List of Book of Mormon translations

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Display of the Book of Mormon translated into different languages

The Book of Mormon has been translated in its entirety into 97 languages. Portions of the book have been translated into another 20 languages. These tables show all the versions of the Book of Mormon that have been translated. Unless otherwise indicated, the translation was financed and the resulting text published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Not all translations are currently in print. As of March 2015, the LDS Church continues to publish at least portions of the Book of Mormon in 110 languages.[1]

Complete translations[edit]

No. Date Language Title Primary locations of language Notes Image Approx. no. of speakers
1 1830 English The Book of Mormon Translated by Joseph Smith. Most recent edition 2013. There are a number of English editions by multiple publishers. Mormon-book.jpg 400,000,000
as a foreign language: 600–700,000,000
2 1851 Danish Mormons Bog Denmark (incl. Faroe Islands & Greenland) [2] most recent edition 2005; originally translated by Peter O. Hansen 5,500,000
3 1852 French Le Livre de Mormon France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, and a number of African countries [2] First in a Romance language; original translation credited to John Taylor and Curtis E. Bolton (assisted by Louis A. Bertrand and others) Livre de Mormon (french).JPG 76,800,000 (as a foreign language: 274,000,000)
4 1852 Welsh Llyfr Mormon Wales, minority in Argentina Most recent edition 2000. The only translation in a Celtic language; originally translated by John S. Davis.[3] Llyfr Mormon.jpg 700,000+
5 1852 German Das Buch Mormon Germany, Austria, Switzerland with minorities elsewhere in Europe [4] most recent edition 2003 Das Buch Mormon.jpg 90,000,000
6 1852 Italian Il Libro di Mormon Italy, Switzerland, minorities elsewhere [2] most recent edition 1995 Libro di Mormon.JPG 69,000,000
7 1855 Hawaiian Ka Buke a Moramona Hawaiian Islands [2] first non-European language translation; translated by Jonatana Napela and George Q. Cannon 24,000
8 1869 Deseret Alphabet (English) 𐐜 𐐂𐐋𐐗 𐐉𐐚 𐐣𐐃𐐡𐐣𐐊𐐤 Utah Territory (defunct) [5] Currently out of print. First in a non-Roman script. Book of mormon deseret.jpg NA
9 1878 Swedish Mormons Bok Sweden, Finland [2] Most recent translation published 2008 Mormonsbok.jpg 10,000,000
10 1886 Spanish El Libro de Mormón Spain, Latin America, considerable minorities in United States and the Philippines [2] selections published in 1875 by Daniel Webster Jones and Meliton G. Trejo; Trejo completed the full translation with James Z. Stewart, this was then revised Eduardo Balderas and Antoine R. Ivins; most recent edition 1992. El Libro de Mormon.jpg 480,000,000
11 1889 Māori Ko Te Pukapuka a Moromona New Zealand [2] Te Pukapuka A Moromona.jpeg 149,000
12 1890 Dutch Het Boek van Mormon Netherlands, Flanders, French Flanders, Suriname [2] Boekmormon.jpg 22,000,000
13 1903 Samoan O le Tusi a Mamona Samoa, American Samoa (minority in NZ) [2] 510,000
14 1904 Tahitian Te Buka a Moromona Tahiti [2] 185,000
15 1906 Turkish Mormon Kitabı'ndan Seçmeler (1906 ed.), Mormon Kitabı (2001 ed.) 1906 Armenian script version (now largely defunct); formerly used in present-day Eastern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and the U.S.

