List of Canadian flags

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The Canadian national flag flying next to a statue of Terry Fox
The national flag of Canada with the flags of the Canadian provinces and territories

The Department of Canadian Heritage lays out protocol guidelines for the display of flags, including an order of precedence; these instructions are only conventional, however, and are generally intended to show respect for what are considered important symbols of the state or institutions.[1] The Queen's personal standard is supreme in the order of precedence, followed by those for the monarch's representatives (depending on jurisdiction), the personal flags of other members of the Royal Family,[2] and then the national flag and provincial flags.

Many museums across Canada display historic flags in their exhibits. The Canadian Museum of History, in Hull, Quebec has many culturally important flags in their collections. Settlers, Rails & Trails Inc., in Argyle, Manitoba holds the second largest exhibit - known as the Canadian Flag Collection.

State[edit]

National[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Canada.svg 1965–present National Flag of Canada
(Maple Leaf Flag, l'Unifolié)
A vertical bicolour triband of red, white, red with a red maple leaf emblem charged in the Canadian pale

Ceremonial[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1965–present Royal Union Flag National flag of the United Kingdom. The Cross of St. Andrew counterchanged with the Cross of St. Patrick and over all the Cross of St. George.

Provincial[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Ontario.svg 1965–present Flag of Ontario A red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Ontario charged in the fly
Flag of Quebec.svg 1948–present Flag of Quebec
(The Fleurdelisé)
A blue field with an ordinary white cross and a white fleur-de-lis in each quadrant
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg 1858–present Flag of Nova Scotia A banner of arms of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia
Flag of New Brunswick.svg 1965–present Flag of New Brunswick A banner of the coat of arms of New Brunswick
Flag of Manitoba.svg 1965–present Flag of Manitoba A red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Manitoba charged in the fly
Flag of British Columbia.svg 1960–present Flag of British Columbia A banner of the coat of arms of British Columbia
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg 1964–present Flag of Prince Edward Island A banner of the coat of arms of Prince Edward Island within a bordure compony of red and white
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg 1969–present Flag of Saskatchewan A field party per fess, green and yellow, with the shield of the coat of arms of Saskatchewan in the canton and western red lily emblem charged in the fly
Flag of Alberta.svg 1968–present Flag of Alberta A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Alberta charged in the centre
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg 1980–present Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador A blue and white field party per pale (at nombril point) with a white border, white ordinary cross and white saltire, two triangular divisions in the fly lined in red, a golden arrow between two triangular divisions

Territorial[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg 1969–present Flag of the Northwest Territories A vertical bicolour triband of blue, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of the Northwest Territories charged in the Canadian pale
Flag of Yukon.svg 1968–present Flag of Yukon A vertical tricolour triband of green, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of Yukon above a wreath of fireweed charged in the pale, with pale ratio of 1 to 1.5 to 1
Flag of Nunavut.svg 1999–present Flag of Nunavut A field party per pale, yellow and white, with a red inukshuk charged in the centre and a blue star in the upper fly

Royal[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of Canada.svg 1962–present Royal Standard of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with a royal cypher of Queen Elizabeth II
Royal Standard of the Prince of Wales (in Canada).svg Royal Standard of the Prince of Wales
Royal Standard of Prince William (in Canada).svg Royal Standard of Prince William
Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal (in Canada).svg Royal Standard of Princess Anne
Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York (in Canada).svg Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (in Canada).svg Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Royal Standard of members of the Canadian Royal Family.svg 1962–present Other members of the Royal Family

Viceregal and administrative[edit]

Governor general[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Governor-General of Canada.svg 1981–1999
2002–present
Flag of the governor general of Canada A blue field with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre

Lieutenant governors and commissioners[edit]

Supreme Court of Canada[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Link to file Flag of the Supreme Court of Canada

Canadian Armed Forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Canadian Forces Flag.svg 1968–present Flag of the Canadian Armed Forces A white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Armed Forces badge charged in the fly
Flag of the Royal Military College of Canada.svg 1920–present Flag of the Royal Military College of Canada A field tierced per pale, red, white, and red with the badge of the Royal Military College of Canada charged in the centre
Royal Military College Saint-Jean 1920–present Flag of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean A field tierced per pale, blue, white, and blue with the badge of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean charged in the centre
Canada Commander in Chief Unit Banner.svg 2000–present Banner of the Commander-in-Chief Unit Commendation A field tierced per pale, blue, red, and azure, with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre
Camp flag of the Cadet Instructors Cadre.png 2009–present Camp flag of the Cadet Instructors Cadre The badge of the Cadet Instructors Cadre, with the traditional colours of the Navy, Army and the Air Force. The golden border represents the young people that CIC officers work for.
King's Colour of Royal Military College of Canada.jpg ?−1965 Based King's Colour, as used by the Royal Military College of Canada King's Colour of the Royal Military College of Canada with the Union Flag.

