List of Carnegie libraries in New York City

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The following list of Carnegie libraries in New York City provides detailed information on United States Carnegie libraries in New York City, where 67 libraries were built with funds from one grant totaling $5,202,261 (worth some $150 million today), awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York on December 8, 1899. Although the original grant was negotiated in 1899, most of the grant money was awarded as the libraries were built between 1901 and 1923.

Key[edit]

  Building still operating as a library
  Building standing, but now serving another purpose
  Building no longer standing
  Building listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Carnegie libraries in Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island[edit]

In Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island, 39 libraries were built and became part of the New York Public Library.

Library Borough Image Location[1] Notes[1][2]
1 115th Street Manhattan NYPL 115th Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 203 W. 115th St.
40°48′10″N 73°57′14″W / 40.80278°N 73.95389°W / 40.80278; -73.95389 (115th Street Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1908.
2 125th Street Manhattan NYPL 125th Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 224 E. 125th St.
40°48′10.89″N 73°56′5.52″W / 40.8030250°N 73.9348667°W / 40.8030250; -73.9348667 (125th Street Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1904.
3 135th Street Manhattan NYPL Former 135th Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 103 W. 135th St.
40°48′52.31″N 73°56′28.98″W / 40.8145306°N 73.9413833°W / 40.8145306; -73.9413833 (135th Street Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1905. Now part of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, a research center of The New York Public Library.
4 58th Street Manhattan 121-7 East 58th Street Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened May 10, 1907. It was demolished and replaced by a new branch in two floors of an office tower at 127 East 58th Street, which opened in 1969.
5 67th Street Manhattan NYPL 67th Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 328 E. 67th St.
40°45′53.69″N 73°57′34.29″W / 40.7649139°N 73.9595250°W / 40.7649139; -73.9595250 (67th Street Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard in the style of the Yorkville branch and opened in 1905, this building has undergone two extensive renovations in the 1950s and 2005.
6 96th Street Manhattan NYPL 96th Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 112 E. 96th St.
40°47′9.57″N 73°57′6.34″W / 40.7859917°N 73.9517611°W / 40.7859917; -73.9517611 (96th Street Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard and opened in September 22, 1905.
7 Aguilar Manhattan NYPL Aguilar Branch, Manhattan.jpg 174 E. 110th St.
40°47′39.11″N 73°56′36.32″W / 40.7941972°N 73.9434222°W / 40.7941972; -73.9434222 (Aguilar Branch)
Designed by Herts & Tallant, this building opened as a branch of The New York Public Library in November 1905. "This library is apparently not an entirely new building but is rather an extensive renovation of the earlier [1899] Aguilar Library building on the same site."[3]
8 Chatham Square Manhattan NYPL Chatham Square Branch, Manhattan.jpg 33 E. Broadway
40°42′48.25″N 73°59′47.44″W / 40.7134028°N 73.9965111°W / 40.7134028; -73.9965111 (Chatham Square Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1903.
9 Columbus Manhattan NYPL Columbus Branch, Manhattan.jpg 742 10th Ave.
40°45′53.85″N 73°59′28.53″W / 40.7649583°N 73.9912583°W / 40.7649583; -73.9912583 (Columbus Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard and opened in 1909.
10 Epiphany Manhattan NYPL Epiphany Branch, Manhattan.jpg 228 E. 23rd St.