2001 Roman script edition used in Turkey

[2] Armenian script version was first Asian language translation, now out of print; selections in Roman script published in 1983; full text in Roman script published in 2001 75,700,000
16 1909 Japanese モルモン書 (Moromonasho) Japan [2] most recent edition 2009. First in an east Asian language; originally translated by Alma O. Taylor. Originally entitled モルモン経 until ca. 1992. Mormon Kei.JPG 125,000,000
17 1933 Czech Kniha Mormonova Czech Republic, former Czechoslovakia [2] First in a Slavic language. Km-mala.jpg 10,700,000 (15,200,000 when taken with Slovak)
18 1936 Braille (English) Braille È.svg Braille B2.svgBraille O.svgBraille O.svgBraille K.svg Braille À.svg Braille M.svgBraille O.svgBraille R.svgBraille M.svgBraille O.svgBraille N.svg [2] most recent edition 1994
19 1937 Armenian, Western Մօրմոնի Գիրքէն Middle East, U.S., and elsewhere [6] 1937 complete edition currently out of print; new translation (selections only) published in 1983 1,400,000
20 1939 Portuguese O Livro de Mórmon Brazil, Portugal (also used in Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde) [2] most recent edition 1995 O livro de mormon.jpg 223,000,000
21 1946 Tongan Ko e Tohi ʻa Molomoná Tonga (minority in NZ) [2] 169,000
22 1950 Norwegian Mormons Bok Norway [2] Mormons Bok omslag.jpg 5,200,000
23 1954 Finnish Mormonin Kirja Finland, Sweden [2] First in a Finno-Ugric language. Mksuomi1954.jpg 5,400,000
24 1965 Chinese 摩爾門經 Taiwan, Hong Kong, Southeast Asia [2][7] Retranslated in 2007 and changed name from 摩門經 to 摩爾門經. Book of Mormon (Traditional Chinese).jpg 1.2 billion (The spoken varieties of Chinese other than Mandarin are not closely related and are sometimes treated as separate languages.)
25 1965 Rarotongan (Cook Islands Maori) Te Puka a Momoni Cook Islands [2] 15,000
26 1967 Korean 몰몬경 Korea (Minorities in PRC, Russia and elsewhere) [2] Translated by Han In Sang. 77,00,000
27 1972 Afrikaans Die Boek van Mormon South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe [2] First African language edition 10,000,000
28 1976 Thai พระคัมภีร์ มอรมอน Thailand [2] New translation completed in 2010[8] Book of Mormon (in Thai).jpg 44,000,000
29 1977 Indonesian Kitab Mormon Indonesia [9] New translation completed in 2010[8] 156,000,000
30 1979 Croatian Mormonova Knjiga Croatia [2] 5,600,000 (formerly lumped together with other languages as Serbo-Croat)
31 1980 Fijian Ai Vola i Momani Fiji [2] Book of Mormon Fijian.jpg 450,000
32 1981 Catalan El Llibre del Mormó Catalonia, Andorra, Roussillon [2] 4,000,000
33 1981 Icelandic Mormónsbók Iceland [2] Icelandic Book of Mormon.jpg 358,000
34 1981 Polish Księga Mormona Poland [2][10] KsiegaMormona.png 50,000,000
35 1981 Russian Книга Мормона Russia, post-Soviet states, Eastern Europe [2] New translation completed in 2011[11] Although some missionary work had been done prior to the Russian Revolution, missionaries were only allowed back into Russia in the 1990s. Book of Mormon - Russian.jpg 260,000,000
36 1982 Hindi मॉर्मन धर्मशस्त्र India [2] 322,000,000
37 1982 Vietnamese Sách Mặc Môn Vietnam [2] 96,000,000
38 1983 Q'eqchi' (Kekchi) Lix Hu Laj Mormon Belize, Guatemala [2] First in a language native to the Americas. 800,000
39 1986 Arabic كتاب مورمون North Africa, Middle East, with substantial minorities elsewhere. Highly pluricentric language with divergent dialects. [2] 310,000,000
