List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
(मध्य प्रदेश के मुख्यमंत्री)
Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Shivraj Singh Chouhan

since 29 November 2005
Appointer Governor of Madhya Pradesh
Inaugural holder Ravishankar Shukla
Formation 1 November 1956

The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (MP), a central Indian state, is the head of the Government of Madhya Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

The first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh was Ravishankar Shukla, who took office on 1 November 1956. Including him, 12 out of the 18 MP chief ministers have belonged to the Indian National Congress. The longest-serving chief minister is current incumbent Shivraj Singh Chouhan of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who has served since 2005.

Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh[edit]

Colour key for parties
No Name Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 Ravishankar Shukla
MLA for Saraipali
1 November 1956 31 December 1956 Indian National Congress 61 days
2 Bhagwantrao Mandloi
MLA for Khandwa
1 January 1957 30 January 1957 30 days
3 Kailash Nath Katju
MLA for Jaora
31 January 1957 14 March 1957 43 days
14 March 1957 11 March 1962 1823 days [Total 1866 days]
4 Bhagwantrao Mandloi
MLA for Khandwa
12 March 1962 29 September 1963 567 days
5 Dwarka Prasad Mishra
MLA for katangi
30 September 1963 8 March 1967 1256 days
9 March 1967 29 July 1967 143 days [Total 1399 days]
6 Govind Narayan Singh
MLA for Rampur-Baghelan
30 July 1967 12 March 1969 Samyukta Vidhayak Dal 592 days
7 Nareshchandra Singh
MLA for Pussore
13 March 1969 25 March 1969 Indian National Congress 13 days
8 Shyama Charan Shukla
MLA for Rajim
26 March 1969 28 January 1972 1038 days
9 Prakash Chandra Sethi
MLA for Ujjain Uttar
29 January 1972 22 March 1972 54 days
23 March 1972 22 December 1975 1004 days [Total 1058 days]
(8) Shyama Charan Shukla [2]
MLA for Rajim
23 December 1975 29 April 1977 494 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
29 April 1977 25 June 1977 N/A 57 days
10 Kailash Chandra Joshi
MLA for Bagli
26 June 1977 17 January 1978 Janata Party 206 days
11 Virendra Kumar Saklecha
MLA for Jawad
18 January 1978 19 January 1980 732 days
12 Sunderlal Patwa
MLA for Mandsaur
20 January 1980 17 February 1980 29 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
18 February 1980 8 June 1980 N/A 111 days
13 Arjun Singh
MLA for Churhat
8 June 1980 10 March 1985 Indian National Congress 1736 days
11 March 1985 12 March 1985 2 days
14 Motilal Vora
MLA for Durg
13 March 1985 13 February 1988 1068 days
(13) Arjun Singh [2]
MLA for Churhat
14 February 1988 24 January 1989 345 days [Total 2083 days]
(14) Motilal Vora
MLA for Durg
25 January 1989 8 December 1989 318 days [Total 1386 days]
(8) Shyama Charan Shukla [3] 9 December 1989 4 March 1990 86 days [Total 1618 days]
(12) Sunderlal Patwa [2]
MLA for Bhojpur
5 March 1990 15 December 1992 Bharatiya Janata Party 1017 days [Total 1046 days]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
16 December 1992 6 December 1993 N/A 355 days
15 Digvijaya Singh
MLA for Raghogarh
7 December 1993 1 December 1998 Indian National Congress 1820 days
1 December 1998 8 December 2003 1834 days [Total 3654 days]
16 Uma Bharti
MLA for Malhara
8 December 2003 23 August 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party 260 days
17 Babulal Gaur
MLA for Govindpura
23 August 2004 29 November 2005 464 days
18 Shivraj Singh Chouhan
MLA for Vidisha
29 November 2005 12 December 2008 4283 days
13 December 2008 12 December 2013
13 December 2013 Incumbent
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Madhya Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.

External links[edit]