (24 m) 7 inches (180 mm) Leaves can be up to 15 inches (380 mm) long, grows in the Himalayas.
Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis None 建水龙竹 Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Has fimbriate culm sheath ligule.
Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis variegated None Clumper 55 feet (17 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Like Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis but with variegated leaves. Currently has no scientific name.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus None 麻竹 Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 8 inches (200 mm) From southern China, has large dark green leaves 10–16 inches (250–410 mm) long, and 3–4 inches (76–102 mm) wide.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus Mei-nung None 美浓麻竹 Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Like Dendrocalamus latiflorus but with light green culms and dark green culm stripes.
Dendrocalamus latiflorus Subconvex None 葫芦麻竹 Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 4.7 inches (120 mm) Has pear shaped culms, and is one of the shortest species in the entire genus.
Dendrocalamus longispathus None 10 centimetres (3.9 in)
Dendrocalamus maroochy None Clumper 33 feet (10 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Arching bamboo with yellow culms. It has only recently been added to the world's bamboo inventory.
Dendrocalamus minor None 吊丝竹 Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Has arching culms, and brown rings on culm sheaths near the base of the culm.
Dendrocalamus minor var. amoenus None 花吊丝竹 Clumper 25 feet (7.6 m) 2 inches (51 mm) Has pale yellow culms with green stripes.
Dendrocalamus minor var. minor None 吊丝竹原变种 Clumper 39 feet (12 m) 3 inches (76 mm) Has green internodes.
Dendrocalamus sikkimensis None 锡金龙竹 Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 8 inches (200 mm) Culms brownish red, and culm sheaths have a velvet like texture.
Dendrocalamus sinicus None 歪脚龙竹 Clumper 120 feet (37 m) 12 inches (300 mm) Internodes near the base are shorter, and all internodes have short yellow hair.
Dendrocalamus sp. Parker's Giant None Clumper 80 feet (24 m) 12 inches (300 mm) An unidentified giant timber bamboo found by Jim Parker in Hawaii, U.S.A.
Dendrocalamus strictus Male bamboo, solid bamboo, Calcutta bamboo 牡竹 Clumper 60 feet (18 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Most common bamboo in India. Culms are sometimes solid. Unlike most bamboo, it flowers frequently. Often used for fishing rods.
Dendrocalamus validus None Clumper 45 feet (14 m) 4 inches (100 mm) Erect culms with convex internodes.
Dendrocalamus xishuangbannaensis Clumper? 150 feet (46 m) 14 inches (360 mm) Found in southern Yunnan, China
Dendrocalamus yunnanicus Yunnan dragon bamboo 云南龙竹 Clumper 80 feet (24 m) 7 inches (180 mm) Pale green. Grows in Yunnan and Vietnam.
Dinochloa Clumping, clinging bamboo that grows native in Burma through the Philippines. They have fleshy fruits, the size of a golf ball or smaller.
Dinochloa malayana None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths.
Dinochloa scandens None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has black culms and ovate leaves.
Drepanostachyum 镰序竹属 Clumping mountain bamboo that has many equal branches.
Drepanostachyum falcatum None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 1.1 inches (28 mm) Unknown
Drepanostachyum falcatum var. sengteeanum None Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 1.1 inches (28 mm) Has bright green culms and small paper thin leaves.
Drepanostachyum khasianum Khasia bamboo Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Culms are dark green. New culms have a white powder that makes them look like they are blue.
Drepanostachyum microphyllum None Clumper Unknown Unknown Has bright green leaves. Can have up to 70 branches per node.
Drepanostachyum sengteeanum Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Elytrostachys
Eremitis
Eremitis monothalamia None Unknown Unknown Unknown A synonym for Eremitis parviflora
Eremitis parviflora None Unknown Unknown Unknown Native to eastern Brazil.
Eremocaulon
Fargesia 箭竹属 Clumping bamboo from southwest China. Small-medium-sized. Tolerant to cold, but not to heat. Flowers are shaped similar to toothbrushes.
Fargesia adpressa None 贴毛箭竹 Clumper 18 feet (5.5 m) 1.3 inches (33 mm) Has purplish-green culms, and open clumps.
