List of compilers

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This page is intended to list all current compilers, compiler generators, interpreters, translators, tool foundations, assemblers, automatable command line interfaces (shells), etc.

Ada compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
PTC ObjectAda PTC, Inc. Yes Yes Yes Proprietary
GCC GNAT GNU Project Yes Yes Yes GPLv3+
GreenHills Ada Optimizing Compiler Green Hills Software Yes Yes No Proprietary
PTC ApexAda PTC, Inc. No Yes Yes Proprietary
SCORE Ada DDC-I Yes Yes Yes Proprietary
Symbolics Ada Symbolics No No Symbolics Genera Proprietary
Tandem Ada[1] Tandem Computers No Yes Guardian, NonStop Kernel Proprietary

ALGOL 60 compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
ALGOL 60 RHA (Minisystems) Ltd No No DOS, CP/M Free for personal use
Persistent S-algol Paul Cockshott Yes No DOS Copyright only
MCP Unisys No No MCP Proprietary
Algol 60 Claude Pair [fr][2] No No IBM 1620 ?
Algol 60 Jean-Claude Boussard[3] No No IBM 7090 ?

ALGOL 68 compilers[edit]

cf. ALGOL 68s specification and implementation timeline

Name Year Purpose State Description Target CPU Licensing Implementation Language
ALGOL 68r0 1968 Standard Intl IFIP WG 2.1 Final Report Specification – August ACM
ALGOL 68-RR 1970 Military UK ICL 1900 ALGOL 60
EPOS ALGOLE 1971 Scientific
ALGOL 68RSRS 1972 Military UK Portable compiler system ICL 2900/Series 39, Multics, VMS & C generator (1993) Crown Copyright ALGOL 68RS
Mini ALGOL 68 1973 Research NL "An interpreter for simple Algol 68 Programs" Portable interpreter Mathematisch Centrum ALGOL 60
ALGOL 68CC 1975 Scientific UK Cambridge Algol 68 ICL, IBM 360, PDP 10 & Unix, Telefunken, Tesla & Z80(1980)[4] Cambridge ALGOL 68C
ALGOL 68 Revised Reportr1 1975 Standard Intl IFIP WG 2.1 Revised Report Specification ACM
Odra Algol 68 1976 practical uses USSR/Poland Odra 1204/IL Soviet ALGOL 60
FLACCF 1977 Multi-purpose CA Revised Report complete implementation with debug features System/370 lease, Chion Corporation Assembler
Leningrad ALGOL 68L 1980 Telecommunications USSR Full Language + Modules IBM, DEC, CAMCOH, PS 1001 & PC Soviet
Interactive ALGOL 68I 1983 UK Incremental compilation PC Noncommercial shareware
ALGOL 68SS 1985 Scientific Intl Sun version of ALGOL 68 Sun-3, Sun SPARC (under SunOS 4.1 & Solaris 2), Atari ST (under GEMDOS), Acorn Archimedes (under RISC OS), VAX-11 under Ultrix-32
Algol68toC[5] (ctrans) 1985 Electronics UK ctrans from ELLA ALGOL 68RS Portable C generator  Open Sourced & Public Domained 1995 ALGOL 68RS
Algol 68 GenieG 2001 Full Language NL Includes standard collateral clause Portable interpreter GPL C

Assemblers (Intel *86)[edit]

Assembler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
FASM Tomasz Grysztar Yes Yes Yes BSD
Turbo Assembler Borland Yes No No Proprietary
A86 assembler Eric Isaacson Yes No No Proprietary
Microsoft Macro Assembler Microsoft Yes No No Proprietary
Netwide Assembler Simon Tatham and Julian Hall Yes Yes Yes BSD
High Level Assembly (HLA) Randall Hyde Yes Yes Yes Open source
GNU Assembler The GNU Project Yes Yes Yes GPLv3

Assemblers (Motorola 68*)[edit]

Assembler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
Assembler Motorola Yes No No Proprietary
Devpac HiSoft Systems No No Amiga, Atari ST Proprietary
rmac James Hammons, George Nakos, Landon Dyer Yes Yes Yes Freeware

Assemblers (Zilog Z80)[edit]

Assembler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
Microsoft MACRO-80 Microsoft No No Yes Proprietary
Zeus Assembler Neil Mottershead, Simon Brattel No No Yes Proprietary
Prometheus Proxima software No No No Proprietary

Assemblers (other)[edit]

Assembler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
TMS 9900 assembler Texas Instruments Yes Yes Yes Proprietary
Tandem Application Language (TAL)[6] Tandem Computers No Yes (C-like) Guardian, NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS Proprietary

