List of rulers of Belarus

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History of Belarusian states can be traced far to Principality of Polotsk. From 13th century lands of modern Belarus were a major part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which later became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 19th century Belarus together with Lithuania formed the Northwestern Krai of Russian Empire. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a short-lived Belarusian National Republic, and in 1922 Belarus became part of the USSR as Belarusian SSR except West Belarus, which was under Polish rule, which was briefly interrupted due to Soviet occupation during Polish-Soviet War. In 1991, Belarus regained its independence.

Dukes of Principality of Polotsk[edit]

Rurikid dynasty
Palemonid dynasty
Gediminid dynasty

Grand Dukes of Grand Duchy of Lithuania[edit]

Title: Grand Duke ("Вялікі князь" in Belarusian, "Wielki książę" in Polish, "Kunigaikštis" or "Didysis Kunigaikštis" in Lithuanian)

  • Mindouh 1236 - 1263
  • Treniota 1263–1264
  • Vojšalk (Vojszalak, Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas, Woyszwiłk) 1264 - 1267
  • Svarn (Shvarno, Švarnas, Ioann) 1267–1269
  • Trajdzien (Traidenis) 1269–1282
  • Daŭmont of Lithuania (Dowmont, Daumantas) 1281–1285
  • Budzikid (Butigeidis) 1285 – ca. 1291
  • Putuver (Pukuwer, Butvydas) ca. 1291 – ca. 1295
  • Vyten' (Vytenis) 1295–1316
  • Hedymin (Giedymin, Gediminas) 1316–1341
  • Jaŭnut (Jewnut, Jawnut, Jaunutis) 1341–1345
  • Alherd (Olgierd, Algirdas) 1345–1377
  • Jahaila (Władysław II Jagiełło, Jogaila) 1377–1381, 1382–1392, also crowned as the Polish King
  • Kiejstut (Kejstut, Kęstutis) 1381–1382
  • Vitaūt the Great (Witold, Vitawt, Vytautas) 1392–1430
  • Śvidryhajla (Swidrygiello, Švitrigaila) 1430–1432
  • Sigismund Kęstutaitis (Žyhimont I Kejstutavicz, Sigismund Kestutian, Žygimantas I Kęstutaitis, Zygimont Kejstutavicz) September 1, 1432 – 1440
  • Casimir IV Jagiellon (Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk, Kazimieras I Jogailaitis) 1440–1492 also crowned as the Polish King
  • Alexander (Alaksandr, Aleksander Jagiellończyk, Aleksandras I) 1492–1506 also crowned as the Polish King
  • Sigismund I the Old (Žyhimont II Stary, Zygmunt I Stary, Žygimantas II Senasis) 1505–1548 also crowned as the Polish King
  • Sigismund II Augustus (Žyhimont III Aŭhust, Zygmunt II August, Žygimantas III Augustas) 1545–1572 also crowned as the Polish King

Elected kings of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth[edit]

General-Governors of Northwestern Krai of the Russian Empire[edit]

Leaders of Belarus since 1918[edit]

Belarusian National Republic (1918–1920)[edit]

Chairmen of the Rada[edit]

Chairman of the Provisional Revolutionary Workers–and–Peasants' Soviet Government[edit]

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee[edit]

Belarusian National Republic in Exile (1920–present)[edit]


(In Vilnius to 1925, then in Prague, presently in Canada)

West Belarus under Polish rule (1919-1939)[edit]

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1920–1991)[edit]

First secretaries of the Byelorussian Communist Party[edit]

Republic of Belarus (1991–Present)[edit]

Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet[edit]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]