Canadian Army[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Canadian Army (1939–1944).svg 1939–1944 Old flag of the Canadian Army
Flag of the Canadian Army (1968–1998).svg 1968–1998 Old flag of the Canadian Army
Flag of the Land Force Command (1998–2013).svg 1998–2013 Old flag of the Canadian Army
Flag of the Canadian Army (2013–2016).svg 2013–2016 Old flag of the Canadian Army
Flag of the Canadian Army (2016).svg 2016–present Flag of the Canadian Army A scarlet red field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Army badge charged in the fly
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff (Canada).svg ?–present Flag of the Commander of the Canadian Army

Royal Canadian Navy[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Naval Ensign of Canada.svg 1968–present Canadian Naval Ensign A white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and charged in the fly with an anchor, eagle and naval crown in blue
Naval Auxiliary Jack of Canada.svg 1968–present Canadian Forces Auxiliary Jack A blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and charged in the fly with an anchor, eagle and naval crown in white
Flag of the Canadian Navy Board.svg c. 1964–present Flag of the Canadian Navy Board A field party per bend, blue and sanguine, with a fouled anchor in gold charged in the centre
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg RCN (1911–1965)
RCSCC (1905–1965)
Used as the ensign of the Royal Canadian Navy and some Royal Canadian Sea Cadets corps. Used throughout the entire British Empire by the Royal Navy and by several former British colonies even after they became independent and established their own navies. White Ensign, St George's Cross with the Union Flag in the canton.
Canadian Blue Ensign 1921-1957.svg RCN (1921–1957)
RCSCC (1929–1953)
The Blue Ensign, worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy and used by the RCSCC Blue Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are green.

Royal Canadian Air Force[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Air Force Ensign of Canada (1941-1968).svg 1941–1968 Royal Canadian Air Force Ensign
Royal Canadian Air Force ensign.svg 1982–present Royal Canadian Air Force Ensign A field of air force blue with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Air Force roundel charged in the fly

Canada Border Services Agency[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Canada Border Services Agency.svg 2012–present Flag of the Canada Border Services Agency A Blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canada Border Services Agency badge charged in the fly

Coast Guard[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Coastguard Flag of Canada.svg 1962–present Flag of the Canadian Coast Guard A banner of the arms of the Canadian Coast Guard: vertical diband of white and blue, a red maple leaf emblem charged in the hoist and a pair of fish in gold and facing opposite directions charged in the fly
Flag of the Governor-General of Canada-Coast Guard.svg ?–present Honorary Commissioner Flag Governor General's flag in the canton.

Police[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the RCMP.svg 1991–present Ensign of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police A red field with a blue canton bordered yellow with a representation of the Badge of the RCMP
Link to file 1998–present Flag of the Ontario Provincial Police Blue with the heraldic badge of the OPP
Sq drapeau.png 1983–present Flag of the Sûreté du Québec A green field, on a Canadian Pale Yellow charged with the badge of the Sûreté du Québec

