List of Canadian soccer clubs in American leagues

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The following lists contain Canadian soccer clubs who have played in US-based leagues at Division I, II, III, or below in the United States soccer league system.

Men's teams[edit]

Active teams[edit]

Division I[edit]

Major League Soccer
Team City Debut season
CF Montréal[a] Montreal, Quebec 2012
Toronto FC Toronto, Ontario 2007
Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver, British Columbia 2011
  1. ^ CF Montreal was previously known as the Montreal Impact

Division III[edit]

MLS Next Pro
Team City Debut season
Toronto FC II[a] Toronto, Ontario 2022
Whitecaps FC 2[b] Burnaby, British Columbia 2022
  1. ^ Toronto FC II previously played in the USL Championship from 2015-2018 and USL League One from 2019-2021
  2. ^ Whitecaps FC 2 previously played in the USL Championship from 2015-2017

Lower divisions[edit]

USL League Two
Team City Debut season
FC Manitoba[a] Winnipeg, Manitoba 2011[b]
Thunder Bay Chill Thunder Bay, Ontario 2000[c]
  1. ^ FC Manitoba was previously known as WSA Winnipeg
  2. ^ FC Manitoba did not play in 2020 and 2021 in USL2, due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  3. ^ Thunder Bay Chill did not play in 2020 and 2021 in USL2, due to the COVID-19 pandemic
United Premier Soccer League
Team City Debut season
FC Berlin Buffalo, New York[a] 2021
Yukon Selects Whitehorse, Yukon TBD[b]
  1. ^ FC Berlin is a club from Kitchener, Ontario, but operates the club out of Buffalo, NY for the UPSL season
  2. ^ Yukon Selects were to debut in 2020, but their debut has been delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Former teams[edit]

Division I[edit]

United Soccer Association
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Toronto City Toronto, Ontario 1 1967
Vancouver Royal Canadians Vancouver, British Columbia 1 1967
National Professional Soccer League (1967)
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Toronto Falcons Toronto, Ontario 1 1967
North American Soccer League (1968–1984)
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Calgary Boomers Calgary, Alberta 1 1981
Edmonton Drillers Edmonton, Alberta 4 1979 1982
Montreal Manic Montreal, Quebec 3 1981 1983
Montreal Olympique Montreal, Quebec 3 1971 1973
Toronto Metros/Metro-Croatia/Blizzard Toronto, Ontario 14 1971 1984
Toronto Falcons Toronto, Ontario 1 1968
Vancouver Royals Vancouver, British Columbia 1 1968
Vancouver Whitecaps Vancouver, British Columbia 11 1974 1984

Division II[edit]

Western Soccer Alliance
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Edmonton Brick Men Edmonton, Alberta 1[a] 1986
Victoria Riptides Victoria, British Columbia 1 1985
  1. ^ Edmonton played as a guest team for some matches in the 1985 WSA season
American Professional Soccer League
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Montreal Impact[a] Montreal, Quebec 2 1993 1994
Toronto Blizzard Toronto, Ontario 1 1993
Toronto Rockets Toronto, Ontario 1 1994
Vancouver 86ers[b] Vancouver, British Columbia 2 1993 1994
  1. ^ Montreal later played in the USL leagues from 1995–2010, the NASL in 2011, and the MLS beginning in 2012
  2. ^ Vancouver later played in the USL leagues from 1995–2010 and the MLS beginning in 2011
USL A-League / USL First Division / USSF Division 2 Professional League
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Calgary Storm/Mustangs[a] Calgary, Alberta 3 2002 2004
Edmonton Aviators Edmonton, Alberta 1 2004
Montreal Impact[b] Montreal, Quebec 15[c] 1995 2010
Toronto Lynx[d] Toronto, Ontario 10 1997 2006
Vancouver 86ers/Whitecaps[e] Vancouver, British Columbia 16 1995 2010
  1. ^ Calgary played in the PDL in 2001
  2. ^ Montreal also played in the APSL in 1993–1994 and afterwards played in the NASL in 2011, followed by the MLS beginning in 2012
  3. ^ Montreal was on hitaus in 1999.
  4. ^ Toronto Lynx played in the PDL from 2007 to 2014
  5. ^ Vancouver also played in the APSL in 1993–1994 and afterwards played in the MLS beginning in 2011
North American Soccer League (2011–2017)
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
FC Edmonton Edmonton, Alberta 7 2011 2017
Montreal Impact[a] Montreal, Quebec 1 2011
Ottawa Fury FC[b] Ottawa, Ontario 3 2014 2016
  1. ^ Montreal also played in the APSL in 1993–1994, the USL leagues from 1995–2010, afterwards the MLS beginning in 2012
  2. ^ Ottawa played in the PDL from 2005–2013 and later the USL Championship from 2017–2019
USL Championship[a]
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
FC Montreal Montreal, Quebec 2 2015 2016
Ottawa Fury FC[b] Ottawa, Ontario 3 2017 2019
Toronto FC II[c] Toronto, Ontario 4 2015 2018
Whitecaps FC 2 Vancouver, British Columbia 3 2015 2017
  1. ^ Division III league up to and including 2016
  2. ^ Ottawa played in the PDL from 2005–2013 and the NASL from 2014–2016
  3. ^ Toronto moved to USL League One in 2019

