British royal residences are palaces, castles and houses occupied by members of the British royal family in the United Kingdom. Some, like Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, are owned by the Crown (ownership by the British monarch is by virtue of his or her position as king or queen), while others like Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House are personally owned and have been passed down for generations. Some royal palaces, such as the Palace of Westminster (now used as the House of Parliament), are no longer residences. Some remain in irregular use for royal occasions, such as Hillsborough Castle in Northern Ireland.
The royal palaces enjoy certain legal privileges known as royal prerogatives: for example, there is an exemption from levying duty on alcoholic beverages sold in the bars at the Palace of Westminster and there are exemptions from health and safety legislation. According to Halsbury's Laws of England, it is not possible to arrest a person within the "verges" of a royal palace (though this assertion is contradicted by a memorandum by the Clerk of the House of Commons in respect of the Palace of Westminster) and, when a royal palace is used as a residence (regardless of whether the monarch is actually living there at the time)[further explanation needed], judicial processes cannot be executed within that palace.
The occupied royal residences are cared for and maintained by the Property Section of the Royal Households of the United Kingdom. The unoccupied royal palaces of England, along with Hillsborough Castle, are the responsibility of Historic Royal Palaces.
Current royal residences
Residences in London
|Buckingham Palace||London, England||Crown||Official London residence
*The King uses Buckingham Palace for official business but does not reside at the Palace.
|Clarence House||London||Crown||The King and Queen Consort||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Kensington Palace||London||Crown||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, grace and favour|
|Ivy Cottage||Kensington Palace, London||Crown||Princess Eugenie and Mr. Jack Brooksbank||Current residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|Wren House||Kensington Palace, London||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Kent||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, grace and favour|
|St James's Palace||London||Crown||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Thatched House Lodge||Richmond, London||Crown||Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
Residences in or near Windsor
|Windsor Castle||Windsor, Berkshire, England||Crown||The King||Official country residence|
|Adelaide Cottage||Windsor Estate, Berkshire||Crown||The Prince and Princess of Wales||Located in Windsor Home Park, close to Windsor Castle|
|Frogmore Cottage||Windsor Estate, Berkshire||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Sussex|
|The Royal Lodge||Windsor Estate, Berkshire||Crown||The Duke of York||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|Bagshot Park||Bagshot, Surrey, England||Crown||The Earl and Countess of Wessex and Forfar||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|Holyrood Palace||Edinburgh, Scotland||Crown||The King||Official Scottish residence (whenever the royal family undertake official duties in Scotland: primarily Holyrood week in July)|
|Hillsborough Castle||County Down, Northern Ireland||Crown||The King||Official residence in Northern Ireland (whenever the royal family undertake official duties in Northern Ireland)|
|Sandringham House||Sandringham, Norfolk, England||Private||The King||Christmas until February, inherited from the current King’s mother|
|Anmer Hall||Sandringham Estate, Norfolk, England||Private||The Prince and Princess of Wales||Located on the grounds of Sandringham House. Wedding gift from Elizabeth II to Prince William and Catherine|
|Balmoral Castle||Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Private||The King||August and September, inherited from the current King's mother|
|Birkhall||Balmoral Estate, Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Private||The King and Queen Consort||Previously owned by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; located on the estate of Balmoral Castle. The King inherited the home, when his grandmother died in 2002, while he was still Prince of Wales.|
|Craigowan Lodge||Balmoral, Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Private||The King||Inherited from the current King's mother|
|Highgrove House||Gloucestershire, England||Duchy of Cornwall||
||Control of the house was transferred to William, Prince of Wales, when he inherited the Duchy of Cornwall.|
|Llwynywermod||Myddfai, Carmarthenshire, Wales||Duchy of Cornwall||The Prince and Princess of Wales||Usual country residence of the Prince of Wales in Wales|
|Tamarisk House||Isles of Scilly, England||Duchy of Cornwall||The Prince and Princess of Wales|
|Gatcombe Park||Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire, England||Private||The Princess Royal||Privately owned home|
Former royal residences
- "Maintaining the Occupied Royal Palaces". Parliamentary website. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Royal Property". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Vol. 252. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 16 January 1995. col. 301W.
- Jack, Malcolm. "ARREST OF MEMBERS AND SEARCHING OF OFFICES IN THE PARLIAMENTARY PRECINCTS" (PDF). Memorandum by the Clerk of the House. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Halsbury's Laws of England, volume 12(1): "Crown and Royal Family", paragraph 53
- "Royal palace in Wales 'could bring £36m'". BBC News. 15 April 2018.
- "King Charles' grand rooms at Clarence House which remain out of bounds". HELLO!. 19 October 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
- "Guide to Hillsborough Castle - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
- Ward, Victoria (29 July 2013). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge 'to move into country bolt-hole'". Archived from the original on 2 August 2013 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Prince William's most surprising residences in new £1.2bn property portfolio". HELLO!. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
- "First look inside the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's Anglesey home". The Telegraph. 23 September 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
- "Prince William and Kate revisit former home of Anglesey". BBC. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea – Interesting Places – Crosby Hall Archived 13 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Princess Marie Louise (née Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenberg), My Memories of Six Reigns London: Evans Brothers, 1956
- Royal.gov.uk – 60 Facts, Fact 50 Archived 27 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Art and residences at the royal family website