Canadian Cadets, Junior Canadian Rangers, and cadet leagues[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets (1953-1976).svg 1953–1976[3] Former flag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets A white flag with a Union Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly. This is the basis of the current flag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets.
RCSC Current Flag.svg 1976–present[3] Flag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets A white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly.
NLC Flag 2011.svg 2009–present[4] Flag of the Navy League of Canada A white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the current badge of the Navy League of Canada at the fly.
Banner of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets.png 1985–present[5] Banner of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets A Canadian flag in the same shape as a queen's colour used in the Canadian Armed Forces, with the maple leaf modified with the badge of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets. At the canton, the cypher of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, as former colonel-in-chief of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets. At the fly, a badge representing the Canadian Army (the crown of Saint Edward above crossed swords).
Royal Canadian Army Cadets Flag (Union Flag Pattern).png 1944–1973 Flag of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets used by individual Army Cadet Corps used before 1973.
Royal Canadian Army Cadets Flag.png January 1973–present Flag of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets used by individual Army Cadet Corps.
Camp Flag of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets.png ? Camp Flag of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets. On a white field, the badge of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets in the centre.
Flag of the Army Cadet League of Canada.png 1995–present [6] Flag of the Army Cadet League of Canada. A banner of the shield of the arms of the Army Cadet League of Canada. According to the heraldic grant, the shield of the arms of the Army Cadet League of Canada is "Argent two swords in saltire Argent fimbriated Gules hilted and pommelled Or surmounted by a maple leaf Gules veined Or all within an orle of twelve maple leaves stems inward Gules."[7] The web site of the Governor General of Canada explains this description as follows: "The white shield, bearing a maple leaf and crossed broad swords, alludes to a central Canadian entity with direct connection to the military. The twelve smaller maple leaves show singleness of purpose but at the Branch level.[7]
Banner of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.png 1991–present [8][5] Banner of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets Based on the design of Queen's Colour for the Royal Canadian Air Force, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets replacing the maple leaf. At the canton, the cypher of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, as former air commodore in chief of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets. On the bottom fly, the first badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, a golden maple leaf above an eagle.
Royal Canadian Air Cadet Ensign.png 1971–present [8] Ensign of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets An Air Force blue flag, with a Canadian flag at the canton, with the historical badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.
Royal Canadian Air Cadet Squadron Banner (643 St-Hubert).png ? Squadron Banner of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets An Air Force blue flag, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets and a scroll stating the squadron's name and number (this example, 643 St-Hubert Squadron.
Camp flag of the Junior Canadian Rangers.png ? Camp flag of the Junior Canadian Rangers A 1/3 red and 2/3 green flag with the badge of the Junior Canadian Rangers on the fly.

Civil[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Air Board of Canada (1922–1923).svg 1922–1923 Canadian Civil Aviation Ensign, briefly used by the Air Board. A field of light blue with the Union Flag in the canton and a shield with white albatross superimposed upon three maple leaves in the middle of the fly.

Corporations[edit]

Crown corporations[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.svg 1992–present Flag of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation A blue and red field with the logo of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation charged in the centre; logo was first introduced in 1992
Flag of the Royal Canadian Mint.svg 1978–present Flag of the Royal Canadian Mint A red field with the logo of the Royal Canadian Mint charged in the centre; logo was first introduced in 1978

Hudson's Bay Company[edit]

Religious[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Anglican Church of Canada Flag.svg ?–present Flag of the Anglican Church of Canada
Flag of the Grand Orange Lodge of Canada.svg ?–present Flag of the Grand Orange Lodge of Canada

Ethnic groups[edit]

Indigenous nations[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Anishinabe.svg Unknown–present Flag of the Anishinaabek A black pictographic thunderbird on a white field
Nitaskinan flag.png Unknown–present Simplified flag of the Atikamekw
Flag of Haida.svg Unknown–present Flag of the Haida Nation A red field with an eagle and raven headed bird, surrounded by a circlet, charged in the centre
InnuNation.svg Unknown–present Flag of the Innu Nation Horizontal bands of teal, white and light blue, within the blue sits a centre snowshoe flanked by reindeer skulls on both sides
Flag of the Kamloops Indian Band.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Secwepemc Nation Flag features 17 feathers representing the 17 bands in the Secwépemc Nation. The feathers are mostly black, with a white portion in the middle. The white portion signifies those communities which were wiped out by disease and other trauma following contact
Musqueam flag.svg 2019–present Flag of the Musqueam people A white Canadian pale on a teal field, with an arrowhead in the centre depicting a salmon leaping above a net
Mikmaq State Flag (vertical).svg Unknown–present Flag of the Mi'kmaq Nation Grand Council A white field with a red Latin cross and a red star and moon in the left quadrants; white denotes purity of creation, the red cross represents mankind and infinity, the sun and moon the forces of day and night,[9] the flag is meant to be displayed hanging vertically as shown here[10]
Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg 1980s–present Flag of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy A mauve field party per fess by a band of white squares joined and a stylized white "Tree of Peace" charged in the centre; design is adapted from the Hiawatha wampum belt, each element represents an original nation in the confederacy
Flag of the Gwich'in Nation.png ?–present Flag of the Gwichʼin
Matimekush Lac John Band (Innu-Montagnais Nation), Quebec.gif Unknown–present Flag of the Matimekush Band A vertical tricolour triband of chartreuse, white, green with the coat of arms of the Matimekush Lac John Band charged in the Canadian pale
Flag of Eel Ground First Nation.svg Mid-1980s–present Flag of the Natuaqanek Band A red field with yellow left and right borders, a quartered roundel charged in the centre[9]
Flag of the Stoney Nakoda Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Ĩyãħé Nakón Mąkóce (Stoney Nakoda) Stoney Nakoda flag
2005–present Flag of the Ktunaxa Nation Flag features a golden feathered staff on a brown field
1980–present Flag of the Nlaka'pamux Nation Circle wreath of Nlaka'pamux pictographs set on a grey field
Flag of the Teslin Tlingit Council.svg 2012–present Flag of Deisleen Ḵwáan, Lingít Aaní Horizontally striped, red-white-red, 1-3-1, with five totems or emblems in the centre, from left to right: Kùkhhittàn (Raven Children), Ishklitàn (Frog), Yanyèdi (Wolf), Sèshitàn (Beaver), Dakhlʼawèdi (Eagle)
Unknown–present Flag of the Tahltan Nation Flag of Tahltan Kolīne representing the two clans: Crow (or Tseskʼiya) and Wolf (or Chʼioyone)
2001–present Flag of the Nisg̱aʼa Nation A vertical tricolour triband of black, white, and sanguine with the badge of the Nisga'a Nation,[11] surrounded by black and sanguine ovals, charged in the Canadian pale[12]
Flagge Nuxalk Nation.png Unknown–present Flag of the Nuxalk Nation
Flag of the Tlicho Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Tłı̨chǫ A dark blue flag with thin centered horizontal white wavy stripe overlapping the bottom of a yellow sun disc with background-color fimbriation showing where these meet and four red teepees with white fimbriation and poles set in a row on the bottom half; yellow upright five-pointed star on the upper fly.
Flag of the Haisla Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Haisla people
Flag of the St'at'imc Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Stʼatʼimc
Metis Blue.svg Pre-1816–present Flag of the Métis Nation of Canada A blue field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre
Metis Red.svg Pre-1816–present Flag of the Métis Nation (Red Variant) A red field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre

