List of British Jewish nobility and gentry
The British nobility consists of two, sometimes overlapping entities, the peerage and the gentry. The peerage is a legal system of largely hereditary titles, granted by the Sovereign. Under this system, only the senior family member bears a substantive title (duke, marquess, earl, viscount, baron). The gentry are untitled members of the upper classes, however, exceptions include baronets, knights, Scottish barons and Lairds.
The history of the Jews in Britain goes back to the reign of William I. The first written record of Jewish settlement in England dates from 1070, although Jews may have lived there since Roman times. The Jewish presence continued until King Edward I's Edict of Expulsion in 1290. After the expulsion, there was no Jewish community, apart from individuals who practised Judaism secretly, until the rule of Oliver Cromwell. While Cromwell never officially readmitted Jews to Britain, a small colony of Sephardic Jews living in London, was identified in 1656 and allowed to remain. The Jewish Naturalisation Act of 1753, an attempt to legalise the Jewish presence in Britain, remained in force for only a few months. Historians commonly date Jewish Emancipation to either 1829 or 1858 when Jews were finally allowed to sit in Parliament. The first Jewish knight was Sir Solomon de Medina, knighted in 1700, with no further Jews being knighted until 1837, when Queen Victoria knighted Moses Haim Montefiore; four years later, Isaac Lyon Goldsmid was made a baronet, the first Jew to receive a hereditary title. In 1885 Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, became the first Jew to receive an hereditary peerage.
- Marquess of Reading
- Marquess of Cholmondeley
- George Cholmondeley, 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley (Jewish mother)
- Earl of Beaconsfield
- Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (converted out)
- Earl of Rosebery and Midlothian
- Harry Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery. 2nd Earl of Midlothian (Jewish mother)
- Viscount Bearsted
- Viscount Burnham
- Viscount Samuel
- Baron Swaythling
- Baron Rothschild
- Baron Wandsworth
- Baron Mancroft
- Baron Cohen of Birkenhead
- Baron Silkin
- Baron Burnham
- Baron Duveen
- Baron Hore-Belisha
- Baron Marks
- David Alliance, Baron Alliance
- Alexander Bernstein, Baron Bernstein of Craigweil
- Alma Birk, Baroness Birk
- Leon Brittan, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne
- Andrew Feldman, Baron Feldman of Elstree
- David Freud, Baron Freud
- Anna Gaitskell, Baroness Gaitskell
- Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron
- Peter Goldsmith, Baron Goldsmith
- Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman
- Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield
- Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne
- Sydney Jacobson, Baron Jacobson
- Immanuel Jakobovits, Baron Jakobovits
- Lawrence Kadoorie, Baron Kadoorie
- Nigel Lawson, Baron Lawson of Blaby
- Michael Levy, Baron Levy
- Peter Mandelson, Baron Mandelson (Jewish father)
- Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin
- Maurice Peston, Baron Peston of Mile End
- Beatrice Plummer, Baroness Plummer
- Jonathan Sacks, Baron Sacks
- Cyril Salmon, Baron Salmon
- Samuel Segal, Baron Segal
- Beatrice Serota, Baroness Serota
- Emanuel Shinwell, Baron Shinwell
- Alan Sugar, Baron Sugar
- David Triesman, Baron Triesman
- Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg
- Robert Winston, Baron Winston
- Leonard Wolfson, Baron Wolfson
- Harry Woolf, Baron Woolf
- David Young, Baron Young of Graffham
- Rothschild Baronets of Tring Park
- Sir Anthony de Rothschild, 1st Baronet
- Sir Nathan Rothschild, 2nd Baronet, later created Baron Rothschild
- Montefiore Baronets of East-Cliffe Lodge in the Isle of Thanet
- Montefiore Baronetcy of Worth Park
- Wolfson baronets of St. Marylebone in the City of Westminster
- Goldsmid baronets of Saint John's Lodge
- D'Avigdor-Goldsmid baronets of Somerhill in the County of Kent
- Goldsmid-Stern-Salomons Baronets, of Broom Hill in the Parish of Tunbridge
- Magnus Baronetcy of Tangley Hill in Wonersh in the County of Surrey
- Sassoon baronets of Kensington Gore
- Sassoon baronets of Bombay
- Tuck baronets of Park Crescent in St Marylebone
- Sir Keith Joseph
- Barony of Craigie
- Rabbi Robert Owen Thomas
- Sir Ken Adam
- Sir Ernest Cassel (converted out)
- Sir Solomon de Medina (knighted 1700)
- Sir Clement Freud (converted out)
- Sir Ellis Kadoorie (knighted 1917)
- Sir Elly Kadoorie
- Sir Michael Kadoorie
- Sir Horace Kadoorie
- Sir Nicholas Serota
- Sir Peter Shaffer
- Sir Georg Solti
- Sir Nicholas Winton (converted out)
- Kessler & Wenborn, p. 443.
- Rubinstein, p. 457.
- Rubinstein, p. 854.
- Rubinstein, p. 293.
- Rubinstein, p. 688.
- Rubinstein, pp. 825–826.
- Rubenstein, p. 959.
- Rubinstein, p. 639.
- Rubinstein, p. 163.
- Rubinstein, p. 913.
- Rubinstein, p. 457.
- Labour mourns the death of stalwart Baroness Birk, Herald Scotland.
- Rubinstein, p. 470.
- Rubinstein, p. 498.
- Rubinstein, p. 845.
- Rubinstein, p. 428.
- Green, Chapter 5.
- Rubinstein, p. 690.
- Rubinstein, p. 342.
- Rubinstein, p. 634.
- Jackson, p. 208.
- Kessler, Edward; Wenborn, Neil, eds. (2005). A Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations. University of Cambridge Press. ISBN 9780521826921.
- Green, Abigal (2012). "5: Rise, Sir Moses". Moses Montefiore. USA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674048806.
- Jackson, B. S., ed. (1979). "Notes". Jewish Law Annual. Leiden, Netherlands. 2.
- "Labour mourns the death of stalwart Baroness Birk". Herald Scotland. 31 December 1996. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Rubinstein, William D.; Jolles, Michael; Rubinstein, Hilary L. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230304666.