List of Burmese dishes

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The following is a list of dishes found in Burmese cuisine. Burmese cuisine[1] includes dishes from various regions of Burma (now officially known as Myanmar). The diversity of Myanmar's cuisine has also been contributed to by the myriad of local ethnic minorities. The Bamars are the most dominant group, but other groups including the Chin people also have distinct cuisines. Burmese cuisine is characterized by extensive use of fish products like fish sauce and ngapi (fermented seafood). Owing to the geographic location of Myanmar, Burmese cuisine has been influenced by Chinese cuisine, Indian cuisine and Thai cuisine.

A thoke (salads)[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Bazun thoke ပုဇွန်သုပ် Pickled prawn salad.
Gyin thoke ဂျင်းသုပ် Ginger salad with sesame seeds and assorted fried beans.
Khauk swè thoke ခေါက်ဆွဲသုပ် Khauk swe thoke.jpg Wheat noodle salad with dried shrimps, shredded cabbage and carrots, dressed with fried peanut oil, fish sauce and lime.
Htamin thoke ထမင်းသုပ် Rice salad with tomato puree, potato, glass noodle, toasted chickpea flour, crushed toasted dried fermented beancake,crushed dried shrimp, crushed dried chilli, garlic and dressed with cooked peanut oil, fish sauce, lime or tamarind and coriander.
Let thoke sone လက်သုပ်စုံ (အသုပ်စုံ) Similar to htamin thoke with shredded green papaya, shredded carrot, ogonori sea moss and often wheat noodles.
Nan gyi thoke [2] နန်းကြီးသုပ် Nangyithohk.gif Thick rice noodle salad with chickpea flour, chicken, fish cake (nga hpe), onions, coriander, spring onions, crushed dried chilli, dressed with fried crispy onion oil, fish sauce and lime.
Nanbyagyi thoke နန်းပြားသုပ် As above with tagliatelle.
Shauk thi thoke ရှောက်သီးသုပ် Sliced lemon or kaffir lime (no pith or rind), toasted chickpea flour, crushed roasted peanut, crushed dried shrimp, crushed dried chilli, baked fish paste, cooked oil with onions (often served with kya zan hinga).
Samuza thoke ဆမူဆာသုပ် Samosa salad.jpg Indian Samosa salad with onions, cabbage, fresh mint, potato curry, masala, chili powder, salt and lime.
Lahpet thoke လက်ဖက်သုပ် Laphet thoke.JPG Shan A salad of pickled tea leaves with fried peas, peanuts and garlic, toasted sesame, fresh garlic, tomato, green chili, crushed dried shrimps, preserved ginger and dressed with peanut oil, fish sauce and lime.
Nga baung thoke ငါးပေါင်းသုပ် Mon Mixed vegetables and prawn, wrapped in morinda leaves and banana leaves outside.
Kya zan thoke ကြာဇံသုပ် Rakhine Glass vermicelli salad with boiled prawn julien and mashed curried duck eggs and potatoes.
Thayet chin thoke သရက်ချဉ်သုပ် Thayet chin thouk.JPG Fermented green mango salad with onions, green chilli, roasted peanuts, sesame and peanut oil.
Thinbaw thi thoke သင်္ဘောသီးသုပ် Som tam thai.JPG Shan and Thai Papaya salad of shredded papaya, mixed with ground dried shrimp, onions, and fried garlic; tossed in garlic oil, lemon juice, and a little hot chili pepper.
Tofu thoke တိုဟူးသုပ် Tophu thoke.JPG Shan Fresh yellow tofu, cut into small rectangular slices, dressed and garnished with peanut oil, dark soy sauce, rice vinegar, toasted crushed dried chilli, crushed garlic, crushed roasted peanuts, crisp-fried onions, and coriander.