Blackfoot[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Blackfoot-Confederacy-1-1280x720.jpg Unknown–present Flag of the Blackfoot Confederacy
Flag of the Blood Tribe.svg Unknown–present Flag of Kainai Nation
Flag of the Piikani Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Piikani Nation
Flag of the Siksika Nation.png Unknown–present Flag of Siksika Nation

Cree[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Beaver Lake Tribe.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Beaver Lake Cree Nation, Alberta
Flag of the Bigstone Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Bigstone Cree Nation, Alberta
Flag of the Cree Nation of Wemindji.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Cree Nation of Wemindji, Quebec
Flag of the Cree Nation of Nemaska.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Cree Nation of Nemaska, Quebec
Flag of the Driftpile First Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Driftpile First Nation, Alberta
Flag of the Enoch Indian Band.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Enoch Cree Nation, Alberta
Flag of the Fisher River Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Fisher River Cree Nation, Manitoba
Flag of the James Smith Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of James Smith Cree Nation, Saskatchewan
Flag of the Kapawe'no First Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Kapawe'no First Nation, Alberta
Flag of the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug (aka Big Trout Lake First Nation).PNG Unknown–present Flag of Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug First Nation, Ontario
Flag of the Mikisew Cree First Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Mikisew Cree First Nation, Northwest Territories
Flag of the Neskantaga First Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Neskantaga First Nation, Ontario
Flag of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation, Ontario
Flag of the Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation.png Unknown–present Flag of Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation, Manitoba
Flag of Oujé-Bougoumou.svg Unknown–present Flag of Oujé-Bougoumou Cree Nation, Quebec
Flag of the Peguis First Nation.svg Unknown–present Flag of Peguis First Nation, Manitoba
Flag of the Peepeekisis Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of the Peepeekisis Cree Nation, Saskatchewan
Flag of the Pimicikamak Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Pimicikamak Cree Nation, Manitoba
Piapot First Nation flag.svg Unknown–present Flag of Piapot First Nation, Saskatchewan
Flag of the Red Earth Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Red Earth First Nation, Saskatchewan
Flag of the Sapotaweyak Cree Nation.PNG Unknown–present Flag of Sapotaweyak Cree Nation, Manitoba

Inuit[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Nunatsiavut.svg 2005–present Flag of Nunatsiavut A white field with a white, green, and blue inukshuk charged in the centre
2018–present Flag of NunatuKavut The flag features an ulu, a traditional Inuit knife used by women. Within the ulu image is a dog sled team, showing the importance of husky dogs, as well as a kudlik, a traditional seal oil lamp
Flag of Nunavik (Thomassie Mangiok).svg unofficial Flag of Nunavik
Flag of the Inuvialuit.png Unknown–present Flag of Inuvialuit

