This is a list of flags used in Canada. The Department of Canadian Heritage lays out protocol guidelines for the display of flags, including an order of precedence; these instructions are only conventional, however, and are generally intended to show respect for what are considered important symbols of the state or institutions. The Queen's personal standard is supreme in the order of precedence, followed by those for the monarch's representatives (depending on jurisdiction), the personal flags of other members of the Royal Family, and then the national flag and provincial flags.
A field party per fess, green and yellow, with a red-bordered grey ordinary cross; green represents the region's forests, yellow its agriculture, grey its industry and commerce, and red the vitality of the population
A Blue Ensign defaced with the great seal of the Colony of Vancouver Island. Used informally today. This unofficial flag was designed in the 1980s to retroactively represent the colony (1849–1866). In 1865 permission was given from the Crown to colonies to place their badges on the fly of the Blue Ensign and as such could be argued by vexillologists that this could be an official flag.
A proposed nation that would consist mainly of British Columbia as well as the American states Washington and Oregon. The blue represents the sky, Pacific Ocean, Salish Sea and inland waters, the white represents snow and clouds and the green to represent the evergreen forests and fields. The tree is a Douglas-fir, which symbolizes endurance, defiance and resilience.
The proposed flag of Republic of Lower Canada in 1838, still used nowadays by some separatists, in mostly 4 variants : the original and three versions with the yellow star in the top left corner. Of which, two of them have Henri Julien's Patriot painting of 1904, one in colour and the other stylised in black and white.
Military, police, coast guard and border services
A banner of the arms of the Canadian Coast Guard: vertical diband of white and blue, a red maple leaf emlem charged in the hoist and a pair of fish in gold and facing opposite directions charged in the fly
A horizontal bi-colour band of green and blue with a white ringed symbol from the seal of Metro Toronto; the six rings represented Metro Toronto's six constituent lower-tier municipalities: Etobicoke, York, North York, East York, Scarborough and the former city of Toronto
A mauve field party per fess by a band of white squares joined and a stylized white "Tree of Peace" charged in the centre; design is adapted from the Hiawathawampum belt, each element represents an original nation in the confederacy
Flag of the Natuaqanek Band
A red field with yellow left and right borders, a quartered roundel charged in the centre
A white field with a red Nordic cross and a red star and moon in the left quadrants; white denotes purity of creation, the red cross represents mankind and infinity, the sun and moon the forces of day and night
A white field party per pale by a bar gemelles and dancetty, a fleur-de-lys and Pacific Dogwood emblem charged in the fly; Dogwood is the floral emblem of British Columbia, the blue stripes evoke the Pacific Ocean and the rising mountains beside, the yellow centre of the Dogwood flower represents the sun
A blue field and three diagonal stripes set from lower hoist to upper fly. The colours of the stripes are white and golden yellow. The effect created by the arrangement of the stripes is meant to represent Yukon's many mountains. Blue is for the French people and the sky. White is for winter and snow. Yellow represents the gold rush and the Franco-Yukonnais contributions to history of the territory.
Flag of the Fédération des Francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador (Franco-Terreneuviens)
Three unequal panels of blue, white, and red, with two yellow sails set on the line between the white and red panels. The sail on top is charged with a spruce twig, while the bottom sail is charged with a pitcher flower.
Blue that represents the Arctic sky and white recalls the snow, abundantly present on the territory. The principal shape represent an igloo, and under this one, the inukshuk which symbolise the human presence. A single dandelion flower grows from beneath it.
Used as the ensign of both the Royal Canadian Navy and used by the some Royal Canadian Sea Cadets squadrons. Generally used throughout the entire British Empire by the British Navy and still lingered on even after many commonwealths became independent and gained their own Navies.
A red British ensign defaced with a large golden maple leaf outlined in white in the fly.
Canadian flag proposal by the Native Sons of Canada
Proposed Flag for Canada, known as the Pearson Pennant
A blue field with a white square containing a three-leaf maple. The blue sides were meant to represent John A. Macdonald's description of the Canadian Pacific Railway and Canada's geography, "From sea to sea".