List of Canadian provincial and territorial symbols

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of the symbols of the provinces and territories of Canada. Each province and territory has a unique set of official symbols.[1]

Provinces and territories[edit]

Name Flag Coat of arms Escutcheon Bird Animal (mammal) Fish Flower Tree Mineral Motto Other
Alberta[2] Flag of Alberta Coat of arms of Alberta.svg Shield of Alberta.svg Great horned owl Bighorn sheep Bull trout Wild rose Lodgepole pine Petrified wood Fortis et liber
(strong and free)
Provincial grass: rough fescue,
song: "Alberta",
gemstone: ammolite
British Columbia[3] Flag of British Columbia Coat of arms of British Columbia Arms of British Columbia.svg Steller's jay Spirit bear Pacific salmon Pacific dogwood Western redcedar Jade Splendor sine occasu
(splendour without diminishment)
Manitoba[4] Flag of Manitoba Coat of arms of Manitoba Simple arms of Manitoba.svg Great grey owl Plains bison Walleye Prairie crocus White spruce - Gloriosus et liber
(glorious and free)
Provincial grass: big bluestem,
fossil: Tylosaurus pembinensis,
soil: Newdale soil (Orthic Black Chernozem)
New Brunswick[5] Flag of New Brunswick Coat of arms of New Brunswick Arms of New Brunswick.svg Black-capped chickadee - - Purple violet Balsam fir - Spem reduxit
(hope was restored)
Provincial soil: Holmesville,
Salmon Fly: Picture Province[6]
Newfoundland and Labrador[7] Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador Coat of arms of Newfoundland and Labrador Simple arms of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Atlantic puffin (provincial bird)
Willow ptarmigan
Rock ptarmigan (game bird)
Woodland caribou
(Newfoundland regimental mascot)
Newfoundland pony
(heritage animal)
- Purple pitcher plant Black spruce Labradorite Quaerite primum regnum dei
(seek ye first the kingdom of God)
Anthem: "Ode to Newfoundland",
Newfoundland Tricolour,
Labrador flag
Northwest Territories[8] Flag of the Northwest Territories Coat of arms of the Northwest Territories Coat of Arms of the Northwest Territories.svg Gyrfalcon - Arctic grayling Mountain avens Tamarack larch Gold - Territorial gemstone: diamond
Nova Scotia[9] Flag of Nova Scotia Coat of arms of Nova Scotia Arms of Nova Scotia.svg Osprey Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Sable Island horse
Brook trout Mayflower Red spruce Stilbite Munit haec et altera vincit
(one defends and the other conquers)
Sailing ambassador: Bluenose II,
Nova Scotia tartan;
berry: wild blueberry;
fossil: Hylonomus lyelli;
gemstone: agate
Nunavut[10] Flag of Nunavut Coat of arms of Nunavut Shield of arms of Nunavut.svg Rock ptarmigan Canadian Inuit Dog - Purple saxifrage - - Nunavut Sanginivut
(Our land, our strength)
Ontario[11] Flag of Ontario Coat of arms of Ontario Arms of Ontario.svg Common loon - - White trillium Eastern white pine Amethyst Ut incepit fidelis sic permanet
(loyal she began thus she remains)
Anthem (unofficial): "A Place to Stand, A Place to Grow (Ontari-ari-ari-o!)"
Prince Edward Island[12] Flag of Prince Edward Island Coat of arms of Prince Edward Island Arms of Prince Edward Island.svg Blue jay Red fox[13] - Lady's slipper Red oak - Parva sub ingenti
(the small under the protection of the great)
Provincial soil: Charlottetown;
anthem: "The Island Hymn"
Quebec[14] Flag of Quebec Coat of arms of Quebec Arms of Québec.svg Snowy owl - - Blue flag iris Yellow birch - Je me souviens
(I remember)
Provincial symbol: fleur-de-lis; anthem (unofficial): "Gens du pays"
Saskatchewan[15] Flag of Saskatchewan Coat of arms of Saskatchewan Shield of arms of Saskatchewan.svg Sharp-tailed grouse White-tailed deer Walleye Western red lily White birch Potash Multis e gentibus vires
(from many peoples, strength)
Provincial grass: needle-and-thread grass,
fruit emblem: Saskatoon berry, Fossil: Tyrannosaurus rex
Yukon[16] Flag of Yukon Coat of arms of Yukon Coat of arms of Yukon (escutcheon).svg Common raven - - Fireweed Subalpine fir Lazulite - Provincial camouflage pattern: Guardian Camouflage

See also[edit]

Symbols by provinces and territories


  1. ^ "Provincial and Territorial Emblems". Government of Canada.
  2. ^ "Emblems of Alberta". Alberta Culture and Tourism. 2017-06-14. Archived from the original on 2017-04-08. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  3. ^ Government of British Columbia. "Symbols of British Columbia". Archived from the original on 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  4. ^ Government of Manitoba. "Official Emblems of Manitoba" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-07-10. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  5. ^ Government of New Brunswick. "Symbols of New Brunswick". Archived from the original on 2017-07-09. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  6. ^ "New Brunswick's world renowned fly tier". St. Mary*s River Association. Retrieved 11 February 2021. A salmon fly designated as the "Picture Province" has been designed by Warren Duncan comprising a tag of gold symbolizing the value of Atlantic Salmon to New Brunswick; a butt of green floss honouring the fiddlehead; a tail of red goose fibres to match Canada's flag indicating New Brunswick's ties with the nation; a body of cranberry red being one of New Brunswick's official colours; a rib of medium oval gold tinsel; a hackle of lemon yellow being the background colour of New Brunswick's flag; a wing of hair from the black bear and a head of black. This fly was proclaimed to be provincial official symbol on July 22, 1993.
  7. ^ Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. "Symbols of Newfoundland and Labrador". Archived from the original on 2016-12-24. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  8. ^ Government of the Northwest Territories. "Symbols of the Northwest Territories". Archived from the original on 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  9. ^ Government of Nova Scotia. "Symbols of Nova Scotia". Archived from the original on 2017-07-01. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  10. ^ Government of Nunavut. "Official Symbols Gallery". Archived from the original on 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  11. ^ Legislative Assembly of Ontario. "Emblems and Symbols". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  12. ^ Government of Prince Edward Island. "Symbols of Prince Edward Island". Archived from the original on 2016-08-30. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  13. ^ Yarr, Kevin (May 9, 2018). "Fox beats cow in battle over P.E.I. provincial animal". CBC. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
  14. ^ Government of Quebec. "National Flag and Emblems". Archived from the original on 2016-08-20. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  15. ^ Government of Saskatchewan. "Emblems of Saskatchewan". Archived from the original on 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  16. ^ Government of Yukon. "Emblems and Symbols of Yukon". Archived from the original on 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-07-10.