List of Chancellors of Austria

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This is a list of Chancellors of Austria since the establishment of that office in 1918.

List of officeholders (1918–present)[edit]

Political Party:   SDAPÖ/SPÖ   CS/ÖVP   VF   NSDAP   None

Chancellor of the Republic of German-Austria (1918–1919)[edit]

Chancellor
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
Coalition
1 Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
Karl Renner 1905.jpg 30 October 1918 21 October 1919 Social Democratic Workers' Party 1
2
SDAPÖCSGDVP 2: Jodok Fink
(CS)

Chancellors of the First Austrian Republic (1919–1934)[edit]

Chancellor
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
Coalition
(1) Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
Karl Renner 1905.jpg 21 October 1919 7 July 1920 Social Democratic Workers' Party 3 SDAPÖCSGDVP Jodok Fink
(CS)
2 Michael Mayr
(1864–1922)
Michael Mayr.jpg 7 July 1920 20 November 1920 Christian Social Party 1 CSSDAPÖ Ferdinand Hanusch
(SDAPÖ) until 22 Oct 1920
Eduard Heinl
(CS) from 22 Oct 1920
20 November 1920 21 June 1921 2 Walter Breisky
(CS)
3 Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
Schober.png 21 June 1921 26 January 1922 non-partisan
(Beamter)
1 CSGDVP Walter Breisky
(CS)
Walter Breisky
(1871–1944)
Acting Chancellor
26 January 1922 27 January 1922 Christian Social Party CS
(3) Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
Schober.png 27 January 1922 31 May 1922 non-partisan
(Beamter)
2 CSGDVP Walter Breisky
(CS)
4 Ignaz Seipel
(1876–1932)
Wenzl Weis - Ignaz Seipel.jpg 31 May 1922 20 November 1924 Christian Social Party 1
2
3
CSGDVP Leopold Waber
(GDVP)
5 Rudolf Ramek
(1881–1941)
Rudolf Ramek Svenska Dagbladets årsbok 1924.png 20 November 1924 20 October 1926 Christian Social Party 1
2
CSGDVP Felix Frank
(GDVP)
(4) Ignaz Seipel
(1876–1932)
Wenzl Weis - Ignaz Seipel.jpg 20 October 1926 4 May 1929 Christian Social Party 4
5
CSGDVPLandbund Franz Dinghofer
(GDVP) until 19 May 1927
Karl Hartleb
(L) from 19 May 1927
6 Ernst Streeruwitz
(1874–1952)
WP Ernst Streeruwitz.jpg 4 May 1929 26 September 1929 Christian Social Party 1 CSLandbund Vinzenz Schumy
(L)
(3) Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
Schober.png 26 September 1929 30 September 1930 non-partisan
(Beamter)
3 CS Carl Vaugoin
(CS)
7 Carl Vaugoin
(1873–1949)
30 September 1930 4 December 1930 Christian Social Party 1 CS Richard Schmitz
(CS)
8 Otto Ender
(1875–1960)
OttoEnder1929.jpg 4 December 1930 20 June 1931 Christian Social Party 1 CS Johann Schober
9 Karl Buresch
(1878–1936)
Buresch, Karl, Chancellor of Austria, Agence Mondial, BNF Gallica.jpg 20 June 1931 20 May 1932 Christian Social Party 1
2
CSLandbund Johann Schober
until 29 Jan 1922
Franz Winkler
(L) from 29 Jan 1922
10 Engelbert Dollfuss
(1892–1934)
Engelbert Dollfuss.png 20 May 1932 21 September 1933 Christian Social Party 1 CSLandbundHeimatblock Franz Winkler
(L)
(10) 21 September 1933 1 May 1934 Fatherland Front 2 Austrofascist Dictatorship Emil Fey
(H)

Chancellors of the Federal State of Austria (1934–1938)[edit]