40 1986 Aymara Mormonan Kellkatapa Peru, Bolivia [2] 1,677,100
41 1987 Greek Το Βιβλίο του Μόρμον Greece, Cyprus, minorities elsewhere [2] 13,400,000
42 1988 Hebrew (LDS) ספר מורמון; (RLDS) דבנרי ימי הנפיטים Israel (also Jewish Diaspora) RLDS Church translation;[12] selections published by LDS Church in 1982 but subsequently discontinued due to compromise with Israeli Government to allow construction of BYU Jerusalem Center.[10] Hebrew is one of the few languages to have been revived from extinction or at least morbundity. 9,000,000
43 1991 Hungarian Mormon Könyve Hungary, Romania, northern Serbia, indigenous minorities elsewhere in Europe [2] Mormon könyve misszionáriusi kiadás.jpg 13,000,000
44 1995 Braille (Spanish) [2]
45 1995 Ilokano Ti Libro ni Mormon Philippines [2] 10,000,000
46 1997 Ukrainian Книга Мормона Ukraine, also minorities elsewhere in former USSR [13] 35,000,000
47 1998 Cebuano Ang Basahon ni Mormon Philippines [14] Selections published in 1992 42,100,000
48 1998 Pangasinan Say Libro nen Mormon Philippines (Pangasinan) 1,200,000
49 1998 Romanian Cartea lui Mormon Romania, Moldova [15] 26,000,000
50 1998 Tagalog Ang Aklat ni Mormon Philippines [14] Tagalog.JPG 60,000,000
51 1999 Bulgarian Книгата на Мормон Bulgaria; minorities in Greece, Turkey and Ukraine [16] selections published in 1980 9,000,000
52 1999 Albanian Libri i Mormonit Albania, Kosovo, minorities in Greece and Italy. [16] 5,400,000
53 1999 Fante Mormon Nwoma No Ghana [17] Book of Mormon Fante.jpg 1,900,000
54 1999 Haitian Creole Liv Mòmon An Haiti [18] selections published in 1983 9,600,000
55 1999 Shona Bhuku Ramormoni Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana Selections published in 1988 15,000,000
56 2000 Estonian Mormoni Raamat Estonia [19] New translation published in 2011[20] Mormoniraamat.png 1,100,000
57 2000 Hmong Phau Ntawv Maumoos Southeast Asia (China, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand) [21] selections published in 1983 3,700,000
58 2000 Malagasy Ny Bokin'i Môrmôna Madagascar [22] selections published in 1983 25,000,000
59 2000 Swahili Kitabu cha Mormoni East sub-Saharan Africa [22] 90,000,000
60 2000 Amharic መፅሐፈ ሞርሞን North Central Ethiopia by the Amhara, Eritrea [19][22][23] Book of Mormon amharic.jpg 21,811,600
61 2000 Latvian Mormona Grāmata Latvia [19][22] 2,000,000
62 2000 Lithuanian Mormono Knyga Lithuania [22] Mormono Knyga.jpg 3,100,000
63 2000 Ibo (Igbo) Akwụkwọ nke Momọn Nigeria [19][24] Book of Mormon Igbo.jpg 50,000,000
64 2000 Xhosa Incwadi Kamormoni South Africa [19][22] 19,200,000
65 2000 Telugu మోర్మాన్ యొక్క గ్రంధము India Selections published in 1982 81,000,000
66 2000 Armenian, Eastern Մորմոնի Գիրքը Eastern Armenian is spoken in the Caucasus Mountains (particularly in the Republic of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh as well as Georgia) and by the Armenian community in Iran. Due to migrations of speakers from Armenia and Iran to the Armenian Diaspora, the dialect is now very prominent in countries and regions where only Western Armenian was used. It was developed in the early 19th century and is based on the dialect of the Ararat district (of Eastern Armenia). [19][25] 4,300,000
67 2000 American Sign Language United States, Canada [19][26] on DVD; selections produced on VHS in 1995 500,000
68 2001 Khmer (Cambodian) ព្រះគម្ពីរមរមន Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand [27] Selections published in 1982 16,000,000