Fargesia apircirubens Red tipped bamboo Clumper 16 feet (4.9 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm) Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level.
Fargesia apircirubens White Dragon None Clumper 8 feet (2.4 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that later fade to green.
Fargesia communis None 马亨箭竹 Clumper 24 feet (7.3 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Persistent pale red culm sheaths that are much longer than internodes.
Fargesia denudata None 缺苞箭竹 Clumper 16 feet (4.9 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has small delicate leaves. Culms branch out after first winter.
Fargesia denudata Xian 1 None Clumper 11 feet (3.4 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Has yellow arching culms and fine small leaves.
Fargesia dracocephala None 龙头箭竹 Clumper 9.8 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) One of the main food species for the giant panda. Pale red-brown culm sheaths. Culms initially powdery. Shoots come up early in the season.
Fargesia dracocephala 'Gold Stem' Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Fargesia dracocephala 'Rufa' 'Gansu 95-1' Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Sometime confused with Fargesia rufa, which is a different species.
Fargesia murielae None 神农箭竹 Clumper 16.5 feet (5.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Grows new shoots in early May.
Fargesia murielae Bimbo None Clumper 5 inches (130 mm) Unknown Unusually short
Fargesia murieliae Harewood None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) Unknown Dark green leaves, and red-brown culm sheaths
Fargesia murieliae Jonny's Giant None Clumper 13 feet (4.0 m) Unknown Unknown
Fargesia murieliae Jumbo Jet None Clumper 10 feet (3.0 m) Unknown Gold-green culms that arch.
Fargesia murieliae Simba None Clumper 6.5 feet (2.0 m) 0.4 inches (10 mm) Pea colored culms.
Fargesia murieliae SABE 939 None Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Unknown
Fargesia murieliae Vampire None Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Upright with bright red culms and dark green leaves.
Fargesia murieliae None Extinct 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) A man-made cultivar, made in 1907, that lasted until the 1980s, when it was lost to cultivation.
Fargesia murieliae Umbrella bamboo Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Fargesia nitida Fountain bamboo 华西箭竹 Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm) Dark gray, sometimes even black culms. Culm sheaths have orange stripes.
Fargesia nitida 'Jiuzhaigou' Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Fargesia robusta 'Pingwu' Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.8 inches (20 mm)
Fargesia rufa 青川箭 Clumper
Ferrocalamus strictus Iron bamboo A one-member genus endemic to Yunnan, China's southern areas.
Filgueirasia
Filgueirasia arenicola
Filgueirasia cannavieira
Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa Clumper 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.4 inches (10 mm)
Gelidocalamus fangianus Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Gigantochloa
Gigantochloa achmadii
Gigantochloa albociliata Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm)
Gigantochloa albopilosa
Gigantochloa albovestita
Gigantochloa andamanica
Gigantochloa apus BAMBU TALI Clumper 65 feet (20 m) 4 inches (100 mm)
Gigantochloa aspera
Gigantochloa ater
Gigantochloa atroviolacea Tropical black bamboo Clumper 50 feet (15 m) 3.5 inches (89 mm) Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. has low branches and green leave sheaths. Closely related to Bambusa lako.
