List of British Jews

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List of British Jews is a list of prominent Jews from the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

Although the first Jews may have arrived on the island of Great Britain with the Romans, it was not until the Norman Conquest of William the Conqueror in 1066 that organised Jewish communities first appeared in England. These existed until 1290 when the Jewish population of England was expelled by King Edward I of England.

There was never a corresponding expulsion from Scotland. The eminent scholar David Daiches states in his autobiographical Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood that there are grounds for saying that Scotland is the only Immigrant country with no history of state persecution of Jews.

Jews were re-admitted to England and Wales in 1656 by Oliver Cromwell. Slightly more than 200 years later, in 1858 they were emancipated, that is, accepted as full citizens. In the late 19th century, there was mass Jewish immigration to England from Russia due to Russian domestic policy. In the 1930s, the country accepted many refugees from Nazism. The Jewish population peaked at 450,000, but has since declined due to low birth-rate, intermarriage and emigration, mainly of the younger generation to Israel. According to the 2001 census, the current population is around 295,000, most of whom live in London.

Academic figures[edit]

Scientists[edit]

See List of British Jewish scientists, which includes economists.

Historians[edit]

Medical[edit]

Philosophers[edit]

Social scientists[edit]

Theologians and Hebraists[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Sidney Greenbaum, Quain Professor of English Language and Literature, University College London 1983-90 [88]

Artists[edit]

Fine arts[edit]

Designers and architects[edit]

Arts and literature[edit]

Performing arts[edit]

See List of British Jewish entertainers (includes classical musicians and actors as "entertainers").

Writers[edit]

See List of British Jewish writers.

Business and the professions[edit]

Civil service[edit]

Finance[edit]

Law[edit]

Manufacturing[edit]

Media[edit]

Military[edit]

Property[edit]

Retail[edit]

Police[edit]

Political figures[edit]

See List of British Jewish politicians.

Religious and communal leaders[edit]

Show business[edit]

See List of British Jewish entertainers.

Sports[edit]

Aviation[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Chess[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Fencing[edit]

  • Allan Jay, British (épée and foil), Olympic two-time silver, world champion
  • Edgar Seligman (1867–1958), British (épée, foil, and sabre), Olympic two-time silver (épée), two-time British champion in each weapon

Football (association, soccer)[edit]

Motorsport[edit]

Rowing[edit]

  • Josh West, American-born British, men's eight, Olympic silver, 2x World Rowing Championships silver and one bronze[282]

Rugby league[edit]

Rugby union[edit]

Sailing[edit]

Table tennis[edit]

Tennis[edit]

Track and field[edit]

Weightlifting[edit]

Wrestling[edit]

  • Noam Dar, Israeli-born Scottish wrestler
  • Fred Oberlander, Austrian, British, and Canadian wrestler; world champion (freestyle heavyweight); Maccabiah champion
  • Samuel Rabin, Great Britain, Olympic bronze (freestyle middleweight)

Other sports[edit]

Philanthropists[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: The Authorized Biography. London: Sanctuary Publishing, Ltd.; 3rd edition, 2003. pp. 23–32.
  • JYB = Jewish Year Book (annual)
  • "Obituary: Sir Edward Sassoon". The Times, Saturday, 25 May 1912; pg. 11; Issue 39908; col C.
  • TimesAd: The Times, 6/7/06 p34: "A Call by Jews in Britain" (advert signed by 300 British Jews)
  • David S. Katz, The Jews in the History of England, 1485–1850 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994). xvi, 447 pp.