69 2001 Chinese (Simplified characters) 摩尔门经 China, Southeast Asia [7] Selections published in 1982
70 2001 Mongolian Мормоны Ном Mongolia, minority in China and Siberia [28] most recent edition 2008 5,200,000
71 2001 Kiribati (Gilbertese) Ana Boki Moomon Kiribati [29] Selections published in 1988 120,000
72 2002 Slovene Mormonova Knjiga Slovenia [8] 2,500,000
73 2002 Neomelanesian (Tok Pisin) Buk Momon Papua New Guinea [29] 4,000,000
74 2003 Tswana Buka ya ga Momone Botswana [24] 5,000,000
75 2003 Zulu Incwadi Kamormoni South Africa, Zimbabwe [24] selections published in 1987 12,000,000
76 2003 Marshallese Bok in Mormon Marshall Islands [29] Selections published in 1984; originally translated by William Swain. 55,000
77 2004 Bislama Buk Blong Momon Vanuatu [29] Selections published in 1985 200,000
78 2004 Lingala Buku ya Molomoni Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo [24] selections published in 1998 70,000,000
79 2004 Yapese Fare Babyor ku Mormon Yap, Federated States of Micronesia [29] 5,130
80 2005 Twi Mormon Woma no Ghana [24] 9,000,000
81 2005 Tamil மார்மன் புத்தகம் Southern India, Sri Lanka Selections published in 1982 74,000,000
82 2005 Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) Ang Libro ni Mormon Philippines [30] selections published in 1994 9,300,000
83 2007 Urdu مورمن کی کتاب Pakistan, India Selections published in 1988 Book of Mormon - Urdu.jpg 67,000,000 (Formerly lumped together with other languages as Hindustani)
84 2007 Serbian Мормонова Књига Serbia 8,000,000 (Formerly lumped together with other languages as Serbo-Croat)
85 2007 Yoruba Ìwé Ti Mọ́mọ́nì Nigeria, Benin, Togo 48,000,000
86 2008 Sinhala මෝමන්වරුන්ගේ පොත Sri Lanka [31] Selections published in 1983 17,000,000
87 2009 Guaraní Mormon Kuatiañe'ẽ Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil [32] selections published in 1982 4,850,000
88 2011 Quichua–Ecuador[33] Mormónpaj Quilcashca Ecuador [34] Selections published in 1980 as Mormon Killkashkamanta 1,209,000
89 2012 Lao ພຣະຄຳພີ ມໍມອນ Laos [35] selections published in 1982 30,000,000
90 2012 Esperanto La Libro de Mormono None - international auxiliary language [36] selections published in 1980s; This translation has not received an imprimatur from any of the churches, including the CoC or COJCLDS Unknown, estimates of speakers vary between hundreds of thousands to over two million. Around a thousand native speakers.[37]
91 2013 Slovak Kniha Mormonova Slovakia [38] 5,510,000 (Formerly associated with the Czech language)
92 2013 Malay Kitab Mormon Malaysia [39][40] 77,000,000
93 2015 Kosraean Puk Luhn Mormon Federated States of Micronesia [1] 9,000
94 2015 Chuukese Ewe Puken Mormon Federated States of Micronesia [41] 51,330
95 2015 Persian (Farsi) كتاب مورمون Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan [42] 110,000,000 (including Tajiki)
96 2017 Nepali मोर्मोंनको पुस्तक Nepal [43] 25,000,000
97 2018 Georgian მორმონის წიგნი Georgia [44] 3,700,000

Selections only[edit]

Number Date Language Title Primary Location of Language Notes[2][45] Approx. no. of speakers
1 1978 Kaqchikel Ri Vuj Richin Ri Mormon Guatemala (Central Highlands) 450,000
2 1979 Quechua—Peru Mormonpa Qelqanmanta Aqllaska T'aqakuna Peru 1,500,000
3 1979 Quiché Ri Wuj Re Ri Mormon Guatemala (Central Highlands) 2,330,000
4 1980 Navajo Naaltsoos Mormon Wolyéhígíí Southwestern United States Full translation announced, 2017[46] 169,359