Immigrants[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
2008–present Flag of Gaelic Canadians Adopted by the Comhairle na Gàidhlig (The Gaelic Council of Nova Scotia), the salmon represents the gift of knowledge in the Gaelic storytelling traditions of Nova Scotia, Scotland and Ireland and the Isle of Man. The “G” represents the Gaelic language and the ripples are the manifestations of the language through its rich culture of song, story, music, dance and custom and belief system.[13]
Afro-Nova Scotian Flag.svg 2021–present Flag of Black Nova Scotians [14]
AngloQuebecFlag.jpg 2000s–present Flag of English-speaking Quebecers [15]

Francophone peoples[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Acadia.svg 1884–present Acadian flag Tri-colored flag, blue, white then red. A yellow star representing independence and unique culture from main land France.
Franco-Ontarian flag.svg 1975–present Flag of the Franco-Ontarians A field party per pale, green and white, with a white fleur-de-lys charged in the hoist and a green trillium emblem charged in the fly
Bandera dels Fransaskois.svg 1976–present Flag of the Fransaskois A yellow field with a green Nordic cross centred towards the upper hoist and a red fleur-de-lis charged in the lower fly
Flag of the Franco-Manitobains.svg 1980–present Flag of the Franco-Manitobans A white field with yellow over sanguine bars with a green plant emblem in four pieces charged in the hoist
Flag of the Franco-Colombiens.svg 1981–present Flag of the Franco-Columbians A white field party per pale by a bar gemelles and dancetty, a fleur-de-lys and Pacific Dogwood emblem charged in the fly; Dogwood is the floral emblem of British Columbia, the blue stripes evoke the Pacific Ocean and the rising mountains beside, the yellow centre of the Dogwood flower represents the sun
Flag of the Franco Albertains.svg 1982–present Flag of the Franco-Albertans A field party per bend sinister, blue and white, by a bend cotised white and blue with a white fleur-de-lys in the upper hoist and a red wild rose in the lower fly
Flag of the Franco-Yukonnais.svg 1985–present Flag of the Franco-Yukonnais A blue field and three diagonal stripes set from lower hoist to upper fly. The colours of the stripes are white and golden yellow. The effect created by the arrangement of the stripes is meant to represent Yukon's many mountains. Blue is for the French people and the sky. White is for winter and snow. Yellow represents the gold rush and the Franco-Yukonnais contributions to history of the territory.
Franco-Terreneuviens.svg 1986–present Flag of the Fédération des Francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador (Franco-Terreneuviens) Three unequal panels of blue, white, and red, with two yellow sails set on the line between the white and red panels. The sail on top is charged with a spruce twig, while the bottom sail is charged with a pitcher flower.
Flag of the FrancoTenois.svg 1992–present Flag of the Franco-Ténois A polar bear on a snowy hill, looking forward towards a snowflake/Fleur-de-lis combined, representing the French community of the Northwest Territories of Canada.
Flag of the Franco-Nunavois.svg 2002–present Flag of the Franco-Nunavois Blue that represents the Arctic sky and white recalls the snow, abundantly present on the territory. The principal shape represent an igloo, and under this one, the inukshuk which symbolise the human presence. A single dandelion flower grows from beneath it.

Municipal[edit]

Historical[edit]

National[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of England.svg 1497–1707 Flag on John Cabot's ship, and used during the English colonization of the Americas before the Act of Union. White Ensign, St George's Cross.
Flag of Scotland (1542–2003).svg 1621–1707 Flag used during the Scottish colonization of the Americas before the Act of Union. White saltire on blue ensign, St. Andrew's Cross.
Pavillon royal de la France.svg 1534–1763 Royal Banner of France or "Bourbon Flag" was the most commonly used flag in New France.[16][17][18][19] The banner flag has three gold fleur-de-lis on a dark blue field arranged two and one.
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg 1643 Royal Standard of France.
Naval Flag of the Kingdom of France (Civil Ensign).svg 1689 Merchant Flag of France
Flag of Great Britain.svg 1707–1801 Flag of Great Britain
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1801–1964 Flag of the United Kingdom (1801–1964); Canadian Royal Union Flag (1964–present)
Canadian Red Ensign (1868–1921).svg 1868–1921 Canadian version Red Ensign and civil flag until 1921.
Canadian Red Ensign (1905–1922).svg 1905–1922 1907 Canadian Red Ensign commonly used in western Canada. Note the inclusion of all the provincial emblems.
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svg 1921–1957 Canadian version Red Ensign and civil flag until 1957.
Canadian Red Ensign (1957–1965).svg 1957–1965 1957 version of the Canadian Red Ensign that had evolved as the de facto national flag until 1965.

