List of Celtic place names in Portugal

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Iberian Peninsula at about 200 BC [1].

In the area of modern Portugal several towns with Celtic toponymic were mentioned by ancient Greek and Roman authors. The regions where we can find a greater number of these names are in the north (inhabited by the Callaici) and center (inhabited by the Lusitanians) of Portugal, but also in the south (the Alentejo, inhabited by the Celtici, and the Algarve, inhabited by the Cynetes), which correspond to the ancient Roman provinces of Gallaecia and Lusitania.

The name of Portugal itself is likely to have a root (the "gal" ending) of Celtic origin (see: Name of Portugal and Portus Cale).

List of towns and places[edit]

Celtic name Modern name
Alanobricae Eiras in Santo Amaro[disambiguation needed]
Anobrega Ponte da Barca
Arabriga probably Alenquer or between Sesimbra and Outão
Arcobica probably Torrão in Alcácer do Sal
Arcobriga probably near Braga
Aritium Praetorium probably Tamazim, near Bemposta
Aritium oppidum vetus Casal da Várzea
Aritium Vetus Alvega in Abrantes
Aranni probably near Ourique
Arandis near Ourique
Ardila
Armona ilha de Armona
Auobriga/ *Aobriga in the Ave Valley region
Equabonna/Aquabona Coina in Barreiro
Auaron Pr. Carreiro in Póvoa de Varzim (Cape Santo André)
Axabrica Xabregas
Bracara Braga
Brigantia Bragança
Brita/s
Budens Budens
*Burrulobriga around Elvas
Caetobriga/Caetobrix Setúbal
Caeilobricoi Castro Daire in Lamas de Moledo
Calabria > Caliabriga Castelo Calabre in Vila Nova de Foz Côa
Caladunum probably Vilar de Perdizes in Montalegre
Cambra<Calambriga Vale de Cambra
Cale Vila Nova de Gaia; Portucale; Portugal
Cantippo
Castellum Araocelum São Cosmado in Mangualde
Catraleucus/ Contraleuco
Conímbriga Conímbriga
Civitas Aravorum <Aravi> Marialva
Corumbriga probably Coimbra
Cottaiobriga near Almeida
Ebora Évora
Eburobrittium Óbidos
*Elaneobriga around Braga
Evion
Ercobriga
Etobrico Alenquer
Jerabrica/Gerabrica/Hierabrica Between Lisbon and Santarém
Jurumegna Juromenha in Alandroal
Lacobriga Lagos
Lamecum Lamego
Langobriga Fiães
castello Letiobri around Braga
Lemos
Londobris Berlengas
Longobriga Longroiva in Meda
Lubrigos Vila Real
Civitas Aravorum <Aravi> Marialva (Mêda)
Malaceca/Malateca
Medrobiga Marvão
Meidubriga in Beira Alta
Mirobriga Miróbriga
Mirobriga Montemor o Velho
Meribriga/Merebriga in Alentejo
Merobriga probably Sines or near river Mira
Montobriga/Mundobriga around Castelo de Vide
Moron Almorol or Montalvão
Ocelum Ferro probably in Covilhã
Pendraganum Pedrógão
Seliobriga São Martinho de Pedrulhais in Sepins
Talabriga Lamas do Vouga
Talabriga Ponte de Lima, Estourãos
Tameobriga near Paiva and Douro
Terena Terena
Tongobriga/ Tuntobriga "capela dos mouros" in Freixo
Tur(o)lobriga around Chaves
Uxonoba
Vicus Camalocensis around Crato
Vicus Veniensis Cabeço de Lameirão in Meimoa
Vipasca Aljustrel

List of rivers[edit]

Celtic name Modern name
Ardila Ardila
Durius from Celtic dur, water. Douro
Lethes Lima
Minius Minho
Tamaca Tâmega

References[edit]

See also[edit]