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List of Canadian inventions and discoveries

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Canadian inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented, innovated or discovered, which owe their existence either partially or entirely to a person born in Canada, a citizen of Canada or a company or organization based in Canada. Some of these inventions were funded by the National Research Council of Canada (NRCC), which has been an important factor in innovation and technological advancement. Often, things discovered for the first time are also called inventions and in many cases, there is no clear line between the two.

The following is a list of inventions, innovations or discoveries known or generally recognized to be Canadian.

Inventions and improvements

Notable Canadian inventions and improvements to existing technologies include:

Computing and animation

IMAX format

Food and agriculture



Atomic clock

Transportation and mobility

Bell hydrofoil


Rotary snowplow
  • The snow blower was invented by Arthur Sicard (1927).
  • The steam-powered foghorn was invented by Robert Foulis (1854).
  • The rotary snowplow for railroads was invented by a Canadian dentist in 1869, and perfected by Orange Jull of Orangeville, Ontario.


CADPAT digital camouflage pattern

Sport and entertainment

Table hockey

Science and medicine

Calcium carbide

Domestic life

Tools and manufacturing

Collerette ladder

See also


  1. ^ "Retired NRC Scientists Burtnyk and Wein honoured as Fathers of Computer Animation Technology in Canada", Sphere, 1996
  2. ^ Inventors
  3. ^
  4. ^ "An Unsung hero: Reginald Fessenden, the Canadian inventor of radio telephony",
  5. ^ "Veteran had indomitable spirit: Paralyzed airman invented bus that accommodates wheelchairs. Halifax Daily News, Wednesday 26 September 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  6. ^ Ottawa Citizen - 23 Aug 1950 Callow's bus had a hydrolic ramp. The following year an accessibility bus with a manual ramp was used in Toronto.
  7. ^ Kinova (7 June 2010). "Kinova Reach your potential". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  8. ^ Radio-Canada (3 November 2009). "Découverte - Le bras robotisé Jaco". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  9. ^ United States patent and trademark office (3 November 2009). "United States Patent". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  10. ^