Bamar influenced[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Mohinga မုန့်ဟင်းခါး IMG Mohinga.JPG The unofficial national dish of rice vermicelli in fish broth with onions, garlic, ginger, lemon grass and sliced tender core of banana-stem, served with boiled eggs, fried fish cake (nga hpe) and fritters (akyaw).
Kat kyi hnyat ကပ်ကြေးညှပ်‌ Kat kyi hnyat.JPG Dawei, Myeik Lit. 'cut with scissors', a southern coastal dish (from the Dawei area) of rice noodles with a variety of seafood, land meats, raw bean sprouts, beans and fried eggs comparable to pad thai.
Kya yoe hinga ကြာရိုးဟင်းခါး Lotus roots in clear chicken or fish broth.
Kyar zan hinga ကြာဆံဟင်းခါး glass noodle soup with dried shrimp, wood-ear mushrooms, egg, dried flowers, onions.
Ngapi jet ငပိချက် Fermented spicy fish paste or salted fish curried with onions, tomatoes, garlic, chilli and coriander served with to za ya, vegetables fresh or boiled, on the side.
Ngapi gyaw ငပိကြော် Ngapi kyaw.JPG Fried version with dried shrimp, onions, garlic and dried chilli.
Hsi htamin ဆီထမင်း Si damin.JPG Glutinous rice cooked with turmeric and onions in peanut oil, and served with toasted sesame and crisp fried onions, a popular breakfast like kao hnyin baung and ngacheik paung.

Chinese inspired[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Kyay oh ကြေးအိုး Kyay oh.JPG Chinese (from quetayong) Vermicelli noodles in soup with pork offal and greens.
Be kin ဘဲကင် Bebek panggang roast duck.JPG Chinese Roasted duck.
Hpet htoke ဖက်ထုတ် Wontons.JPG Chinese Lit. leaf wrap, of meat, pastry paper, ginger, garlic, pepper powder, salt. Usually served with soup or with noodles.
Htamin gyaw ထမင်း‌ကြော် Htamin jaw.JPG Chinese Fried rice with boiled peas (pè byouk).
Kaw yay khauk swè ကော်‌ရည်ခေါက်ဆွဲ Kaw yay khauk swe.jpg Sino-Burmese Noodles and curried duck (or pork) in broth with eggs.
Mi swun မီဆွမ် Chinese Very soft rice noodles, known as Mee suah in Singapore and Malaysia. It is a popular option for invalids, usually with chicken broth.
Panthay khauk swè ပန်းသေးခေါက်ဆွဲ Panthay khauk swe.JPG Chinese Halal noodles with chicken and spices, often served by the Muslim Panthay Chinese.
Pauk see ပေါက်‌စီ Nikuman.jpg Chinese Steamed buns filled with either pork and egg or sweet bean paste.
San byoke ဆန်ပြုတ် Chinese rice congee.jpg Chinese Rice congee with fish, chicken or duck often fed to invalids.
Si gyet khauk swè ဆီချက်ခေါက်ဆွဲ Sigyet khauk swe.JPG Chinese Wheat noodles with duck or pork, fried garlic oil, soy sauce and chopped spring onions. It is considered an 'identity dish' of Myanmar and Burmese Chinese, as it is not available in other Chinese cuisines. Sarawak's Kolok mee is a bit similar.
Wet tha doke htoe ဝက်သားတုတ်ထိုး Pork Stick (Yangon Street Food - Myanmar).jpg Chinese Pork offal cooked in light soy sauce. Eaten with raw ginger and chilli sauce.

