List of Brutalist structures

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Huygens & Tappe, design. 110 Congdon St Providence RI, built between 1970-1974.

Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the 1970s. The following list provides numerous examples of this architectural style worldwide.

List of notable brutalist structures[edit]

The list is organised in chronological order with name of structure, location, architect(s), and year(s) constructed.



Secretariat Building, Chandigarh, India
Torre Velasca, Milan, Italy


Litchfield Towers, United States
Tricorn Centre, United Kingdom


Habitat 67, Montreal, Canada
Preston Bus Station, United Kingdom
Hillman Library, Pittsburgh, United States
Boston City Hall, United States
Tanghalang Pambansa, Manila, Philippines


Llewellyn Hall, Canberra, Australia
Friedenskirche Baumberg


Richardson Building, University of Otago


Other structures[edit]

L'Enfant Plaza, Washington, D.C.

See also[edit]

  • Panel building – many of which are large and constructed of bare concrete panels.
  • Panelák – a panel building constructed of pre-fabricated, pre-stressed concrete which may resemble brutalist structures.
  • Plattenbau – as above but in Germany


  1. ^ Craigdarroch Residences (1964–67)
  2. ^ Showley, Roger. "The 'Q' is OK, its architect says," The San Diego Union-Tribune, Friday, November 6, 2015.
  3. ^ Schmitt Academic Center (SAC) – DePaul University.
  4. ^ Schmitt Academic Center – Chicago Brutalism.
  5. ^ Landsdown Residences
  6. ^
  7. ^ Downtown Joliet has style – many of them
  8. ^ Explaining a Building with Brutal Design
  9. ^ "Biographical" Sketch in Woollen, Molzan and Partners, Inc. Architectural Records, ca. 1912–2011. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society. 2017. See also: Mary Ellen Gadski, "Woollen, Molzan and Partners" in David J. Bodenhamer and Robert G. Barrows, eds. (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. pp. 1453–54. ISBN 0-253-31222-1.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Hellenic National AudioVisual Archive, The Opening of the new Athenian School of Theology building, Duration: 00:04:03:23 – 00:04:51:06
  11. ^ Queenan, Joe (January 25, 2008). "All of America, and Parking Too". The New York Times.


External links[edit]