Chancellor
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
Coalition
(10) Engelbert Dollfuss
(1892–1934)
Engelbert Dollfuss.png 1 May 1934 25 July 1934 Fatherland Front 2 Austrofascist Dictatorship Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
(H)
11 Kurt Schuschnigg
(1897–1977)
Kurt Schuschnigg 1934.jpg 29 July 1934 11 March 1938 Fatherland Front 1
2
3
4
Austrofascist Dictatorship Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
(H) until 14 May 1936
Eduard Baar-Baarenfels
(H) 14 May – 3 Nov 1936
Ludwig Hülgerth
(VF) from 3 Nov 1936
12 Arthur Seyss-Inquart
(1892–1946)
Bundesarchiv Bild 119-5243, Wien, Arthur Seyß-Inquart.jpg 11 March 1938 13 March 1938 National Socialist German Workers' Party 1 National-Socialist Dictatorship Edmund Glaise von Horstenau
(NSDAP)
Austria annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938. Independence restored in 1945.

Chancellors of the Second Austrian Republic (1945–present)[edit]

Chancellor
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
Elected Coalition
(1) Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
Karl Renner 1905.jpg 27 April 1945 20 December 1945 Socialist Party 4 SPÖÖVPKPÖ Secs. of State without Portfolio:
Leopold Figl (ÖVP)
Johann Koplenig (KPÖ)
Adolf Schärf (SPÖ)
13 Leopold Figl
(1902–1965)
Figl leopold 01b.jpg 20 December 1945 8 November 1949 People's Party 1 1945 ÖVPSPÖ Adolf Schärf
(SPÖ)
8 November 1949 28 October 1952 2 1949
28 October 1952 2 April 1953 3
14 Julius Raab
(1891–1964)
Julius-Raab-1961.jpg 2 April 1953 29 June 1956 People's Party 1 1953 ÖVPSPÖ 1,2: Adolf Schärf
(SPÖ) until 22 May 1957
2,3,4: Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ) from 22 May 1957
29 June 1956 16 July 1959 2 1956
16 July 1959 3 November 1960 3 1959
3 November 1960 11 April 1961 4
15 Alfons Gorbach
(1898–1972)
Alfons Gorbach 1965.jpg 11 April 1961 27 March 1963 People's Party 1 ÖVPSPÖ Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ)
27 March 1963 2 April 1964 2 1962
16 Josef Klaus
(1910–2001)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F020439-0011, Detail Bundeskanzler Josef Klaus.jpg 2 April 1964 19 April 1966 People's Party 1 ÖVPSPÖ Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ)
