List of Book of Mormon translations
As of 2015[update], the Book of Mormon has been translated into 110 languages, and there are active projects to translate it into a number of other languages. Portions of the book, as opposed to complete translations, have also been conducted for another 20 languages. These tables show all the versions of the Book of Mormon that have been translated. Unless otherwise indicated, the translation was financed and the resulting text published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which is by far the largest church in the Latter Day Saint movement. Not all translations are currently in print. As of 2021, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints continues to publish at least portions of the Book of Mormon in 115 languages. The Community of Christ, the second largest church in the Latter Day Saint movement, has also published its own translations of the work in various languages, though becoming increasingly less common to find. The Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite) has published their own respective editions of the Book of Mormon in Italian, Spanish, and various small languages meant only for Locals, and published in the Respective Nations. The Church of Christ (Temple Lot) publishes the Book of Mormon in Spanish.
The following list provides details on officially translated versions of the Book of Mormon published by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as well as translations in languages not published by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
|No.||Date||Language||Title||Primary locations of language||Notes||Image||Approx. no. of speakers|
|1||1830||English||The Book of Mormon||Anglosphere, minorities elsewhere.||Translated by Joseph Smith. Most recent edition 2013. There are a number of English editions by multiple publishers.||400,000,000|
as a foreign language: 600–700,000,000
|2||1851||Danish||Mormons Bog||Denmark (incl. Faroe Islands & Greenland)|| most recent edition 2005; originally translated by Peter O. Hansen||5,500,000|
|3||1852||French||Le Livre de Mormon||France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, and a number of African countries|| First in a Romance language; original translation credited to John Taylor and Curtis E. Bolton (assisted by Louis A. Bertrand and others)||76,800,000 (as a foreign language: 274,000,000)|
|4||1852||Welsh||Llyfr Mormon||Wales, minority in Argentina||Most recent edition 2000. The only translation in a Celtic language; originally translated by John S. Davis.||700,000+|
|5||1852||German||Das Buch Mormon||Germany, Austria, Switzerland with minorities elsewhere in Europe|| most recent edition 2003||90,000,000|
|6||1852||Italian||Il Libro di Mormon||Italy, Switzerland, minorities elsewhere|| most recent edition 1995||69,000,000|
|7||1855||Hawaiian||Ka Buke a Moramona||Hawaiian Islands (minority in Continental United States)|| first non-European language translation; translated by Jonatana Napela and George Q. Cannon||24,000|
|8||1869||Deseret Alphabet (English)||𐐜 𐐒𐐋𐐗 𐐉𐐚 𐐣𐐃𐐡𐐣𐐊𐐤||Utah Territory (defunct)|| Currently out of print. First in a non-Roman script.||NA|
|9||1878||Swedish||Mormons Bok||Sweden, Finland|| Most recent translation published 2008||10,000,000|
|10||1886||Spanish||El Libro de Mormón||Spain, Latin America, considerable minorities in United States and the Philippines|| selections published in 1875 by Daniel Webster Jones and Meliton G. Trejo; Trejo completed the full translation with James Z. Stewart, this was then revised Eduardo Balderas and Antoine R. Ivins; most recent edition 1992.||480,000,000|
|11||1889||Māori||Ko Te Pukapuka a Moromona||New Zealand||||149,000|
|12||1890||Dutch||Het Boek van Mormon||Netherlands, Flanders, French Flanders, Suriname||||22,000,000|
|13||1903||Samoan||O le Tusi a Mamona||Samoa, American Samoa (minority in NZ)||||510,000|
|14||1904||Tahitian||Te Buka a Moromona||Tahiti||||185,000|
|15||1906||Turkish||Mormon Kitabı'ndan Seçmeler (1906 ed.), Mormon Kitabı (2001 ed.)||1906 Armenian script version (now largely defunct); formerly used in present-day Eastern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and the U.S.
