List of Carnatic composers

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List of composers of Carnatic music, a subgenre of Indian classical music.

Pre-Trinity composers (before late 18th century)[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. number of compositions Signature
(Insignia)
Other Info
Basavanna 12th century Kannada 1300 (available) Kudala Sangama Deva Composed Vachanas – One of his main ragas was Kalyani
Allama Prabhu 12th century Kannada 1321(available) Guheshwara Composed Vachanas – One of his main ragas was Shivaranjani
Akka Mahadevi 12th century Kannada 430 Chenna Mallikarjuna Composed Vachanas – One of her main ragas was Bhairavi
Jayadeva 12th century Sanskrit Gita Govindam Jayadeva Prathama Vaggeyakara(First poet-composer) of Carnatic and Hindustani music forms to compose art music (in contrast to traditional bhakti poems) involving ragas; he is praised for his contributions to dance and music by his contemporary and later musicologists in their musical treatises
Naraharitirtha 1250? – 1333) Sanskrit Narahari Composed Dasara Padas
Tallapaka Annamacharya 1408–1503 Telugu, Sanskrit 36,000 Venkatachala, venkatagiri, venkatadhri, venkatesu Called as Telugu pada-kavita pitamaha; composed in themes shringara(love), adhyatma(bhakti) and philosophical in 100 ragas; also author of the musical text Sankeertana lakshana
Sripadaraya 1404–1502 Kannada Ranga Vittala Composed Dasara Padas
Vadirajatirtha 1480–1600) Kannada hundreds Hayavadana Composed Dasara Padas in his Ramagadya, Vaikunthavarnane and Lakshmisobanehadu
Arunagirinathar 1480– Tamil 760 Composed Tiruppugazh
Purandara Dasa 1484–1564 Kannada, Sanskrit 400,000, of which only around 2000 have come down to us Purandara Vittala Set the Carnatic music in its present form; composed basic exercises for practice like sarali and janta varisai, and thus known as 'Karnataka Sangeetha Pithamaha', meaning the Grandfather of Carnatic music.
Kanaka Dasa 1509–1609 Kannada 300 Adi Keshava Composed Dasara Padas in native metrical forms such as Suladi and Ugabhoga and wrote 5 classical Kavya epics poems in Shatpadi
Muthu Thandavar 1525–1625 Tamil 165
Kshetrajna or Kshetrayya or Varadayya 1600–1680 Telugu 100 Muvvagopala Composed immortal padams which are even popular today in Bharathanatyam & Kuchipudi. Also the oldest composer whose tunes are available
Bhadraachala Raama daasu 1620–1688 Telugu 500 Bhadradri Composed devotional songs
Narayana Teertha or Tallavajjhala Govinda Sastry 1650–1745 Telugu, Sanskrit 200 Vara Naaraayana Teertha Composed Krishna leelaa Tarangini
Papanasa Mudaliar 1650–1725 Tamil
Sarangapani 1680–1750 Telugu 220
Paidala Gurumurti Sastri 17th century Telugu
Vijaya Dasa 1682–1755 Kannada 25,000 Vijaya Vittala Composed Dasara Padas in native metrical forms such as Suladi and Ugabhoga
Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi 1700–1765 Tamil, Sanskrit 200 Composed in complex talas like Sankeerna Matyam and Misra Ata. Also an early composer of Navavarana kritis
Arunachala Kavi 1711–1788 Tamil 320
Marimutthu Pillai 1717–1787 Tamil 42
Gopala Dasa 1722–1762 Kannada 10,000 Gopala Vittala Composed Dasara Padas in native metrical forms such as Suladi and Ugabhoga
Pacchimiriam Adiyappa early 18th century Telugu Composed the immortal Viriboni bhairavi ata tala varnam
Sadasiva Brahmendra 18th century Sanskrit 95
Jagannatha Dasa 1728–1809 Kannada 260 Jagannatha Vittala Composed Dasara Padas, and the Kavya poems Harikathamritasara in the native shatpadi and Tattva suvvali in the native tripadi meters

Trinity-Age composers (Late 18th century & Early 19th century)[edit]

These composers lived during the time of the Trinity and there are recorded instances of their interaction with the Trinity.