Indian inspired[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Chapati ချပါတီ Fried chapati with pebyouk.JPG Indian Fried chapati, crispy and blistered, with boiled peas (pè-byohk), a popular breakfast next to nan bya.
Dan bauk ဒံပေါက်‌ Dan pauk.JPG Indian Burmese-style biryani with either chicken or mutton served with mango pickle, fresh mint and green chili.
Htat taya ထပ်တစ်ရာ Indian Lit. "a hundred layers", fried flaky multilayered paratha with either a sprinkle of sugar or pè byouk.
Htawbat htamin ထောပတ်ထမင်း Indian Literally "butter rice," rice made with butter and mostly eaten with chicken curry.
Nan bya နံပြား Naan bya with mutton soup.JPG Indian Burmese style naan buttered or with pè byouk, also with mutton soup.
Palata ပလာတာ Palatha, Myanmar.jpg Indian Burmese style paratha with egg or mutton.
Samusa စမူဆာ Samusa.JPG Indian Burmese-style samosa with mutton and onions served with fresh mint, green chilli,onions and lime.
Kyit Sara Indian Semolina chicken or meat paste, Chicken or meat is boiled or cooked and removed all the bones and skin. It is then mixed with Semolina and dhal. Nowadays the mixture is easily put into the grinder and ground. But originally it was put in the big pot, stirred and pounded using a big ladle with a rounded lower edge. Once it turns into a thick paste it is sprinkled with cinnamon powder and deep-fried onion. Not only it is tasty but it is highly nutritious and easily digestible.
Shai Mai or Sa Wai Indian Roasted Seviyan Kheer boiled in sweet milk, served with fried cashews, raisins and coconut shreds.
Theezohn Chinyay Hin Indian Adaptation of South Indian Sambar, lit. vegetable all- sorts sour broth, with drumstick, lady's finger, egg plant, green beans, potato, onions, ginger, dried chilli, boiled egg, dried salted fish, fish paste and tamarind.

Kachin inspired[edit]

English name Burmese name Image Origin Description
Kachin Style Chicken Curry Chyet Kachin Chet Kachin Kachin Style Chicken Curry cook with the variety of local herbs. The Kachin usually cook this dish without oil for health reasons.
Kachin Pounded Beef with Local Herbs Kachin Ametar Chyawk Thawng Kachin Kachin pounded beef with herbs. The dish was kind of unusual in that beef was boiled, then fried, and then pounded in a mortar with spices, local mints, “Sichuan pepper”, chiles, garlic, and ginger.

Rakhine inspired[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Mont Di မုန့်တီ Rakhinemontdi.JPG Rakhine An extremely popular and economical fast food dish where rice vermicelli are either eaten with some condiments and soup prepared from nga-pi, or as a salad with powdered fish and some condiments. The Daggertooth pike conger, called Nga-shwe in Arakanese and Burmese, is the fish of choice.
Ngapi daung ငပိထောင်း Rakhine An extremely spicy condiment made from pounded ngapi and green chili.
Khayan thee nga chauk chet ခရမ်းသီးငခြောက်ချက် Rakhine Brinjal cooked lightly with a small amount of oil, with dried fish and chilli.

Shan inspired[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Shan khauk swè ရှမ်းခေါက်ဆွဲ IMG Shanhkaukswè.JPG Shan Rice noodles with chicken or minced pork, onions, garlic, tomatoes, chili, crushed roasted peanuts, young vine of mangetout, served with tohu jaw or tohu nway and pickled mustard greens (monnyinjin).
Htamin jin ထမင်းချဉ် Inle dish.jpg Shan A rice, tomato and potato or fish salad kneaded into round balls dressed and garnished with crisp fried onion in oil, tamarind sauce, coriander and spring onions often with garlic, Chinese chives roots (ju myit), fried whole dried chili, grilled dried fermented beancakes (pè bouk) and fried dried topu (topu jauk kyaw) on the side.
Meeshay မြီးရှေ‌ Meeshei.JPG Shan. rice noodles with pork and/or chicken, bean sprouts, rice flour gel, rice flour fritters, dressed with soy sauce, salted soybean, rice vinegar, fried peanut oil, chilli oil, and garnished with crisp fried onions, crushed garlic, coriander, and pickled white radish/mustard greens
Shan tohu ရှမ်းတိုဟူး Plate of Hnapyan Gyaw (Hpaungdaw U Pagoda, Inle Lake, Shan States, Myanmar).JPG Shan A type of tofu made from chickpea flour or yellow split pea eaten as fritters (tohpu jaw) or in a salad (tohpu thohk), also eaten hot before it sets as tohu byawk aka tohu nway and as fried dried tohpu (tohu jauk kyaw).
Wet tha chin ဝက်သားချဉ် Shan Preserved minced pork in rice.
Wet tha hmyit chin ဝက်သားမျှစ်ချဉ် Shan Pork with sour bamboo shoots.
Kauk hnyin baung ကောက်ညှင်းပေါင်း Kao hnyin baung - cooked glutinous rice with fried fish on a banana leaf.jpg Shan Cooked glutinous rice with meat on a banana leaf.
Hin thote ဟင်းထုတ် Wet tha hin htote.JPG Shan Steamed meat and flour in banana leaves.