BASIC compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Working state Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type Standard conformance
Minimal BASIC Full BASIC
AppGameKit The Game Creators Current Yes Yes No Proprietary ? ?
BASIC-PLUS-2 Digital Equipment Corporation now HPE Current No ? RSTS/E, RSX-11M, VMS Proprietary ? ?
B4X Erel Uziel Current Yes Yes (Android, iOS) Yes (JVM) Apache 2.0 No No
BlitzMax Blitz Research Discontinued Yes Yes (Linux, macOS) No zlib License No No
DarkBASIC The Game Creators Inactive Yes No No MIT License No No
ECMA-55 Minimal BASIC compiler[7] John Gatewood Ham Current No Linux No GPLv2 Yes No
FreeBASIC FreeBASIC Development Team Current Yes Yes DOS, FreeBSD, Linux GPLv2+ Partial[8] No
FutureBASIC Brilor Software Current No macOS Classic Mac OS Proprietary Partial No
Gambas Benoît Minisini Current No Yes No GPLv2+ No No
GFA BASIC Frank Ostrowski Abandoned Yes No Amiga, Atari ST, DOS Proprietary No No
Mercury RemObjects Current Yes Yes (Linux, macOS, Android, iOS) Yes (WebAssembly) Proprietary No No
PowerBASIC (formerly Turbo Basic) PowerBASIC, Inc. Inactive Yes No DOS Proprietary ? ?
PureBasic Fantaisie Software Current Yes Yes Yes Proprietary No No
QB64 Galleon Current Yes Yes Yes LGPLv2.1 Partial No
QuickBASIC Microsoft Discontinued No No DOS Proprietary Partial No
Tandem BASIC Tandem Computers Historic No No Guardian, NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS Proprietary No No
True BASIC True BASIC Current Yes No No Proprietary Yes Partial[9]
VSI BASIC for OpenVMS VMS Software, Inc. Current No No OpenVMS Proprietary No No
Xojo (formerly REALbasic) Xojo Inc. (formerly Real Software) Current Yes Yes Yes Proprietary No No

BASIC interpreters[edit]

Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
BASIC-PLUS Digital Equipment Corporation No No RSTS/E Proprietary
BBC BASIC (SDL 2.0) Richard T. Russell Yes Yes Android, iOS, macOS, Raspberry Pi OS, Web Browser zlib License
Bywater BASIC (bwBASIC) Ted Campbell No Yes ? GPL
Liberty BASIC Shoptalk Systems Yes No No Proprietary
GW-BASIC Microsoft No No MS-DOS Proprietary
QBasic Microsoft No No MS-DOS Proprietary
Chipmunk Basic Ronald H. Nicholson, Jr. Yes Yes Yes Freeware
TI Basic Texas Instruments No No TI-99/4A Proprietary
TI Extended Basic Texas Instruments No No TI-99/4A Proprietary
Rocky Mountain BASIC [Trans Era] Yes No HP 9000 Proprietary
Bas Michael Haardt No Yes No MIT License
Yabasic Marc-Oliver Ihm Yes Yes Haiku MIT License
SmallBASIC SmallBASIC Yes Yes Android, macOS GPLv3+
SuperBASIC Jan Jones No No Sinclair QL Proprietary
thinBasic thinBasic Yes No No Proprietary
PC-BASIC Rob Hagemans Yes Yes macOS GPLv3+
Level I BASIC Steve Leininger No No TRS-80 ROM Proprietary
Level II BASIC Microsoft No No TRSDOS, NewDos/80, MultiDOS, DosPlus, LDOS Proprietary
Level III BASIC Microsoft No No TRSDOS, NewDos/80, MultiDOS, DosPlus, LDOS Proprietary

C compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Microsoft Windows Unix-like Other OSs Bare machine License type Standard conformance
C89 C99 C11 C17
Acorn C/C++ Acorn and Codemist No No RISC OS ? Proprietary Yes Yes No Yes
AMD Optimizing C/C++ Compiler (AOCC) AMD No Yes No ? Proprietary Yes Yes Yes Yes
Aztec C Manx Software Systems No No CP/M, CP/M-86, DOS, Classic Mac OS ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Amsterdam Compiler Kit Andrew Tanenbaum and Ceriel Jacobs No Yes Yes ? BSD ? ? ? ?
BDS C BD Software No No CP/M ? Public domain ? ? ? ?
C++Builder Embarcadero Yes Yes (iOS, Android) No ? Proprietary Yes Yes Partial ?
Ch SoftIntegration, Inc Yes macOS, FreeBSD, Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX, QNX Yes ? Freeware Yes Yes No ?
Clang LLVM Project Yes Yes Yes ? UoI/NCSA Yes Yes Partial Partial
CompCert INRIA Yes Yes No ? Freeware (source code available for non-commercial use) or GPL Yes Partial No ?
Digital Mars Digital Mars Yes No No ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Digital Research C[10] Digital Research ? ? CP/M, DOS ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Edison Design Group Edison Design Group Yes Yes Yes ? Proprietary Yes Yes Yes Yes
GCC C GNU Project MinGW, Cygwin, WSL Yes IBM mainframe, AmigaOS, VMS, RTEMS, DOS[11] Yes GPL Yes Partial[i] Partial[i] Partial[i]
IAR C/C++ Compilers IAR Systems Yes {{yes[note 1]}} No ? Proprietary Yes Yes Yes Yes
Intel oneAPI DPC++/C++ Compiler
(icx)
Intel Yes Linux No ? Freeware (optional priority support) Yes Yes Yes[12] ?
Intel C++ Compiler Classic
(icc)
Intel Yes Linux, macOS No ? Freeware (optional priority support) Yes Partial[13] Partial[13] ?
Interactive C KISS Institute for Practical Robotics Yes Unix, macOS, Linux, IRIX, Solaris, SunOS No ? Freeware Partial No No ?
keil C/C++ Compilers Keil (company) Yes Yes No ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Lattice C Lifeboat Associates No Yes DOS, OS/2, Commodore, Amiga, Atari ST, Sinclair QL ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
lcc Chris Fraser and David Hanson Yes Yes Yes ? Freeware (source code available for non-commercial use) Yes No No ?
Mark Williams C Mark Williams Company Yes Coherent Yes ? Proprietary - Coherent Compiler 3-clause BSD[clarification needed] ? ? ? ?
MCP Unisys No No MCP ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
MikroC Compiler Mikroelektronika Yes Yes Yes ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
MPW C Apple No No Classic Mac OS ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Open64 AMD, SGI, Google, HP, Intel, Nvidia, PathScale, Tsinghua University and others No Yes Yes ? GPL ? ? ? ?
Pacific C Hi-tech software No No DOS ? Freeware[14] ? ? ? ?
Pelles C Pelle Orinius Yes No No ? Freeware No Yes Yes Yes
Personal C Compiler (PCC) DeSmet No No DOS ? GPL[15] Yes [ii] No No No
PGCC The Portland Group Yes Yes Un­known ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Portable C Compiler Stephen C. Johnson, Anders Magnusson and others Yes Yes Yes ? BSD Yes Partial No ?
QuickC Microsoft Yes No No ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Ritchie C Compiler (PDP-11) Dennis Ritchie and John Reiser; converted to cross-compiler by Doug Gwyn Yes Yes Yes ? Freeware Partial Partial Partial Partial
SAS/C SAS Institute Yes Yes Yes IBM mainframe, AmigaOS, 68K, 88K ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Alan Snyder's Portable C Compiler Alan Snyder and current Maintainer larsbrinkhoff|Snyder-C-compiler No Yes No ? MIT License ? ? ? ?
The SubC Compiler Nils M Holm|SubC No Yes No ? Public Domain ? ? ? ?
SCORE C (tcc) DDC-I Yes Yes Yes ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
SEGGER Compiler[16] SEGGER Microcontroller Yes Yes Yes ? Proprietary Yes Yes Partial Partial
Small-C Ron Caine, James E. Hendrix, Byte magazine Yes Yes CP/M, DOS ? Public domain Partial No No ?
Small Device C Compiler Sandeep Dutta and others Yes Yes Un­known Yes GPL ? ? ? ?
Symbolics C Symbolics No No Symbolics Genera ? Proprietary ? No No No
Tandem C[17] Tandem Computers No Yes Guardian, NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS No Proprietary ? ? No No
Tasking Altium Yes Linux, MacOS No ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
THINK C, Lightspeed C THINK Technologies No No Classic Mac OS ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
Tiny C Compiler Fabrice Bellard Yes Yes No ? LGPL Yes Partial Partial ?
(Borland) Turbo C Embarcadero Yes No Yes ? Proprietary - V 2.01 freely available ? ? ? ?
VBCC Volker Barthelmann Yes Yes Yes ? Freeware (source code available, modification not allowed) Yes Partial No ?
Microsoft Visual C++ Microsoft Yes No No ? Proprietary (Freeware) Yes No[18] Partial [iii] Yes [iii]
Oracle C compiler Oracle No Solaris, Linux No ? Proprietary (Freeware) Yes Yes Yes No
Watcom C/C++,
Open Watcom C/C++
Watcom Yes experimental DOS, OS/2 ? Sybase Open Watcom Public License Yes Partial No ?
Wind River (Diab) Compiler Wind River Systems Yes Yes Yes ? Proprietary ? ? ? ?
XL C, XL C/C++ IBM No AIX, Linux z/OS, z/VM ? Proprietary Yes Yes Partial ?
Zig cc Zig Software Foundation Yes Yes Yes ? MIT License ? ? ? ?

Notes:

  1. ^ a b c Complete except for floating point.
  2. ^ ANSI 89 compliant from version 3.1h and up
  3. ^ a b Visual Studio v16.8.