2001 Roman script edition used in Turkey
| Armenian script version was first Asian language translation, now out of print; selections in Roman script published in 1983; full text in Roman script published in 2001||75,700,000|
|16||1909||Japanese||モルモン書 (Morumonsho)||Japan|| most recent edition 2009. First in an east Asian language; originally translated by Alma O. Taylor. Originally entitled モルモン経 until ca. 1992.||125,000,000|
|17||1933||Czech||Kniha Mormonova||Czech Republic, former Czechoslovakia|| First in a Slavic language.||10,700,000 (15,200,000 when taken with Slovak)|
|18||1936||Braille (English)|| most recent edition 1994|
|19||1937||Armenian, Western||Մօրմոնի Գիրքէն||Middle East, U.S., and elsewhere|| 1937 complete edition currently out of print; new translation (selections only) published in 1983||1,400,000|
|20||1939||Portuguese||O Livro de Mórmon||Brazil, Portugal (also used in Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde)|| most recent edition 1995||223,000,000|
|21||1946||Tongan||Ko e Tohi ʻa Molomoná||Tonga (minority in NZ)||||169,000|
|23||1954||Finnish||Mormonin Kirja||Finland, Sweden|| First in a Finno-Ugric language.||5,400,000|
|24||1965||Chinese||摩爾門經||Taiwan, Hong Kong, Southeast Asia|| Retranslated in 2007 and changed name from 摩門經 to 摩爾門經.||1.2 billion (The spoken varieties of Chinese other than Mandarin are not closely related and are sometimes treated as separate languages.)|
|25||1965||Rarotongan (Cook Islands Maori)||Te Puka a Momoni||Cook Islands||||15,000|
|26||1967||Korean||몰몬경||Korea (Minorities in PRC, Russia and elsewhere)|| Translated by Han In Sang.||77,00,000|
|27||1972||Afrikaans||Die Boek van Mormon||South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe|| First African language edition||10,000,000|
|28||1976||Thai||พระคัมภีร์ มอรมอน||Thailand|| New translation completed in 2010||44,000,000|
|29||1977||Indonesian||Kitab Mormon||Indonesia|| New translation completed in 2010||156,000,000|
|30||1979||Croatian||Mormonova Knjiga||Croatia||||5,600,000 (formerly lumped together with other languages as Serbo-Croat)|
|31||1980||Fijian||Ai Vola i Momani||Fiji||||450,000|
|32||1981||Catalan||El Llibre del Mormó||Catalonia, Andorra, Roussillon||||4,000,000|
|35||1981||Russian||Книга Мормона||Russia, post-Soviet states, Eastern Europe|| New translation completed in 2011 Although some missionary work had been done prior to the Russian Revolution, missionaries were only allowed back into Russia in the 1990s.||260,000,000|
|37||1982||Vietnamese||Sách Mặc Môn||Vietnam||||96,000,000|
|38||1983||Q'eqchi' (Kekchi)||Lix Hu Laj Mormon||Belize, Guatemala|| First in a language native to the Americas.||800,000|
|39||1986||Arabic||كتاب مورمون||North Africa, Middle East, with substantial minorities elsewhere. Highly pluricentric language with divergent dialects.||||310,000,000|
|40||1986||Aymara||Mormonan Kellkatapa||Peru, Bolivia||||1,677,100|
|41||1987||Greek||Το Βιβλίο του Μόρμον||Greece, Cyprus, minorities elsewhere||||13,400,000|
|42||1991||Hungarian||Mormon könyve||Hungary, Romania, northern Serbia, indigenous minorities elsewhere in Europe||||13,000,000|
|44||1995||Ilokano||Ti Libro ni Mormon||Philippines||||10,000,000|
|45||1997||Ukrainian||Книга Мормона||Ukraine, also minorities elsewhere in former USSR||||35,000,000|
|46||1998||Cebuano||Ang Basahon ni Mormon||Philippines|| Selections published in 1992||42,100,000|
|47||1998||Pangasinan||Say Libro nen Mormon||Philippines (Pangasinan)||1,200,000|