Newfoundland[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Dominion of Newfoundland Red Ensign.svg 1907–1949 Dominion of Newfoundland
Dominion of Newfoundland Blue Ensign, 1870–1904.svg 1870–1904 Dominion of Newfoundland
Flag of Newfoundland 1862-1870.svg 1862–1870 Newfoundland Colony

Rebellions[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Bandera FLQ.svg 1968–1971 Front de libération du Québec Flag of the FLQ as seen at demonstrations in Montreal and the U.S. between 1968 and 1971[20]
Metis Red.svg 1812–1821 Pemmican War Metis Flag
Drapeau des Patriotes de Saint-Eustache et de Saint-Benoît.svg 1837 Lower Canada Rebellion This flag was created by Marie-Louise Félix, Émilie Berthelot and Marie-Louise-Zéphirine Labrie in 1837, also involved in the Association of Patriotic Ladies of the Deux-Montagnes County. We see a maple branch surmounted by a muskellunge, surrounded by a crown of cone and pine branches. The C would mean "Canada" (in the sense that this term had for the Patriots at the time) and JB would mean "Jean-Baptiste", the patron saint of "Canadians" since the creation of the Société Saint-Jean- Baptiste in 1834. The original is in Château Ramezay, in Montreal.

Viceregal[edit]

Coronation standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Coronation Standard of Canada.svg 1937 and 1953 Coronation Standard Banner of arms of Royal Coat of Arms of Canada
1911 Canada Coronation Standard.svg 1911 Old Coronation Standard Banner of arms of Royal Coat of Arms of Canada

Other[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Caribou Canadian Flag.png 1868 The Canadian Red Ensign used at Dominion Day celebrations in Barkerville, BC in support of Canadian Confederation, as Canada did not have an official flag.[21]

Proposed[22][edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Patriote movement (Lower Canada).svg 1832–1838 Patriote flag The proposed flag for the Republic of Lower Canada (1838). It is still used today by some souverainists, in mostly 4 variants: the original, and three versions with the yellow star in the top left corner. Of which, two of them have Henri Julien's Patriot painting of 1904, one in colour and the other stylised in black and white.
Republic of canada - fort malden - alone.svg 1837–1838 Flag of the Republic of Canada A blue-white-red vertical tricolor with two white stars representing the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada and a crescent moon representing the "hunter's clubs" that organized and led the insurrection affixed at the hoist.
Proposed Flag of Canada (1930).svg 1930 La Presse Proposal Design inspired by the Australian flag.
Proposed Flag of Canada (1939).svg 1939 Ephrem Côté's Proposal
1946 Canadian flag proposal.svg 1946 Proposed flag for Canada A red British ensign defaced with a large golden maple leaf outlined in white in the fly.
Adélard Godbout Canadian Flag Proposal (1947).svg 1947 Adélard Godbout's Proposal
Jean-Francois Pouliot's Proposal (1957).svg 1957 Jean-Francois Pouliot's Proposal Green, detailed maple leaf on a red background.
Polar Star Canadian Flag Proposal (1962).svg 1962 John-Guy Labarre's Proposal A green Compass rose on a white background.
Native Sons of Canada Flag.svg 1964 Proposed flag for Canada by the Native Sons of Canada Party per bend Gules and Argent a maple leaf Gules
Canada flag Group C Finalist.svg 1964 Proposal made during the Great Flag Debate featuring one maple leaf. "Group C" finalist considered by Parliamentary committee.[23]
Four Leaves Flag Proposal.png 1964 Proposal made during the Great Flag Debate featuring four maple leaves Four large maple leaves occupy the center of the flag. Behind them is a white diamond on a blue background. The leaves are arranged similarly to the modern heraldic mark of the Prime Minister, and their stems form the Cross of Saint George in the middle.
Stars & Leaf Proposal (1964).svg 1964 Proposal made during the Great Flag Debate featuring one maple leaf The background is like the British flag without the diagonal stripes, there is a green maple leaf in the center and there are three stars on either side in the red stripe and two stars on either side in the vertical red stripe.
Ten Leaves Flag Proposal.png 1964 Proposal made during the Great Flag Debate featuring ten maple leaves Ten maple leaves are spread across the flag, and they likely represent the provinces. On the left are red leaves on a red background. The right side features the same colours inverted.
Canada Pearson Pennant 1964.svg 1964 Proposed flag for Canada, known as the Pearson Pennant A blue field with a white square containing a three-leaf maple. The blue sides were meant to represent John A. Macdonald's description of the Canadian Pacific Railway and Canada's geography, "From sea to sea".
Canadian Duality Flag.svg 1994 Proposed flag for Canada, known as the Canadian Unity Flag Blue vertical stripes replacing part of the red bands, in approximate proportion to population of French heritage.
Unilise.png 1996 The Unilisé, a flag used by Canadian federalists in Quebec A banner combining the flags of Canada and Quebec. Made in 1996 after the Quebec independence referendum by federalists who supported remaining with Canada to represent national unity.

