List of British Jewish nobility and gentry

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The British title system consists of two, sometimes overlapping entities, the peerage and the gentry. The peerage is a legal system of largely hereditary titles which is constituted by the ranks of British nobility. Under this system, only the senior family member bears a substantive title (duke, marquess, earl, viscount, baron). The gentry are untitled members of the upper classes, however, exceptions include baronets, knights, Scottish barons and Lairds.

The history of the Jews in Britain goes back to the reign of William I. The first written record of Jewish settlement in England dates from 1070, although Jews may have lived there since Roman times.[1] The Jewish presence continued until King Edward I's Edict of Expulsion in 1290. After the expulsion, there was no Jewish community, apart from individuals who practised Judaism secretly, until the rule of Oliver Cromwell. While Cromwell never officially readmitted Jews to Britain, a small colony of Sephardic Jews living in London, was identified in 1656 and allowed to remain. The Jewish Naturalisation Act of 1753, an attempt to legalise the Jewish presence in Britain, remained in force for only a few months. Historians commonly date Jewish Emancipation to either 1829 or 1858 when Jews were finally allowed to sit in Parliament. The first Jewish knight was Sir Solomon de Medina, knighted in 1700, with no further Jews being knighted until 1837, when Queen Victoria knighted Moses Haim Montefiore; four years later, Isaac Lyon Goldsmid was made a baronet, the first Jew to receive a hereditary title. In 1885 Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, became the first Jew to receive an hereditary peerage.

Peers[edit]

Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading

Marquessates[edit]

Earldoms[edit]

Viscountcies[edit]

Hereditary baronies[edit]

Life peers[edit]

David Young, Baron Young of Graffham

Gentry[edit]

Sir Moses Montefiore, 1st Baronet

Baronets[edit]

Scottish feudal baronies[edit]

Knights[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Kessler & Wenborn, p. 443.
  2. ^ Rubinstein, p. 457.
  3. ^ Rubinstein, p. 854.
  4. ^ Rubinstein, p. 293.
  5. ^ Rubinstein, p. 688.
  6. ^ a b Rubinstein, pp. 825–826.
  7. ^ Rubenstein, p. 959.
  8. ^ Rubinstein, p. 639.
  9. ^ Rubinstein, p. 163.
  10. ^ Rubinstein, p. 913.
  11. ^ Rubinstein, p. 457.
  12. ^ Labour mourns the death of stalwart Baroness Birk, Herald Scotland.
  13. ^ Rubinstein, p. 470.
  14. ^ a b c Rubinstein, p. 498.
  15. ^ Rubinstein, p. 845.
  16. ^ a b Rubinstein, p. 428.
  17. ^ a b Green, Chapter 5.
  18. ^ Rubinstein, p. 690.
  19. ^ Rubinstein, p. 342.
  20. ^ Rubinstein, p. 634.
  21. ^ Jackson, p. 208.

Sources[edit]

  • Kessler, Edward; Wenborn, Neil, eds. (2005). A Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations. University of Cambridge Press. ISBN 9780521826921.
  • Green, Abigal (2012). "5: Rise, Sir Moses". Moses Montefiore. USA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674048806.
  • Jackson, B. S., ed. (1979). "Notes". Jewish Law Annual. Leiden, Netherlands. 2.
  • "Labour mourns the death of stalwart Baroness Birk". Herald Scotland. 31 December 1996. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  • Rubinstein, William D.; Jolles, Michael; Rubinstein, Hilary L. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230304666.