List of Chief Ministers of Rajasthan

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Chief Minister of Rajasthan
Ashok Gehlot 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Ashok Gehlot

since 17 December 2018
ResidenceJaipur, Rajasthan
AppointerGovernor of Rajasthan
Inaugural holderHeera Lal Shastri
Formation7 April 1949
DeputySachin Pilot

The Chief Minister of Rajasthan is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Rajasthan. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1949, 14 people have been Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Mohan Lal Sukhadia was the longest serving Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Vasundhara Raje Scindia of the Bharatiya Janata Party is only female to serve as the chief minister of the state. After securing majority in 2018 assembly election, Ashok Gehlot of the Indian National Congress assumed office on 17 December 2018.

Chief Ministers of Rajasthan[edit]

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, the first non-congress CM of Rajasthan went on to serve as the 11th Vice President of India
Vasundhara Raje was the first woman chief minister of the state.
No Name Took office Left office Party[a] Tenure
1 Heera Lal Shastri 7 April 1949 5 January 1951 Indian National Congress 639 days
2 C. S. Venkatachari 6 January 1951 25 April 1951 110 days
3 Jai Narayan Vyas 26 April 1951 3 March 1952 313 days
4 Tika Ram Paliwal
MLA for Mahuwa
3 March 1952 31 October 1952 243 days
(3) Jai Narayan Vyas [2]
MLA for Kishangarh
1 November 1952 12 November 1954 742 days
(total 1055 days)
5 Mohan Lal Sukhadia
MLA for Udaipur
13 November 1954 13 March 1967 4503 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
13 March 1967 26 April 1967
(5) Mohan Lal Sukhadia [2]
MLA for Udaipur
26 April 1967 9 July 1971 Indian National Congress 1535 days
(total 6038 days)
6 Barkatullah Khan
MLA for Tijara
9 July 1971 11 August 1973 765 days
7 Hari Dev Joshi
MLA for Banswara
11 August 1973 29 April 1977 1389 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
29 April 1977 22 June 1977 N/A
8 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
MLA for Chhabra
22 June 1977 16 February 1980 Janata Party 970 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
16 February 1980 6 June 1980 N/A
9 Jagannath Pahadia
MLA for Weir
6 June 1980 13 July 1981 Indian National Congress 403 days
10 Shiv Charan Mathur
MLA for Mandalgarh
14 July 1981 23 February 1985 1320 days
11 Hira Lal Devpura
MLA for Kumbhalgarh
23 February 1985 10 March 1985 16 days
(7) Hari Dev Joshi [2]
MLA for Banswara
10 March 1985 20 January 1988 1046 days
(10) Shiv Charan Mathur [2]
MLA for Mandalgarh
20 January 1988 4 December 1989 684 days
(total 2004 days)
(7) Hari Dev Joshi [3]
MLA for Banswara
4 December 1989 4 March 1990 91 days
(total 2526 days)
(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [2]
MLA for Chhabra
4 March 1990 15 December 1992 Bharatiya Janata Party 1017 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
15 December 1992 4 December 1993 N/A
(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [3]
MLA for Bali
4 December 1993 29 November 1998 Bharatiya Janata Party 1821 days
(total 3808 days)
12 Ashok Gehlot
MLA for Sardarpura
1 December 1998 8 December 2003 Indian National Congress 1834 days
13 Vasundhara Raje
MLA for Jhalrapatan
8 December 2003 11 December 2008 Bharatiya Janata Party 1831 days
(12) Ashok Gehlot [2]
MLA for Sardarpura
12 December 2008 13 December 2013 Indian National Congress 1822 days
(13) Vasundhara Raje [2]
MLA for Jhalrapatan
13 December 2013 16 December 2018 Bharatiya Janata Party 1829 days
(total 3660 days)
(12) Ashok Gehlot [3]

MLA for Sardarpura

17 December 2018 Incumbent Indian National Congress 33 days

Notes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
Reference
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies to the specific case of Rajasthan as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External links[edit]