List of disasters in Canada by death toll

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List of Canadian disasters by death toll is a list of major disasters (excluding acts of war) which occurred in Canada or involved Canadian citizens, in a definable incident, where the loss of life was 10 or more.

200 or more deaths[edit]

Disaster Type Location Deaths Date Notes
Spanish flu Pandemic Canada 50,000 (estimate) 1918 to 1919
Newfoundland Hurricane of 1775 Hurricane Newfoundland 4,000 1775[1]
Halifax Explosion Explosion Nova Scotia 2,000 1917 estimate; 1,950 recorded names
Tseax Cone eruption Volcano British Columbia 2,000 1775 [2] '
RMS Empress of Ireland Shipwreck Quebec 1,012 1914 St. Lawrence River
RMS Atlantic Shipwreck Nova Scotia 562 1873 Marrs Head, Mosher Island, Meagher's Island
Duke William Shipwreck Near English coast 360 1758 (December 13) [3] during the Expulsion of the Acadians
SS Princess Sophia Shipwreck Near Juneau, Alaska 353 1918
Aeneas Shipwreck Newfoundland 340 1805 Isle aux Morts
Violet Shipwreck England 300 1758 (December 13)[4] During the Expulsion of the Acadians, near English coast, bound for France
Great Labrador Gale of 1885 Hurricane Newfoundland 300 1885 (10 October)[5][6]
Sibylle Shipwreck Nova Scotia 300 1834 (11 September) emigrant ship wrecked St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia
SS Pacific Shipwreck British Columbia 298 1875 Cape Flattery out of Victoria, BC
Air India Flight 182 Sabotage Atlantic Ocean 280 Canadians (out of 329 total fatalities) 1985 Flight out of Montréal Mirabel International Airport
Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 Aircrash Saudi Arabia 261 1991 Nationair DC-8-61 aircrash, Jeddah, Canadian aircraft; 14 Canadian crew, others Nigerian nationals.
Arrow Air Flight 1285 Aircrash Newfoundland 256 1985 Gander, NL. Worst air crash on Canadian soil.
Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Storm Ontario 250 1913 Great Lakes Basin, estimate for Canada and U.S. fatalities
HMS Tribune Shipwreck Nova Scotia 238 1797 Wrecked at Halifax
SS Anglo Saxon Shipwreck Newfoundland 237 1863[7] Allan Line shipwreck; Cape Race, Avalon Peninsula,
Swissair Flight 111 Aircrash Nova Scotia 229 1998 St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Hurricane of 1873 Weather-related Nova Scotia 223 (disputed) 1873 The Monthly Weather Review, published by the American Meteorological Society, set the death toll at 223 but the New York Times set the toll at 600
Matheson Fire Fire Ontario 223 1916 [Official estimate][8]
SS Hungarian Shipwreck Nova Scotia 205 1860[9] Allan Line passenger ship wrecked Cape Sable, Nova Scotia
USS Pollux (AKS-2) and USS Truxtun (DD-229) Shipwreck Newfoundland 203 1942 Wreck of the USS Pollux resulted in 93 fatalities and USS Truxtun 110; the USS Wilkes (DD-441) also grounded, but there were no fatalities, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland.

100 to 199 deaths[edit]

10 to 99 deaths[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]