C++ compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Operating System[i] License type IDE Standard conformance
Windows Unix-like Other C++11 C++14 C++17 C++20 C++23
AMD Optimizing C/C++ Compiler (AOCC) AMD No Yes No UIUC license No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
C++Builder (classic Borland, bcc*) Embarcadero (CodeGear) Yes (bcc32) macOS (bccosx)[19] No Proprietary (Free Community Edition)[20] Yes Yes[21][22] No No ? ?
C++Builder (modern, bcc*c) Embarcadero (LLVM)[23] Yes (bcc32c,bcc64,
bcc32x,bcc64x)
iOS⟩ (bccios*), ⟨Android⟩ (bcca*)[19] No Proprietary (Freeware - 32bit CLI,[24] Free Limited Commercial Edition)[20] Yes Yes[ii][21][22] Yes[25] Yes[26] ? ?
Turbo C++ (tcc) Borland (CodeGear) Yes No DOS Freeware Yes No No No ? ?
CINT CERN Yes Yes BeBox, DOS, etc. X11/MIT Yes No No No ? ?
Cfront Bjarne Stroustrup No Yes No ? No No No No ? ?
Clang (clang++) LLVM Project Yes Yes Yes UoI/NCSA Xcode, QtCreator (optional) Yes[ii][27][28][22] Yes Yes Partial Partial
Comeau C/C++ Comeau Computing Yes Yes Yes Proprietary No No[iii] No No ? ?
Cray C/C++ (CC) Cray No No No Proprietary No Yes[iv][29][30] Yes[iv] Yes Partial No
Digital Mars C/C++ (dmc) Digital Mars Yes No DOS Proprietary No Partial[31][22] No No ? ?
EDG C++ Front End (eccp, edgcpfe) Edison Design Group Yes Yes Yes Proprietary No Yes[iii][32][22] Yes Yes Partial Partial
EKOPath(pathCC) PathScale and others No Yes Yes Mixed (Proprietary,
Open–source & GPL)
No Yes[v][33] Partial No ? ?
GCC (g++) GNU Project MinGW, MSYS2,
Cygwin, Windows Subsystem
Yes Yes GPLv3 QtCreator, Kdevelop, Eclipse,
NetBeans, Code::Blocks, Dev-C++, Geany
Yes[v][34][35][22] Yes Yes Partial Partial
HP aC++ (aCC) Hewlett-Packard No HP-UX No Proprietary No Partial[36][22] No No ? ?
IAR C/C++ Compilers (icc*) IAR Systems Yes No ⟨Yes⟩ Proprietary IAR Embedded Workbench Yes[37] Yes Partial ? ?
Intel C++ Compiler (icc) Intel Yes Linux, macOS, FreeBSD; ⟨Android (x86)⟩ No Proprietary (Freeware)[38] Visual Studio, Eclipse, Xcode Yes[iii][39][22] Yes[40] Partial[41] Partial Partial
KAI C++ (KCC) Kuck & Associates, Inc.
⟨subsumed by Intel
No TOPS-20, Digital Unix, HP-UX, Linux (x86),
IRIX 5.3 & 6.x, Solaris 2.x, UNICOS
No Proprietary No No[iii][42] No No ? ?
Microtec C/C++ (mcc) MentorSiemens Yes Yes Yes Proprietary EDGE Developer Suite No No No ? ?
EDGE C/C++[vi] MentorSiemens Yes Yes Yes Proprietary EDGE Developer Suite No No No ?
Open64 (openCC) HP, AMD, Tsinghua University and others No Yes No Modified GPLv2 No No[v][vii][43] No No ? ?
PGC++ (pgc++) PGINvidia Unsupported[44] Linux, macOS No Proprietary Eclipse, Xcode, Visual Studio Yes[iii][45][22] Yes Partial ? ?
ProDev WorkShop Silicon Graphics No IRIX 5.3 & 6.x Yes Proprietary Yes ? ? ? ? ?
RealView Compilation Tools (armcc) KeilArm Yes Yes ⟨Yes⟩ Proprietary RealView Development Suite No[iii][46] No No ? ?
Arm Compiler (armcc) KeilArm Yes Yes ⟨Yes⟩ Proprietary μVision, DS-5 Yes[iii][47][48] No No ? ?
Arm Compiler (armclang) KeilArm⟩ (LLVM) Yes No ⟨Yes⟩ Proprietary μVision, DS-5 Yes[ii][49][50] Yes No ? ?
Salford C++ Compiler Silverfrost Yes No No Proprietary Yes ? ? ? ? ?
SAS/C C++ SAS Institute Windows NT/95 AIX, Solaris/SunOS, Linux IBM mainframe, DOS Proprietary No ? ? ? ? ?
SCORE C++ (tpp) DDC-I Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes Yes No No ? ?
SEGGER Compiler SEGGER Microcontroller Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes Yes Partial Partial ? ?
Oracle C++ Compiler (CC) Oracle No Linux, Solaris No Proprietary (Freeware) Oracle Developer Studio, NetBeans Yes[51][52][22] Yes No ? ?
Tandem C++[53] Tandem Computers No Yes NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS Proprietary Eclipse ? No No ?
TenDRA (tcc) TenDRA Project No Yes No BSD No No[54] No No ? ?
VectorC Codeplay Yes No PS2⟩, ⟨PS3⟩, etc. Proprietary Visual Studio, CodeWarrior Partial[55] No No ? ?
Visual C++ (cl) Microsoft Yes Linux, macOS; ⟨Android⟩, ⟨iOS DOS Proprietary (Free for Individuals and Enterprise under $1M Profit Cap)[56] Visual Studio, QtCreator Yes[57][58][22] Yes Yes[59] Yes[60] Partial
XL C/C++ (xlc++) IBM No Linux (Power), AIX z/OS, z/VM Proprietary Eclipse Yes[61][62][63][64] Yes No No No
Diab Compiler (dcc) Wind RiverTPG Capital Yes Linux, Solaris VxWorks Proprietary Wind River Workbench No[iii][65] No No ? ?