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Other Info
Syama Sastri 1762–1827 Telugu, Sanskrit 400
Thyagaraja Swami 1767–1847 Telugu, Sanskrit 24000 of which only 700 are available today
Muthuswami Dikshitar 1775–1835 Sanskrit, Tamil 400
Iraiyamman Tampi 1782–1856 Malayalam, Sanskrit 40
Ghanam Krishna Iyer 1790–1854 Tamil 85
Tiruvarur Ramaswami Pillai 1798–1852 Tamil
Thanjavur Quartet 1801–1856 Tamil, Sanskrit
Kavi Kunjara Bharati 1810–1896 Tamil 200
Swathi Thirunal 1813–1846 Sanskrit, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Braj Bhasha 300+

Post-Trinity composers (19th century)[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Other Info
Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar 1882–1921 Tamil 230
Annamalai Reddiyar 1865–1891 Tamil 40
Anai Ayya brothers 19th century Tamil 20
Dharmapuri Subbarayar 19th century Telugu 50 Composed many javalis
Ennappadam Venkatarama Bhagavatar 1880–1961 [1]
Gopalakrishna Bharathi 1811–1896 Tamil 395
Koteeswara Iyer 1870–1940 Tamil, Sanskrit 200 Composed in all 72 Melakarta raagas
Krishnarajendra Wodeyar III 1799–1868 Sanskrit
Maha Vaidyanatha Iyer 1844–1893 Sanskrit, Tamil 100 Composed 72-Melakarta raaga maalika
Manambuchavadi Venkatasubbayyar 19th century Tamil 50 Cousin and disciple of Thyagaraja
Mayuram Viswanatha Sastri 1893–1958 Tamil, Sanskrit 160
Muthiah Bhagavatar 1877–1945 Tamil, Sanskrit 390
Mysore Sadasiva Rao b. 1790 Telugu, Sanskrit 100
Mysore Vasudevacharya 1865–1961 Telugu, Sanskrit 250
Neelakanta Sivan 1839–1900 Tamil 300
Pallavi Seshayyar 1842–1905 Telugu 75
Papanasam Sivan 1890–1973 Tamil 535
Patnam Subramania Iyer 1845–1902 Telugu 100
Pattabhiramayya c. 1863 Tamil Composed javalis
Poochi Srinivasa Iyengar 1860–1919 Telugu 100 Composed varnams,javalis and krithis including the famous mohanam raga varnam ninnu kori.
Shuddhananda Bharati 1897–1990 Tamil, Sanskrit 1090
Subbarama Dikshitar 1839–1906 Tamil 50 Grandson of Baluswami Dikshitar, younger brother of Muthuswami Dikshitar. Author of the important Telugu musical treatise Sangeetha sampradaya pradarshini
Subbaraya Sastri 1803–1862 Telugu 12 Son of Syama Sastri
Tiruvottriyur Tyagayya 1845–1917 Telugu 80 Son of Veena Kuppayya
Veena Kuppayya 1798–1860 Telugu 100 Disciple of Thyagaraja
Ajjada Adibhatla Narayana Dasu 1864–1945 Telugu 100 Composed in all 72 melakarthas and a geetha-malika in 90 ragas in manjari meter called Dasha Vidha Raga Navati Kusuma Manjari; also composed in rare talams like Sankeerna chapu

Post-Trinity composers—20th century and beyond[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. number of compositions Other Info
D Subbaramaiah 1904–1986 Kannada
Dandapani Desikar 1908–1972 Tamil 55
GN Balasubramaniam 1910–1965 Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil 90
Maharajapuram Santhanam Tamil
M. D. Ramanathan 1923–1984 Sanskrit, Tamil 300 Mudra: Varadadasa
Nallan Chakravartula Krishnamaachaaryulu 1925–2006 Sanskrit, Telugu 30
Lalgudi Jayaraman 1930–2013 Tamil 60 [2]
M. Balamuralikrishna 1930–2016 Telugu, Tamil Sanskrit 200 Composed in all 72 Melakarta raagas
Mysore V. Ramarathnam 1917–2008 Kannada, Telugu & Sanskrit '26' 'mudra rAma', "[3]"
L. Subramaniam b. 1947 Tamil
N. Ramani 1934–2016 Tamil 10
N. Ravikiran b. 1967 Sanskrit, Tamil 50
Periyasaamy Thooran 1908–1987 Tamil 305
S. Ramanathan 1917–1988 Tamil 50
Kalyani Varadarajan 1926–2003 Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit >500 Composed in all 72 Melakarta raagas
Mudra: Kalyani

Other composers[edit]

Other composers in Mysore Kingdom[edit]

Other composers—Bhakti Saints[edit]

In addition to the above composers, various Bhakti saints of medieval India also composed devotional hymns, verses and songs. First six composer used ancient Tamil music[pannicai] which later evolved to the Carnatic musical tradition over the centuries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Music — different perspectives". 2 January 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via www.thehindu.com. 
  2. ^ http://aboutindianmusic.blogspot.com/p/classical-musicians-of-india.html
  3. ^ "Compositions of Prof Mysore V. Ramarathnam". mysorevramarathnam.org. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "rallapallisharma". sites.google.com. Retrieved 21 April 2018.