19 April 1966 21 April 1970 2 1966 ÖVP Fritz Bock
(ÖVP) until 19 Jan 1968
Hermann Withalm
(ÖVP) from 19 Jan 1968
17 Bruno Kreisky
(1911–1990)
Kreisky-Koechler-Vienna-1980 Crop.jpg 21 April 1970 4 November 1971 Socialist Party 1 1970 SPÖ 1,2,3: Rudolf Häuser
(SPÖ) until 30 Sep 1976
3,4: Hannes Androsch
(SPÖ) 30 Sep 1976 – 20 Jan 1981
4: Fred Sinowatz
(SPÖ) from 20 Jan 1981
4 November 1971 28 October 1975 2 1971
28 October 1975 5 June 1979 3 1975
5 June 1979 24 May 1983 4 1979
18 Fred Sinowatz
(1929–2008)
Fred Sinowatz.jpg 24 May 1983 16 June 1986 Socialist Party 1 1983 SPÖFPÖ Norbert Steger
(FPÖ)
19 Franz Vranitzky
(1937–)
Franz-vranitzky-01.jpg 16 June 1986 21 January 1987 Social Democratic Party 1 SPÖFPÖ 1: Norbert Steger
(FPÖ)
21 January 1987 17 December 1990 2 1986 SPÖÖVP 2: Alois Mock
(ÖVP)
17 December 1990 29 November 1994 3 1990 3: Josef Riegler
(ÖVP) until 2 July 1991
3,4: Erhard Busek
(ÖVP) 2 July 1991 – 4 May 1995
4,5: Wolfgang Schüssel
(ÖVP) from 4 May 1995
29 November 1994 12 March 1996 4 1994
12 March 1996 28 January 1997 5 1995
20 Viktor Klima
(1947–)
Bundeskanzler Viktor Klima.JPG 28 January 1997 4 February 2000 Social Democratic Party 1 SPÖÖVP Wolfgang Schüssel
(ÖVP)
21 Wolfgang Schüssel
(1945–)
Wolfgang Schuessel 2005-12.jpg 4 February 2000 28 February 2003 People's Party 1 1999 ÖVPFPÖ Susanne Riess-Passer
(FPÖ)
28 February 2003 11 January 2007 2 2002 ÖVPFPÖ
until 17 April 2005;
ÖVPBZÖ
Hubert Gorbach
(FPÖ/BZÖ)
22 Alfred Gusenbauer
(1960–)
Wpfdc award Alfred Gusenbauer.jpg 11 January 2007 2 December 2008 Social Democratic Party 1 2006 SPÖÖVP Wilhelm Molterer
(ÖVP)
23 Werner Faymann
(1960–)
Werner Faymann 2015.jpg 2 December 2008 16 December 2013 Social Democratic Party 1 2008 SPÖÖVP 1: Josef Pröll
(ÖVP) until 21 April 2011
1,2: Michael Spindelegger
(ÖVP) 21 Apr 2011 – 1 Sep 2014
2: Reinhold Mitterlehner
(ÖVP) from 1 Sep 2014
16 December 2013 9 May 2016 2 2013
Reinhold Mitterlehner
(1955–)
Acting Chancellor
Reinhold Mitterlehner 2016.jpg 9 May 2016 17 May 2016 People's Party SPÖÖVP
24 Christian Kern
(1966–)
Christian Kern 2016 (portrait).jpg 17 May 2016 Incumbent Social Democratic Party 1 SPÖÖVP Reinhold Mitterlehner
(ÖVP)