|48||1998||Romanian||Cartea lui Mormon||Romania, Moldova||||26,000,000|
|49||1998||Tagalog||Ang Aklat ni Mormon||Philippines||||60,000,000|
|50||1999||Bulgarian||Книгата на Мормон||Bulgaria; minorities in Greece, Turkey and Ukraine|| selections published in 1980||9,000,000|
|51||1999||Albanian||Libri i Mormonit||Albania, Kosovo, minorities in Greece and Italy.||||5,400,000|
|52||1999||Fante||Mormon Nwoma No||Ghana||||1,900,000|
|53||1999||Haitian Creole||Liv Mòmon An||Haiti|| selections published in 1983||9,600,000|
|54||1999||Shona||Bhuku Ramormoni||Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana||Selections published in 1988||15,000,000|
|55||2000||Estonian||Mormoni Raamat||Estonia|| New translation published in 2011||1,100,000|
|56||2000||Hmong||Phau Ntawv Maumoos||Southeast Asia (China, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand)|| selections published in 1983||3,700,000|
|57||2000||Malagasy||Ny Bokin'i Môrmôna||Madagascar|| selections published in 1983||25,000,000|
|58||2000||Swahili||Kitabu cha Mormoni||East sub-Saharan Africa||||90,000,000|
|59||2000||Amharic||መፅሐፈ ሞርሞን||North Central Ethiopia by the Amhara, Eritrea||||21,811,600|
|62||2000||Ibo (Igbo)||Akwụkwọ nke Momọn||Nigeria||||50,000,000|
|63||2000||Xhosa||Incwadi Kamormoni||South Africa||||19,200,000|
|64||2000||Telugu||మోర్మాన్ యొక్క గ్రంధము||India||Selections published in 1982||81,000,000|
|65||2000||Armenian, Eastern||Մորմոնի Գիրքը||Eastern Armenian is spoken in the Caucasus Mountains (particularly in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh as well as Georgia) and by the Armenian community in Iran. Due to migrations of speakers from Armenia and Iran to the Armenian Diaspora, the dialect is now very prominent in countries and regions where only Western Armenian was used. It was developed in the early 19th century and is based on the dialect of the Ararat district (of Eastern Armenia).||||4,300,000|
|66||2000||American Sign Language||United States, Canada|| on DVD; selections produced on VHS in 1995||500,000|
|67||2001||Khmer (Cambodian)||ព្រះគម្ពីរមរមន||Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand|| Selections published in 1982||16,000,000|
|68||2001||Chinese (Simplified characters)||摩尔门经||China, Southeast Asia|| Selections published in 1982|
|69||2001||Mongolian||Мормоны Ном||Mongolia, minority in China and Siberia|| most recent edition 2008||5,200,000|
|70||2001||Kiribati (Gilbertese)||Ana Boki Moomon||Kiribati|| Selections published in 1988||120,000|
|72||2002||Neomelanesian (Tok Pisin)||Buk Momon||Papua New Guinea||||4,000,000|
|73||2003||Tswana||Buka ya ga Momone||Botswana||||5,000,000|
|74||2003||Zulu||Incwadi Kamormoni||South Africa, Zimbabwe|| selections published in 1987||12,000,000|
|75||2003||Marshallese||Bok in Mormon||Marshall Islands|| Selections published in 1984; originally translated by William Swain.||55,000|
|76||2004||Bislama||Buk Blong Momon||Vanuatu|| Selections published in 1985||200,000|
|77||2004||Lingala||Buku ya Molomoni||Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo|| selections published in 1998||70,000,000|
|78||2004||Yapese||Fare Babyor ku Mormon||Yap, Federated States of Micronesia||||5,130|
|79||2005||Twi||Mormon Woma no||Ghana||||9,000,000|
|80||2005||Tamil||மார்மன் புத்தகம்||Southern India, Sri Lanka||Selections published in 1982||74,000,000|
|81||2005||Hiligaynon (Ilonggo)||Ang Libro ni Mormon||Philippines|| selections published in 1994||9,300,000|