Notes:

  1. ^ List of host operating systems and/or ⟨cross-compilation targets⟩.
  2. ^ a b c Uses a Clang Front End.[27][28]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Uses an EDG Front End.[32]
  4. ^ a b The Cray C++ Libraries do not support wide characters and only support a single locale.
  5. ^ a b c Uses a GCC Front End.[34][35]
  6. ^ The EDGE C/C++ compiler is based on the Microtec C/C++ compiler.
  7. ^ Last Open64 v5.0 uses GCC 4.2 as its Front End, which doesn't support any C++11.[34][35]

C# compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Type Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Visual C# Microsoft JIT Yes iOS No Proprietary Yes
Visual C# Express Microsoft JIT Yes No No Freeware Yes
Mono Xamarin JIT Yes Yes Yes GPLv2 Yes
Portable.NET DotGNU AOT Yes Yes No GPL No
SharpDevelop IC#Code Team. JIT Yes No No LGPL Yes
Roslyn .NET Foundation JIT/AOT Yes Partial No Apache 2.0[66] No
RemObjects C# RemObjects AOT Yes Yes (Linux, macOS, Android, iOS) Yes (WebAssembly) Proprietary Yes
IL2CPP Unity Technologies AOT Yes Yes Yes GPL[67] No
IL2CPU COSMOS AOT Yes Yes Yes BSD licenses[68] No
Bartok Microsoft Research AOT Yes No No Proprietary No
RyuJIT .NET Foundation. JIT Yes Yes Yes MIT License[69] Yes
CoreRT .NET Foundation. AOT/JIT Yes Yes Yes MIT License[70] Yes
bflat[71] Michal Strehovský AOT Yes Yes Yes GPL[72] No

COBOL compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Operating system License type IDE? Standard conformance
Windows Unix-like Other COBOL-85 COBOL 2002
IBM COBOL IBM Yes AIX, Linux z/OS, z/VM, z/VSE Proprietary IBM Developer for z/OS Yes Partial
NetCOBOL Fujitsu, GTSoftware Yes Yes No Proprietary Yes Yes Partial
GnuCOBOL (formerly OpenCOBOL) Keisuke Nishida, Roger While, Simon Sobisch Yes Yes Yes GPL OCIDE, HackEdit (alpha) Yes Partial
gcobol[73] COBOLworx Yes Yes Yes GPL No Yes[74] Planned[74]
Otterkit[75][76] Gabriel Gonçalves Yes Yes Yes (Common Language Infrastructure) Apache 2.0 Yes Partial Release candidate
Visual COBOL Micro Focus Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes Yes No
isCOBOL Evolve Veryant Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Eclipse Yes Partial
HP COBOL Hewlett-Packard No No OpenVMS Proprietary NetBeans Yes No
MCP Unisys No No MCP Proprietary CANDE Yes[77] No
Tandem COBOL[78][17] Tandem Computers No No Guardian, NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS Proprietary Eclipse, Micro Focus COBOL Workbench[79] ? ?
PDP-11 COBOL Digital Equipment Corporation No No RSTS/E, RSX-11M Proprietary ? No No
COBOL-85 Digital Equipment Corporation No No RSTS/E, RSX-11M, VMS Proprietary ? ? ?
Austec Cobol Esmond & David Pitt and Derek Trusler, Austec International Inc. No Yes Yes Proprietary No Partial Partial

Common Lisp compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Target Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Allegro Common Lisp Franz, Inc. Native code Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes
Armed Bear Common Lisp Peter Graves JVM Yes Yes Yes GPL Yes
CLISP GNU Project Bytecode Yes Yes Yes GPL No
Clozure CL Clozure Associates Native code Yes Yes No LGPL Yes
CMU Common Lisp Carnegie Mellon University Native code, Bytecode No Yes No Public domain Yes
Corman Common Lisp Corman Technologies Native code Yes No No MIT license Yes
Embeddable Common Lisp Juanjo Garcia-Ripoll Bytecode, C Yes Yes Yes LGPL Yes
GNU Common Lisp GNU Project C Yes Yes No GPL No
LispWorks LispWorks Ltd Native code Yes Yes No Proprietary Yes
mocl Wukix Native code No Yes Yes Proprietary No
Movitz Frode V. Fjeld Native code, own OS No No Yes BSD No
Open Genera Symbolics Ivory emulator, own OS No No Yes Proprietary Yes
Scieneer Common Lisp Scieneer Pty Ltd Native code No Yes No Proprietary No
Steel Bank Common Lisp sbcl.org Native code Yes Yes Yes Public domain Yes

D compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
D (DMD) Digital Mars and others Yes 32-bit Linux, macOS, FreeBSD No Boost
No
D for .NET ? Yes Yes ? ? ?
GDC GCC Yes Yes No GPL No
LDC LLVM Yes Yes No multiple Open Source license depending on module No

DIBOL/DBL compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
DIBOL Digital Equipment Corporation No No RSTS/E, VMS Proprietary No
Synergy DBL[80][81][82] Synergex Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes

ECMAScript interpreters[edit]

Eiffel compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
EiffelStudio Eiffel Software / Community developed (SourceForge) Yes Yes Yes GPL Yes
LibertyEiffel (fork of SmartEiffel) D. Colnet and community ? Yes ? GPLv2 ?
SmartEiffel D. Colnet ? Yes ? GPLv2 ?