Mon inspired[edit]

Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Thingyan htamin သင်္ကြန်ထမင်း Thingyan Hta Min.jpg Mon Fully boiled rice in candle-smelt jasmine water served with mango salad and fried dried-prawn.
Wet mohinga ရေစိမ်မုန့်ဟင်းခါး Mon Like mohinga but vermicelli is served while wet.


Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Kyar zan hin ကြာဆံဟင်း Mandalay glass noodle soup with chicken, wood-ear mushrooms, dried flowers, onions, boiled egg, garnished with coriander, thin-sliced onions, crushed dried chilli and a dash of lime.
Kalar hin ကုလားဟင်း South Indian A South Indian dish made of dried snakefish, radish, carrots, eggplant, and okra.
Si byan ဆီပြန် Chapati and mutton curry.JPG Dish of meat or fish with condiments cooked in oil and water until all the water is boiled off leaving the meat or fish in an oily gravy.
Cho chin gyaw ချိုချဉ်ကြော် Sweet and sour dish of meat or fish with vegetables.
A sein gyaw အစိမ်းကြော် Chinese Dish of fried green vegetables with meat, cabbage, cauliflower, carrot, green beans, baby corn, cornflour or tapioca starch, tomatoes, squid sauce.


Burmese name Burmese script Image Origin Description
Halawa ဟလဝါ Pathein, Middle East origin A snack made of sticky rice, butter, coconut milk, from Indian dessert halwa. Burmese halawa is in a loose form, something like smashed potato, without baking into a hard or firmer cake in contrast to sanwin makin.
Phaluda ဖာလူဒါ Phaluda.JPG Indian Similar to the Indian dessert falooda, rose water, milk, jello, coconut jelly, coconut shavings, sometimes served with custard and ice cream.
Shwe yin aye ရွှေရင်အေး Shweyin-aye.JPG Agar jelly, tapioca and sago in coconut milk.
Shwe gyi mont ရွှေကြည်မုန့် Mon Hardened semolina (wheat) porridge cake with poppy seeds, sugar, butter, coconut.
Sanwin makin ဆနွင်းမကင်း Thai Semolina (sooji) cake with raisins, walnuts and poppy seeds.
Mont let saung မုန့်လက်ဆောင်း Cendol in a Glass.JPG Shan? Tapioca balls, glutinous rice, grated coconut and toasted sesame with jaggery syrup in coconut milk.
Kyauk kyaw ကျောက်ကျော Agar jelly usually set in two layers with coconut milk.
Sut-hnan Rakhine Millet cooked in sweet milk with raisins.
Htoe mont ထိုးမုန့် Mandalay Glutinous rice cake with raisins, cashews and coconut shavings.
Malaing lone မလိုင်လုံး Gulab Jamun2.jpg Indian Burmese-style gulab jamun.
Mont kalama မုန့်ကုလားမ Indian Toffee-like delicacy made of coconut milk, jaggery, and rice flour.
Saw hlaing mont Rakhine A baked sweet, made from millet, raisins, coconut and butter.
Nga pyaw thi baung Rakhine Bananas stewed in milk and coconut, and garnished with black sesame. Eaten either as a dish during meals, or as a dessert.
Nga pyaw baung ငှက်ပျောပေါင်း Ngapyawbaung.jpg Mon Banana pudding dessert made from banana boiled in coconut milk and sugar.