|82||2007||Urdu||مورمن کی کتاب||Pakistan, India||Selections published in 1988||67,000,000 (Formerly lumped together with other languages as Hindustani)|
|83||2007||Serbian||Мормонова Књига||Serbia||8,000,000 (Formerly lumped together with other languages as Serbo-Croat)|
|84||2007||Yoruba||Ìwé Ti Mọ́mọ́nì||Nigeria, Benin, Togo||48,000,000|
|85||2008||Sinhala||මෝමන්වරුන්ගේ පොත||Sri Lanka|| Selections published in 1983||17,000,000|
|86||2009||Guaraní||Mormon Kuatiañe'ẽ||Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil|| selections published in 1982||4,850,000|
|87||2011||Quichua–Ecuador||Mormónpaj Quilcashca||Ecuador|| Selections published in 1980 as Mormon Killkashkamanta||1,209,000|
|88||2012||Lao||ພຣະຄຳພີ ມໍມອນ||Laos|| selections published in 1982||30,000,000|
|89||2013||Slovak||Kniha Mormonova||Slovakia||||5,510,000 (Formerly associated with the Czech language)|
|91||2015||Kosraean||Puk Luhn Mormon||Federated States of Micronesia||||9,000|
|92||2015||Chuukese||Ewe Puken Mormon||Federated States of Micronesia||||51,330|
|93||2015||Persian||كتاب مورمون||Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan||||110,000,000 (including Tajiki)|
|Number||Date||Language||Title||Primary Location of Language||Notes||Approx. no. of speakers|
|1||1978||Kaqchikel||Ri Vuj Richin Ri Mormon||Guatemala (Central Highlands)||Initially released on audio tape due to low levels of literacy within this language.||450,000|
|2||1979||Quechua—Peru||Mormonpa Qelqanmanta Aqllaska T'aqakuna||Peru||1,500,000|
|3||1979||Quiché||Ri Wuj Re Ri Mormon||Guatemala (Central Highlands)||2,330,000|
|4||1980||Navajo||Naaltsoos Mormon Wolyéhígíí||Southwestern United States||Full translation announced, 2017||169,359|
|5||1981||Kuna||Mormón Kaiya Purba||Panama, Colombia||61,000|
|6||1981||Niuean||Tohi a Moromona||Niue, Cook Islands, New Zealand, and Tonga,||7,700|
|8||1983||Efik||Eto Ŋwed Mormon||Nigeria||Full translation announced, 2017||2,400,000|
|9||1983||Kisii (Gusii)||Ebuku Ya Mormoni||Kenya||2,200,000|
|10||1983||Mam||Aj U'j Te Mormon||Guatemala, Mexico||478,000|
|11||1983||Maya||U Libroil Mormon||Mexico, Belize, Guatemala||792,113|
|12||1985||Bengali||মর্মন বইয়ের||Bangladesh, India (Substantial diaspora including in UK)||260,000,000|
|13||1987||Papiamento||E Buki di Mormon||Netherlands Antilles, Aruba||341,300|
|14||1987||Pohnpeian||Pwuken Mormon||Federated States of Micronesia||Full translation announced, 2017||29,000|
|15||1988||Palauan||Babier Er a Mormon||Palau||17,000|
|16||1989||Chamorro||I Lepblon Mormon||Guam, Northern Mariana Islands||58,000|
|17||1994||Pampango (Kapampangan)||Libru Nang Mormon||Philippines (Central Luzon)||1,900,000|
|18||1994||Tzotzil||Vun Yu'un Mormōn||Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz)||Initially released on audio tape due to low levels of literacy within this language.||404,704|
|19||1996||Waray-Waray||Libro Ni Mormon||Philippines (Eastern Visayas, minorities elsewhere)||2,600,000|
|20||1997||Bikolano||An Libro Ni Mormon||Philippines (Bicol Region)||700,000|
Translations in progress
|Number||Date||Language||Title||Primary Location of Language||Notes||Approx. no. of speakers|
|*||2017||Efik||Eto Ŋwed Mormon||Nigeria|| Sections originally published in 1983||2,400,000|
|*||2017||Navajo||Naaltsoos Mormon Wolyéhígíí||Southwestern United States|| Sections originally published in 1980||169,359|
|*||2017||Pohnpeian||Pwuken Mormon||Federated States of Micronesia|| Sections originally published in 1987||29,000|