Gigantochloa auriculata
Gigantochloa aya
Gigantochloa baliana
Gigantochloa balui
Gigantochloa calcicola
Gigantochloa cochinchinensis
Gigantochloa compressa
Gigantochloa densa
Gigantochloa dinhensis
Gigantochloa felix
Gigantochloa hasskarliana
Gigantochloa hayatae
Gigantochloa heteroclada
Gigantochloa heterostachya
Gigantochloa hirtinoda
Gigantochloa holttumiana
Gigantochloa hosseusii
Gigantochloa kachinensis
Gigantochloa kathaensis
Gigantochloa kuring
Gigantochloa kurzii
Gigantochloa latifolia
Gigantochloa latispiculata
Gigantochloa levis
Gigantochloa ligulata
Gigantochloa longiprophylla
Gigantochloa luteostriata
Gigantochloa macrostachya
Gigantochloa magentea
Gigantochloa maxima
Gigantochloa membranoidea
Gigantochloa merrilliana
Gigantochloa mogaungensis
Gigantochloa multiculmis
Gigantochloa nigrociliata
Gigantochloa novoguineensis
Gigantochloa papyracea
Gigantochloa parviflora
Gigantochloa parvifolia
Gigantochloa poilanei
Gigantochloa pruriens
Gigantochloa pseudoarundinacea
Gigantochloa pubinervis
Gigantochloa pubipetiolata
Gigantochloa ridleyi
Gigantochloa robusta
Gigantochloa rostrata
Gigantochloa scortechinii
Gigantochloa scribneriana
Gigantochloa serik
Gigantochloa sinuata
Gigantochloa stocksii
Gigantochloa tekserah
Gigantochloa tenuispiculata
Gigantochloa thoi
Gigantochloa tomentosa
Gigantochloa toungooensis
Gigantochloa velutina
Gigantochloa verticillata
Gigantochloa vietnamica
Gigantochloa vinhphuica
Gigantochloa wallichiana
Gigantochloa wanet
Gigantochloa wrayi
Gigantochloa wunthoensis
Gigantochloa yunzalinensis
Glaziophyton mirabile
Greslania
Guadua
Guadua paniculata 10 metres (33 ft) 70 millimetres (2.8 in)
Guaduella
Hickelia madagascariensis
Himalayacalamus often confused with Drepanostachyum. Himalayacalamus species have one dominant branch; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches.
Himalayacalamus asper (formerly NMC: Neo. microphyllus) Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Himalayacalamus cupreus Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Himalayacalamus falconeri Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Himalayacalamus falconeri 'Damarapa' (formerly Drepanostachum hookerianum), candy stripe Clumper 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Himalayacalamus hookerianus Blue bamboo, Teague's blue (formerly Drepanostachyum falcatum) Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Himalayacalamus hookerianus 'Falcatus' Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Himalayacalamus porcatus Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Hibanobambusa tranquillans 'Shiroshima' Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.35 inches (8.9 mm) Some authorities consider it an intergeneric hybrid between Phillostachys nigra var. henonsis and Sasa veitchii f. tyugokensis.
Hitchcockella baronii
Holttumochloa
Indocalamus latifolius Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm)
Indocalamus longiauritus Runner 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.65 inches (17 mm)
Indocalamus tessellatus (Sasa tessellata) Runner 7 feet (2.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Indosasa crassifolia Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Kinabaluchloa
Leptocanna chinensis Regarded by some authorities as a synonym for Schizostachyum chinense
Melocalamus
Melocanna
Melocanna baccifera Chittagong forest bamboo 15 centimetres (5.9 in)
Menstruocalamus
Monocladus This genus is now included in Bonia.
Myriocladus
Nastus
Neurolepis A synonym for Chusquea
Ochlandra strulata Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Oligostachyum This genus is sometimes included in Arundinaria.
