List of disasters in Canada by death toll

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List of Canadian disasters by death toll is a list of major disasters (excluding acts of war) which occurred in Canada or involved Canadian citizens, in a definable incident, where the loss of life was 10 or more.

200 or more deaths[edit]

Disaster Type Location Deaths Date Notes
Spanish flu Pandemic Canada 50,000 (estimate) 1918 to 1919
Newfoundland Hurricane of 1775 Hurricane Newfoundland 4,000 1775[1]
1700 Cascadia earthquake Earthquake British Columbia likely several thousand January 26, 1700 True figures unknown. Many coastal First Nations villages (for example Kiix?in) were completely wiped out.[2][3][4]
Halifax Explosion Explosion Nova Scotia 2,000 1917 estimate; 1,950 recorded names
Tseax Cone eruption Volcano British Columbia 2,000 ~1700[5]
RMS Empress of Ireland Shipwreck Quebec 1,012 1914 St. Lawrence River
RMS Atlantic Shipwreck Nova Scotia 562 1873 Marrs Head, Mosher Island, Meagher's Island
Swine flu Pandemic Canada 428 2009 to 2010 out of 3 million Canadians infected
Duke William Shipwreck Near English coast 360 December 13, 1758 [6] during the Expulsion of the Acadians
SS Princess Sophia Shipwreck Near Juneau, Alaska 353 1918
Aeneas Shipwreck Newfoundland 340 1805 Isle aux Morts
Violet Shipwreck England 300 December 13, 1758[7] During the Expulsion of the Acadians, near English coast, bound for France
Great Labrador Gale of 1885 Hurricane Newfoundland 300 October 10, 1885 [8][9]
Sibylle Shipwreck Nova Scotia 300 September 11, 1834 emigrant ship wrecked St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia
SS Pacific Shipwreck British Columbia 298 1875 Cape Flattery out of Victoria, BC
Air India Flight 182 Sabotage Atlantic Ocean 268 Canadians (out of 329 total fatalities) 1985 Flight out of Montréal Mirabel International Airport, bomb exploded off the coast of Ireland.
Arrow Air Flight 1285 Aircrash Newfoundland 256 1985 Gander, NL. Worst air crash on Canadian soil.
Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Storm Ontario 250 1913 Great Lakes Basin, estimate for Canada and U.S. fatalities
HMS Tribune Shipwreck Nova Scotia 238 1797 Wrecked at Halifax
SS Anglo Saxon Shipwreck Newfoundland 237 1863[10] Allan Line shipwreck; Cape Race, Avalon Peninsula,
Swissair Flight 111 Aircrash Nova Scotia 229 1998 St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Hurricane of 1873 Hurricane Nova Scotia 223 (disputed) 1873 The Monthly Weather Review, published by the American Meteorological Society, set the death toll at 223 but the New York Times set the toll at 600
Matheson Fire Fire Ontario 223 1916 [Official estimate][11]
SS Hungarian Shipwreck Nova Scotia 205 1860[12] Allan Line passenger ship wrecked Cape Sable, Nova Scotia
USS Pollux (AKS-2) and USS Truxtun (DD-229) Shipwreck Newfoundland 203 1942 Wreck of the USS Pollux resulted in 93 fatalities and USS Truxtun 110; the USS Wilkes (DD-441) also grounded, but there were no fatalities, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland.

100 to 199 deaths[edit]

10 to 99 deaths[edit]

Note: The list below does not include aeronautical disasters in Saskatchewan or deaths to First Nations Peoples, Settlers & Military personal during the Rebellions of 1885 on The Prairies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996
  2. ^ Meissner, Dirk (18 January 2015), "Earth will rip open like a zipper, expert says, when overdue Vancouver Island quake strikes", Toronto Star, retrieved 19 January 2015 
  3. ^ "Prepare for next tsunami, says chief". Raven's Eye, Vol. 8, No. 9, 2009.
  4. ^ "Haida Gwaii Quake Brings Home the Importance of Quileute Relocation Legislation". Indian Country Today Media Network, November 6, 2012.
  5. ^ D. Higgins, Michael (2008). "The Cascadia megathrust earthquake of 1700 may have rejuvenated an isolated basalt volcano in western Canada: Age and petrographic evidence". Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 179: 149. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.10.016. ISSN 0377-0273. 
  6. ^ Letter from Captain William Nichols dated December 16, 1758 says 360 passengers aboard the Duke William: London Magazine XXVII, p. 655.
  7. ^ Letter from Captain William Nichols dated December 16, 1758 says 300 passengers aboard the Violet: London Magazine XXVII, p. 655.
  8. ^ The Gale Off Labrador; Further Details Of Its Destructive Work.Sufferi... - Article Preview - The New York Times
  9. ^ Coastal Flooding: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
  10. ^ Anglo Saxon wreck 1863
  11. ^ Heritage Foundation of Canada
  12. ^ On the Rocks: Shipwrecks of Nova Scotia - Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia
  13. ^ Lockerby, Earle (Spring 1998). "The Deportation of the Acadians from Ile St.-Jean, 1758". Acadiensis. XXVII (2). 
  14. ^ historic plaque commemorating event
  15. ^ Brief History of the Workington brig Despatch / Dispatch
  16. ^ "The Marine List". Lloyd's List (4987). 11 July 1815. 
  17. ^ The Demographics of Titanic Passengers
  18. ^ CBC News Indepth: Forces of nature - Flooding
  19. ^ Alamenciak, Tim (July 24, 2013). "Toronto sees spike in legionnaires' disease cases". Toronto Star. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  20. ^ Legionnaires' disease claims another life in Toronto
  21. ^ 1946 Windsor–Tecumseh, Ontario tornado
  22. ^ Lindsay, AScT, Shari (2004), Coal Mine Underground Workings Atlas, Box 233, Nanaimo, BC V9R 5K9: Pacific Spatial Systems 
  23. ^ ASN Aircraft accident description de Havilland DH-106 Comet 1A CF-CUN - Karachi
  24. ^ "Ontario crash kills 11, including migrant workers". CBC News. 2012-02-07. 
  25. ^ Rupert Hotel Fire Memorial Plaque
  26. ^ Windsor Fire and Rescue Services History

External links[edit]