Statistics[edit]

The median age at which a Chancellor first takes office is roughly 53 years and 11 months, which falls between Josef Klaus and Fred Sinowatz. The youngest person to become Chancellor was Leopold Figl, who took office at the age of 43 years, 79 days. The oldest person to become Chancellor was Karl Renner at the age of 74 years, 134 days.

The oldest living Chancellor is Franz Vranitzky, born 4 October 1937 (aged 79 years, 229 days). The youngest living former Chancellor is Werner Faymann, born 4 May 1960 (aged 57 years, 17 days). The youngest living Chancellor is the incumbent, Christian Kern, born 4 January 1966 (aged 51 years, 137 days).

The longest lived Chancellor was Josef Klaus, who died 26 July 2001 at the age of 90 years, 345 days. Franz Vranitzky, the oldest living Chancellor, will tie Klaus if he lives to 14 September 2028. The shortest lived Chancellor was Leopold Figl, who died 9 May 1965 at the age of 62 years, 219 days.

# Federal Chancellor Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Renner, KarlKarl Renner 14 December 1870(14 December 1870) 47 years, 308 days 2 years, 135 days 75 years, 6 days 31 December 1950 80 years, 17 days
2 Mayr, MichaelMichael Mayr 10 April 1864(10 April 1864) 56 years, 88 days 349 days 57 years, 72 days 21 May 1922 58 years, 41 days
3 Schober, JohannJohann Schober 14 November 1874(14 November 1874) 46 years, 219 days 1 year,  347 days 55 years, 320 days 19 August 1932 57 years, 279 days
4 Breisky, WalterWalter Breisky 8 July 1871(8 July 1871) 50 years, 202 days 1 day  50 years, 203 days 25 September 1944 73 years, 79 days
5 Seipel, IgnazIgnaz Seipel 19 July 1876(19 July 1876) 45 years, 316 days 5 years, 6 days 52 years, 289 days 2 August 1932 56 years, 14 days
6 Ramek, RudolfRudolf Ramek 12 April 1881(12 April 1881) 43 years, 222 days 1 year,  334 days 45 years, 191 days 24 July 1941 60 years, 103 days
7 Streeruwitz, ErnstErnst Streeruwitz 23 September 1874(23 September 1874) 54 years, 223 days 145 days 55 years, 3 days 19 October 1952 78 years, 26 days
8 Vaugoin, CarlCarl Vaugoin 8 July 1873(8 July 1873) 57 years, 84 days 65 days 57 years, 149 days 10 June 1949 75 years, 337 days
9 Ender, OttoOtto Ender 24 December 1875(24 December 1875) 54 years, 345 days 199 days 55 years, 179 days 25 June 1960 84 years, 184 days
10 Buresch, KarlKarl Buresch 12 October 1878(12 October 1878) 52 years, 252 days 335 days 53 years, 221 days 16 September 1936 57 years, 340 days
11 Dollfuß, EngelbertEngelbert Dollfuß 4 October 1892(4 October 1892) 39 years, 229 days 2 years, 65 days 41 years, 294 days 25 July 1934 41 years, 294 days
12 Schuschnigg, KurtKurt Schuschnigg 14 December 1897(14 December 1897) 36 years, 227 days 3 years, 225 days 40 years, 87 days 18 November 1977 79 years, 339 days
13 Seyß-Inquart, ArthurArthur Seyß-Inquart 22 July 1892(22 July 1892) 45 years, 232 days 2 days 45 years, 234 days 16 October 1946 54 years, 86 days
14 Figl, LeopoldLeopold Figl 2 October 1902(2 October 1902) 43 years, 79 days 7 years, 103 days 50 years, 182 days 9 May 1965 62 years, 219 days
15 Raab, JuliusJulius Raab 29 November 1891(November 1891) 61 years, 124 days 8 years,   9 days 69 years, 133 days 8 January 1964 72 years, 40 days
16 Gorbach, AlfonsAlfons Gorbach 2 September 1898(2 September 1898) 62 years, 221 days 2 years, 357 days 65 years, 213 days 31 July 1972 73 years, 333 days
17 Klaus, JosefJosef Klaus 15 August 1910(15 August 1910) 53 years, 231 days 6 years, 19 days 59 years, 249 days 25 July 2001 90 years, 344 days
18 Kreisky, BrunoBruno Kreisky 22 January 1911(22 January 1911) 59 years, 89 days 13 years, 33 days 72 years, 122 days 29 July 1990 79 years, 188 days
19 Sinowatz, FredFred Sinowatz 5 February 1929(5 February 1929) 54 years, 108 days 3 year, 23 days 57 years, 131 days 11 August 2008 79 years, 188 days
20 Vranitzky, FranzFranz Vranitzky 4 October 1937(4 October 1937) 48 years, 255 days 10 years, 226 days 59 years, 116 days Living 79 years, 229 days (Living)
21 Klima, ViktorViktor Klima 4 June 1947(4 June 1947) 49 years, 238 days 3 years, 7 days 52 years, 247 days Living 69 years, 351 days (Living)
22 Schüssel, WolfgangWolfgang Schüssel 7 June 1945(7 June 1945) 54 years, 242 days 6 years, 341 days 61 years, 218 days Living 71 years, 348 days (Living)
23 Gusenbauer, AlfredAlfred Gusenbauer 8 February 1960(8 February 1960) 46 years, 337 days 1 year,  326 days 48 years, 298 days Living 57 years, 102 days (Living)
24 Faymann, WernerWerner Faymann 4 May 1960(4 May 1960) 48 years, 212 days 7 years, 159 days 56 years, 5 days Living 57 years, 17 days (Living)
25 Kern, ChristianChristian Kern 4 January 1966(4 January 1966) 50 years, 134 days 1 year, 4 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 51 years, 137 days (Living)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]