Forth compilers and interpreters[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
Win32Forth[83] Andrew McKewan, Tom Zimmer, et. al. Yes No No public domain
VFX Forth[84][85] MPE Yes Yes Yes ?
SwiftForth[86] Forth Inc. Yes Yes No Proprietary
SP-Forth Andrey Cherezov Yes Yes ? GPL3
Retro Forth[87] Charles Childers Yes Yes ? ISC license
pForth Phil Burk Yes Yes Yes public domain
Open Firmware ? ? ? ? BSD license
iForth[88] Marcel Hendrix Yes Yes No Proprietary
Gforth Bernd Paysan and Anton Ertl Yes Yes No GPL3
colorForth Charles H. Moore ? ? ? public domain
ciforth[89][90][91] Albert van der Horst Yes Yes No GPL
Atlast[92] John Walker ? Yes No public domain
Collapse OS[93] Virgil Dupras No Yes Yes ?
FreeForth[94] ? Yes Yes (Linux) ? public domain
ByteForth[95] ? ? ? ? ?
noForth[96] ? ? ? RISC-V baremetal ?

Fortran compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Working state Operating system License type IDE?
Windows Unix-like Other
AMD Optimizing C/C++ Compiler (AOCC) AMD Current No Yes No Freeware No
PDP-11 FORTRAN IV Digital Equipment Corporation Discontinued No No Yes Proprietary No
PDP-11 FORTRAN-IV-Plus Digital Equipment Corporation Discontinued No No Yes Proprietary No
Fortran 77 Digital Equipment Corporation Discontinued No ? RSTS/E, VMS Proprietary ?
Fortran H (equivalent to Fortran IV) IBM Discontinued No No Yes Proprietary No
Oracle Fortran Oracle Discontinued No Linux, Solaris No Freeware Oracle Developer Studio
PGFORTRAN The Portland Group Discontinued Yes Linux only Yes Proprietary Visual Studio on Windows
PathScale Compiler Suite SiCortex Discontinued No Linux only No Proprietary Yes
Absoft Pro Fortran Absoft Discontinued Yes Linux, macOS Yes Proprietary Yes
G95 Andy Vaught Inactive Yes Yes Yes GPL No
VS/9 Fortran IV Unisys Discontinued No No Yes Proprietary No
GNU Fortran GNU Project Current Yes Yes Yes GPLv3 Photran (part of Eclipse), Simply Fortran, Lahey Fortran
Intel Fortran Compiler Classic (ifort) Intel Current Yes Linux and macOS No Freeware, optional priority support Yes (plugins), Visual Studio on Windows, Eclipse on Linux, XCode on Mac
Intel Fortran Compiler (beta) (ifx) Intel Current Yes Linux No Freeware, optional priority support Yes (plugins), Visual Studio on Windows, Eclipse on Linux
Open64 Google, HP, Intel, Nvidia, PathScale, Tsinghua University and others Finished No Yes Yes GPL No
Classic Flang LLVM Project Current Yes Yes Yes NCSA Yes
LLVM Flang LLVM Project Current Yes Yes Yes NCSA Yes
FTN95 Silverfrost Current Yes No No Proprietary Yes
NAG Fortran Compiler Numerical Algorithms Group ? Yes Yes No Proprietary Yes
Tandem Fortran[17] Tandem Computers Discontinued No ? Guardian, NonStop Kernel, NonStop OS Proprietary No
VS Fortran IBM Current No No z/OS, z/VSE and z/VM Proprietary Eclipse
XL Fortran IBM Current No Linux (Power and AIX No Proprietary Eclipse
sxf90 / sxmpif90 NEC ? No Yes SUPER-UX Proprietary Yes
MCP Unisys Discontinued No No MCP Proprietary CANDE
Open Watcom Sybase and Open Watcom Contributors Current Yes Yes DOS, OS/2 Sybase Open Watcom Public License on Windows, OS/2
Symbolics Fortran Symbolics Discontinued No No Symbolics Genera Proprietary Yes
Cray Cray Current Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes

Go compilers[edit]

Compiler Working state Operating system License type
Windows Unix-like Other
Gc Current Yes Yes Yes BSD 3-Clause
Gccgo Current MinGW, Cygwin No Yes GPL
RemObjects Gold Current Yes Linux, macOS, Android, iOS Yes (WebAssembly) Proprietary
llgo Dropped No Yes No NCSA
Gopherjs Current Yes Yes Yes BSD 2-Clause

Haskell compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type Actively maintained?
HBC Lennart Augustsson
Thomas Johnsson
? Yes No Open source No
GHC GHC Yes Yes No Open source Yes
YHC YHC Yes Yes No Open source No
JHC John Meacham Yes Yes No Open source Yes

ISLISP compilers and interpreters[edit]

