List of chief ministers of Bihar

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Chief Minister of Bihar
Seal of Bihar.svg
The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nitish Kumar

since 22 February 2015
Residence1, Aney Marg, Patna
SeatPatna
AppointerGovernor of Bihar
PrecursorPremier of Bihar
Inaugural holderShri Krishna Sinha
Formation26 January 1950
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister
WebsiteCM website

The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1946, 23 people have been Chief Minister of Bihar. The inaugural holder was Sri Krishna Sinha of the Indian National Congress, he also has the longest incumbency. The current incumbent is Nitish Kumar who is having incumbency since 22 February 2015.

Premiers of Bihar[edit]

The province of Bihar headquartered in Patna then comprised the present day states Bihar and Jharkhand. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces by the partition of the province of Bihar and Orissa. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council with a government headed by the Premier.

No Name Portrait Term of office[2] Party
1 Mohammad Yunus Mohammad Yunus.jpg 1 April 1937 19 July 1937 109 days Muslim Independent Party
2 Shri Krishna Sinha Shri Krishna Singh 2016 stamp of India.jpg 20 July 1937 31 October 1939 2 years, 104 days Indian National Congress
Vacant
(2) Shri Krishna Sinha Shri Krishna Singh 2016 stamp of India.jpg 23 March 1946 25 January 1950 3 years, 308 days Indian National Congress

Chief Ministers of Bihar[edit]

