List of Chief Ministers of Bihar
|Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Appointer||Governor of Bihar|
|Inaugural holder||Krishna Singh|
|Formation||2 April 1946|
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Premiers of Bihar
|No||Name||Took office||Left office||Party[a]||Tenure|
|1||Mohammad Yunus||1 April 1937||19 July 1937||Independent||110 days|
|2||Krishna Singh||20 July 1937||31 October 1939||Indian National Congress||834 days|
Chief Ministers of Bihar
|Colour key for parties|
|No||Name||Took office||Left office||Party[a]||Tenure|
|1||Krishna Singh||2 April 1946||31 January 1961||Indian National Congress||5419 days|
|2||Deep Narayan Singh||1 February 1961||18 February 1961||18 days|
|3||Binodanand Jha||18 February 1961||2 October 1963||926 days|
|4||K. B. Sahay||2 October 1963||5 March 1967||1250 days|
|5||Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||5 March 1967||28 January 1968||Jana Kranti Dal||330 days|
|6||Satish Prasad Singh||28 January 1968||1 February 1968||Indian National Congress||5 days|
|7||B. P. Mandal||1 February 1968||2 March 1968||31 days|
|8||Bhola Paswan Shastri||22 March 1968||29 June 1968||Indian National Congress (O)||100 days|
|29 June 1968||26 February 1969||N/A|
|9||Harihar Singh||26 February 1969||22 June 1969||Indian National Congress||117 days|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||22 June 1969||4 July 1969||Indian National Congress (O)||13 days|
|6 July 1969||16 February 1970||N/A|
|10||Daroga Prasad Rai||16 February. 1970||22 December 1970||Indian National Congress||310 days|
|11||Karpoori Thakur||22 December 1970||2 June 1971||Socialist Party||163 days|
|(8)||Bhola Paswan Shastri ||2 June 1971||9 January 1972||Indian National Congress||222 days
(total 335 days)
|9 January 1972||19 March 1972||N/A|
|12||Kedar Pandey||19 March 1972||2 July 1973||Indian National Congress||471 days|
|13||Abdul Gafoor||2 July 1973||11 April 1975||649 days|
|14||Jagannath Mishra||11 April 1975||30 April 1977||750 days|
|30 April 1977||24 June 1977||N/A|
|(11)||Karpoori Thakur||24 June 1977||21 April 1979||Janata Party||668 days|
|15||Ram Sundar Das||21 April 1979||17 February 1980||303 days|
|17 February 1980||8 June 1980||N/A|
|(14)||Jagannath Mishra ||8 June 1980||14 August 1983||Indian National Congress (I)||1133 days|
|16||Chandrashekhar Singh||14 August 1983||12 March 1985||577 days|
|17||Bindeshwari Dubey||12 March 1985||13 February 1988||1068 days|
|18||Bhagwat Jha Azad||14 February 1988||10 March 1989||391 days|
|19||Satyendra Narayan Sinha||11 March 1989||6 December 1989||271 days|
|(14)||Jagannath Mishra ||6 December 1989||10 March 1990||95 days
(total 1978 days)
|20||Lalu Prasad Yadav||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||Janata Dal||1845 days|
|28 March 1995||4 April 1995||N/A|
|(20)||Lalu Prasad Yadav ||4 April 1995||25 July 1997||Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal||844 days
(total 2689 days)
|21||Rabri Devi||25 July 1997||11 February 1999||Rashtriya Janata Dal||538 days|
|11 February 1999||9 March 1999||N/A|
|(21)||Rabri Devi ||9 March 1999||2 March 2000||Rashtriya Janata Dal||359 days|
|22||Nitish Kumar||3 March 2000||10 March 2000||Samata Party||8 days|
|(21)||Rabri Devi [c]||11 March 2000||6 March 2005||Rashtriya Janata Dal||1821 days
(total 2718 days)
|7 March 2005||24 November 2005||N/A|
|(22)||Nitish Kumar ||24 November 2005||26 November 2010||Janata Dal (United)||3099 days|
|26 November 2010||20 May 2014|
|23||Jitan Ram Manjhi||20 May 2014||22 February 2015||278 days|
|(22)||Nitish Kumar ||22 February 2015||20 November 2015||555 days|
|20 November 2015||Incumbent|
Notes and References
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chief ministers of Bihar.|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- On 15 November 2000, the new state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Bihar as well.
- "Nitish Honors Bihar's First Premier". PatnaDaily.com.
- "Premiers and Chief Ministers of Bihar Since 1937" (PDF). Bihar Legislative Assembly.
- "Chief Ministers of Bihar". Bihar Chief Minister's website.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.