List of lay Catholic scientists

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"The Vitruvian Man" by Leonardo da Vinci

Many Catholics have made significant contributions to the development of science and mathematics from the Middle Ages to today. These scientists include Galileo Galilei,[1] René Descartes,[2], Louis Pasteur,[3] Blaise Pascal, André-Marie Ampère, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Pierre de Fermat, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Alessandro Volta,[4] Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Pierre Duhem, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Alois Alzheimer, Georgius Agricola, and Christian Doppler.

For additional Catholic scientists, see the List of Catholic churchmen-scientists.

Catholic scientists[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stephen Hawking; A Brief History of Time, 1996; p. 194-195
  2. ^ "René Descartes". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 30 May 2012. ...preferred to avoid all collision with ecclesiastical authority. 
  3. ^ a b Vallery-Radot, Maurice (1994). Pasteur. Paris: Perrin. pp. 377–407. 
  4. ^ a b "Gli scienziati cattolici che hanno fatto lItalia". Zenit. 
  5. ^ George Agricola
  6. ^ Berrios, G. E. (1990-11-01). "Alzheimer's disease: A conceptual history". International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 5 (6): 355–65. doi:10.1002/gps.930050603. ISSN 1099-1166. 
  7. ^ Guareschi, Icilio (1911). "Amedeo Avogadro e la sua opera scientifica". Opere scelte di Amedeo Avogadro. Turin: Accademia delle scienze. pp. i–cxl. 
  8. ^ "Evolution: Religion: Science and Faith". Pbs.org. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  9. ^ Dreifus, Claudia (April 27, 1999). "A CONVERSATION WITH: FRANCISCO J. AYALA; Ex-Priest Takes the Blasphemy Out of Evolution". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02178b.htm
  11. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02307d.htm
  12. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02425d.htm
  13. ^ https://archive.org/stream/catholicworld96pauluoft#page/626/mode/2up
  14. ^ Brown, Andrew (2005). J. D. Bernal: the sage of science. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-851544-8. 
  15. ^ Brown 2005, pp. 1–3
  16. ^ https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blainville-henri-marie-ducrotay-de
  17. ^ http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Bott.html
  18. ^ http://www.ams.org/notices/200605/fea-bott-2.pdf
  19. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Obituary: James Britten.
  20. ^ Mateo Realdo Colombo
  21. ^ https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5234/73d2660baada71b627fa7a980140e9235191.pdf
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  23. ^ http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~wttsai/Adv_Fluid/Maurice.Couette.One.of.the.founders.of.rheology.pdf
  24. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gabriel-Auguste-Daubree
  25. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04755b.htm
  26. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/F%C3%A9lix_Dujardin_1811-1860_by_Louis_Joubin_%281901%29_Archives_de_Parasitologie_Vol._4.pdf
  27. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05190b.htm
  28. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05205a.htm
  29. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pe/John_Eccles.html John Eccles
  30. ^ Weishaupt, Till (December 2007). "Glauben Sie an Gott?". Cicero. Archived from the original on 2007-11-30. Retrieved 2008-06-05. Translated from German: Oh, yes, I believe in God. (…) I am a Christian and I try to live as a Christian (…) I read the Bible very often and I try to understand it. 
  31. ^ Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
  32. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fuchs-johann-nepomuk-von
  33. ^ Sharratt (1994, pp. 17, 213)
  34. ^ "Peter Grünberg – Autobiography". 
  35. ^ Jean-Baptiste-Julien D'Omalius Halloy
  36. ^ Levi, Hilde (1985), George de Hevesy : life and work : a biography, Bristol: A. Hilger, p. 14, ISBN 978-0-85274-555-7 
  37. ^ http://www.catholicnews.com/data/briefs/cns/20121023.htm#head1 Archived 2013-02-15 at Archive.is
  38. ^ http://www.austindiocese.org/newsletter_article_view.php?id=7177[permanent dead link]
  39. ^ Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
  40. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  41. ^ Marcello Malpighi
  42. ^ http://research.brown.edu/pdf/1100924768.pdf?nocache=1322280569
  43. ^ http://drpetermoloney.com
  44. ^ Giovanni Battista Morgagni
  45. ^ Johann Müller
  46. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pm/Joseph_Murray.html
  47. ^ Regis, Ed (1992-11-08). "Johnny Jiggles the Planet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  48. ^ Halmos, P.R. (1973). "The Legend of von Neumann". The American Mathematical Monthly. 80 (4): 382–394. doi:10.2307/2319080. JSTOR 2319080. 
  49. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  50. ^ https://www.catholicscientists.org/about/board
  51. ^ Louis Pasteur
  52. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pelletier-pierre-joseph
  53. ^ George von Peuerbach
  54. ^ Henri Victor Regnault
  55. ^ Eliel, Ernest L., Frederick Dominic Rossini, Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences.
  56. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/chemistry-biographies/louis-jacques-thenard
  57. ^ François Vieta, Seigneur de La Bigottière
  58. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=vMk4t21fOvoC&pg=PA272&dq=Wilhelm+Heinrich+Waagen+encyclopedia.com&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjqyaTU2aDXAhUDr48KHaesB8kQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Wilhelm%20Heinrich%20Waagen%20encyclopedia.com&f=false
  59. ^ The Princeton Companion to Mathematics. Ed. Timothy Gowers. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. (p.770).
  60. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/winslow-jacobor-jacques-benigne
  61. ^ Official Biography of Zichichi at the Ettore Majorana Foundation
  62. ^ Antonino Zichichi; Richard C. Ragaini; Ettore M (2001). International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 25th session. p. 4. ISBN 9789812797001.