5 1981 Kuna Mormón Kaiya Purba Panama, Colombia 61,000
6 1981 Niuean Tohi a Moromona Niue, Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Tonga, 7,700
7 1981 Quechua—Bolivia Mormompa Libronmanta Bolivia 1,616,120
8 1983 Efik Eto Ŋwed Mormon Nigeria Full translation announced, 2017[46] 2,400,000
9 1983 Kisii (Gusii) Ebuku Ya Mormoni Kenya 2,200,000
10 1983 Mam Aj U'j Te Mormon Guatemala, Mexico 478,000
11 1983 Maya U Libroil Mormon Mexico, Belize, Guatemala 792,113
12 1985 Bengali মর্মন বইয়ের Bangladesh, India 260,000,000
13 1987 Papiamento E Buki di Mormon Netherlands Antilles, Aruba 341,300[
14 1987 Pohnpeian Pwuken Mormon Federated States of Micronesia Full translation announced, 2017[46] 29,000
15 1988 Palauan Babier Er a Mormon Palau 17,000
16 1989 Chamorro I Lepblon Mormon Guam, Northern Mariana Islands 58,000 (
17 1994 Pampango (Kapampangan) Libru Nang Mormon Philippines 1,900,000
18 1994 Tzotzil Vun Yu'un Mormōn Mexico 404,704
19 1996 Waray-Waray Libro Ni Mormon Philippines 2,600,000
20 1997 Bikolano An Libro Ni Mormon Philippines 700,000
* 2018 Burmese TBD Burma Full translation announced, 2017. Passages will be published online as they are translated and approved.[46] 43,000,000
* 2018 Sesotho TBD South Africa, Lesotho Full translation announced, 2017. Passages will be published online as they are translated and approved.[46] 15,000,000
* 2018 Tshiluba TBD Democratic Republic of the Congo Full translation announced, 2017. Passages will be published online as they are translated and approved.[46] Also known as Western Luba, Ciluba/Tshiluba etc 6,300,000
* 2019 Kazakh TBD Kazakhstan Full translation announced, 2018. Passages will be published online as they are translated and approved.[47] 21,000,000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Camille West, "Scriptures Committee Announces 'Exciting Developments' in Standard Works Translations", churchofjesuschrist.org, 2015-03-18.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Anderson, Kai A. (June 1997), "In His Own Language", Liahona: 29
  3. ^ Dennis, Ronald D. "Llyfr Mormon: The Translation of the Book of Mormon into Welsh". Maxwell Institute. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  4. ^ Scharffs, Gilbert W., "Das Buch Mormon: The German Translation of the Book of Mormon", Journal of Book of Mormon Studies, 11 (1): 35–39, retrieved 2007-03-29
  5. ^ "Translated languages of the Book of Mormon", Church News, January 6, 1996.
  6. ^ "Four Triple Combination Translations Completed, Now Available", Liahona, December 2006
  7. ^ a b Christine Rappleye, "Chinese translation of the Book of Mormon", Deseret News, February 25, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c "Book of Mormon Reaches 150 Million Copies", churchofjesuschrist.org, LDS Church, 20 April 2011
  9. ^ Craig, Alison (January 1977), "The Saints in Indonesia", Ensign: 86
  10. ^ a b Kerril Sue Rollins, "The Book of Mormon in Polish", Ensign, June 1982, pp. 74–75.
  11. ^ "Russian Book of Mormon PDF" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-18.
  12. ^ "Chronicles of the Nephites (Hebrew Book of Mormon)", Restoration Bookstore (sponsored by Price Publishing Company), archived from the original on 2012-04-05, retrieved 2011-10-03
  13. ^ Elizabeth Maki, "Ukrainians Quickly Embrace Gospel, Receive Temple", churchofjesuschrist.org, 19 April 2012.