Name Author Working state Target Written in Operating system License type Standard conformance
Windows Unix-like Other
Easy-ISLisp[97] Kenichi Sasagawa Current C, bytecode C, Lisp No Linux, macOS, OpenBSD No BSD 2-Clause Yes
OpenLisp Eligis Current C, bytecode C, Lisp Yes macOS, Linux, BSD, AIX, Solaris, QNX ? Proprietary Yes
dayLISP[98] Matthew Denson Inactive Java bytecode Java, Lisp Yes Yes Yes (JVM) BSD 3-Clause Partial
Iris[99] Masaya Taniguchi[100] Inactive Bytecode Go Yes Yes Yes MPL 2.0 Yes
Iris web REPL[101] Masaya Taniguchi[102] Inactive JavaScript Go, JavaScript Yes Yes Yes MPL 2.0 Yes
Kiss[103] Yuji Minejima Inactive Bytecode C, Lisp Yes Yes ? GPLv3+ Partial
OKI ISLISP[104] Kyoto University and Oki Electric Industry Co. Finished Bytecode C Yes No No Freeware Yes
PRIME-LISP Mikhail Semenov Discontinued Bytecode C# Yes No No Shareware, freely redistributable binaries No
ISLisproid Hiroshi Gomi Discontinued Bytecode Java No Android No Proprietary ?

Java compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Working state Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Edison Design Group Edison Design Group Discontinued Yes Yes Yes Proprietary No
gcj GNU Project Inactive No Yes No GPL No
javac Sun Microsystems (Owned by Oracle) Current Yes Yes Yes BCL Yes
javac OpenJDK Sun Microsystems (Owned by Oracle) Current Yes Yes Yes GPLv2 Yes
ECJ (Eclipse Compiler for Java) Eclipse project ? Yes Yes Yes EPL Yes
Jikes IBM Inactive ? Yes ? IPL ?
Power J[105] Sybase (Owned by SAP) Discontinued Yes ? ? ? Yes
Iodine RemObjects Current Yes Yes (Linux, macOS, Android, iOS) Yes (WebAssembly) Proprietary Yes

Lisaac compiler[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Lisaac Benoit Sonntag, et al. Yes Yes Yes GPL3 ?

Pascal compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Amsterdam Compiler Kit Andrew Tanenbaum
Ceriel Jacobs
No Yes Yes BSD No
Delphi Embarcadero (CodeGear) Yes Yes (Linux, Mac OS) Yes (iOS, Android) Proprietary Yes
Oxygene (formerly Delphi Prism) RemObjects Yes Yes (Linux, macOS, Android, IOS) Yes (WebAssembly) Proprietary Yes
Free Pascal Florian Paul Klämpfl Yes Yes Yes (OS/2, FreeBSD, Solaris, Haiku, Android, DOS, etc.[note 2]) GPL FPIDE, Lazarus, Geany (on Ubuntu)
GNU Pascal GNU Project Yes Yes Yes GPL No
Kylix Borland
(CodeGear)
No Yes (Linux) No Proprietary Yes
Turbo Pascal for Windows Borland
(CodeGear)
Yes (3.x) No No Proprietary Yes
Microsoft Pascal Microsoft No No Yes (DOS) Proprietary Yes
Symbolics Pascal Symbolics No No Symbolics Genera Proprietary Yes
Tandem Pascal[17] Tandem Computers No ? Guardian, NonStop Kernel Proprietary ?
VSI Pascal VMS Software Inc No No Yes (OpenVMS) Proprietary Yes
Turbo Pascal CodeGear
(Borland)
No No Yes Freeware Yes
Vector Pascal Glasgow University Yes Yes No OpenSource No
Virtual Pascal Vitaly Miryanov Yes Yes Yes (OS/2) Freeware Yes
MCP Unisys No No MCP Proprietary CANDE

Perl interpreters[edit]

Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
ActivePerl interpreter ActiveState Yes Yes Yes Noncommercial or Proprietary
Perl interpreter Wall/Perl developers Yes Yes Yes Artistic or GPL v1

PHP compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Phalanger Devsense Yes No Partial Apache 2.0 Yes
PeachPie iolevel Yes Yes Yes Apache 2.0 Yes

PL/I compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
IBM Enterprise PL/I for z/OS IBM No No z/OS Proprietary No
IBM PL/I for AIX IBM No AIX No Proprietary No
IBM PL/I(F) IBM No No z/OS Freeware No
IBM VisualAge PL/I Enterprise for OS/2 and Windows NT IBM Yes No OS/2 Proprietary No
Iron Spring PL/I for Linux and OS/2 Iron Spring Software No Linux OS/2 Warp and EComStation Proprietary; library source is LGPL No
Micro Focus Open PL/I Micro Focus Yes Yes No Proprietary Yes

Python compilers and interpreters[edit]

Compiler Author Target Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Cython C Yes Yes Yes PSFL No
IronPython CLI Yes Yes Yes (CLI) Apache 2.0 No
Jython JVM Yes Yes Yes (JVM) PSFL No
Nuitka Kay Hayen C, C++ Yes Yes Yes Apache 2.0 No
Numba Anaconda LLVM (JIT) Yes Yes Yes BSD 2-Clause No
Psyco Armin Rigo
Christian Tismer
x86-32 (JIT) Yes Yes Yes MIT No
Pyjs JavaScript Yes Yes Yes Apache 2.0 ?
PyPy Own VM (JIT) Yes Yes Yes MIT No
Shed Skin C++ Yes Yes Yes GPLv3 and BSD No

Ruby compilers and interpreters[edit]