|*||2017||Sesotho||TBD||South Africa, Lesotho, Zimbabwe||||15,000,000|
|*||2017||Tshiluba||TBD||Democratic Republic of the Congo|| Also known as Western Luba, Ciluba/Tshiluba etc||6,300,000|
|*||2018||Kazakh||Мормон кітабы||Kazakhstan; minorities in Western China, Mongolia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan||||21,000,000|
|*||2018||Macedonian||Книгата на Мормон||North Macedonia; minorities in Albania, Greece & Serbia||||21,000,000|
|*||2020||Kinyarwanda||Igitabo cya Morumoni||Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania|| No formal translation announcement given.||12,000,000|
Out of print
|Date||Language||Title||Primary Location of Language||Notes||Approx. no. of speakers|
|1869||Deseret Alphabet (English)||𐐜 𐐂𐐋𐐗 𐐉𐐚 𐐣𐐃𐐡𐐣𐐊𐐤||Utah Territory (defunct)|| Currently out of print. First in a non-Roman script.||NA|
|1906||Turkish (Armenian Script)||Mormon Kitabı'ndan Seçmeler||1906 Armenian script version (now largely defunct); formerly used in present-day Eastern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and the U.S.|| Armenian script version was first Asian language translation, now out of print||75,700,000|
|1937||Armenian, Western||Մօրմոնի Գիրքէն||Middle East, U.S., and elsewhere|| 1937 complete edition currently out of print; new translation (selections only) published in 1983 but ceased printing in 2018 ||1,400,000|
Translations not published by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Community of Christ once published in several languages, providing the scriptures in several of the languages above, but most are out of print, with seemingly plans to discontinue printing of scriptures.
|Date||Language||Title||Primary Location of Language||Notes||Image||Approx. no. of speakers|
|1988||Hebrew||דבנרי ימי הנפיטים||Israel (also Jewish Diaspora)||Independent Restoration Branch translation||9,000,000|
|1985||Esperanto||Elektitaj Ĉapitroj de la Libro de Mormon||Esperantujo||approved by the church, but not published by it||60,000|
|c. 2004||Klingon||mormon paq tlhIngan||Star Trek media franchise||a member of the Seventy said the translation was "fun"||unknown|
- "Book of Mormon in 110 Languages". Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- Camille West, "Scriptures Committee Announces 'Exciting Developments' in Standard Works Translations", churchofjesuschrist.org, 2015-03-18.
- Anderson, Kai A. (June 1997), "In His Own Language", Liahona: 29
- Dennis, Ronald D. "Llyfr Mormon: The Translation of the Book of Mormon into Welsh". Maxwell Institute. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Scharffs, Gilbert W., "Das Buch Mormon: The German Translation of the Book of Mormon", Journal of Book of Mormon Studies, 11 (1): 35–39, retrieved 2007-03-29
- "Translated languages of the Book of Mormon", Church News, January 6, 1996.
- "Four Triple Combination Translations Completed, Now Available", Liahona, December 2006
- Christine Rappleye, "Chinese translation of the Book of Mormon", Deseret News, February 25, 2012.
- "Book of Mormon Reaches 150 Million Copies", churchofjesuschrist.org, LDS Church, 20 April 2011
- Craig, Alison (January 1977), "The Saints in Indonesia", Ensign: 86
- Kerril Sue Rollins, "The Book of Mormon in Polish", Ensign, June 1982, pp. 74–75.
- "Russian Book of Mormon PDF" (PDF).[dead link]
- Elizabeth Maki, "Ukrainians Quickly Embrace Gospel, Receive Temple", churchofjesuschrist.org, 19 April 2012.