40°44′17.18″N 73°58′55.06″W / 40.7381056°N 73.9819611°W / 40.7381056; -73.9819611 (Epiphany Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in September 1907.
11 Fordham The Bronx 2556 Bainbridge Ave.
40°51′45.76″N 73°53′34.5″W / 40.8627111°N 73.892917°W / 40.8627111; -73.892917 (Fordham Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1923, this building was the Fordham Library Center, The New York Public Library's central branch in the Bronx, through 2005, when it closed and was replaced by the newly built Bronx Library Center.
12 Fort Washington Manhattan NYPL Fort Washington Branch, Manhattan.jpg 535 W. 179th St.
40°50′52.12″N 73°56′2.41″W / 40.8478111°N 73.9340028°W / 40.8478111; -73.9340028 (Fort Washington Branch)
Designed by Cook & Welch and opened in April 1914.
13 Hamilton Fish Manhattan 388-92 East Houston Street Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1909, the building was razed during the widening of Houston Street. A public housing project now stands at its original site. A new Hamilton Fish Park Branch opened at 415 East Houston Street in 1960.
14 Hamilton Grange Manhattan NYPL Hamilton Grange Branch, Manhattan.jpg 503 W. 145th St.
40°49′32.2″N 73°56′53.04″W / 40.825611°N 73.9480667°W / 40.825611; -73.9480667 (Hamilton Grange Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1907.
15 Harlem Manhattan NYPL Harlem Branch, Manhattan.jpg 9 W. 124th St.
40°48′22.29″N 73°56′35.86″W / 40.8061917°N 73.9432944°W / 40.8061917; -73.9432944 (Harlem Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1909, this building was renovated in 2004 at a cost of nearly $4 million.
16 High Bridge The Bronx 78 W. 168th St.
40°50′17.48″N 73°55′25.37″W / 40.8381889°N 73.9237139°W / 40.8381889; -73.9237139 (High Bridge Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1908. Demolished in 1975 and replaced by a new High Bridge Branch on the same site.
17 Hudson Park Manhattan NYPL Hudson Park Branch, Manhattan.jpg 66 Leroy St.
40°43′47.95″N 74°0′18.57″W / 40.7299861°N 74.0051583°W / 40.7299861; -74.0051583 (Hudson Park Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1906.
18 Hunt's Point The Bronx Hunts Point NYPL 877 Southern Blvd jeh.jpg 877 Southern Blvd.
40°49′7.11″N 73°53′38.68″W / 40.8186417°N 73.8940778°W / 40.8186417; -73.8940778 (Hunt's Point Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and completed in 1929, this was the final Carnegie building added to the New York Public Library system.
19 Kingsbridge The Bronx 3041 Kingsbridge Ave.
40°52′44.18″N 73°54′26.79″W / 40.8789389°N 73.9074417°W / 40.8789389; -73.9074417 (Kingsbridge Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened May 19, 1905. This branch outgrew its original building and closed in 1958. It is now the Spuyten Duyvil Preschool.
20 Melrose The Bronx Melrose Bx NYPL 910 Morris Av jeh.jpg 910 Morris Ave.
40°49′35.73″N 73°55′3.42″W / 40.8265917°N 73.9176167°W / 40.8265917; -73.9176167 (Melrose Branch)
A Carrère & Hastings design, this branch opened January 16, 1914. It was originally four stories but was reduced to two in 1959.
21 Morrisania The Bronx 610 E. 169th St.
40°49′53″N 73°54′6.16″W / 40.83139°N 73.9017111°W / 40.83139; -73.9017111 (Morrisania Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard and opened in 1908.
22 Mott Haven The Bronx Mott Haven NYPL Alexander Av & 140 St jeh.JPG 321 E. 140th St.
40°48′41.49″N 73°55′27.42″W / 40.8115250°N 73.9242833°W / 40.8115250; -73.9242833 (Mott Haven Branch)
The oldest library building in the Bronx, this branch opened in 1905, designed by Carrère & Hastings.
23 Muhlenberg Manhattan NYPL Muhlenberg Branch, Manhattan.jpg 209 W. 23rd St.
40°44′40.02″N 73°59′45.61″W / 40.7444500°N 73.9960028°W / 40.7444500; -73.9960028 (Muhlenberg Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings, this branch opened February 19, 1906.
24 Port Richmond Staten Island NYPL Port Richmond Branch, Staten Island.jpg 75 Bennett St.
