List of Chief Ministers of Malacca
|Chief Minister of Malacca
Ketua Menteri Melaka
|Government of Malacca|
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)|
|Member of||Malacca State Executive Council|
|Reports to||Malacca State Legislative Assembly|
|Residence||Seri Bendahara, Ayer Keroh, Malacca|
|Seat||Tingkat 4 (Suite), Blok Bendahara, Seri Negeri, Hang Tuah Jaya, 75450 Ayer Keroh, Malacca|
|Appointer||Mohd Khalil Yaakob
as Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Malacca
|Term length||While commanding the confidence of the Malacca State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
|Inaugural holder||Osman Talib|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
The Chief Minister of Malacca is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Malacca. According to convention, the Chief Minister is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Malacca State Legislative Assembly.
The 10th and current Chief Minister of Malacca is Idris Haron, who took office on 7 May 2013.
According to the state constitution, the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Malacca shall first appoint the Chief Minister to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Chief Minister to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly and must be a Malaysian citizen by naturalization or by registration. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri on the Chief Minister's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.
The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.
If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Chief Minister is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri's choice of replacement chief minister will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Chief Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri on the advice of the Chief Minister but may at any time resign his office.
Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of a chief minister, the Yang di-Pertua Negeri will generally appoint as Chief Minister the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.
The power of the chief minister is subject to a number of limitations. Chief ministers removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.
The chief minister's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Malacca politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.
Caretaker Chief Minister
The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri with His Excellency's own discretion on the advice of the chief minister shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the chief minister and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.
List of Chief Ministers of Malacca
|Political party[a]||Term of office||Electoral
|Alliance (UMNO)||31 August 1957||1 June 1959||–|
|Abdul Ghafar Baba
MLA for Tanjong Kling, 1959–1969
|Alliance (UMNO)||1 June 1959||6 October 1967|
MLC for Alor Gajah East, 1955–1959
MLA for Alor Gajah, 1959–1974
|Alliance (UMNO)||6 October 1967||1 August 1972|
|Abdul Ghani Ali
MLA for Ramuan China, 1964–1974
MLA for Sungei Bahru, 1974–1978
|Alliance (UMNO)||1 August 1972||11 July 1978|
|Mohd Adib Mohd Adam
MLA for Ayer Panas, 1978–1982
|BN (UMNO)||11 July 1978||26 April 1982|
|Abdul Rahim Thamby Chik
MLA for Kelemak, 1982–1986
MLA for Masjid Tanah, 1986–1995
|BN (UMNO)||26 April 1982||14 October 1994|
|Mohd Zin Abdul Ghani
MLA for Kelemak, 1986–1995
MLA for Melekek, 1995–1997
|BN (UMNO)||14 October 1994||14 May 1997|
|Vacant||14 May 1997||23 May 1997||
|Abu Zahar Ithnin
MLA for Sungai Rambai, 1986–1995
MLA for Merlimau, 1995–1999
|BN (UMNO)||23 May 1997||2 December 1999||
|Mohd Ali Rustam
MLA for Ayer Molek, 1986–1990
MLA for Sungai Udang, 1990–1995
MLA for Paya Rumput, 1999–2004
MLA for Bukit Baru, 2004–2013
|BN (UMNO)||2 December 1999||7 May 2013|
MLA for Sungai Udang, since 2013
|BN (UMNO)||7 May 2013||Incumbent|
- This column names only the Chief Minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.
Living former Chief Ministers
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Mohd Adib Mohd Adam||1978–1982||1941 (age 76)|
|Abdul Rahim Thamby Chik||1982–1994||10 April 1950 (age 66)|
|Mohd Ali Rustam||1999–2013||24 August 1949 (age 67)|