  14. ^ a b Hillary Bowler, "Book of Mormon translation: The Philippines", Deseret News, February 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "Country Information: Romania", Church News, February 1, 2010.
  16. ^ a b "LDS Country Database", International LDS Database, The Cumorah Project |contribution= ignored (help)
  17. ^ "New Scripture Translations", Ensign: 77, September 1999
  18. ^ "New Triple Combinations Available in Three Languages", Ensign, July 2007
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Paul V. Johnson, "Out of the Dust," Religious Educator 6(3) (2005): pp. 23–30.
  20. ^ Mormoni raamat, "tiitelleht," 2011.
  21. ^ "LDS Country Database", International LDS Database, The Cumorah Project |contribution= ignored (help)
  22. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Barbara Jean (March 2001), "Another Milestone of 100 Reached in 2000", Ensign: 76–77
  23. ^ "Book of Mormon translated again", The Daily Universe, Brigham Young University, 3 Oct 2000, archived from the original on 2011-10-03, retrieved 2011-10-02
  24. ^ a b c d e Siever, Kim (18 March 2006), "Book of Mormon Translations", LDS Africa
  25. ^ "Open Houses Introduce Eastern Armenian Book of Mormon", Ensign, October 2001, retrieved 2011-10-02[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ "Taking the Scriptures of the World", Ensign: 24, July 2001
  27. ^ "Country Information: Cambodia", Church News, January 28, 2010.
  28. ^ "Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mission", mission.net, LDS Mission Network, 1 November 2001 |contribution= ignored (help)
  29. ^ a b c d e R. Lanier Britsch, "Oceania, the Church in" Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopedia of Mormonism.
  30. ^ Book of Mormon in Hiligaynon Completed, lds.org, archived from the original on March 23, 2006
  31. ^ "Book of Mormon Printed in Sinhala", Ensign, December 2008.
  32. ^ "Book of Mormon Published in Guarani", Ensign, August 2009
  33. ^ Though referred to as Quichua–Ecuador on store.churchofjesuschrist.org, on the main churchofjesuschrist.org language portal [1], the language is identified as Kichwa, with the language code qvi, suggesting that Imbabura Highland Quichua is the specific variety into which the Book of Mormon was translated.
  34. ^ Blog: Update at the Yost's, "A New Book of Mormon", 27 Oct 2011.
  35. ^ Monica Lunardelli, "Publication of the Book of Mormon in Lao Announced", 2012-09-26, churchofjesuschrist.org.
  36. ^ La Libro de Mormono
  37. ^ Harald Haarmann, Eta leksikono pri lingvoj, 2011, archive date March 4, 2016: Esperanto … estas lernata ankaŭ de pluraj miloj da homoj en la mondo kiel gepatra lingvo. ("Esperanto has also been learned by several thousand people in the world as a mother tongue.")
  38. ^ Richman, Larry. "Book of Mormon Published in Slovak". Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  39. ^ Camille West, "Book of Mormon Now in Malay Language", churchofjesuschrist.org, 2013-08-12.
  40. ^ "Book of Mormon Published in Malay", Liahona, December 2013.
  41. ^ Larry Richman, "Book of Mormon in Chuukese", ldsmediatalk.com, 26 November 2015.
  42. ^ "Translations of the Book of Mormon". LDS Media Talk. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  43. ^ Johnson, Valerie. "Nepali members in Salt Lake City gather to celebrate Nepali translation of Book of Mormon". Deseret News. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  44. ^ Matt, Martinich. "Georgian Translation of The Book of Mormon Completed and Published". Growth of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  45. ^ "Full Editions of the Book of Mormon", Ensign: 75, February 2005
  46. ^ a b c d e f "Letter from First Presidency, 9 October 2017" (PDF). churchofjesuschrist.org. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  47. ^ "Letter from the First Presidency, 18 October 2018". Retrieved 10 December 2018.