40°38′15.19″N 74°7′52.14″W / 40.6375528°N 74.1311500°W / 40.6375528; -74.1311500 (Port Richmond Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1905.
25 Riverside Manhattan 190 Amsterdam Ave.
40°46′35.9″N 73°59′1.04″W / 40.776639°N 73.9836222°W / 40.776639; -73.9836222 (Riverside Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1905, this building stood until 1969, when it was replaced by a new one on the same 69th St site. That branch was replaced by another in 1992, at 127 Amsterdam Ave & 65th St.
26 Rivington Street Manhattan NYPL Rivington Street Branch, Manhattan.jpg 61 Rivington St.
40°43′15.15″N 73°59′24.84″W / 40.7208750°N 73.9902333°W / 40.7208750; -73.9902333 (Rivington Street Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1905, the building is now a church.
27 Saint Agnes Manhattan NYPL Saint Agnes Branch, Manhattan.jpg 444 Amsterdam Ave.
40°47′5.44″N 73°58′38.96″W / 40.7848444°N 73.9774889°W / 40.7848444; -73.9774889 (Saint Agnes Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard, this branch opened in 1906.
28 Saint Gabriel's Park Manhattan 303-5 East 36th Street Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1908. Razed in order to construct the Queens–Midtown Tunnel.
29 Saint George Staten Island NYPL Saint George Branch, Staten Island.jpg 5 Central Ave.
40°38′30.18″N 74°4′35.94″W / 40.6417167°N 74.0766500°W / 40.6417167; -74.0766500 (Saint George Branch)
Known today as the St. George Library Center, this Carrère & Hastings work opened on June 26, 1907, and is the largest library on Staten Island.
30 Seward Park Manhattan NYPL Seward Park Branch, Manhattan.jpg 192 E. Broadway
40°42′52.08″N 73°59′18.68″W / 40.7144667°N 73.9885222°W / 40.7144667; -73.9885222 (Seward Park Branch)
Designed by Babb, Cook & Willard, this branch opened on November 11, 1909.
31 Stapleton Staten Island NYPL Stapleton Branch, Staten Island.jpg 132 Canal St.
40°37′35.25″N 74°4′40.78″W / 40.6264583°N 74.0779944°W / 40.6264583; -74.0779944 (Stapleton Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1907.
32 Tompkins Square Manhattan NYPL Tompkins Square Branch, Manhattan.jpg 331 E. 10th St.
40°43′38.39″N 73°58′49.5″W / 40.7273306°N 73.980417°W / 40.7273306; -73.980417 (Tompkins Square Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White, this branch opened in 1904.
33 Tottenville Staten Island Tottenville NYPL jeh.JPG 7430 Amboy Rd.
40°30′34.5″N 74°14′38.79″W / 40.509583°N 74.2441083°W / 40.509583; -74.2441083 (Tottenville Branch)
A Carrère & Hastings design, this branch opened in 1904.
34 Tremont The Bronx 1866 Washington Ave.
40°50′45.72″N 73°53′54.04″W / 40.8460333°N 73.8983444°W / 40.8460333; -73.8983444 (Tremont Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings and opened in 1905.
35 Washington Heights Manhattan NYPL Washington Heights Branch, Manhattan.jpg 1000 St. Nicholas Ave.
40°50′4.26″N 73°56′22.81″W / 40.8345167°N 73.9396694°W / 40.8345167; -73.9396694 (Washington Heights Branch)
Designed by Carrère & Hastings, this branch opened in 1914.
36 Webster Manhattan NYPL Webster Branch, Manhattan.jpg 1465 York Ave.
40°46′14.27″N 73°57′4.6″W / 40.7706306°N 73.951278°W / 40.7706306; -73.951278 (Webster Branch)
This Babb, Cook & Willard work opened on October 24, 1906.
37 West 40th Street Manhattan 457 West 40th Street Designed by Cook & Welch, this building opened in 1913 and is now part of the Covenant House complex.
38 Woodstock The Bronx 761 E. 160th St.
40°49′13.45″N 73°54′19.4″W / 40.8204028°N 73.905389°W / 40.8204028; -73.905389 (Woodstock Branch)
Designed by McKim, Mead & White and opened in 1914.
39 Yorkville Manhattan NYPL Yorkville Branch, Manhattan.jpg 222 E. 79th St.
40°46′25.15″N 73°57′22.72″W / 40.7736528°N 73.9563111°W / 40.7736528; -73.9563111 (Yorkville Branch)
Designed by James Brown Lord, this branch opened December 13, 1902, the first Carnegie library built in New York City.

