List of Bulgarian inventors and discoverers

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Bulgaria - Coat of Arms "Unity Makes Strength"

This is a List of Bulgarian inventors and discoverers, working locally or overseas. The list comprises people from Bulgaria and also people of predominantly Bulgarian heritage.


The Cyrillic Alphabet, invented by St. Clement of Ohrid and used by most Slavic people (right). Its predecessor - the Glagolitic alphabet by Sts. Cyril and Methodius (left).


Prof. Georgi Nadjakov discovered the photoelectrets.
Prof. Ivan Stranski, the father of the kinetic theory of crystal growth (1940)






Assen Jordanoff, inventor, engineer, and aviator-pioneer.
  • Assen Jordanoff - Jordaphone - the predecessor of the modern answering machine and tape recorder. Frozen Gasoline System for airplanes. Reverse Thrust device for jet engines.
  • Simeon Petrov - Captain Simeon Petrov, Bulgarian Air Force, invented the world's first purpose-built air-to-surface bomb in 1912. The innovations included aerodynamically stabilized x-tail and an impact detonator. The majority of aircraft bombs to date follow Petrov's design. The Bulgarian Air Force deployed the original prototype, thus becoming the first military force in the world to conduct tactical airplane bombing in a full-scale war in 1912.


  • Roumen Antonov - invented a revolutionary continuously variable transmission,[5][6] which was never produced.[7]
  • Assen Jordanoff - invented the airbag for aircraft pilots that is nowadays used in automobiles.


Elias Canetti, Nobel laureate in Literature (1981).
  • Elias Canetti - Nobel laureate in Literature 1981 "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[8]


  • Early Renaissance - The world famous frescos in the Boyana Church from 1239 AD have been described by Andre Grabar and many scholars, as Early Renaissance or precursors of Renaissance Art well before this period started in Italy. The murals are work of the unknown Boyana Master and his disciples who are believed to have been representatives of the Tarnovo Art School in the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185-1396 AD). The frescos have been compared to the work of Giotto who is generally considered the first in a line of great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance. The Boyana Church has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage site. UNESCOArcheology in Bulgaria
  • Boicho Kokinov - DUAL (cognitive architecture)

See also[edit]

List of Bulgarian inventions and creations


  1. ^ Sretenova, Nikolina. "Ivan N. Stranski: An Exciting Journey to the Academic Top". Union of Scientists in Bulgaria. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
  2. ^ "Iwan Nikolà STRANSKI (1897 – Sofia – 1979)" (in German). History and Foundations of Quantum Physics. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
  3. ^ Mitev, I (1977). "[The 6th heart sound]". Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 70: 265–72. PMID 404983.
  4. ^ SAMUEL REFETOFF, MD, Interview conducted by Michael Chappelle, June 4, 2011
  5. ^ Linde, Arvid, 2011, Preston Tucker & Others: Tales of Brilliant Automotive Innovations, Veloce Publishing PLC, ISBN 978-1-84584-017-4
  6. ^ Antonov Transmission
  7. ^ Mysterie achter Antonov zal nog blijven voortleven. Financieel Dagblad, May 6th, 2013
  8. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1981". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.