Regional[edit]

Official[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Cape Breton Island Flag (Eagle).svg 1994–present Flag of Cape Breton Island A white field with four narrow horizontal stripes at the bottom, blue over green over yellow over gray with a narrow black fimbriation. Toward the fly, the green bar rises to silhouette a hill or island. Toward the hoist is a green, stylized eagle in flight.

Despite not being widely used, the Eagle flag was officially recognized adopted by the Nova Scotian government in 1994.[24]

Flag of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.svg 1938–present Flag of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean A field party per fess, green and yellow, with a red-bordered grey ordinary cross; green represents the region's forests, yellow its agriculture, grey its industry and commerce, and red the vitality of the population

Unofficial[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Cape Breton Island Flag (Popular).svg Disputed–present Flag of Cape Breton Island A field tierced per forest green and white, with a green saltire and yellow circle reading "Cape Breton Island" on the top, and "Canada" on the bottom, with a green stylized map of Cape Breton Island in the middle. The green is taken from the island's tartan.

Though being the most commonly used flag it is not the official flag and is disputed by supporters of the officially recognized 1993 flag designed by Kelly Gooding[24]

Flag of Labrador.svg 1974–present Flag of Labrador A field party per fess, white and azure, with a green horizontal band across the centre and a spruce twig in the upper hoist
Flag of Newfoundland.svg 1880s–present Newfoundland Tricolour A field tierced per pale green, white, and pink
Flag of Outer Baldonia.svg 1949–present Flag of Outer Bald Tusket Island Flag used by one of the first micronation, name Principality of Outer Baldonia, it is sometimes used on fishing boats and on souvenirs.
Flag of Vancouver Island.svg 1988–present Flag of Vancouver Island A Blue Ensign defaced with the great seal of the Colony of Vancouver Island. Used informally today.[25] This unofficial flag was designed in the 1980s to retroactively represent the colony (1849–1866). In 1865 the Crown gave colonies permission to place their badges on the fly of the Blue Ensign; thus vexillologists could argue that this flag is official.[26]
Flag of Western Canada.svg 1988–present Flag of Western Canada Originally used by the Western Independence Party, it was designed in 1988 ahead of the party's first election.

House flags of Canadian freight companies[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Drapeau du groupe CTMA.JPG 1944–present Coopérative de Transport Maritime et Aérien The project differs in different periods of the company's activity.
Saint Patrick's Saltire.svg 1811–2019 Bowring Brothers
House flag of the Canadian Australasian Line.svg 1893–1953 Canadian Australasian Line
House flag of Canadian National Steamships.svg 1919–1986 Canadian National Steamship Company
Canadian Pacific house flag.svg 1887–2005 CP Ships
House Flag of Job Brothers & Co., Limited.svg 19th–1967 Job Brothers & Co., Limited
House Flag of Canadian Northern Railway (Royal Line).svg 1910–1916 Royal Line

Yacht clubs of Canada[edit]