Carnegie libraries in Brooklyn[edit]

Brooklyn received $1.6 million ($46.1 million today) of the entire grant to construct 21 libraries for the Brooklyn Public Library.

Library Image Location Notes
1 Arlington 203 Arlington Ave. at Warwick St. Originally known as the East Branch and officially opened on November 7, 1906; renovated from 1950–52 and in 1980.
2 Bedford Bedford BPL Hancock Pl jeh.jpg 496 Franklin Avenue This Library plan was recognized as an excellent example of library planning and design in the March 1903 issue of Library Journal. It was built using Carnegie funds. In 2000, an interior renovation and exterior restoration by Sen Architects was completed.
3 Brownsville 61 Glenmore Avenue The first Brownsville Branch opened in 1905 on the second floor of the Alliance Building after the Hebrew Educational Society donated its books. The Carnegie-built branch, which opened at 61 Glenmore Avenue on December 19, 1908, continues to operate today.[4]
4 Bushwick Bushwick BPL jeh.JPG 340 Bushwick Avenue Bushwick Library opened in the rented first floor of a church at Montrose Avenue and Humboldt Street in 1903 before moving to its present location on Bushwick Avenue in 1908.
5 Carroll Park [now Carroll Gardens] BPL Union Clinton jeh.JPG 396 Clinton Street at Union Street Designed by William B. Tubby, this location opened at 396 Clinton Street on March 3, 1905 and was originally called the Carroll Park Branch, until the name was changed to Carroll Gardens in 1973. A predecessor library operated out of a rented space at Smith Street and Carroll Streets from 1901 until completion of this building, which still serves the community today.[4]
6 DeKalb 790 Bushwick Avenue Located on bustling Bushwick Avenue in the neighborhood of the same name, DeKalb Library originally opened its doors on February 11, 1905. One of Brooklyn’s most beautiful Carnegie branches, the building was designed by the Brooklyn architect William Tubby in the Classical Revival style. Many of the original features in this three-bay brick and limestone building remain today, including its spacious, high-ceilinged reading rooms. The library was rehabilitated in 1950.[5]
7 Eastern Parkway 1044 Eastern Parkway This medium-sized library, built with funds donated by Andrew Carnegie, was designed with a classical limestone facade with large arched windows and entrance portal.
8 Flatbush Flatbush Public Library, Brooklyn, 1915.png 22 Linden Blvd. at Flatbush Ave. Flatbush Library has served patrons in its present location on Linden Boulevard since 1905; it was the sixth library built in Brooklyn with funds from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.[6] The building was designed by Rudolphe L. Daus, but an extensive renovation in 1934 has rendered the building almost unrecognizable.[7]
9 Fort Hamilton 9424 Fourth Ave. This library started out as an independent free library and was absorbed into Brooklyn Public Library in 1901. The building was designed by the Lord & Hewlett architecture firm and formally opened at 9424 Fourth Avenue on October 16, 1907.[4]
10 Greenpoint The original Greenpoint Library opened in 1906 and was one of Brooklyn’s first Carnegie libraries, but the building’s deterioration necessitated its replacement in the early 1970s.
11 Leonard Leonard Devoe BPL jeh.jpg 81 Devoe St. at Leonard St., Williamsburg The Leonard Branch was officially opened on December 1, 1908 at its current site at Devoe and Leonard Streets. The one-story classically styled building, designed by William B. Tubby, has an elegantly designed interior of 10,000 square feet that originally featured molded skylights, wood paneling and wood-trimmed windows.[4]
12 Macon Macon-library-brooklyn.jpg 361 Lewis Avenue, Bedford-Stuyversant The 11th Carnegie Brooklyn library, beautiful, historic Macon Library is one of the best preserved Carnegie branches in Brooklyn. Opened in 1907, the two-story, Classical Revival-style building retains its original fireplaces, oak paneling, alcoves and wooden benches, along with the warm charm that has welcomed patrons for more than 100 years.[8]
13 Pacific Pacific BPL with bus jeh.jpg 25 4th Avenue at Pacific Street The Pacific Branch was the first of the Carnegie-funded libraries to open in Brooklyn, on October 8, 1904. Architect Raymond F. Almirall designed the building, at 25 Fourth Avenue, and was hired again as architect after the building suffered structural damages due to BMT subway construction in 1914. Upon its opening, New York Tribune praised the branch for its classical and dignified design.[4]
14 Prospect [now Park Slope] BPL Prospect Branch jeh.JPG 431 6th Ave. at 9th St. This library began life as a small collection of books on natural history in the Litchfield Mansion in Prospect Park. In 1906, the building, designed by Raymond Almirall was finished, using Carnegie funds.
15 Red Hook
Red Hook Branch, Brooklyn Public Library.jpg
The original Red Hook Library, opened on April 22, 1915, was the only of Brooklyn’s Carnegie libraries to be built in the Mediterranean Revival style. The architect, Richard A. Walker, accented the original interior of the building with decorative wooden staircases, pendant light fixtures and clerestory windows. This architectural gem was forced to close in August 1946 after suffering extensive damage from a fire, and was demolished soon after.[9]
16 Saratoga 8 Thomas S Boyland Street 40°41′5.1″N 73°54′54″W / 40.684750°N 73.91500°W / 40.684750; -73.91500 Saratoga Library is a Classical Revival-style Carnegie branch with a distinctive Spanish tile roof and a storied history. Opened in 1908, Saratoga was renovated in 1958, 1974 and 1990.[10]
17 South 51st street and 4th Avenue South Branch opened to the public on December 9, 1905 on the same site the Sunset Park branch occupies today. The original two-story, Classical Revival-style building, designed by architects Lord & Hewlett, was demolished in 1970.[11]
18 Stone Avenue 581 Mother Gaston Boulevard Originally constructed to relieve overcrowding at the nearby Brownsville branch, Stone Avenue Library was one of the last Carnegie libraries built in Brooklyn. Officially opened on September 24, 1914, it was originally called the Brownsville Children’s Library and is believed to have been the first library in the world devoted exclusively to serving children. Designed by architect William B. Tubby in the Jacobethan style, many of the original architectural details that distinguished the branch as a place for children remain, including the Rookwood storybook fireplace tiles and the original carved wooden benches with rabbit-head finials.[12]
19 Walt Whitman St Edwards BPL jeh.jpg 93 Saint Edwards Street, Ft Greene Originally called the City Park Branch, this library was renamed to honor Walt Whitman (who once lived on nearby Ryerson Street) in 1943, on the 125th anniversary of his birth. The branch once boasted a naval architecture and science collection, to serve the workers of the Brooklyn Navy Yard.[4]
20 Washington Irving 360 Irving Ave. Bushwick 40°41′51″N 73°54′44″W / 40.69750°N 73.91222°W / 40.69750; -73.91222 Washington Irving Library was the 21st and final Carnegie library built in Brooklyn.
21 Williamsburg BPL Williamsburg Bwy jeh.jpg 240 Division Avenue 40°42′25″N 73°57′27″W / 40.70694°N 73.95750°W / 40.70694; -73.95750 Although the branch didn’t open until 1905, it is often considered the first of Brooklyn’s Carnegie libraries. Thousands, including Mayor Seth Low, came out with much fanfare for a ceremony in November 1903, when a time capsule of documents including a copy of the Carnegie contract was laid in the cornerstone of the building at 240 Division Avenue.[4]