Colour key for parties
  Jana Kranti Dal
Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar had served eight and a half years as Bihar's premier, before stepping down because of his party's poor showing in the 2014 general election.
After Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav was convicted for his involvement in the fodder scam in 1997, he installed his wife Rabri Devi as Chief Minister instead. Together, they governed for nearly 15 years between 1990 and 2005.
No Portrait Name[3] Constituency Term Party Assembly
(Election)
1 Shri Krishna Singh 2016 stamp of India.jpg Sri Krishna Sinha Basantpur West 26 January 1950 31 January 1961 11 years, 5 days Indian National Congress 1st Assembly (1952–1957)
(1952 election)
2nd Assembly (1957–1962)
(1957 election)
2 Deep Narayan Singh Hajipur 1 February 1961 18 February 1961 18 days
3 Binodanand Jha Rajmahal 18 February 1961 2 October 1963 2 years, 226 days
3rd Assembly (1962–1967)
(1962 election)
4 K. B. Sahay Patna West 2 October 1963 5 March 1967 3 years, 154 days
5 Mahamaya Prasad Sinha Patna West 5 March 1967 28 January 1968 330 days Jana Kranti Dal 4th Assembly (1967–1968)
(1967 election)
6 Satish Prasad Singh Parbatta 28 January 1968 1 February 1968 5 days Samyukta Socialist Party
7 B. P. Mandal Member of Bihar Legislative Council 1 February 1968 22 March 1968 51 days
8 Bhola Paswan Shastri Korha 22 March 1968 29 June 1968 100 days Indian National Congress
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 29 June 1968 26 February 1969 N/A
9 Harihar Singh Nayagram 26 February 1969 22 June 1969 117 days Indian National Congress 5th Assembly (1969–1972)
(1969 election)
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri [2] Korha 22 June 1969 4 July 1969 13 days Indian National Congress (O)
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 6 July 1969 16 February 1970 N/A
10 Daroga Prasad Rai Parsa 16 February. 1970 22 December 1970 310 days Indian National Congress
11 Karpoori Thakur 1991 stamp of India.jpg Karpoori Thakur Tajpur 22 December 1970 2 June 1971 163 days Socialist Party
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri [3] Korha 2 June 1971 9 January 1972 222 days
(total 335 days)
Indian National Congress
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 9 January 1972 19 March 1972 N/A
12 Kedar Pandey Nautan 19 March 1972 2 July 1973 1 year, 105 days Indian National Congress 6th Assembly (1972–1977)
(1972 election)
13 Abdul Gafoor Member of Bihar Legislative Council 2 July 1973 11 April 1975 1 year, 283 days
14 Jagannath Mishra Jhanjharpur 11 April 1975 30 April 1977 2 years, 19 days
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 April 1977 24 June 1977 N/A
(11) Karpoori Thakur 1991 stamp of India.jpg Karpoori Thakur Phulpuras 24 June 1977 21 April 1979 1 year, 301 days Janata Party 7th Assembly (1977–1980)
(1977 election)
15 Ram Sundar Das Sonepur 21 April 1979 17 February 1980 302 days
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 8 June 1980 N/A
(14) Jagannath Mishra [2] Jhanjharpur 8 June 1980 14 August 1983 3 years, 67 days Indian National Congress (I) 8th Assembly (1980–1985)
(1980 election)
16 Chandrashekhar Singh 14 August 1983 12 March 1985 1 year, 210 days
17 Bindeshwari Dubey Shahpur 12 March 1985 13 February 1988 2 years, 338 days 9th Assembly (1985–1990)
(1985 election)
18 Bhagwat Jha Azad Member of Bihar Legislative Council 14 February 1988 10 March 1989 1 year, 24 days
19 Satyendra Narayan Sinha Member of Bihar Legislative Council 11 March 1989 6 December 1989 270 days
(14) Jagannath Mishra [3] Jhanjharpur 6 December 1989 10 March 1990 94 days
20 Lalu Prasad Yadav addressing the EEC - 2006 (cropped).jpg Lalu Prasad Yadav Member of Bihar Legislative Council 10 March 1990 28 March 1995 5 years, 18 days Janata Dal 10th Assembly (1990–95)
(1990 election)
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
President's rule
N/A 28 March 1995 4 April 1995 N/A
(20) Lalu Prasad Yadav addressing the EEC - 2006 (cropped).jpg Lalu Prasad Yadav [2] Raghopur 4 April 1995 25 July 1997 2 years, 112 days Janata Dal 11th Assembly (1995–2000)
(1995 election)
Rashtriya Janata Dal
21 Rabri Devi (cropped).jpg Rabri Devi Member of Bihar Legislative Council 25 July 1997 11 February 1999 1 year, 201 days
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
President's rule
N/A 11 February 1999 9 March 1999 N/A
(21) Rabri Devi (cropped).jpg Rabri Devi [2] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 9 March 1999 2 March 2000 359 days Rashtriya Janata Dal
22 The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg Nitish Kumar [b]
3 March 2000 10 March 2000 7 days Samata Party[5] 12th Assembly
(2000 election)
(21) Rabri Devi (cropped).jpg Rabri Devi [3] Raghopur 11 March 2000 6 March 2005 4 years, 360 days Rashtriya Janata Dal [6]
State Emblem of India Vacant[a]
(President's rule)
N/A 7 March 2005 24 November 2005 N/A 13th Assembly (2005)
(February 2005 election)
(22) The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg Nitish Kumar [2] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 24 November 2005 26 November 2010 8 years, 177 days Janata Dal (United) 14th Assembly (2005–10)
(October 2005 election)
26 November 2010 20 May 2014 15th Assembly (2010–15)
(2010 election)
23 Sri Jitan Ram Manjhi.jpg Jitan Ram Manjhi Makhdumpur 20 May 2014 22 February 2015 278 days
(22) The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg Nitish Kumar [3] Member of Bihar Legislative Council 22 February 2015 20 November 2015 5 years, 279 days
20 November 2015 16 November 2020 16th Assembly (2015–20)
(2015 election)
16 November 2020 Incumbent 17th Assembly (2020-)
(2020 election)


See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[4]
  2. ^ On 15 November 2000, the new state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Bihar as well.
  2. ^ "Bihar Province", Wikipedia, 20 July 2020, retrieved 10 November 2020
  3. ^ "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Bihar Chief Minister's website. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011.
  4. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Nitish Kumar sworn in CM". www.hindu.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  6. ^ https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/nation/story/20000320-nitish-kumars-government-in-bihar-not-outvoted-as-much-as-outmanoeuvred-by-laloo-yadav-777236-2000-03-20

External links[edit]