Htamanè ထမနဲ Htamanè.JPG Mon Savory dessert made from glutinous rice, fried shredded coconuts, peanuts, sesame seeds, oil.
Duyin yoe ဒူရင်းယို Mon Durian jam (Katut jam).
La mont လမုန့် Chinese An oily disk-shaped cake filled with either sugar or sweet bean paste.
Mont lone yay paw မုန့်လုံးရေပေါ် MontLone yeibaw.JPG Glutinous rice balls with jaggery (palm sugar).
Thagu pyin သာကူပြင် Malay Sago or tapioca pudding sweetened with jaggery and enriched with coconut.
Mont pyar thalet မုန့်ပျားသလက် Batter cake shaped like a honeycomb, made of rice flour with or without palm sugar syrup.
Mont kyoe lein မုန့်ကြိုးလိမ် Pretzel-like confection made of rice and bean flour.
Mont lay pway မုန့်လေပွေ Thin large crispies made from glutinous rice.
Mont lin mayar or mont oke galay မုန့်လင်မယား or မုန့်အုပ်ကလေး Snack of rice flour batter fried to a hemispherical shape in a dimpled pan, and served in pairs.
Pashu mont ပသျှူးမုန့် Malay Confection of roasted glutinous rice flour mixed with sugar and coconut shreds.
Gadut mont ကတွတ်မုန့် Indian Kind of Hindi sweetmeat in the form of a dumpling.
Bein mont ဘိန်းမုန့် Pancake made of rice flour, palm sugar, coconut chips, and peanuts, garnished with poppy seeds.
Khauk mont ခေါက်မုန့် Kind of circular pan- cake made of rice flour, palmsugar, coconut, etc. and folded to form a semicircle.
Aung bala mont အောင်ဗလမုန့် Rice pancake topped with syrup.
Mont kywe the မုန့်ကျွဲသည်း Pudding made of coarse rice flour boiled in palm sugar and lime water.
Yay mont ရေမုန့် Almost translucent sheets of rice flour folded around a filling of beans and coriander leaves.
Mont leik pyar မုန့်လိပ်ပြာ Thin rice dough skins with a centre filled with jaggery and coconut, and folded in squares.
Nan ka htaing နံကထိုင် Indian Nankatai, an Indian cake made of saffron, flour, sugar and butter.
Ladu mont လဒူမုန့် Yadagirigutta laddu.JPG Indian Sweetmeat of Indian origin in the form of a ball.
Gyalabi ဂျလေဘီ Jalebi (sweet).jpg Indian Jalebi, kind of Indian sweetmeat.
Kulfee ကူလ်ဖီ Burmese kulfi.JPG Indian Frozen dessert made of milk.
Dein gyin ဒိန်ချဉ် Dein gyin.JPG Burmese style yoghurt served with jaggery syrup.
Shwe htamin ရွှေထမင်း Shwe Htamin.jpg Baked sweetened glutinous rice and jaggery and garnished with coconut shavings.
Kao hlaingti mont ကောက်လှိုင်းတီမုန့် A snack made of sticky rice and local violet flowers as colouring.

See also[edit]

မုန့်လုံးရေပေါ် ရေမုန့် ကြက်ဥပေါင်း မုန့်လေပွေ မုန့်လက်ကောက် မုန်ပေါင်း အုန်းနို့ခေါက်ဆွဲ ကော်ရည်


  1. ^ Tan, Desmond, 1966- (2017). Burma Superstar : addictive recipes from the crossroads of Southeast Asia. Leahy, Kate,, Lee, John, 1971- (First ed.). Berkeley. ISBN 9781607749509. OCLC 954719901.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Tan, D.; Leahy, K.; Lee, J. (2017). Burma Superstar: Addictive Recipes from the Crossroads of Southeast Asia. Ten Speed Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-60774-950-9. Retrieved June 21, 2017.