Carnegie libraries in Queens[edit]

Queens received $240,000 ($6.9 million today) from the grant and built seven libraries for the Queens Library.

Library Image Location Notes
1 Astoria QPL Astoria Blvd 14th St jeh.jpg 14-01 Astoria Blvd.
2 Elmhurst Elmhurst QPL jeh.jpg 86-01 Broadway
40°44′18″N 73°52′38″W / 40.738470°N 73.877307°W / 40.738470; -73.877307
Demolished 2012
3 Far Rockaway Destroyed by fire in 1962
4 Flushing
5 Poppenhusen Poppenhusen QPL jeh.JPG 121-23 14th Ave. and
13-16 College Point Blvd.
6 Richmond Hill Richmond Hill, QPL Carnegie Library.jpg 118-14 Hillside Ave.
7 Woodhaven 85-41 Forest Pkwy.

Notes[edit]

See also:

  1. ^ a b "Libraries and Hours, NYPL". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  2. ^ Dierickx, Mary B. (1996). The Architecture of Literacy: The Carnegie Libraries of New York City, pp. 104-186. Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and the New York City Dept. of General Services, New York. ISBN 1-56256-717-9.
  3. ^ Dierickx. The Architecture of Literacy, p. 125.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Carnegie Libraries | Brooklyn Public Library". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2016-10-25. 
  5. ^ "DeKalb Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  6. ^ "Flatbush Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  7. ^ Spellen, Suzanne (2012-11-16). "Past and Present: The Intersection of Flatbush and Linden | Brownstoner". Brownstoner. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  8. ^ "Macon Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  9. ^ "Red Hook Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  10. ^ "Saratoga Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  11. ^ "Sunset Park Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-06-12. 
  12. ^ "Stone Avenue Library - History". www.bklynlibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 

References[edit]

  • Anderson, Florence (1963). Carnegie Corporation Library Program 1911–1961. New York: Carnegie Corporation. OCLC 1282382. 
  • Bobinski, George S. (1969). Carnegie Libraries: Their History and Impact on American Public Library Development. Chicago: American Library Association. ISBN 0-8389-0022-4. 
  • Jones, Theodore (1997). Carnegie Libraries Across America. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-14422-3. 
  • Miller, Durand R. (1943). Carnegie Grants for Library Buildings, 1890-1917. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York. OCLC 2603611. 
  • Dierickx, Mary B. (1996). The Architecture of Literacy: The Carnegie Libraries of New York City. New York: Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and the New York City Dept. of General Services. ISBN 1-56256-717-9. 

Note: The above references, while all authoritative, are not entirely mutually consistent. Some details of this list may have been drawn from one of the references without support from the others. Reader discretion is advised.

External links[edit]

Historic Districts Council pages on Carnegie libraries in Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Queens.