Olmeca
Otatea acuminata Aztecorum, Mexican weeping Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Perrierbambus
Phyllostachys
Phyllostachys acuta Runner 26 feet (7.9 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm)
Phyllostachys angusta Stone bamboo Runner 22 feet (6.7 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Phyllostachys arcana Runner 27 feet (8.2 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Phyllostachys atrovaginata (congesta) incense bamboo Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 2.25 inches (57 mm)
Phyllostachys aurea Hedge bamboo, golden Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys aurea 'Flavescens-inversa' Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys aurea 'Holochrysa', true gold Runner 27 feet (8.2 m) 1.75 inches (44 mm)
Phyllostachys aurea 'Koi' Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata Yellow groove Runner 45 feet (14 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Alata' Runner 45 feet (14 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Harbin' inversa Runner 26 feet (7.9 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Harbin' Runner 26 feet (7.9 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Spectabilis' Runner 26 feet (7.9 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Phyllostachys aureosulcata 'Lama Temple' Runner 26 feet (7.9 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides Madake Runner 72 feet (22 m) 6 inches (150 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides Holochrysa, 'All Gold' Runner 35 feet (11 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Aureostriata' Runner 35 feet (11 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Castillon' Runner 35 feet (11 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Castillon Inversa' Runner 35 feet (11 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Slender Crookstem' Runner 50 feet (15 m) 5 inches (130 mm)
Phyllostachys bambusoides 'Subvariegata' Runner 48 feet (15 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys bissetii Runner 23 feet (7.0 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Phyllostachys decora Runner 24 feet (7.3 m) 1.25 inches (32 mm)
Phyllostachys densiflorum Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Phyllostachys dulcis Runner 40 feet (12 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys edulis 'Pubescens' (China), moso Runner 80 feet (24 m) 6 inches (150 mm) AKA P. heterocycla, P. pubescens, P. heterocycla, P. mitis, Bambusa edulis, B. heterocycla
Phyllostachys flexuosa Runner 31 feet (9.4 m) 2.75 inches (70 mm)
Phyllostachys glauca Runner 70 feet (21 m) 5 inches (130 mm)
Phyllostachys heteroclada 'Solid Stem' Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Phyllostachys heteroclada 'Straight Stem', water bamboo Runner 33 feet (10 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Phyllostachys humilis Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Phyllostachys iridescens Runner 36 feet (11 m) 2.75 inches (70 mm)
Phyllostachys meyeri Runner 33 feet (10 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys nidularia Runner 33 feet (10 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra Black bamboo Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.25 inches (57 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra 'Daikokuchiku', giant black Runner 50 feet (15 m) 3.35 inches (85 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra 'Bory', leopard bamboo Runner 50 feet (15 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra 'Henon' Runner 65 feet (20 m) 5 inches (130 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra 'Megurochiku' Runner 54 feet (16 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys nigra 'Shimadake' Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2.75 inches (70 mm)
Phyllostachys nuda Runner 34 feet (10 m) 1.75 inches (44 mm)
Phyllostachys parvifolia Anji golden bamboo Runner 39 feet (12 m) 3.9 inches (99 mm)
Phyllostachys rubromarginata Runner 55 feet (17 m) 3.5 inches (89 mm)
Phyllostachys violascens Runner 50 feet (15 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys virella Dongyang Green Skin Bamboo Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 2 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens Runner 35 feet (11 m) 2.0 inches (51 mm)
Phyllostachys viridis 'Houzeau' Runner 45 feet (14 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys viridis 'Robert Young' Runner 40 feet (12 m) 3 inches (76 mm)
Phyllostachys vivax Chinese timber bamboo Runner 70 feet (21 m) 5 inches (130 mm)
Phyllostachys vivax 'Aureocaulis' Runner 70 feet (21 m) 5 inches (130 mm)
Pleioblastus
Pleioblastus argenteostriatus Runner 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Pleioblastus chino 'Kimmei' Runner 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.6 inches (15 mm)
Pleioblastus chino 'Murakamianus' Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm)
Pleioblastus chino 'Vaginatus Variegatus' Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Pleioblastus distichus Runner 2 feet (0.61 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Pleioblastus distichus 'Whitestripe' Runner 2 feet (0.61 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Pleioblastus distichus 'Mini' Runner 1 foot (0.30 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Pleioblastus fortunei Dwarf white-stripe Runner 4 feet (1.2 m) 0.15 inches (3.8 mm)
Pleioblastus gramineus Runner 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Pleioblastus humilis 'Albovariegatus' Runner 4 feet (1.2 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Pleioblastus hindsii 'Yasui' Runner 18 feet (5.5 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Pleioblastus humilis Runner 4 feet (1.2 m) 0.10 inches (2.5 mm)
Pleioblastus linearis Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Pleioblastus simonii Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Pleioblastus virens Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Pleioblastus viridistriatus Dwarf greenstripe Runner 4 feet (1.2 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Pleioblastus viridistriatus 'Chrysophyllus' Runner 4 feet (1.2 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Pseudosasa
Pseudosasa amabilis Tonkin cane, formerly known as Arundinaria amabilis Runner 50 feet (15 m) 2.5 inches (64 mm) Often used for fishing rods.
