List of British royal residences
British royal residences are palaces, castles and houses occupied by members of the British royal family in the United Kingdom. Some, like Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, are owned by the Crown; i.e. ownership by the British monarch is by virtue of his or her position as king or queen, while others like Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House are personally owned and have been passed down for generations. Some royal palaces, such as the Palace of Westminster are no longer residences. Some remain in irregular use for royal occasions, such as Hillsborough Castle in Northern Ireland.
The royal palaces enjoy certain legal privileges: for example, there is an exemption from levying duty on alcoholic beverages sold in the bars at the Palace of Westminster and there are exemptions from health and safety legislation. According to Halsbury's Laws of England, it is not possible to arrest a person within the "verges" of a royal palace (though this assertion is contradicted by a memorandum by the Clerk of the House of Commons in respect of the Palace of Westminster) and when a royal palace is used as a residence (regardless of whether the monarch is actually living there at the time)[further explanation needed], judicial processes cannot be executed within that palace.
The occupied royal residences are cared for and maintained by the Royal Household Property Section. The unoccupied royal palaces of England, along with Hillsborough Castle, are the responsibility of Historic Royal Palaces.
Unlike the other nations of the UK, there is no official residence for a member of the royal family in Wales.
Current royal residences
|Buckingham Palace||London, England||Crown||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Official London residence|
|Windsor Castle||Windsor, Berkshire, England||Crown||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Official country residence|
|Palace of Holyroodhouse||Edinburgh, Scotland||Crown||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Official Scottish residence (whenever the royal family undertake official duties in Scotland: primarily Holyrood week in July)|
|Hillsborough Castle||County Down, Northern Ireland||Crown||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Official residence in Northern Ireland (whenever the royal family undertake official duties in Northern Ireland)|
|Sandringham House||Sandringham, Norfolk, England||Private||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Christmas until February, inherited from the current Queen's father|
|Balmoral Castle||Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Private||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||August and September, inherited from the current Queen's father|
|Craigowan Lodge||Balmoral, Aberdeenshire||Private||The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh||Inherited from the current Queen's father|
|Clarence House||London||Crown||The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Highgrove House||Gloucestershire||Duchy of Cornwall||The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall|
|Llwynywermod||Myddfai, Llandovery, Carmarthenshire, Wales||Duchy of Cornwall||The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall||Usual country residence of the Prince of Wales in Wales|
|Tamarisk||Isles of Scilly||Duchy of Cornwall||The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall|
|Birkhall||Balmoral, Aberdeenshire||Private||The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall||Previously used by Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother; located on the estate of Balmoral Castle|
|Kensington Palace||London||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, grace and favour|
|Anmer Hall||Sandringham Estate, Norfolk||Private||The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge||Located on the grounds of Sandringham House|
|Buckingham Palace||London||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Sussex||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Frogmore Cottage||Windsor, Berkshire||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Sussex||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|St James's Palace||London||Crown||The Princess Royal||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Gatcombe Park||Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire||Private||The Princess Royal||Privately owned home|
|Buckingham Palace||London||Crown||The Duke of York||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|The Royal Lodge||Windsor, Berkshire||Crown||The Duke of York||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|St James's Palace||London||Crown||Princess Beatrice of York||Current residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|The Royal Lodge||Windsor, Berkshire||Crown||Princess Beatrice of York|
|Ivy Cottage||Kensington Palace, London||Crown||Princess Eugenie||Current residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|The Royal Lodge||Windsor, Berkshire||Crown||Princess Eugenie|
|Buckingham Palace||London||Crown||The Earl and Countess of Wessex||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Bagshot Park||Bagshot, Surrey||Crown||The Earl and Countess of Wessex||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|Kensington Palace||London||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, grace and favour|
|Barnwell Manor||Barnwell, Northamptonshire||Private||The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester||Not in residence – as of 2017 it was occupied by Windsor House Antiques.|
|Wren House||Kensington Palace, London||Crown||The Duke and Duchess of Kent||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, grace and favour|
|St James's Palace||London||Crown||Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy||Official London residence, grace and favour|
|Thatched House Lodge||Richmond, London||Crown||Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy||Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate|
|Kensington Palace||London||Crown||Prince and Princess Michael of Kent||Official London residence, also a Historic Royal Palace, leased from the Crown Estate|
Former royal residences
- "Maintaining the Occupied Royal Palaces". Parliamentary website. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Royal Property". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 252. United Kingdom: House of Commons. 16 January 1995. col. 301W.
- Jack, Malcolm. "ARREST OF MEMBERS AND SEARCHING OF OFFICES IN THE PARLIAMENTARY PRECINCTS" (PDF). Memorandum by the Clerk of the House. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Halsbury's Laws of England, volume 12(1): "Crown and Royal Family", paragraph 53
- "Royal palace in Wales 'could bring £36m'". BBC News. 15 April 2018.
- "Guide to Hillsborough Castle - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
- Ward, Victoria (29 July 2013). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge 'to move into country bolt-hole'" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea – Interesting Places – Crosby Hall Archived 13 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Princess Marie Louise (née Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenberg), My Memories of Six Reigns London: Evans Brothers, 1956
- Royal.gov.uk – 60 Facts, Fact 50 Archived 27 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Art and residences at the royal family website