Division III[edit]

USL League One
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Toronto FC II[a] Toronto, Ontario 2[b] 2019 2021
  1. ^ Toronto FC II previously played in the USL Championship prior to 2019 and moved to MLS Next Pro in 2022
  2. ^ Toronto FC II did not play in 2020 because of COVID-19 restrictions.

Lower divisions[edit]

PDL/USL League Two
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Abbotsford Athletes in Action/86ers Select Abbotsford, British Columbia 3 1998 2000
Calgary Foothills FC Calgary, Alberta 5 2015 2019
Calgary Storm[a] Calgary, Alberta 1 2001
Calgary Storm Prospects Calgary, Alberta 2 2002 2003
FC London London, Ontario 7 2009 2015
Abbotsford Rangers/Fraser Valley Mariners Abbotsford, British Columbia 10 2003 2012
Hamilton Rage/K–W United FC Kitchener, Ontario 7 2011 2017
Montreal Impact U23 Montreal, Quebec 1 2014
Okanagan Challenge Kelowna, British Columbia 1 1998
Okanagan Predators Kelowna, British Columbia 1 2001
Ottawa Fury[b] Ottawa, Ontario 9 2005 2013
Toronto FC III Toronto, Ontario 2 2015 2016
Toronto Lynx[c] Toronto, Ontario 8 2007 2014
Vancouver TSS Rovers Burnaby, British Columbia 3 2017 2019
Vancouver Whitecaps FC U-23 Vancouver, British Columbia 8 2008 2014
Victoria Highlanders Victoria, British Columbia 10[d] 2009 2019
Victoria Umbro Select Victoria, British Columbia 1 1998
  1. ^ Calgary played in the USL A-League from 2002–2004
  2. ^ Ottawa later played in the NASL from 2014–2016 and later the USL Championship from 2017–2019
  3. ^ Toronto Lynx played in the USL leagues from 1997–2006
  4. ^ Victoria Highlanders did not play in the PDL in 2015

Women's teams[edit]

Active teams[edit]

Division II[edit]

United Women's Soccer
Team City Debut season
Calgary Foothills WFC Calgary, Alberta 2017
SASA Impact FC Edmonton, Alberta 2021
FC Berlin Buffalo, New York[a] 2022
  1. ^ FC Berlin is a club from Kitchener, Ontario, but operates the club out of Buffalo, NY for the UWS season

Former teams[edit]

Division II[edit]

Women's Premier Soccer League
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Windsor Essex FC Windsor, Ontario 1 2015
Vancouver Angels Vancouver, British Columbia 1 2000
North Shore Girls SC North Vancouver, British Columbia 2 2016 2017
TSS FC Rovers Women Burnaby, British Columbia 2 2018 2019
Vancouver Island FC Victoria, British Columbia 1 2019
USL W-League
Team City Seasons Debut season Final season
Calgary Wildfire Calgary, Alberta 1 2004
Edmonton Aviators Women Edmonton, Alberta 1 2004
Laval Dynamites Laval, Quebec 5 1997 2001
Laval Comets Laval, Quebec 10 2006 2015
Quebec Amiral/Dynamo Quebec City, Quebec 7 2009 2015
Hamilton Avalanche/Rage/K-W United Women Kitchener, Ontario 9 2006 2014
Montreal Xtreme Montreal, Quebec 1 2004
Ottawa Fury Women Ottawa, Ontario 15 2000 2014
Sudbury Canadians Sudbury, Ontario 2 2004 2006
Victoria Highlanders Women Victoria, British Columbia 2 2011 2012
London Gryphons London, Ontario 11 2004 2014
Toronto Inferno Toronto, Ontario 6 1999 2004
Toronto Lady Lynx Toronto, Ontario 10 2005 2014
Vancouver Breakers/Whitecaps Women Vancouver, British Columbia 12 2001 2012

See also[edit]