Burgee Club
Burgee of armdaleyc.png Armdale Yacht Club
Burgee of bay of quinte yc.svg Bay of Quinte Yacht Club
Burgee of Bras d'Or YC.svg Bras d'Or Yacht Club
Burgee of Bronte Harbour YC.svg Bronte Harbour Yacht Club
Burgee of Buffalo Canoe Club.svg Buffalo Canoe Club
Burgee of DobsonYC.png Dobson Yacht Club
Burgee of Etobicoke YC.svg Etobicoke Yacht Club
Burgee of Northern YC.svg Northern Yacht Club
Burgee of Oakville Yacht Squadron.svg Oakville Yacht Squadron
Burgee of Royal Hamilton YC.svg Royal Hamilton Yacht Club
Burgee of Royal Lake of the Woods YC.svg Royal Lake of the Woods Yacht Club
Burgee of Royal St Lawrence YC.svg Royal St. Lawrence Yacht Club
Burgee of Royal Vancouver YC.svg Royal Vancouver Yacht Club
Burgee of Royal Victoria YC.svg Royal Victoria Yacht Club
Royal Canadian Yacht Club Burgee.png Royal Canadian Yacht Club
RoyalNovaScotiaYachtSquadron1.png Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron
Windsor Yacht Club - Burgee.png Windsor Yacht Club
Burgee of Queen's University at Kingston.SVG Queen's University at Kingston (College team)
Burgee of University of British Columbia.SVG University of British Columbia (College team)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Flag Etiquette in Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  2. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Personal Flags and Standards". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Flags of National Defence".
  4. ^ "The Navy League of Canada [Civil Institution]". 12 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Heritage Structure | Annex A – Cadet Flags". 12 October 2018.
  6. ^ "The Army Cadet League of Canada [Civil Institution]". 12 November 2020.
  7. ^ a b "The Army Cadet League of Canada [Civil Institution]". 12 November 2020.
  8. ^ a b Department of National Defence (2001-01-05). A-AD-200-000/AG-000 The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces Chap 4 Annex A. Directorate of History and Heritage.
  9. ^ a b "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Mikmaq". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  10. ^ "Flags of the World". Archived from the original on 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
  11. ^ Canadian Heraldic Authority. "The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada > Nisga'a Nation". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  12. ^ "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Nisga'a Nation". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  13. ^ "Gaelic Flags (Canada)".
  14. ^ "New official African Nova Scotian flag looking to connect past, present and future | CBC News".
  15. ^ "Anglo-Quebec flags (Canada)".
  16. ^ New York State Historical Association (1915). Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association with the Quarterly Journal: 2nd-21st Annual Meeting with a List of New Members. The Association. It is most probable that the Bourbon Flag was used during the greater part of the occupancy of the French in the region extending southwest from the St. Lawrence to the Mississippi , known as New France... The French flag was probably blue at that time with three golden fleur - de - lis ....
  17. ^ "Fleur-de-lys | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. At the time of New France (1534 to the 1760s), two flags could be viewed as having national status. The first was the banner of France — a blue square flag bearing three gold fleurs-de-lys. It was flown above fortifications in the early years of the colony. For instance, it was flown above the lodgings of Pierre Du Gua de Monts at Île Sainte-Croix in 1604. There is some evidence that the banner also flew above Samuel de Champlain’s habitation in 1608. ..... the completely white flag of the French Royal Navy was flown from ships, forts and sometimes at land-claiming ceremonies.
  18. ^ "INQUINTE.CA | CANADA 150 Years of History ~ The story behind the flag". inquinte.ca. When Canada was settled as part of France and dubbed "New France," two flags gained national status. One was the Royal Banner of France. This featured a blue background with three gold fleurs-de-lis. A white flag of the French Royal Navy was also flown from ships and forts and sometimes flown at land-claiming ceremonies.
  19. ^ W. Stewart Wallace (1948). The Encyclopedia of Canada, Vol. II, Toronto, University Associates of Canada. pp. 350–351. During the French régime in Canada, there does not appear to have been any French national flag in the modern sense of the term. The "Banner of France", which was composed of fleur-de-lys on a blue field, came nearest to being a national flag, since it was carried before the king when he marched to battle, and thus in some sense symbolized the kingdom of France. During the later period of French rule, it would seem that the emblem...was a flag showing the fleur-de-lys on a white ground.... as seen in Florida. There were, however, 68 flags authorized for various services by Louis XIV in 1661; and a number of these were doubtless used in New France
  20. ^ Flags of the World (retrieved on 31 July 2007)
  21. ^ "Dominion Day and the "New" Canadian Flag". Barkerville Historic Town & Park. 1 July 2019. Archived from the original on 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Canada, flag proposals".
  23. ^ "Are the Conservatives playing politics with the Canadian flag? - National | Globalnews.ca".
  24. ^ a b "Woman wants Cape Breton flag designed by her daughter recognized | Saltwire". www.capebretonpost.com. Retrieved 2020-09-30.
  25. ^ FOTW Flags of the World: Vancouver Island (British Colony, Canada)
  26. ^ Flags of Canada: British Columbia

External links[edit]