Pseudosasa japonica Arrow bamboo Unknown Running 18 feet (5.5 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm) Grows Densely
Pseudosasa japonica 'Pleioblastoides' Runner 18 feet (5.5 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Pseudosasa japonica var. tsutsumiana Runner 10 feet (3.0 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Pseudosasa usawai Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Pseudostachyum polymorphum thin-walled bamboo
Puelia
Qiongzhuea A synonym for Chimonobambusa
Racemobambos
Rhipidocladum
Rhipidocladum harmonicum 20 metres (66 ft) 60 millimetres (2.4 in)
Sasa
Sasa borealis Runner 5 feet (1.5 m) 0.15 inches (3.8 mm)
Sasa kurilensis 'Simofuri', fallen snow Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Sasa nagimontana (muroi) Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.2 inches (5.1 mm)
Sasa oshidensis Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sasa palmata 'Nebulosa' broadleaf bamboo Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Sasa tsuboiana Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sasa veitchii Kuma-zasa Runner 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sasa veitchii 'Minor' Runner 2 feet (0.61 m) 0.1 inches (2.5 mm)
Sasaella albostriata Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.375 inches (9.5 mm)
Sasaella glabra aureostriata Runner 3 feet (0.91 m) 0.20 inches (5.1 mm)
Sasaella masamuneana Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sasaella masamuneana 'Albostriata' Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sasaella ramosa Runner 6 feet (1.8 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Schizostachyum
Schizostachyum brachycladum 15 metres (49 ft) 80 millimetres (3.1 in) Traditionally used to make the Saluang, an Indonesian flute.
Schizostachyum chinense
Schizostachyum glaucifolium Polynesian ʻohe
Schizostachyum lima Tagalog: Anos
Semiarundinaria Culm leaves hang attached to the middle of their base for some time.
Semiarundinaria densiflora None Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Young culms are hairy. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide.
Semiarundinaria densiflora var. villosum None Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1 inch (25 mm) Base of culm sheaths densely hairy. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide.
Semiarundinaria fastuosa Temple bamboo Runner 30 feet (9.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Semiarundinaria fortis Runner 12 feet (3.7 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Semiarundinaria makinoi Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.33 inches (8.4 mm)
Semiarundinaria sp. 'Maruyamana' Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Semiarundinaria okuboi Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Semiarundinaria yamadori Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Semiarundinaria yashadake 'Kimmei' Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Semiarundinaria yashadake 'Kimmei Holochrysa' Runner 25 feet (7.6 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Semiarundinaria yashadake 'Kimmei Inversa' Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.9 inches (23 mm)
Semiarundinaria yoshi matsumurae Runner 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Shibataea
Shibataea kumasaca Ruscus Bamboo Or Ruscus-Leaf Bamboo Runner 7 feet (2.1 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm) Some authorities prefer the name Shibataea kumasasa
Shibataea lancifolia Runner 7 feet (2.1 m) 0.25 inches (6.4 mm)
Sinobambusa
Sinobambusa tootsik albostriata Runner 20 feet (6.1 m) 1.5 inches (38 mm)
Sphaerobambos
Teinostachyum A synonym for Schizostachyum
Temburongia
Thamnocalamus
Thamnocalamus aristatus Clumper 20 feet (6.1 m) 0.5 inches (13 mm)
Thamnocalamus tessellatus Clumper 16 feet (4.9 m) 1 inch (25 mm)
Thyrsostachys
Thyrsostachys siamensis Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo Runner 13 metres (43 ft) 8 centimetres (3.1 in)
Valiha
Valiha diffusa 32 feet (9.8 m) 4 inches (100 mm)
Valiha perrieri
Yushania
Yushania alpina Clumper 64 feet (20 m) 5 inches (130 mm) Previously known as Sinarundinaria alpina
Yushania anceps Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Yushania anceps 'Pitt White' Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Yushania chungii Clumper 12 feet (3.7 m) 0.3 inches (7.6 mm)
Yushania maling Clumper 15 feet (4.6 m) 0.75 inches (19 mm)
Yushania megalothyrsa A synonym for Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa

[4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

References[edit]

External links[edit]