- Hillary Bowler, "Book of Mormon translation: The Philippines", Deseret News, February 21, 2012.
- "Country Information: Romania", Church News, February 1, 2010.
- "Bulgaria", The Cumorah Project
- "New Scripture Translations", Ensign: 77, September 1999
- "New Triple Combinations Available in Three Languages", Ensign, July 2007
- Paul V. Johnson, "Out of the Dust," Religious Educator 6(3) (2005): pp. 23–30.
- Mormoni raamat, "tiitelleht," 2011.
- "China", The Cumorah Project
- Jones, Barbara Jean (March 2001), "Another Milestone of 100 Reached in 2000", Ensign: 76–77
- "Book of Mormon translated again", The Daily Universe, Brigham Young University, 3 Oct 2000, archived from the original on 2011-10-03, retrieved 2011-10-02
- Siever, Kim (18 March 2006), "Book of Mormon Translations", LDS Africa
- "Open Houses Introduce Eastern Armenian Book of Mormon", Ensign, October 2001, retrieved 2011-10-02[permanent dead link]
- "Taking the Scriptures of the World", Ensign: 24, July 2001
- "Country Information: Cambodia", Church News, January 28, 2010.
- "News Item: Book of Mormon in Mongolian", Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mission, 1 November 2001
- R. Lanier Britsch, "Oceania, the Church in" Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopedia of Mormonism.
- Book of Mormon in Hiligaynon Completed, lds.org, archived from the original on March 23, 2006
- "Book of Mormon Printed in Sinhala", Ensign, December 2008.
- "Book of Mormon Published in Guarani", Ensign, August 2009
- Though referred to as Quichua–Ecuador on store.churchofjesuschrist.org, on the main churchofjesuschrist.org language portal , the language is identified as Kichwa, with the language code qvi, suggesting that Imbabura Highland Quichua is the specific variety into which the Book of Mormon was translated.
- Blog: Update at the Yost's, "A New Book of Mormon", 27 Oct 2011.
- Monica Lunardelli, "Publication of the Book of Mormon in Lao Announced", 2012-09-26, churchofjesuschrist.org.
- Richman, Larry. "Book of Mormon Published in Slovak". Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Camille West, "Book of Mormon Now in Malay Language", churchofjesuschrist.org, 2013-08-12.
- "Book of Mormon Published in Malay", Liahona, December 2013.
- Larry Richman, "Book of Mormon in Chuukese", ldsmediatalk.com, 26 November 2015.
- "Translations of the Book of Mormon". LDS Media Talk. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- Johnson, Valerie. "Nepali members in Salt Lake City gather to celebrate Nepali translation of Book of Mormon". Deseret News. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- Martinich, Matt. "Georgian Translation of The Book of Mormon Completed and Published". Growth of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Full Editions of the Book of Mormon", Ensign: 75, February 2005
- "Letter from First Presidency, 9 October 2017" (PDF). churchofjesuschrist.org. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- "Letter from the First Presidency, 18 October 2018". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "Macedonian". ChurchofJesusChrist.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Kinyarwanda". ChurchofJesusChrist.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Four Triple Combination Translations Completed, Now Available", Liahona, December 2006
- "Book of Mormon (Translations and Downloads)". churchofjesuschrist.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
- "Chronicles of the Nephites (Hebrew Book of Mormon)", Restoration Bookstore (sponsored by Price Publishing Company), archived from the original on 2020-09-20, retrieved 2011-10-03
- Kern, Paul (1985). "Pri Atingoj kaj Monkontribuoj". Esperanta Mormonaro: 2.
- "La Libro de Mormon" (PDF). Retrieved 6 June 2020.
- Newitz, Annalee. "Mormon Klingons Love Piercing, Translating". Retrieved 25 July 2020.
- Moore, Elizabeth M. "mormon paq tlhIngan: The Klingon Book of Mormon". Archived from the original on 10 August 2004.