Compiler Author Target Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
YARV Koichi Sasada bytecode Yes Yes Yes Ruby License No
IronRuby Microsoft .NET Yes Yes Yes Apache 2.0 No
JRuby JVM Yes Yes Yes EPL, GPL, LGPL No
Mruby Yukihiro Matsumoto bytecode Yes Yes Yes MIT No
TruffleRuby Oracle native, JVM Yes Yes Yes EPL, GPL No

Rust compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
rustc Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Apache License

Scheme compilers and interpreters[edit]

Compiler Author Target Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Bigloo Manuel Serrano native, bytecode Yes Yes ? GPL (compiler) and LGPL (runtime) No
Chez Scheme R. Kent Dybvig native Yes Yes No Apache 2.0 No
Chicken The Chicken Team C Yes Yes ? BSD No
Common Larceny William Clinger, Lars Hansen CLI Yes Yes Yes (Common Language Infrastructure) Larceny License[106] No
Gambit Marc Feeley C Yes Yes ? LGPL No
GNU Guile GNU Project bytecode Yes Yes ? LGPL No
Ikarus Abdulaziz Ghuloum native Yes Yes ? GPL No
IronScheme Llewellyn Pritchard CLI Yes Yes Yes (Common Language Infrastructure) Ms-PL No
JScheme Ken Anderson, Tim Hickey, Peter Norvig bytecode Yes Yes Yes (JVM) zlib License No
Kawa Per Bothner bytecode Yes Yes Yes (JVM) MIT No
Larceny William Clinger, Lars Hansen native Yes Yes ? Larceny License[106] No
MIT/GNU Scheme GNU Project native Yes Yes ? GPL No
Petit Larceny William Clinger, Lars Hansen C ? Yes ? Larceny License[106] No
Racket PLT Inc. bytecode + JIT Yes Yes No[107] LGPL DrRacket
RScheme Donovan Kolbly C, bytecode ? Yes ? Open source No
Scheme 48 Richard Kelsey, Jonathan Rees C, bytecode Yes Yes ? BSD No
SCM Aubrey Jaffer C Yes Yes AmigaOS, Atari ST, Classic Mac OS, DOS, OS/2, NOS/VE, OpenVMS LGPL No
SISC Scott G. Miller, Matthias Radestock bytecode Yes Yes Yes (JVM) GPL and MPL No
Stalin Jeffrey Mark Siskind C ? Yes ? LGPL No
STklos Erick Gallesio bytecode ? Yes ? GPL No
SXM[108] Sergei Egorov bytecode Yes Yes ? Free for non-commercial use No
Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Gauche Shiro Kawai Yes Yes ? BSD No
Petite Chez Scheme R. Kent Dybvig Yes Yes No Apache 2.0 No
TinyScheme ? ? ? Yes BSD No

Smalltalk compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Target Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type IDE?
Pharo Pharo Team VM Yes Yes Yes MIT License Yes
GNU Smalltalk GNU Smalltalk project bytecode + JIT Yes Yes No GPL No
VisualWorks Cincom Systems ? Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes
Smalltalk MT ObjectConnect native Yes No No Proprietary Yes

Tcl interpreters[edit]

Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
ActiveTcl ActiveState Yes Yes Yes Noncommercial or Proprietary
Tclsh MKS and many others Yes Yes Yes Proprietary and/or free
Wish MKS and many others Yes Yes Yes Proprietary and/or free

DCL interpreters[edit]

Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
DCL Digital No No OpenVMS, RSX-11M, RSTS/E Proprietary

Rexx interpreters[edit]

Interpreter Author Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type
Amiga ARexx Commodore No No Yes Proprietary
ObjectRexx IBM Yes ? Yes Proprietary
Open Object Rexx OO Organisation Yes No No CPL
Regina Rexx No Yes ? GPL

CLI compilers[edit]

Compiler Author Working state Operating system License type IDE?
Windows Unix-like Other OSs
Visual Studio Microsoft Current Yes No No Proprietary Yes
Mono Mono Current Yes Yes No MIT Yes
Delphi Prism RemObjects Current Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes
Portable.NET DotGNU Inactive Yes Yes No GPL Un­known

Source-to-source compilers[edit]

This list is incomplete. A more extensive list of source-to-source compilers can be found here.

Compiler Author Target Input Target Output Auto-Parallelizer Windows Unix-like Other OSs License type Framework?
DMS Software Reengineering Toolkit Semantic Designs C/C++, COBOL, PL/I, many others Arbitrary languages No Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes
EDG Front End Edison Design Group C/C++, Java, Fortran C No Yes Yes Yes Proprietary Yes
ROSE Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory C, Fortran, and more C/C++, Fortran, and more Yes No Yes Yes BSD Yes
PIPS Parallélisation interprocédurale de programmes scientifiques Mines ParisTech C, Fortran C, Fortran Yes No Yes Yes GPL Yes

Open source compilers[edit]

Production quality, open source compilers.

Research compilers[edit]

Research compilers are mostly not robust or complete enough to handle real, large applications. They are used mostly for fast prototyping new language features and new optimizations in research areas.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Was added in version 9.30. The tools and license include the suffix "bx".
  2. ^ Further details on supported hosts and targets may be found on the lists of official installers and supported targets.

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External links[edit]